Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (543)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

543 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 3 (January 26, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-3)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 3 (January 26, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-3)
Select article titles: "76,000 Contacts Made With Redress Adm. Office" (p.1); "Rep. Conyers Introduces Bill for African-American Reparations" (p.1); "Ex-Mayor Hibino Back in Action as President" (p.2); "Canadian Nisei Recalls WWII Experiences Before Lunch 'n' Learn Audience" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 8 (March 2, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 8 (March 2, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-8)
Select article titles: "JACL Offers to Assist Potential Redress Recipients in Paperwork"(p.1); "College Admission Policies Scrutinized"(p.1); "History of JA Women on Display at Oakland Museum"(p.2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 2 (July 21-28, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 2 (July 21-28, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-27)
Selected article titles: "Close to 500 Participate as PANA Opens" (pp. 1, 5), "House Increases Redress Figure to $50 Million for Fiscal Year 1990" (p. 1), "Heart Mtn. Resisters Speak Out at Forum" (pp. 1-2), and "First Japanese in U.S. Came by Mistake" (p. 7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 25 (June 30, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-25)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 25 (June 30, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-25)
Selected article titles: "Nebraska Suing to Revoke Ranch Ownership by Japanese Nationals" (p. 1), "Simon's Compromise: Immigration Bill Strikes 'Points for English'" (pp. 1, 6), "Needs Bush's Signature: Congress O.K.s $2.1 Mil for ORA" (pp. 1-2), and "Japanese Canadians Redress Fund to Rebuild Communities" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 13 (April 7, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 13 (April 7, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-13)
Selected article titles: "Nikkei Groups Urge $500 Million Redress for '89" (p. 1), "Manzanar Committee: 20th Annual Pilgrimage to Manzanar Set for April 29th" (p. 1), "Commentary: Redress Payments Seen as $84 Million Windfall for Toronto, Vancouver, B.C." (pp. 1, 5), and "Moshi Moshi: Japan's Retrogression into the Past" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 17 (May 5, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 17 (May 5, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-17)
Selected article titles: "House Stalls Emergency Appropriation Bill with $250 Million Redress Payment" (p. 1), "Buddhist Bell Being Returned to Okinawa, a Shuri Castle Relic" (p. 1), "Planning Workshop Sizes Up JACL Strengths & Weaknesses" (p. 3), and "Director's Seat: JACL's Program for Action" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 1 (January 6-13, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 1 (January 6-13, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-1)
Selected article titles: "Only $20 Million in Redress Budgeted for FY 1990" (pp. 1-2), "JACL-LEC Submits Position on Redress to the ORA, Urges Broad Interpretation" (p. 2), "1988 Chronology" (pp. 7-9), and "Japan Visit by Seattle JACL Chapter President Roger Shimizu an Eye Opener" (p. 18).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 11 [14] (October 5, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-39)
img Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 11 [14] (October 5, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-39)
Selected article titles: "Attacks drive Southeast Asians from city" (p. 1), "California attorneys endorse monetary compensation" (p. 1), "Student witnesses recount high school slaying of refugee" (p. 2), "Asian film festival touring country" (p. 2), "Asian Vietnam vets form organization" (p. 3), "Little-known story of Alaska Issei" (p. 7), "A Nisei in Hollywood" (p. 8), "Mineta ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 2 (July 13, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-27)
img Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 2 (July 13, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-27)
Selected article titles: "Redress bill attacked; witness says Nisei spied for Japan" (p. 1), "Aleuts recount treatment at hands of U.S. government" (p. 1), "Shimomura first to speak to ethnic coalition in 'breakthrough' forums" (p. 3), "The Relocation of Canadian Nikkei" (p. 4), "A/P caucus announces plans for Democratic convention" (p. 7).
Luncheon for Congressman Mineta (ddr-densho-10-188)
img Luncheon for Congressman Mineta (ddr-densho-10-188)
Event: President Reagan signing the Civil Liberties Act of 1988. Caption on reverse: "Rayburn Bldg. Jerry Enomoto, Ruth Hashimoto, True Yasui."
People at the ceremony for the signing of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 (ddr-densho-10-193)
img People at the ceremony for the signing of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 (ddr-densho-10-193)
Caption on reverse: "Old Exec. Off. Bldg. Shig Wakamatsu, Homer Yasui, Bryan Matsui, Doris Matsui, True Yasui, Pat Okura, Helen Hayashi (Mineta's aide San Jose)."
Ceremony for the signing of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 (ddr-densho-10-181)
img Ceremony for the signing of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 (ddr-densho-10-181)
Caption on reverse: "Old Exec. Office Bldg., John Hayashi, Rochelle Wandzura, Rita Takahashi, Ron Wakabayashi, Bob Sakaguchi, Beorge Baba."
Mike Masaoka book signing table (ddr-densho-10-171)
img Mike Masaoka book signing table (ddr-densho-10-171)
Event: President Reagan signing the Civil Liberties Act of 1988.
Ceremony for the signing of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 (ddr-densho-10-195)
img Ceremony for the signing of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988 (ddr-densho-10-195)
Caption on reverse: "Old Exec. Office Bldg. June Masuda Goto, Denny Yasuhara, Grayce Uyehara, Cherry Kinoshita, Jerry Enomoto."
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 87 (October 20, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-149)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 87 (October 20, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-149)
"JACL Leaders Tell Claims Forms Plans" (p. 1), "Replies on Evacuation Claims Bill" (p. 4), "Chick Expert Off on World Tour" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 46 (July 1, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-34)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 46 (July 1, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-34)
"House Will Get Claims Board Measure Soon" (p. 1), "House to Study H.R. 3555" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 14 (February 7, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-85)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 14 (February 7, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-85)
"Truman Calls on Congress to Speed Up Business of Evacuation, Civil Rights" (pg.1), "7,000 Nisei Stranded in Japan Face Loss of U.S. Citizenship" (pg. 1), "JACL Bigwigs Plan Strategy to Push Bills" (pg. 2)
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 76 (October 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-63)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 76 (October 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-63)
"First Nisei War Dead to Arrive Late in 1948, JACL is Informed" (p. 1), "Canadian Property Owners Agree to Evacuation Loss Terms" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 16 (February 23, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-183)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 16 (February 23, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-183)
"Mike Masaoka Seeks Payment of Claims Soon" (p. 1), "Tokuda Drug Five Takes Third N.W. Invitational Meet" (p. 1), "Maybe, Some Day in the Near Future We'll Have Anglo-Saxon Names" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 85 (October 13, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-147)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 85 (October 13, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-147)
"Masaoka Pleads GI Child Case" (pg.1), "More Questions, Answers on Evacuation Claims Law" (pg. 4)
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