Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (812)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

812 items
Draft letter by the NCRR (ddr-janm-4-16)
doc Draft letter by the NCRR (ddr-janm-4-16)
Four-paged draft letter by the NCRR. There is a place at the end for a signature but it is not signed.
NCRR (National Coalation for Redress/Reparations) pamphlet (ddr-janm-4-39)
doc NCRR (National Coalation for Redress/Reparations) pamphlet (ddr-janm-4-39)
NCRR (National Coalation for Redress/Reparations) brief history and membership sign-up pamphlet.
In Memoriam booklet for U.S. Senator, Spark Masayuki Matsunaga (April 17-19, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-37)
doc In Memoriam booklet for U.S. Senator, Spark Masayuki Matsunaga (April 17-19, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-37)
In Memoriam booklet for United States Senator, Spark Masayuki Matsunaga. The memorial service took place in Honolulu, Hawai'i on April 17 through April 19, 1991.
Letter to Tsuyako
doc Letter to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator of Redress (July 19, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-27)
Letter to Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima from Robert K. Bratt, Administrator of Redress from the Office of Redress Administration (July 19, 1991).
Walkway to and doorstep for Tule Lake voluntary fire station (ddr-densho-345-118)
img Walkway to and doorstep for Tule Lake voluntary fire station (ddr-densho-345-118)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Date of construction of Tule Lake voluntary fire station (ddr-densho-345-117)
img Date of construction of Tule Lake voluntary fire station (ddr-densho-345-117)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake building foundations of internee housing (ddr-densho-345-103)
img Tule Lake building foundations of internee housing (ddr-densho-345-103)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Letter from Frank Sato to former President Ronald Reagan (ddr-densho-345-68)
doc Letter from Frank Sato to former President Ronald Reagan (ddr-densho-345-68)
Frank Sato thanks former President Ronald Reagan for signing into law H.R. 442, the Civil Liberties Act of 1988.
Letter from Harry Gamble to Edwin C. Bearss (ddr-densho-345-75)
doc Letter from Harry Gamble to Edwin C. Bearss (ddr-densho-345-75)
Harry Gamble writes to Edwin Bearss, Chief Historian of the National Park Service, concerning the choice of internment camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. Gamble believes that Tule Lake concentration camp at Newell, California is the better choice over Manzanar.
Warehouse on western perimeter of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-132)
img Warehouse on western perimeter of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-132)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The warehouse was located along a railroad spur off the ...
Metal trough in Tule Lake internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-109)
img Metal trough in Tule Lake internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-109)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The trough was most likely used either as a urinal ...
Recreation hall for civilian personnel (ddr-densho-345-130)
img Recreation hall for civilian personnel (ddr-densho-345-130)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The recreation hall for civilian personnel at Tule Lake was ...
Dinner bell at Tule Lake internee housing (ddr-densho-345-143)
img Dinner bell at Tule Lake internee housing (ddr-densho-345-143)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Water main in internee housing area at Manzanar (ddr-densho-345-85)
img Water main in internee housing area at Manzanar (ddr-densho-345-85)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Toilet sewer holes in Tule Lake internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-108)
img Toilet sewer holes in Tule Lake internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-108)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Sewer opening and cover in Tule Lake internee housing area (ddr-densho-345-113)
img Sewer opening and cover in Tule Lake internee housing area (ddr-densho-345-113)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Manzanar internee gravesites (ddr-densho-345-89)
img Manzanar internee gravesites (ddr-densho-345-89)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Manzanar internee rock garden (ddr-densho-345-83)
img Manzanar internee rock garden (ddr-densho-345-83)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Remolded internee barrack (ddr-densho-345-137)
img Remolded internee barrack (ddr-densho-345-137)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. A former Tule Lake internee barrack remolded into a single ...
Original administrative office buildings at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-125)
img Original administrative office buildings at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-125)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Sewer opening in Tule Lake internee housing area (ddr-densho-345-112)
img Sewer opening in Tule Lake internee housing area (ddr-densho-345-112)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Foundation for Tule Lake voluntary fire station (ddr-densho-345-116)
img Foundation for Tule Lake voluntary fire station (ddr-densho-345-116)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Writing by internees on barracks walls (ddr-densho-345-145)
img Writing by internees on barracks walls (ddr-densho-345-145)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
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