Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (543)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

543 items
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 1 (January 1, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-167)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 1 (January 1, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-167)
"Report from Washington: Work, Accomplishments of ADC in Legislative, Educational Horizons in U.S. Presented" (p. 1), "Claims Queries and Replies" (p. 6),
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 57 (July 7, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-124)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 57 (July 7, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-124)
"Truman Inks Claims Bill to Push Unfinished Evacuation Business" (pg. 1), "Truman Signs Bill to Eliminate Bias in Immigration Statues" (pg. 2)
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 73 (October 7, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-60)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 73 (October 7, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-60)
"Canada Releases Claims Data" (p. 1), "Believes JACL Could Aid Nisei Left in Japan" (p. 1), "Jackson Street Area Chest Workers Selected; Allasina, Principal of Bailey Gatzert, Heads New Army" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 22 (March 16, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-189)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 22 (March 16, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-189)
"ADC Releases More Queries, Replies in Regard to Your Evacuation Claims Measure" (p. 1), "Amendment Seeks to Rid Vote Bias" (p. 1), "Chicago, Washington Hold Final Rites for Two More Nisei Combat War Heroes" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 5 (January 15, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-172)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 5 (January 15, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-172)
"Hawaii Pushes ENI Measure" (p. 1), "Additional Claims Queries, Replies" (p. 1), "They'll Consider Equality Bill" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 14 (February 16, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-181)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 14 (February 16, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-181)
"Civil Liberties Unit Hears JACL Leader" (p. 1), "Third Annual N.W. Nisei Basketball Tournament Opens This Friday Night in Buddhist Auditorium; Social Feature Will Be Sports Dance on Sunday Night" (p. 1), "Evacuation Claims Queries, Replies" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 74 (October 10, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-61)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 74 (October 10, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-61)
"Nisei War Dead on Second Shipment of State Servicemen Killed in Action" (p. 1), "New Local 7 Cannery Union Officers Will be Installed on Nov. 1" (p. 1), "JCCC Promises Legal Experts for Japanese" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 66 (August 17, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-233)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 66 (August 17, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-233)
"Claims Total Here to Date Set at $20,000" (p. 1), "Orientals Win Voting Rights" (p. 1), "Queen Terri and Attendants Invite City of Los Angeles to Join in Nisei Week Festival" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 49 (July 15, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-36)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 49 (July 15, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-36)
"Accept Business Permit Applications to Japan" (p. 1), "JACL Goes Ahead to Speed Plans to Honor Nisei at Arlington" (p. 1), "Commons OK's Board to Sift Ouster Losses" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 1 (January 1, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-1)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 1 (January 1, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-1)
"Legislature Will Weigh Proposal to End Bias in Employment" (p. 1), "Ex-OWI Aide Cites Losses of Evacuees" (p. 1), "Where Should Nisei Settle Down? Wherever He is Happy, Writer Thinks" (p. 2), "Nisei Hoopsters Start '47 Season Jan. 8" (p. 3).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 82 (October 2, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-144)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 82 (October 2, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-144)
"Renunciants Will Receive Rights in "49" (pg. 1), "JACL's Aides, Ennis to Sift Claims Method" (pg. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 38 (June 3, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-26)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 38 (June 3, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-26)
"Lest We Forget : The GI's Who Didn't Come Back " (p. 1), "Hears Pleas for Claims Board Bill" (p. 1),"MISLS to Send Teams East" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 10 (September 6, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-36)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 10 (September 6, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-36)
Select article titles: "'Family hardship' immigration bill OK" (p. 1); "85th Congress in Historic Passage of Civiil Rights Measure" (p. 2); "Formal complaint alleging 200 L.A. frims discriminate in employement lodged by ADL" (p. 6); "White House official Max Rabb to address Tokyo Nisei parley" (p. 8); "Ex.-Oregon Governor Scores Evacuation as 'Unconstitutional'" (p ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, No. 17 (October 25, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, No. 17 (October 25, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-43)
Selected article titles: "Problems Facing Farmers Dependent upon 'Braceros' Detailed, Many Seem Resigned Program Will Continue for a Year More" (pp. 1-2), "Washington Newsletter: Civil Rights Battle" (p. 2), and "U.S. Gov't Will Pay for Property Claims Rising Out of Bombing on Pearl Harbor" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 23 (December 6, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-48)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 23 (December 6, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-48)
Selected article titles: "Attorneys Back Reparation Bid" (pp. 1-2), "Cleveland JACL: Am I Minority Always?" (p. 2), "San Francisco Nihonmachi: Destruction--Dispersal" (p. 2), and "Judge Invalidates UC Minority Admissions" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 11 (September 10, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-36)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 11 (September 10, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-36)
Selected article titles: "Congress Repeals Evacuation Law" (p. 1), "VFW Urges Reparations" (p. 1), "Evacuees Perpetuate Gov. Carr" (pp. 1, 3), and "From the Frying Pan: Gov. Carr Memorial" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 3 (January 23, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-3)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 3 (January 23, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-3)
Selected article titles: "Japan-U.S. Friendship Commission at Full Strength; Fund Set at $30 Million" (p. 1), "S. I. Hayakawa Column on Use of 'Concentration Camp' Saddening" (p. 1), and "Seattle's Reparation Proposal Put on Tape" (pp. 4-5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 15 (October 8, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-40)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 15 (October 8, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-40)
Selected article titles: "Topaz Camp Plaque to Be Dedicated" (p. 1), "Key Elements for Any JACL Reparations Plan" (p. 1), "A Nisei in Japan: Japan's Nationalism: Myth or Fact" (p. 2), "From the Frying Pan: Japan Opinion on Nisei" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2025 (January 5-12, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2025 (January 5-12, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-1)
Selected article titles: "JACL to File Redress Bill" (pp. 1, 9-10), "When Douglas MacArthur 'Reigned' in Japan" (p. 2), "What Was the U.S. Occupation of Japan Like?" (pp. 3, 15), and "Japan's Secret Intercontinental Missile: Konnyaku Bakudan" (pp. 5, 14).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2043 (May 18, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2043 (May 18, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-19)
Selected article titles: "Hayakawa Replies to Open Letter-Adv." (p. 1), "Gov. Brown Snubs Asian Heritage Wk." (pp. 1-2), "Midwest District Council: Youth Workshop--Milwaukee: Nisei Evacuees Relate Camp Experiences" (p. 7), and "Japan and U.S. as Partners in a Common Future" (pp. 7, 12).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2059 (September 7, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-35)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2059 (September 7, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-35)
Selected article titles: "45-Minute Film Documentary: On Terminal Island 'Eviction'" (p. 1), "National Convention: Two Chapters Bid for 1982" (pp. 1-2, 4), "Question and Answer Fact Sheet on Redress: Won't Campaign Cause a White Backlash?" (pp. 5, 7), and "From the Midwest: 'Affirmative Action'" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2065 (October 19, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-41)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2065 (October 19, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-41)
Selected article titles: "More Co-Sponsors Back Internment Commission Bill" (p. 1), "PC Chronology: 1929-79 / Fifty Years" (p. 3), "Vol. 1, No. 1: What's What on the Pages in '29" (p. 3), and "Random Musings: The Nikkei Tradition" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2032 (March 2, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2032 (March 2, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-8)
Selected article titles: "'A Day of Remembrance' Observed Coast to Coast" (pp. 1-2, 6-7, 12), "JACL to Draft Its Redress Bill This Weekend" (pp. 1, 11), "JARR Not Getting Filled...Noteworthy Nikkei Needed" (pp. 3, 8), and "Down to Earth: More to Remember" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2041 (May 4, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2041 (May 4, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-17)
Selected article titles: "Omission of Asians 'Glaring Oversight' on U.S. List Designating 'Minorities'" (pp. 1-2, 11), "First Friday Feature: Angel Island Immigration Station Dedicated" (p. 3), "Japan Today: May 4-10 Asian/Pacific American Heritage Week" (p. 6), and "West Coast Nisei Farmers in 1942, if Given a Free Choice, Wanted to Remain" (p. 10).
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