Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (543)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

543 items
The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 8 (January 27, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-269)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 8 (January 27, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-269)
"Two Measures Go to House; Hit Race Bias" (p. 1), "Mitchell Introduces Measure Altering Naturalization Laws; Lauds War Record of Nisei, Issei" (p. 1), "Evacuee Claim OK'd Under Act" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 42 (June 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-30)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 42 (June 17, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-30)
"House Immigration Unit Favors H.R. 3566, JACL-ADC Reports" (p. 1) "54 Nisei Leave for Alaska Canned Salmon Work" (p. 1), "Vote for Claims Board Measure, Rep. Twyman Tells Colleagues" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 26 (March 30, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-193)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 26 (March 30, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-193)
"Revelle Points Out Generals' High Opinion of Fighting 442nd Combat Team" (p. 1), "Seattle JACL Chapter Urges Issei to Apply for Naturalization Now" (p. 1), "Evacuation Claims Queries, Replies" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 54 (August 1, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-41)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 54 (August 1, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-41)
"Senate Passes Over U.S. Evacuation Claims Bill" (p. 1), "Name Commissioner For B.C. Quiz" (p. 1), "U. of Nebraska Nisei Finds Bias Against Non-Whites Alarming" (p. 1)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 18 (May 9, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 18 (May 9, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-18)
Selected article titles: "Viet Exodus Stirs Racism" (pp. 1-2), "Minority One: Lesson of a Pilgrimage" (pp. 1-2), "JACL-Political Education: How Should We Seek Reparations?" (pp. 1-2), and "Book Review: A Crucial Japan-American Period" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 9 (March 7, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 9 (March 7, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-9)
Selected article titles: "VFW Post in Okinawa Push Evac. Reparation" (p. 1), "Topaz WRA Camp Monuments Set" (p. 1), "Japanese Day School Scheduled to Open This Fall in New York" (p. 1), and "Federal Communications Commission: Ruling the Air Waves and Waiving the Rules" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 3 (January 24, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-3)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 80, No. 3 (January 24, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-3)
Selected article titles: "To the Point: The Year Ahead" (p. 1), "Dies Committee vs. JACL" (pp. 1-2), "Evacuee Reparation a Sleepy Issue in JACL" (p. 3), and "First Ethnic Survey of Hawaii Teachers Held" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 22 (June 4, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-22)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 22 (June 4, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-22)
Selected article titles: "Foundation Responsiveness Project: Queries from Membership" (p. 1), "Reparations Study" (pp. 1, 4), "Columbia Basin Plan: Part II" (p. 2), and "Justice Overdue" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 19 (May 14, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 19 (May 14, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-19)
Selected article titles: "$2 Billion Seen for Evacuees" (p. 1), "Editorials: Reparations Program" (p. 2), "A Nisei in Japan: An Overcrowded Nation" (p. 2), and "From the Frying Pan: Mass Media in '42" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 17 (April 30, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 17 (April 30, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-17)
Selected article titles: "Reparation Campaign Underway" (pp. 1, 3), "Illegal Alien Law Okd" (pp. 1, 3), "Committee for Iva Toguri" (p. 1), and "Wendy's Pretrial" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 11 (March 19, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 11 (March 19, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-11)
Selected article titles: "JACL--National Budget: Squeeze, Chops and Controls" (p. 1), "'Bamboo People' Relates Legal History of Japanese in America" (p. 1), "Minority One: Hirabayashi" (p. 2), and "S. I. Hayakawa: Reparations for Relocation?" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2067 (November 2, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2067 (November 2, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-43)
Selected article titles: "U.S. Civil Rights Commission & 7 More Co-Sponsors for JACL Bills" (p. 1), "Goro Suzuki (1917-1979): Jack Soo Memorabilia at Smithsonian" (pp. 1-2), "President's Corner: Whaling Update" (p. 4), and "From the Frying Pan: Fuss over Nuclear Power / E.O. 9066" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2057 (August 24, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-33)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2057 (August 24, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-33)
Selected article titles: "Viet Refugee-Texas Crabbers Clash Over Fishing Sites" (pp. 1, 3), "100 Boat People Rescued by French Tanker Lands in Japan" (p. 3), "Question and Answer Sheet: How About the Blessings of Evacuation?" (pp. 5, 7), and "Moshi Moshi: Tackling the Fuel Shortage" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2027 (January 26, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-3)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2027 (January 26, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-3)
Selected article titles: "I. Magnin, Joseph Magnin Urging Kenzo Label Change" (p. 1), "Yankee Samurai: Secret Role of Nisei in America's Pacific Victory" (pp. 1, 9-12), "Japan's Pearl Harbor Spy Saw Evacuation as 'Cruel Joke'" (p. 2), and "Min Yasui Letters: From the Multnomah Jail" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2051 (July 13, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2051 (July 13, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-27)
Selected article titles: "'Yellow Peril' [Trademark] Voluntarily Abandoned" (p. 1), "Sen. Inouye Raps Colleague's Description of Evacuation" (pp. 1, 7), "Asians Eligible for SBA 8-A" (pp. 1, 5), and "'Japan Inc.' Firms Eye So. Calif. as Attractive U.S. Investment" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen , Vol. 88, No. 2029 (February 9, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-5)
doc Pacific Citizen , Vol. 88, No. 2029 (February 9, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-5)
Selected article titles: "Hayakawa Vows to Filibuster When Redress Bill Up" (pp. 1, 3, 12), "Chinese Filling U.S. Immigration Quota Fast'" (p. 1), "Butadofu: Phil Jordan: 'Silicon Valley' Shenanigans" (p. 5), and "Redress Phase Two: John Tateishi: A Moral Issue" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 17 (October 22, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-42)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 17 (October 22, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-42)
Selected article titles: "Goldberg Says Writ of Coram Nobis Would Be 'Fruitless'" (pp. 1, 4), "Korean Students in S.F. Stage Protest Over Japan Textbooks" (p. 1), "Guest's Column: NCJAR Leader Reviews JACL Story" (p. 7), and "Nat'l Bd. Decides on Redress Budget, Aging & Retirement" (pp. 8-9, 12).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 16 (April 23, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-16)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 16 (April 23, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-16)
Selected article titles: "Noguchi to Fight Demotion by Board" (pp. 1, 5), "Anti-Japanese Resentment in U.S. Growing" (pp. 1, 4), "Redress Phase 4: 40-Year Wait" (p. 2), and "From the Frying Pan: Heart Mountain Reunion: A Warm Occasion" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 23 (December 3, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-48)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 23 (December 3, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-48)
Selected article titles: "Johnston Issues 'Last Call' for Former Ca. State Workers" (pp. 1, 8), "Nikkei Autoworker Speaks Out on U.S. Industry's Problems" (pp. 1, 8), "Another 'Relocation'" (pp. 6, 8), and "U.S. Doctor Recalls Nagasaki After Bombing: 'Ghost Town'" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 5 (August 1, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-30)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 5 (August 1, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-30)
Selected article titles: "Case for Aleut Redress Presented" (pp. 1, 8), "JCCCNC Officially Opens Doors" (p. 1), "Nisei Week Events Scheduled" (p. 2), and "House Passes 'Jpn' Resolution" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 25 (June 27, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-25)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 25 (June 27, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-25)
Edition contains Travel Section, TS 1-4, between pages 6 and 7. Selected article titles: "'Victory in Sight,' Congressmen Tell Redress Supporters" (pp. 1, 8), "JA Groups Support Navajo Cause" (pp. 1, 10), "Japanese Australian Colonies 'Discovered': Australian Relates WW2 Heroics of Nisei Divers Raiding Manila Bay" (TS 3), and "Breaking Down Barriers" (p. 10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 22 (June 6, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-22)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 22 (June 6, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-22)
Selected article titles: "Nisei Will Receive College Diploma--44 Years Later" (pp. 1, 8), "Governor Seeking Support for Redress" (p. 1), "Camp Memorial to Be Dedicated" (p. 2), and "Program to Provide Help for Mail-Order, Servicemen's Wives" (pp. 3, 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 6 (February 14, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 6 (February 14, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-6)
Selected article titles: "Hirabayashi Verdict Reached" (pp. 1, 8), "Colorado Rep Backs H.R. 442" (p. 1), "Remark on Onizuka Protested" (p. 1), and "Bill to Eliminate 'Jap' Proposed" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 9 (August 29, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-34)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 9 (August 29, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-34)
Selected article titles: "H.R. 442 Co-Sponsor: Levine: U.S. Should Pay JA Internees" (pp. 1-2), "Bigotry Against Nikkei Persists, Mineta Warns" (p. 3), "Delegation from Japan Marks Anniversary of Doll Exchange" (p. 3), and "JACL Convention Photo Album" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 10 (March 14, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 10 (March 14, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-10)
Selected article titles: "Sanctuary for Marcos in Hawaii Debated" (pp. 1, 5), "Camps Recalled, Vets Praised at Feb. 19 Program" (p. 2), "By the Board: Still Top Priority" (p. 4), and "'JA Journey' a Bad Trip" (p. 5).
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