Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (543)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

543 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 16 (October 18, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-42)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 16 (October 18, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-42)
Select article titles: "JACL in fight for right of association NAACP issue before U.S. Supreme Court to rule on basic rights of organizations" (p. 1); "Farm Laborers Being Returned, Refuse Contract" (p. 1); "Death of JACL leader Harry Miyake cited as example for Social Security benefits; family to get $200 per month" (p. 3); "Soldier-brides ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 13 (September 27, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 45, No. 13 (September 27, 1957) (ddr-pc-29-39)
Select article titles: "Author Gwen Terasaki Urges Nisei Serve As U.S.-Japan 'Bridge'" (p. 1); "Japanese request for continuing U.S. importation of temporary farm workers hinges on special gov't survey; no decision yet" (p. 1); "Justice Dep't okays 72 claims in August" (p. 2); "Formation of Nisei Voters League in San Francisco ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 13 (April 1, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 13 (April 1, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-13)
Selected article titles: "S.1009 on Senate Backburner--Amendments Submitted" (pp. 1, 10), "Positive 'Role Model': Inouye Receives AAPAA Award" (pp. 1-2), "Matsueda Not Just in It for the Laughs" (pp. 1-2), "Reparations Legislation Is Racist" (p. 5), and "Survivor's Mission: We Can't Afford Another Hiroshima" (pp. 6-7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 12 (October 21, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 12 (October 21, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-37)
Selected article titles: "3 Historically Significant Letters" (pp. 1, 5), "EEOC Report Finds Asian Americans Underrepresented in Top Federal Jobs" (pp. 1-2), and "Inouye, Matsunaga Announce Start of U.S.-Japan Exchange Program" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 8 (February 26, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 8 (February 26, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-8)
Selected article titles: "L.A. Program Commemorates Redress Efforts" (pp. 1-2), "Loni Ding's New Film: Award Winning Filmmaker Examines Color of Honor" (pp. 1, 3), and "Racial Discrimination Hurts Japan's Image" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 13 (October 28, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 13 (October 28, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-38)
Four page travel section appears between pages 4 and 5 of the edition. Selected article titles: "ORA Administrators Manage Human Side, Logistics of Redress" (pp. 1-2), "High Court Assays Civil Rights Case Reversal" (p. 1), "Senate's Passage of Census Bill Is a 'Victory for AAs,' Says Matsui" (pp. 1-2), "What to Do for Redress Questions ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 17 (April 29, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 17 (April 29, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-17)
Selected article titles: "Senate Votes $1.3 Billion for WW2 Evacuees" (p. 1), "White House Next Step: S.1009 Passes on Strong Bipartisan Stand of 69 Yeas, 27 Nays, 4 N.V.s" (pp. 1, 4), "Japanese Americans Happy with Senate Passage" (pp. 1-2), "Japanese Canadian Redress--A Review" (pp. 3, 9), and "First Hirabayashi Case Upholds ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 18 (May 6, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 18 (May 6, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-18)
Selected article titles: "Redress Will 'Reflect Unfavorably' Says S.I. Hayakawa" (p. 1), "S.1009: JACL-LEC Praises Efforts, Looks to Next Redress Hurdle" (pp. 1-2), "'Wait and See Attitude': NCJAR 'Skeptical' on Chances for Redress" (p. 1), and "JACL After Redress: What Then?" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 2 (July 21-August 3, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-14)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 2 (July 21-August 3, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-14)
Selected article titles: "JACL National President Meets with Clinton" (pp. 1, 15), "JACL Message: Keep Affirmative Action in California Education" (pp. 1, 6, 15), "From the ORA: Potentially Eligible Redress Recipients" (pp. 10-14), and "GIs Return 'Home' to Camp Shelby" (p. 15).
Pacific Citizen, Vol.121, No. 7 (October 6-19, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol.121, No. 7 (October 6-19, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-19)
Selected article titles: "No Apology for 'Slanty' Eye Reference to Nomo" (pp. 1, 6), "ORA Meets with JACL for Redress Update" (pp. 1, 6), "Evacuation Stories Highlight Topaz Event" (p. 5), and "MIS Postwar Phase Topic of Seattle Reunion" (pp. 7, 11).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 7 (August 13, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-32)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 7 (August 13, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-32)
Selected article titles: "JACL, PC Offices Get Eviction Notes" (pp. 1, 3), "Reflections on Asiamerican Writers" (pp. 1-2), "Biennium Afterthoughts" (p. 1), and "From the Frying Pan: Reparations or a Pavilion" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 24 (June 18, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-24)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 24 (June 18, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-24)
Selected article titles: "JA State Employee Compensation Bill Passes California Assembly" (p. 1), "Census: Asians Most Educated, Most Employed, 50% Own Home" (pp. 1, 8), "Redress Phase 4: Aug. 10 Workshop" (p. 2), and "'Desert Exile'--A Moving Story Skillfully Told" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 21 (November 19, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-46)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 21 (November 19, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-46)
Selected article titles: "Census Director Denies Stats Were Used to Intern Nikkei" (pp. 1, 5), "Payment for Fired Nikkei L.A. County Workers Passes" (p. 1), "Another 'Relocation'" (pp. 4-5), and "From the Frying Pan: Memorializing the Heart Mountain Camp" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 23 (June 11, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 23 (June 11, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-23)
Selected article titles: "Interned JAs 'Must Be Compensated': Goldberg" (p. 1), "Former Government Attorney Urges Reopening of Korematsu" (pp. 1, 10), "Speaking Out: Some Thoughts on Redress" (p. 2), and "Helping Young People to Relate to Evacuation on Personal Level" (p. 9).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 18 (May 7, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 18 (May 7, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-18)
Selected article titles: "JACL Seeks Whereabouts of 314 'Fired Calif. Employees'" (pp. 1, 5), "Redress Phase 4: JACL '42 Leadership" (p. 2), "Guest's Corner: Racism: Are We Part of the Problem?" (p. 4), "Prewar Nikkei Community of 2,100 Families in Imperial Valley Down to 3" (p. 7), and "P.L. 503 Makes Mockery of ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 22 (June 4, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-22)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 22 (June 4, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-22)
Selected article titles: "Can't Calculate Redress in Dollars, Says Marutani" (pp. 1, 6), "North Carolina DMV Starts Recalling 'JAP' License Plates" (p. 1), "Guest's Corner: Grave Implications of Forcing Japan to Rearm" (p. 4), "West Wind: Why Don't You Go Back Where You Came From?" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 19 (November 5, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-44)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 19 (November 5, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-44)
Selected article titles: "Gardena Rescinds Its 1942 'Evacuation' Resolution" (p. 1), "A-Bomb Survivor Returns to Nagasaki for Medical Care" (pp. 1, 5), "Redress Sought for JAs Fired by L.A. County During WW2" (p. 1), and "Former WRA Director Dillon S. Meyer Dies" (p. 1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 5 (February 5, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-5)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 5 (February 5, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-5)
Selected article titles: "Senator Proposes Public Lands as Form of Redress" (pp. 1-2), "Redress Phase 3: CWRIC Extension" (p. 2), and "From the Frying Pan: Japanese Seem to Lack Two Enzymes for Guzzling" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 4 (January 29, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-4)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 4 (January 29, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-4)
Selected article titles: "Comments from the Midwest: JACL's Top Priority: Goal Setting" (pp. 1, 10), "Japan Eases Ban of Untreated U.S. Farm Products" (p. 2), "Ye Editor's Desk: '…'Tis Not Too Late to Seek a Newer World'" (pp. 4, 7), and "Mineta Is a 'Mystery Man' to White House Staffers" (p. 10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 10 (March 12, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 10 (March 12, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-10)
Selected article titles: "Before Supreme Court: Seattle JACL Files Supporting Brief on Desegregating Schools" (pp. 1, 4), "Redress Phase 4: 'Direct' Individual Payment" (p. 2), "40th Anniversary of E.O. 9066 Proclamation: Silence: a 40-Year Cover-Up Conspiracy?" (p. 2), "From the Frying Pan: When Are Asian Americans Not a Minority?" (p. 5), and "Service to Community ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 4 (August 7-14, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-29)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 4 (August 7-14, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-29)
Selected article titles: "Inouye Lauded by Many for Role in Hearings" (p. 1), "Amended Version: S.1009 Passes Senate Committee" (pp. 1-2), "Over 120 Participate in NCRR Delegation to Lobby Capitol" (pp. 1-2), and "Little Tokyo District Formally Entered on National Register" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 8 (February 27, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 8 (February 27, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-8)
Selected article titles: "Bill's Backers Optimistic" (pp. 1, 4), "JACL Reacts to INS Plan to Put Arabs in Detention Camp" (pp. 1-2), "The Continuing PC Saga: A Brief Synopsis" (p. 4), and "Solicitations Planned: JACL Explores Ways to Attract Members" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 5 (August 21-28, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-30)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 5 (August 21-28, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-30)
Selected article titles: "Students Among NCRR Delegation" (pp. 1, 3), "Commemoration Celebrates Imai's Walk for Peace" (pp. 1-2), "Internment Experience of Japanese Americans Is Basis for Musical" (p. 3), and "Legislative Alert for Visitors of Smithsonian Exhibit" (pp. 5-6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 16 (April 24, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-16)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 16 (April 24, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-16)
Selected article titles: "Parallel Between Treatment of Palestinians and JAs Seen" (pp. 1, 3), "Hirabayashi, Other Asians Listed in Wash. Hall of Fame" (pp. 1, 3), "Conference to Look at How to Resolve Inter-Ethnic Conflict" (p. 3), and "Action in the Senate" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 18 (May 3, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 18 (May 3, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-18)
Selected article titles: "Oregon Passes Own Version of No-Tax on Claims" (pp. 1, 3), "Segregation in Courtrooms Ruled Invalid" (pp. 1, 3), "Washington Newsletter: Employment Discrimination" (pp. 1-2), and "A Pillar of Strength" (p. 2).
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