Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (543)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

543 items
Stove vent in ceiling of military police housing (ddr-densho-345-140)
img Stove vent in ceiling of military police housing (ddr-densho-345-140)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The setting of the military police housing was reconstructed at ...
Tule Lake military police building (ddr-densho-345-148)
img Tule Lake military police building (ddr-densho-345-148)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Letter from Harry Gamble to Leon E. Panetta (ddr-densho-345-76)
doc Letter from Harry Gamble to Leon E. Panetta (ddr-densho-345-76)
Harry Gamble writes a follow-up letter to Congressman Leon Panetta about the designation of one of the ten internment camps as a National Historic Site. Gamble disagrees with Edwin Thompson's choice of Manzanar believing Tule Lake is the better choice.
Road in internee housing area (ddr-densho-345-79)
img Road in internee housing area (ddr-densho-345-79)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
View from Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-92)
img View from Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-92)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The view from behind the original eastern boundary fence looking ...
Tule Lake eastern boundary fence (ddr-densho-345-93)
img Tule Lake eastern boundary fence (ddr-densho-345-93)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The fence and red cinder road are original from the ...
Cold storage locker in administrative area of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-129)
img Cold storage locker in administrative area of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-129)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Original curtains in Tule Lake internee housing (ddr-densho-345-142)
img Original curtains in Tule Lake internee housing (ddr-densho-345-142)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake northern boundary fence (ddr-densho-345-94)
img Tule Lake northern boundary fence (ddr-densho-345-94)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Foundation of Tule Lake internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-107)
img Foundation of Tule Lake internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-107)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Water main in Tule Lake internee housing area (ddr-densho-345-111)
img Water main in Tule Lake internee housing area (ddr-densho-345-111)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Entrance to dumpsite at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-120)
img Entrance to dumpsite at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-120)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Remains of guard tower tops at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-100)
img Remains of guard tower tops at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-100)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Manzanar internee gravesites (ddr-densho-345-88)
img Manzanar internee gravesites (ddr-densho-345-88)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 12 (March 31, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 12 (March 31, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-12)
Selected article titles: "Next Redress Payment Hearing Before House Appropriations" (p. 1), "SFSU Rejects Nakajo's Grievance" (pp. 1-2), "LEC Update: Letters Relevant to Redress Progress Exchanged" (p. 3), and "Theater Review: EW Players' 'Webster Street Blues' Captures Sansei Life" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 21 (June 2, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-21)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 21 (June 2, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-21)
Selected article titles: "House Strips $250 Million Set for Redress from Emergency Bill" (p. 1), "Three-Year Battle Won: UCLA Grants Don Nakanishi Tenure" (pp. 1-2), "Entire Hawaii State House Legislators Urge Pres. Bush for Full Redress Payment" (p. 2), "JACL Resolution on Civil and Human Rights in Japan Seen Filled with Misunderstanding" (p. 5), and "Assembly ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 4 (February 3, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-4)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 4 (February 3, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-4)
Selected article titles: "Calif. Legislature Resolution Urges Immediate Redress in Full" (p. 1), "Matsui & Ujifusa Say: Strategy to Increase Redress Appropriations Ready" (pp. 1, 3), "JACL Blasts Anti-Redress Political Ad as 'Misguided and Exploitative'" (p. 1), and "San Jose JACL & Community to Start Endowment Foundation" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 6 (September 8, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-31)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 6 (September 8, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-31)
Selected article titles: "Heart Mountain's Fair Play Committee: So. Calif. JACLers Throw Spotlights on Nisei WWII Draft Resistance Movement" (pp. 1, 10, 12), "Initial Redress Notices Being Mailed to Those Aged 90 and Up" (pp. 1, 10), "Portland Memorial Garden Project Gains Momentum" (p. 3), and "350 Outstanding Students Across Nation Apply: Profiles: National JACL ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 12 [15] (October 12, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-40)
img Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 12 [15] (October 12, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-40)
Selected article titles: "Pierman convicted of manslaughter" (p. 1), "Redress bills backed by 106 reps, 20 senators" (p. 1), "Redress bill author faces tough race" (p. 2), "Roster of Asian American politicians now available" (p. 2), "Texans rededicate Issei-built garden" (p. 3), "Matsui to speak at leadership forum" (p. 3), "Lillian Baker strikes again" (p. 7 ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 22 (December 7, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-48)
img Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 22 (December 7, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-48)
Includes Japanese American Travel Club pullout section as the final 4 pages. Selected article titles: "Deportee can return" (p. 1), "Libelous folklore of Pearl Harbor lives on" (p. 1), "Taiwan holds Liu suspects" (p. 1), "Redress Endorsements" (p. 2), "Pearl Harbor and 'Shikataganai'" (p. 5), "Vietnam, Hollywood Style" (p. 9), "Are We Ready to Play with ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 98, No. 9 (March 9, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-9)
img Pacific Citizen, Vol. 98, No. 9 (March 9, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-9)
Selected article titles: "AFL-CIO leaders endorse redress legislation" (p. 1), "National board adopts recommendations of committee chairs" (p. 1), "National group protests use of Asian stereotypes in Denver fundraiser" (p. 1), "Moral Strength of MIS Nisei" (p. 9).
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