Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (588)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

588 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 14 (April 11, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-14)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 14 (April 11, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-14)
Selected article titles: "State Bill Allows Payments to Ex-School Clerks" (p. 1), "East Wind: Appeal from an Issei Vet" (p. 4), "Don't Ignore U.S.-Japan" (p. 4), and "Let's Not Get Involved" (pp. 4-5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 23 (December 5, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-48)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 23 (December 5, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-48)
Selected article titles: "New Series a Unique Chance for JA Actors" (pp. 1-2), "Immigration Bill: Attorneys Try to Decode New Technicalities" (pp. 1-2), "By the Board: Budgetary Realities" (p. 4), and "Newspapers Comment on Redress Issue" (p. 10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 2 (July 11, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 2 (July 11, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-27)
Edition contains Candidates for National JACL Office Supplement, A-D, between pages 4 and 5. Selected article titles: "Chicago Convention Honorees Named" (pp. 1-2), "LEC Update: Getting the Word Out" (p. 4), and "The $200,000 Question" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 11 (March 21, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 11 (March 21, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-11)
Selected article titles: "Sansei Give Behind-the-Scenes Account of U.S.-Japan Trade Talks" (pp. 1, 8), "From the Frying Pan: Return to Heart Mountain" (p. 5), and "442 Officer Promotes Redress" (p. 6).
White House war reparation letter (ddr-densho-308-8)
doc White House war reparation letter (ddr-densho-308-8)
When Mae Hara received her reparation letter and check, she said she was stunned. She used the money received from the government to buy a new echo organ for her church in Madison, Wisconsin. Hara dedicated the donation to the memory of her parents, Kinmatsu and Chiyoko Kanazawa.
NCRR (National Coalation for Redress/Reparations) pamphlet (ddr-janm-4-8)
doc NCRR (National Coalation for Redress/Reparations) pamphlet (ddr-janm-4-8)
NCRR (National Coalation for Redress/Reparations) brief history and membership sign-up pamphlet.
Draft letter by the NCRR (ddr-janm-4-16)
doc Draft letter by the NCRR (ddr-janm-4-16)
Four-paged draft letter by the NCRR. There is a place at the end for a signature but it is not signed.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 14 (September 30, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 14 (September 30, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-38)
Selected article titles: "Census Bureau Plans to Drop 'Asian/Pac Island' Category" (p.1), "UC Davis Winning War of Briefs in Bakke Case" (p.1), "EXECOM Looks at Reparations" (p.1-2, 4), "E-1 Visa Student Privilege in Other States Encouraged" (p.2), "Tacoma Reunion-One Man's View" (p.3, 7), "Japanese Christian Mission Centennial in U ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 21 (November 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-45)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 21 (November 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-45)
Selected article titles: "Supreme Court: Rights of Alien to Be Police Argued, Other Major Cases on Aliens Still Pending" (p.1), "Seattle JACLer in Prominent Role at National Women's Conference" (p.1), "Carter Team Lashed for Shunning the Nikkei" (p.1, 9), "Reparations? No!" (p.4), "Evacuees from Peru" (p.5), "Calif. Agriculture and the ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 9 (March 11, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 9 (March 11, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-9)
Selected article titles: "Farm Leader Harry Kubo to Address Tri-District" (p.1-2), "NIMH Director Cites Issues Facing JACL" (p.1), "TV Newsman Carried Pardon Banner Since '68" (p.1-2), "Intermountain Feedback on Reparations Sought" (p.2, 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 17 (October 21, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-41)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 17 (October 21, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-41)
Selected article titles: "Bakke Argument Takes Two Hours, Asian American Question Raised" (p.1), "Amy Doi Suing JACL for $62,000" (p.1), "Internment Credit Bill Advances" (p.1), "Senate Committee Favors Hawaii Reparations Bill" (p.2), "Civil Rights Commission Backs Affirmative Action" (p.2), "JACL Principles in Practice" (p.4), "Road Out of the Tule ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 6 (February 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 6 (February 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-6)
Selected article titles: "Prison System Chief Tells it Like it Is" (p.1, 11), "50% of Nisei Can't Afford to Retire at 65" (p.1), "Japanese & Non-Japanese Marriages Rising" (p.), "Utah Japanese: Survival in Hard Times" (p.), "'Terrible Subject' Becomes 'Constant Reminder'" (p.8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 13 (April 8, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 13 (April 8, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-13)
Selected article titles: "1400 Nikkei Turnout for Hayakawa" (p.1), "East Coast Nikkei Less Inclined for Individual Reparation Pay" (p.1), "The Great Drought of '77" (p.3), "The Intermarriage Question" (p.5).
Recreation hall for civilian personnel (ddr-densho-345-130)
img Recreation hall for civilian personnel (ddr-densho-345-130)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The recreation hall for civilian personnel at Tule Lake was ...
Dinner bell at Tule Lake internee housing (ddr-densho-345-143)
img Dinner bell at Tule Lake internee housing (ddr-densho-345-143)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Letter from Harry Gamble to Edwin C. Bearss (ddr-densho-345-75)
doc Letter from Harry Gamble to Edwin C. Bearss (ddr-densho-345-75)
Harry Gamble writes to Edwin Bearss, Chief Historian of the National Park Service, concerning the choice of internment camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. Gamble believes that Tule Lake concentration camp at Newell, California is the better choice over Manzanar.
Toilet sewer holes in Tule Lake internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-108)
img Toilet sewer holes in Tule Lake internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-108)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Water main in internee housing area at Manzanar (ddr-densho-345-85)
img Water main in internee housing area at Manzanar (ddr-densho-345-85)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Metal trough in Tule Lake internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-109)
img Metal trough in Tule Lake internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-109)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The trough was most likely used either as a urinal ...
Bridges over diversion canals at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-119)
img Bridges over diversion canals at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-119)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The diversion canals were used to supply water to internee ...
Tule Lake boundary fence (ddr-densho-345-91)
img Tule Lake boundary fence (ddr-densho-345-91)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The western boundary fence of Tule Lake concentration camp that ...
Entrance to stockade of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-133)
img Entrance to stockade of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-133)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The fence posts, fence and jail inside the stockade are ...
Walkway to and doorstep for Tule Lake voluntary fire station (ddr-densho-345-118)
img Walkway to and doorstep for Tule Lake voluntary fire station (ddr-densho-345-118)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Original administrative office buildings at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-125)
img Original administrative office buildings at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-125)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Letter from Walter F. Mondale to Frank Sato (ddr-densho-345-70)
doc Letter from Walter F. Mondale to Frank Sato (ddr-densho-345-70)
Walter Mondale writes to confirm his support of the redress effort.
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