Join Densho for an inspiring evening of community, remembrance and solidarity! The Densho Dinner @ Home online event will be held on Saturday, October 24 at 5pm PDT. Registration is free — more details at: bit.ly/DenshoDinner2020

Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (813)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

813 items
Manzanar internee graveyard and marker (ddr-densho-345-86)
img Manzanar internee graveyard and marker (ddr-densho-345-86)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Letter from Walter F. Mondale to Frank Sato (ddr-densho-345-70)
doc Letter from Walter F. Mondale to Frank Sato (ddr-densho-345-70)
Walter Mondale writes to confirm his support of the redress effort.
Letter from Harry Gamble to Leon E. Panetta (ddr-densho-345-76)
doc Letter from Harry Gamble to Leon E. Panetta (ddr-densho-345-76)
Harry Gamble writes a follow-up letter to Congressman Leon Panetta about the designation of one of the ten internment camps as a National Historic Site. Gamble disagrees with Edwin Thompson's choice of Manzanar believing Tule Lake is the better choice.
Original military police office buildings at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-124)
img Original military police office buildings at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-124)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Original curtains in Tule Lake internee housing (ddr-densho-345-142)
img Original curtains in Tule Lake internee housing (ddr-densho-345-142)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tar paper from Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-106)
img Tar paper from Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-106)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Road in internee housing area (ddr-densho-345-79)
img Road in internee housing area (ddr-densho-345-79)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Testimony of the Japanese American Citizens League (ddr-densho-345-69)
doc Testimony of the Japanese American Citizens League (ddr-densho-345-69)
Frank Sato as National President of the Japanese American Citizens League gave testimony to the U.S. House of Representatives Judiciary Subcommittee on Administrative Law and Governmental Relations in support of H.R. 422 then called the Civil Liberties Act of 1985 (later signed into law by Ronald Reagan as the Civil Liberties Act of 1988).
View from Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-92)
img View from Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-92)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The view from behind the original eastern boundary fence looking …
Original administrative office buildings at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-126)
img Original administrative office buildings at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-126)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Warehouse in administrative area of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-131)
img Warehouse in administrative area of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-131)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake northern boundary fence (ddr-densho-345-94)
img Tule Lake northern boundary fence (ddr-densho-345-94)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Aerial view of Tule Lake concentration camp (ddr-densho-345-90)
img Aerial view of Tule Lake concentration camp (ddr-densho-345-90)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. An aerial view of Tule Lake concentration camp circa 1983. …
Tule Lake building foundations of internee housing (ddr-densho-345-104)
img Tule Lake building foundations of internee housing (ddr-densho-345-104)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Writing by internees on barracks walls (ddr-densho-345-144)
img Writing by internees on barracks walls (ddr-densho-345-144)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Manzanar internee graveyard marker (ddr-densho-345-87)
img Manzanar internee graveyard marker (ddr-densho-345-87)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Explanatory List of Internment Camp Photographs (ddr-densho-345-77)
doc Explanatory List of Internment Camp Photographs (ddr-densho-345-77)
A list of 71 captions to photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his research team, Stan Turner and Anna Maria Coletti, of Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps. These photographs were taken to show the preservation of the sites to show as evidence to the National Parks Service as to which site would be designated a …
Opening remarks to JACL meeting (ddr-densho-345-73)
doc Opening remarks to JACL meeting (ddr-densho-345-73)
Frank Sato's opening remarks to a meeting of the Japanese American Citizens League (JACL) with other redress groups. He calls for the JACL and these redress groups to put aside their differences and work together to achieve the larger goal of the redress movement.
Foundation of Tule Lake internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-107)
img Foundation of Tule Lake internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-107)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake internee barracks (ddr-densho-345-146)
img Tule Lake internee barracks (ddr-densho-345-146)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake guard tower base (ddr-densho-345-97)
img Tule Lake guard tower base (ddr-densho-345-97)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Voluntary fire station in administrative area of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-128)
img Voluntary fire station in administrative area of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-128)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake building foundations of internee housing (ddr-densho-345-102)
img Tule Lake building foundations of internee housing (ddr-densho-345-102)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Stove pipe and collar from Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-105)
img Stove pipe and collar from Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-105)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Remains of guard tower tops at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-100)
img Remains of guard tower tops at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-100)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
API