Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (543)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

543 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 14 (September 30, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 14 (September 30, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-38)
Selected article titles: "Census Bureau Plans to Drop 'Asian/Pac Island' Category" (p.1), "UC Davis Winning War of Briefs in Bakke Case" (p.1), "EXECOM Looks at Reparations" (p.1-2, 4), "E-1 Visa Student Privilege in Other States Encouraged" (p.2), "Tacoma Reunion-One Man's View" (p.3, 7), "Japanese Christian Mission Centennial in U ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 21 (November 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-45)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 21 (November 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-45)
Selected article titles: "Supreme Court: Rights of Alien to Be Police Argued, Other Major Cases on Aliens Still Pending" (p.1), "Seattle JACLer in Prominent Role at National Women's Conference" (p.1), "Carter Team Lashed for Shunning the Nikkei" (p.1, 9), "Reparations? No!" (p.4), "Evacuees from Peru" (p.5), "Calif. Agriculture and the ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 6 (February 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 6 (February 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-6)
Selected article titles: "Prison System Chief Tells it Like it Is" (p.1, 11), "50% of Nisei Can't Afford to Retire at 65" (p.1), "Japanese & Non-Japanese Marriages Rising" (p.), "Utah Japanese: Survival in Hard Times" (p.), "'Terrible Subject' Becomes 'Constant Reminder'" (p.8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 13 (April 8, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 13 (April 8, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-13)
Selected article titles: "1400 Nikkei Turnout for Hayakawa" (p.1), "East Coast Nikkei Less Inclined for Individual Reparation Pay" (p.1), "The Great Drought of '77" (p.3), "The Intermarriage Question" (p.5).
Letter from Walter F. Mondale to Frank Sato (ddr-densho-345-70)
doc Letter from Walter F. Mondale to Frank Sato (ddr-densho-345-70)
Walter Mondale writes to confirm his support of the redress effort.
Tar paper from Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-106)
img Tar paper from Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-106)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Original military police office buildings at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-124)
img Original military police office buildings at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-124)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Testimony of the Japanese American Citizens League (ddr-densho-345-69)
doc Testimony of the Japanese American Citizens League (ddr-densho-345-69)
Frank Sato as National President of the Japanese American Citizens League gave testimony to the U.S. House of Representatives Judiciary Subcommittee on Administrative Law and Governmental Relations in support of H.R. 422 then called the Civil Liberties Act of 1985 (later signed into law by Ronald Reagan as the Civil Liberties Act of 1988).
Bridges over diversion canals at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-119)
img Bridges over diversion canals at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-119)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The diversion canals were used to supply water to internee ...
Internal wall of Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-139)
img Internal wall of Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-139)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Stove in internee housing (ddr-densho-345-141)
img Stove in internee housing (ddr-densho-345-141)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake boundary fence (ddr-densho-345-91)
img Tule Lake boundary fence (ddr-densho-345-91)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The western boundary fence of Tule Lake concentration camp that ...
Inside the jail at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-135)
img Inside the jail at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-135)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake internee barracks (ddr-densho-345-146)
img Tule Lake internee barracks (ddr-densho-345-146)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Artifacts found in Tule Lake housing area (ddr-densho-345-121)
img Artifacts found in Tule Lake housing area (ddr-densho-345-121)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake northern boundary fence and guard towers (ddr-densho-345-95)
img Tule Lake northern boundary fence and guard towers (ddr-densho-345-95)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Stove pipe and collar from Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-105)
img Stove pipe and collar from Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-105)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake internee barracks (ddr-densho-345-136)
img Tule Lake internee barracks (ddr-densho-345-136)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Letter from Robert T. Matsui to Frank Sato (ddr-densho-345-67)
doc Letter from Robert T. Matsui to Frank Sato (ddr-densho-345-67)
Robert Matsui a congressman from California's 3rd District congratulates Frank Sato on enlisting the help of Vice President Mondale in redress fundraising efforts.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 9 (March 11, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-9)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 9 (March 11, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-9)
Selected article titles: "Farm Leader Harry Kubo to Address Tri-District" (p.1-2), "NIMH Director Cites Issues Facing JACL" (p.1), "TV Newsman Carried Pardon Banner Since '68" (p.1-2), "Intermountain Feedback on Reparations Sought" (p.2, 4).
Walkway to and doorstep for Tule Lake voluntary fire station (ddr-densho-345-118)
img Walkway to and doorstep for Tule Lake voluntary fire station (ddr-densho-345-118)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Water main in internee housing area at Manzanar (ddr-densho-345-85)
img Water main in internee housing area at Manzanar (ddr-densho-345-85)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Metal trough in Tule Lake internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-109)
img Metal trough in Tule Lake internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-109)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The trough was most likely used either as a urinal ...
Recreation hall for civilian personnel (ddr-densho-345-130)
img Recreation hall for civilian personnel (ddr-densho-345-130)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The recreation hall for civilian personnel at Tule Lake was ...
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