Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (588)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

588 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 16 (April 22, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-16)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 16 (April 22, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-16)
Selected article titles: "Dukakis, Gore and Jackson Reps Meet with APAs" (pp. 1-2), "Ready for Vote: Action Initiated on S.1009" (pp. 1, 4), and "Japan's Embarrassing So. African Trade" (pp. 2, 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 1 (July 8-15, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-26)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 1 (July 8-15, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-26)
Selected article titles: "Resolution Admitting JACL 'WW2 Errors' Presented to NCWNP" (p. 1), "Top Aides Urge Approval: Reagan Intends to Sign Redress Bill, Says Mercury News Report" (p. 1), and "Part II: JACL Presidential Candidates Respond to Questionnaire" (p. 7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 5 (September 2, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-30)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 5 (September 2, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-30)
Selected article titles: "JACL Participates in March for Civil Rights" (p. 1), "Nikkei Education Conference: Masaoka, Furutani Opine on Nikkei Options" (p. 2), "Future of Japanese Americans Discussed" (p. 2), and "Extract of HR 442 Conference Report: Redress Bill Signed by President Reagan" (pp. 6-7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 23 (June 10, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 23 (June 10, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-23)
Selected article titles: "'Only Fair': Bush Says 'Yes' to Redress" (p. 1), "Nikkei Vietnam Vets Saluted in L.A." (pp. 1, 3), "National Board Motions" (p. 5), and "New JACL Budget Figures in Detail" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 1 (July 7-20, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 1 (July 7-20, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-13)
Selected article titles: "JACL Leaders Get Grim Message: Immigration on Rough Road in Congress" (pp. 1, 5), "4,000 Potentially Eligible Redress Recipients Sought" (p. 3), "Tule Lake Reunion Features Symposium on JA Legacy" (p. 4), and "Viewpoint: Racism Fueled A-Bomb in WWII" (p. 9).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 11 (September 12, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-36)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 103, No. 11 (September 12, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-36)
Selected article titles: "Deukmejian Announces Opposition to Prop. 63" (p. 1), "'Compensate Victims': Illinois Gov. Backs Redress" (p. 1), and "East Wind: A Lesson in Linguistics: Notes on 'Nikkei'" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 4 (January 29, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-4)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 4 (January 29, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-4)
Selected article titles: "'Cautious Optimism' on Passage of Redress Bill Seen This Year" (p. 1), "Senator Pleased with Progress of Two Measures" (p. 2), "Pirating the Beatles in Japan" (pp. 2-3, 5), and "Articles About Asian Americans May Be Misleading" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 25 (June 24-July 1, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-25)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 25 (June 24-July 1, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-25)
Selected article titles: "Eligibility Issue on Redress Bill Still Unresolved" (p. 1), "'Dear Colleague' Letter: Conservative Congressmen Urge Colleague Support for Redress" (p. 1), "Nisei Veterans Focus on 1993 Celebration" (pp. 1, 3), and "JACL Candidates for National President Speak Out" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 3 (July 15, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-27)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 3 (July 15, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-27)
Selected article titles: "Capital Columnists Back Evacuee Bill" (p.1), "Defense Dept. Hit for Lack of Affirmative Plan" (p.1), "Citizens Committee Formed to Probe Educational System in San Benito" (p.1-2), "Wave of the Future: Asian American Togetherness" (p.5), "Hiroshima 'Maiden' Credits U.S. Family for Inner Peace" (p.7).
Sewer opening and cover in Tule Lake internee housing area (ddr-densho-345-113)
img Sewer opening and cover in Tule Lake internee housing area (ddr-densho-345-113)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Manzanar internee rock garden (ddr-densho-345-83)
img Manzanar internee rock garden (ddr-densho-345-83)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Remolded internee barrack (ddr-densho-345-137)
img Remolded internee barrack (ddr-densho-345-137)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. A former Tule Lake internee barrack remolded into a single ...
Sewage treatment plant for Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-114)
img Sewage treatment plant for Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-114)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Jail at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-134)
img Jail at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-134)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Manzanar main entrance (ddr-densho-345-78)
img Manzanar main entrance (ddr-densho-345-78)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Foundation of Manzanar internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-82)
img Foundation of Manzanar internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-82)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Aerial view of Tule Lake concentration camp (ddr-densho-345-90)
img Aerial view of Tule Lake concentration camp (ddr-densho-345-90)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. An aerial view of Tule Lake concentration camp circa 1983 ...
Warehouse in administrative area of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-131)
img Warehouse in administrative area of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-131)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Writing by internees on barracks walls (ddr-densho-345-144)
img Writing by internees on barracks walls (ddr-densho-345-144)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Letter from William M. Marutani to Frank Sato (ddr-densho-345-72)
doc Letter from William M. Marutani to Frank Sato (ddr-densho-345-72)
Bill Marutani writes to Frank Sato to congratulate him on obtaining support from Walter Mondale for the redress movement.
Tule Lake guard tower base (ddr-densho-345-97)
img Tule Lake guard tower base (ddr-densho-345-97)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No. 22 (November 28, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-48)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No. 22 (November 28, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-48)
Select article titles: "American way vindicated as losses of evacuation compensated by gov't" (P. 1); "Evacuation claims program summarized as action hailed as 'miracle' of America" (p. 7)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 12 (September 21, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-37)
img Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 12 (September 21, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-37)
Selected article titles: "Sansei principal turns L.A.'s Jefferson High around" (p. 1), "House subcommittee hears HR 4110 redress testimony" (p. 1), "Japan fingerprinting constitutional for alien registration, Tokyo court rules" (p. 1), "1st all-Fresno J-town reunion attracting over 350 Sept. 29-30" (p. 1), "Calif. Proposition 39: Reapportionment battle of 1980 may be settled" (p ...
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