Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (543)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

543 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 14 (November 4, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 14 (November 4, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-39)
Selected article titles: "Redress Payments Unaffected: Supreme Court Crushes NCJAR Lawsuit" (pp. 1, 9), "Delegation Urges Reagan to Sign Census Bill" (pp. 1, 9), "Voting Dukakis Better for America" (pp. 6, 8), and "Voting Bush Is the Obvious Choice" (pp. 6-7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 7 (February 19, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 7 (February 19, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-7)
Selected article titles: "LEC Board: Redress 'Looks Good'" (pp. 1, 8), "Budget Tops List of Concerns at Board Meeting" (pp. 1-2), "'Guest Workers' Aren't Welcome" (pp. 3, 6), and "Encouraging Signs for Redress" (pp. 5-6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 2 (January 15, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-2)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 2 (January 15, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-2)
Selected article titles: "PSWDC Holds First Recognitions Luncheon Dec. 6" (p. 1), "Marutani Responds: Letter Dismisses Need for Redress" (p. 1), "Breaking Up Japan, Inc." (pp. 2-3, 8), and "Thoughts of a Nisei" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 24 (June 17, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-24)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 24 (June 17, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-24)
Four page travel section appears between pages 4 and 5 of the edition. Selected article titles: "Redress Bills Not Out of Conference Committee Yet" (pp. 1, 6), "Sen. Inouye Addresses Reno Reunion: 'War Against Prejudice' Still Faces Nisei Veterans" (pp. 1-2), "'Japanese American Story' as Theme for Memorial Proposed" (pp. 1, 3), and "The 'Untrustworthy' Japanese ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 6 (February 12, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 6 (February 12, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-6)
Selected article titles: "Professor Wins Grievance Against UCLA" (p. 1), "Letter Strongly Opposes Redress" (p. 2), "LEC Update: The Time Has Come for S.1009" (p. 3), and "A Modest Proposal for the Reparations Debate" (p. 5).
White House war reparation letter (ddr-densho-308-8)
doc White House war reparation letter (ddr-densho-308-8)
When Mae Hara received her reparation letter and check, she said she was stunned. She used the money received from the government to buy a new echo organ for her church in Madison, Wisconsin. Hara dedicated the donation to the memory of her parents, Kinmatsu and Chiyoko Kanazawa.
Draft letter by the NCRR (ddr-janm-4-16)
doc Draft letter by the NCRR (ddr-janm-4-16)
Four-paged draft letter by the NCRR. There is a place at the end for a signature but it is not signed.
NCRR (National Coalation for Redress/Reparations) pamphlet (ddr-janm-4-8)
doc NCRR (National Coalation for Redress/Reparations) pamphlet (ddr-janm-4-8)
NCRR (National Coalation for Redress/Reparations) brief history and membership sign-up pamphlet.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 17 (October 21, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-41)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 17 (October 21, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-41)
Selected article titles: "Bakke Argument Takes Two Hours, Asian American Question Raised" (p.1), "Amy Doi Suing JACL for $62,000" (p.1), "Internment Credit Bill Advances" (p.1), "Senate Committee Favors Hawaii Reparations Bill" (p.2), "Civil Rights Commission Backs Affirmative Action" (p.2), "JACL Principles in Practice" (p.4), "Road Out of the Tule ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 14 (September 30, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 14 (September 30, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-38)
Selected article titles: "Census Bureau Plans to Drop 'Asian/Pac Island' Category" (p.1), "UC Davis Winning War of Briefs in Bakke Case" (p.1), "EXECOM Looks at Reparations" (p.1-2, 4), "E-1 Visa Student Privilege in Other States Encouraged" (p.2), "Tacoma Reunion-One Man's View" (p.3, 7), "Japanese Christian Mission Centennial in U ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 21 (November 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-45)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 85, No. 21 (November 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-45)
Selected article titles: "Supreme Court: Rights of Alien to Be Police Argued, Other Major Cases on Aliens Still Pending" (p.1), "Seattle JACLer in Prominent Role at National Women's Conference" (p.1), "Carter Team Lashed for Shunning the Nikkei" (p.1, 9), "Reparations? No!" (p.4), "Evacuees from Peru" (p.5), "Calif. Agriculture and the ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 6 (February 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 6 (February 18, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-6)
Selected article titles: "Prison System Chief Tells it Like it Is" (p.1, 11), "50% of Nisei Can't Afford to Retire at 65" (p.1), "Japanese & Non-Japanese Marriages Rising" (p.), "Utah Japanese: Survival in Hard Times" (p.), "'Terrible Subject' Becomes 'Constant Reminder'" (p.8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 13 (April 8, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 84, No. 13 (April 8, 1977) (ddr-pc-49-13)
Selected article titles: "1400 Nikkei Turnout for Hayakawa" (p.1), "East Coast Nikkei Less Inclined for Individual Reparation Pay" (p.1), "The Great Drought of '77" (p.3), "The Intermarriage Question" (p.5).
Letter from Walter F. Mondale to Frank Sato (ddr-densho-345-70)
doc Letter from Walter F. Mondale to Frank Sato (ddr-densho-345-70)
Walter Mondale writes to confirm his support of the redress effort.
Tar paper from Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-106)
img Tar paper from Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-106)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Original military police office buildings at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-124)
img Original military police office buildings at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-124)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Testimony of the Japanese American Citizens League (ddr-densho-345-69)
doc Testimony of the Japanese American Citizens League (ddr-densho-345-69)
Frank Sato as National President of the Japanese American Citizens League gave testimony to the U.S. House of Representatives Judiciary Subcommittee on Administrative Law and Governmental Relations in support of H.R. 422 then called the Civil Liberties Act of 1985 (later signed into law by Ronald Reagan as the Civil Liberties Act of 1988).
Bridges over diversion canals at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-119)
img Bridges over diversion canals at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-119)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The diversion canals were used to supply water to internee ...
Internal wall of Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-139)
img Internal wall of Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-139)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Stove in internee housing (ddr-densho-345-141)
img Stove in internee housing (ddr-densho-345-141)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake boundary fence (ddr-densho-345-91)
img Tule Lake boundary fence (ddr-densho-345-91)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The western boundary fence of Tule Lake concentration camp that ...
Inside the jail at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-135)
img Inside the jail at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-135)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake internee barracks (ddr-densho-345-146)
img Tule Lake internee barracks (ddr-densho-345-146)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Artifacts found in Tule Lake housing area (ddr-densho-345-121)
img Artifacts found in Tule Lake housing area (ddr-densho-345-121)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake northern boundary fence and guard towers (ddr-densho-345-95)
img Tule Lake northern boundary fence and guard towers (ddr-densho-345-95)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
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