Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (543)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

543 items
Manzanar main entrance (ddr-densho-345-78)
img Manzanar main entrance (ddr-densho-345-78)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Foundation of Manzanar internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-82)
img Foundation of Manzanar internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-82)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Aerial view of Tule Lake concentration camp (ddr-densho-345-90)
img Aerial view of Tule Lake concentration camp (ddr-densho-345-90)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. An aerial view of Tule Lake concentration camp circa 1983 ...
Warehouse in administrative area of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-131)
img Warehouse in administrative area of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-131)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Writing by internees on barracks walls (ddr-densho-345-144)
img Writing by internees on barracks walls (ddr-densho-345-144)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Letter from William M. Marutani to Frank Sato (ddr-densho-345-72)
doc Letter from William M. Marutani to Frank Sato (ddr-densho-345-72)
Bill Marutani writes to Frank Sato to congratulate him on obtaining support from Walter Mondale for the redress movement.
Tule Lake guard tower base (ddr-densho-345-97)
img Tule Lake guard tower base (ddr-densho-345-97)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No. 22 (November 28, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-48)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 47, No. 22 (November 28, 1958) (ddr-pc-30-48)
Select article titles: "American way vindicated as losses of evacuation compensated by gov't" (P. 1); "Evacuation claims program summarized as action hailed as 'miracle' of America" (p. 7)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 12 (September 21, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-37)
img Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 12 (September 21, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-37)
Selected article titles: "Sansei principal turns L.A.'s Jefferson High around" (p. 1), "House subcommittee hears HR 4110 redress testimony" (p. 1), "Japan fingerprinting constitutional for alien registration, Tokyo court rules" (p. 1), "1st all-Fresno J-town reunion attracting over 350 Sept. 29-30" (p. 1), "Calif. Proposition 39: Reapportionment battle of 1980 may be settled" (p ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 98, No. 25 (June 19, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-25)
img Pacific Citizen, Vol. 98, No. 25 (June 19, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-25)
Selected article titles: "Congress hears testimony from former internees" (p. 1), "Conflicting stories heard in Chin trial" (p. 1), "Fighting Sexual Harassment Against Asian Women" (p. 2), "New housing project accepting applications from Nikkei seniors" (p. 3), "Coram Nobis Cases" (p. 5), "Kinoshita and Shimoura tie for JACLer of the Biennium" (p. 7), "Legislative counsel is ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 9 (August 31, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-34)
img Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 9 (August 31, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-34)
Selected article titles: "Members of Congress testify for redress" (p. 1), "GOP platform acknowledges injustice of WW2 internment" (p. 1), "Cables prove Nisei disloyal, insists ex-officer" (p. 1), "Publishers pull objectionable material from schoolbooks" (p. 2), "U.S. will balk at giving apology to WW2 internees, Inouye says" (p. 3), "Resolutions Considered by National Council" (p ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 3 (July 20, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-28)
img Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 3 (July 20, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-28)
Selected article titles: "Nisei leader testifies against individual redress payments" (p. 1), "Compensation in final draft of party platform" (p. 1), "Subcommittee to ponder provisions of S 2116" (p. 1), "Mayor's work for A-bomb victims is commended" (p. 2), "Minimizing Perils of Traveling" (p. 4), "Violence against Asian Americans' topic of convention workshop" (p. 4 ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 98, No. 18 (May 11, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-18)
img Pacific Citizen, Vol. 98, No. 18 (May 11, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-18)
Selected article titles: "Bigots make presence known in S. California community" (p. 1), "Board hedges on compensation" (p. 1), "N. California honors Nikkei representative" (p. 2), "East West to mount Native American play" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 77, No. 19, (November 9, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-44)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 77, No. 19, (November 9, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-44)
Select article titles: "Senator Inouye Prefaces Appeal: JACL Bldg. Fund Drive Blasts Off" (p.1); "Evacuee Reparation Input Sought" (p.1); "Philadelphia JACL Seeks Papers for Its Local History" (p.3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 1 (January 5-12, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 1 (January 5-12, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-1)
Select article titles: "Office of Redress Administration Can Process 3,000 Recipients Per Month"(p.1);"Census Bureau Opens Campaign to Hire Temporary Enumerators"(p.1);"After 40 Years, Rohwer Camp Memorials in Need of Repair"(p.3);"Remembrances from Pearl Harbor Sunday to Poston"(p.10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 17 (November 24, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-42)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 17 (November 24, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-42)
Selected article titles: "Army Military Intelligence Service School: Nisei MIS Gears for 50th Anniversary Fete in 1991" (p. 3), "Southern California Premiere Dec. 1: 'Forbidden City, USA' Due in Little Tokyo" (p. 3), "Editorial of the Pacific Citizen: The Lesson in Securing Redress" (p. 4), and "Untold Chapter of the 552nd Field Artillery: The Liberation of ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 18 (May 12, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 18 (May 12, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-18)
Selected article titles: "Redress Recipients in Colorado Hail Passage of Bill" (p. 1), "JACL Responds to Company Selling 'Racist' Comic Books" (p. 1), "Japanese Canadian Art Works Gathered for Major Exhibit" (p. 2), and "American Jewish Committee Partners with Japan JACL on Cultural Exchange" (pp. 3, 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 23 (June 16, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 23 (June 16, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-23)
Selected article titles: "Text: Proposed Redress Provisions.: U.S. Attorney General's Proposals for Eligibility Viewed as 'Liberal'; Appeal Process Included" (pp. 1-5), "Central Cal DC Spring Conference: 'Nikkei Summit' on Minorities, Community Issues Proposed" (pp. 1, 12), "30-Minute Documentary on Redress Movement to Be Produced by Nat'l JACL" (p. 1), and "Important Role of ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 19 (May 19, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 19 (May 19, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-19)
Selected article titles: "Appropriations Process: Senate-House Conference Approves $150 Million for Redress Payments in FY 1990 Federal Budget" (p. 1), "Japanese Americans Seek to Defend Redress in Court" (p. 1), "Washington Asian Legislator Hails Enactment of 'English Plus' Law" (p. 2), and "By the Board: JACL's 'Mega-Fund' Proposal: Another Perspective" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 7 (February 24, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 7 (February 24, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-7)
Selected article titles: "JANM Annual Meeting: Smithsonian May Extend Its Exhibit on Japanese Americans Another Five Years" (pp. 1, 3), "Los Angeles: First Day of Remembrance Since H.R. 442 Passage Held" (pp. 1, 6), "ORA Tries Outreach to Possible Redress-Eligibles Living in Japan" (pp. 2, 6), and "3,726,440 Asian/Pacifics Counted in 1980 ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 11 (March 24, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 11 (March 24, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-11)
Selected article titles: "Interpretation Snarls Redress Payments" (p. 1), "American War Veterans Relief Association: Anti-Redress Group's Past Called 'Murky'" (p. 1), "Calif. Senate Reviews UCB Admissions Policy Report" (pp. 1, 3), and "Asian Immigrants Among Target of Australian Violence; Inquiry Scheduled" (pp. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 4 (August 18-25, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-29)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 4 (August 18-25, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-29)
Selected article titles: "Regulations on Documentation for Redress Payment Smoother" (p. 1), "'Vincent Chin'-Type Case Explodes in Raleigh, N.C." (pp. 1, 8), "Tri-District Convention Speech: Nakagawa Calls for Nat'l 'Nikkei Summit' in 1990" (p. 3), and "522nd Field Artillery Scouts Liberated Dachau Death Prisoners: Why a New York Judge Mobilized Jews to 'Go ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 1 (July 7-14, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-26)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 1 (July 7-14, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-26)
Selected article titles: "Ujifusa Feels Money Rally Now Bad Idea" (p. 1), "JACL-LEC Submits Changes in Detail to Proposed Redress Act" (pp. 1, 7), "Movie-for-TV Shines Its Spotlight on Internment" (p. 2), and "Greater Portland Area Nikkei Opens Campaign for J.A. Historical Garden in Waterfront Park" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 8 (March 3, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 108, No. 8 (March 3, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-8)
Selected article titles: "Redress Appropriations: Mineta, Matsui, Urge Leadership Colleagues for Support" (pp. 1-2), "Comic Book Reprint Revives WWII Stereotypes of Japanese" (pp. 3, 5-6), and "Economic Characteristics of Asian/Pacific Islanders Shown" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 2 (January 19, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-2)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 2 (January 19, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-2)
Select article titles: "Bob Matsui Set to Run for U.S. Senate in '92"(p.1);"ORA Estimates Over 60,000 Eligible Survivors as of 1988"(P.1);"The Nisei Constable, Marshal and Ombudsman Stayed Low-Key, But His Brand of Service Wasn't"(p.3)
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