Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (588)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

588 items
Tar paper from Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-106)
img Tar paper from Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-106)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Internal wall of Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-139)
img Internal wall of Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-139)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Stove in internee housing (ddr-densho-345-141)
img Stove in internee housing (ddr-densho-345-141)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Original military police office buildings at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-124)
img Original military police office buildings at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-124)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Testimony of the Japanese American Citizens League (ddr-densho-345-69)
doc Testimony of the Japanese American Citizens League (ddr-densho-345-69)
Frank Sato as National President of the Japanese American Citizens League gave testimony to the U.S. House of Representatives Judiciary Subcommittee on Administrative Law and Governmental Relations in support of H.R. 422 then called the Civil Liberties Act of 1985 (later signed into law by Ronald Reagan as the Civil Liberties Act of 1988).
Tule Lake internee barracks (ddr-densho-345-146)
img Tule Lake internee barracks (ddr-densho-345-146)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Stove pipe and collar from Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-105)
img Stove pipe and collar from Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-105)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Inside the jail at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-135)
img Inside the jail at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-135)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake northern boundary fence and guard towers (ddr-densho-345-95)
img Tule Lake northern boundary fence and guard towers (ddr-densho-345-95)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Artifacts found in Tule Lake housing area (ddr-densho-345-121)
img Artifacts found in Tule Lake housing area (ddr-densho-345-121)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake internee barracks (ddr-densho-345-136)
img Tule Lake internee barracks (ddr-densho-345-136)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Letter from Robert T. Matsui to Frank Sato (ddr-densho-345-67)
doc Letter from Robert T. Matsui to Frank Sato (ddr-densho-345-67)
Robert Matsui a congressman from California's 3rd District congratulates Frank Sato on enlisting the help of Vice President Mondale in redress fundraising efforts.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No. 12 (Sepetember 16, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-38)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No. 12 (Sepetember 16, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-38)
Select article titles: "38 AJAs Named for Hawaiian State Primaries" (p. 3); "Tommy Kono 2nd in Olympic Weightlifting" (p. 6); "Congress passes bill to give Nisei postal, civil service employees evacuation credit" (p.8)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 11 (September 12, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-36)
img Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 11 (September 12, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-36)
Selected article titles: "Los Angeles Ceremony: City workers fired during WW2 receive payment, apology" (p. 1), "Anchorage testifiers back redress for Aleut and Nikkei evacuees" (p. 1), "Nisei vets' resolution passed by Am. Legion" (p. 1), "All-Chinese American unit different from 442nd" (p. 2), "JA church celebrates 70th anniversary" (p. 3), "ABC responds to Olympic 'Jap ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 5 (September 1, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-30)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 5 (September 1, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-30)
Selected article titles: "Textbook Revision Resolution Vents Bad Feelings in California" (pp. 1, 3), "JACL to Dedicate Tule Lake Linkville Cemetery Sept. 10" (p. 1), "ORA Estimates 16,000 Eligible Potentials for Redress 70 Years and Up as of 1988" (p. 2), and "A Brown Japanese Amerasian Speaks: The Defense and Nurture of Amerasian Culture in ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 18 (December 1, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 18 (December 1, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-43)
Selected article titles: "Redress Entitlement Is Go!: Bush Signs Commerce, State, Justice and Judiciary Appropriations Bill" (p. 1), "Redress Proponents Comment on Redress Entitlement" (p. 1), "Caltech's Professor Tanouye, Denied Tenure, Presents His Case" (pp. 1, 7), and "JACL Minidoka Project Wants to Make Sure Nisei War Dead of WWII List Is 100%" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 8 (September 22, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-33)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 8 (September 22, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-33)
Selected article titles: "JACL-LEC Members Add Support to Inouye's Redress Entitlement" (p. 1), "S.F.'s JA Library Granted $5,000 from NCJAR" (p. 1), "Chronicles the Yasui Family: Lise Yasui's 'Family Gathering' Airing Oct. 17" (pp. 3, 6), and "Japanese Press Translation: America's Three Victories in World War Two" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 1 (July 6-13, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-26)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 111, No. 1 (July 6-13, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-26)
Select article titles: "Draft Resisters React Favorably to Resolution"(p.1);"Redress Eligibility Process for WWII Nisei Servicemen Explained"(p.1);"Recent Immigrants Strain Chinatown's Resources"(p.2); "L.A. Unified School District Dedicates Its First Japanese American Named School"(p.3); "Resolution 13: To Heal the Community's Wartime Wounds"(p.6).
Pacific citizen, Vol. 111, No. 20 (December 21-28, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-45)
doc Pacific citizen, Vol. 111, No. 20 (December 21-28, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-45)
Select article titles: "Against All Odds: The Japanese American's Campaign for Redress"(p.A-3);"Loyalty of Japanese Americans Surveyed for FDR in October '41; sees 'No Problem'"(p.B-1);"$4,300,000 Committed to 10 Capital Projects, and to 25 Program and Activities from Redress"(p.A-18).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 18 (May 11, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 110, No. 18 (May 11, 1990) (ddr-pc-62-18)
Select article titles: "Seattle Redress Workshop Draws Record Crowd"(p.1); "JACL Testifies on Employer Sanctions in Immigration Law"(p.1); "Bush Signs Bill Keeping Tabs on Hate Crimes Climb"(p.3); "Pacific American Ballet Theatre's 'Winter War' Ready for California Premiere"(p.5).
Masao Watanabe Segment 49 (ddr-densho-1000-103-49)
vh Masao Watanabe Segment 49 (ddr-densho-1000-103-49)
Thoughts on redress

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 17 [20] (November 16, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-45)
img Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 17 [20] (November 16, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-45)
Selected article titles: "Most redress supporters re-elected to House" (p. 1), "Election results generally pleasing" (p. 1), "Nikkei Republicans expect good things" (p. 1), "Sato: Nikkei largely absent among national leaders" (p. 2), "Women of color obtaining political power despite odds" (p. 2), "Climbing corporate ladder easier with collective action" (p. 3), "Hayakawa says Quaker organization ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 13 [16] (October 19, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-41)
img Pacific Citizen, Vol. 99, No. 13 [16] (October 19, 1984) (ddr-pc-56-41)
Selected article titles: "JACL files brief supporting class action suit" (p. 1), "Bilingual ballot battle continues in Calif." (p. 1), "Funding for peace academy approved" (p. 2), "A/P 'Women warriors' honored in S.F." (p. 3), "Refugees from Kagoshima and the Nisei" (p. 5), "How to Target Issues & Problems in an Active District" (p. 6 ...
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