Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (812)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

812 items
Entrance to dumpsite at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-120)
img Entrance to dumpsite at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-120)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake military police station (ddr-densho-345-98)
img Tule Lake military police station (ddr-densho-345-98)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Artifacts found in Tule Lake housing area (ddr-densho-345-121)
img Artifacts found in Tule Lake housing area (ddr-densho-345-121)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Manzanar internee gravesites (ddr-densho-345-88)
img Manzanar internee gravesites (ddr-densho-345-88)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Stove vent holes in barracks (ddr-densho-345-138)
img Stove vent holes in barracks (ddr-densho-345-138)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The stoves were located back to back in adjoining apartments ...
Added entrance to Military Police office at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-122)
img Added entrance to Military Police office at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-122)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. This entrance was added along the northern boundary of camp. ...
Water main in Tule Lake internee housing area (ddr-densho-345-111)
img Water main in Tule Lake internee housing area (ddr-densho-345-111)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Original military police office at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-123)
img Original military police office at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-123)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake northern boundary fence and guard towers (ddr-densho-345-95)
img Tule Lake northern boundary fence and guard towers (ddr-densho-345-95)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake internee barracks (ddr-densho-345-136)
img Tule Lake internee barracks (ddr-densho-345-136)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake internee barracks (ddr-densho-345-147)
img Tule Lake internee barracks (ddr-densho-345-147)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Manzanar internee housing area (ddr-densho-345-80)
img Manzanar internee housing area (ddr-densho-345-80)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Manzanar internee rock garden (ddr-densho-345-84)
img Manzanar internee rock garden (ddr-densho-345-84)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Letter from Robert T. Matsui to Frank Sato (ddr-densho-345-67)
doc Letter from Robert T. Matsui to Frank Sato (ddr-densho-345-67)
Robert Matsui a congressman from California's 3rd District congratulates Frank Sato on enlisting the help of Vice President Mondale in redress fundraising efforts.
White House war reparation letter (ddr-densho-308-8)
doc White House war reparation letter (ddr-densho-308-8)
When Mae Hara received her reparation letter and check, she said she was stunned. She used the money received from the government to buy a new echo organ for her church in Madison, Wisconsin. Hara dedicated the donation to the memory of her parents, Kinmatsu and Chiyoko Kanazawa.
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 53 (June 23, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-121)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 53 (June 23, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-121)
"Community Honors Nisei War Dead. Fitting Memorial Services Pay Tribute to First Eight in Area; 1,000 Gather in First Methodist" (pg. 1), "Red Cross Pleads for More Aid to Assist Vanport Victims" (pg. 3), "Evacuation Claims Bill Needs Only President's Signature" (pg. 3), "D.C. Responds to Flood Plea" (pg. 5).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 49 (July 15, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-36)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 49 (July 15, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-36)
"Accept Business Permit Applications to Japan" (p. 1), "JACL Goes Ahead to Speed Plans to Honor Nisei at Arlington" (p. 1), "Commons OK's Board to Sift Ouster Losses" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 98 (November 27, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-159)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 98 (November 27, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-159)
"Sabath Vows Support of Issei Rights" (p. 1), "Bias Noted in Chicago Cemeteries" (p. 1), "Claim Queries and Answers" (p. 1), "Community Basketball Season to Start Next Wed.,Dec. 1" (p. 3).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 32 (April 20, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-199)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 32 (April 20, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-199)
"ADC Fund Push Opens with Kickoff Luncheon" (p. 1), "Evacuation Claims Queries, Replies" (p. 2), "ADC to Ask Amendment to HR 199" (p. 2).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 46 (July 1, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-34)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 46 (July 1, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-34)
"House Will Get Claims Board Measure Soon" (p. 1), "House to Study H.R. 3555" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 3 (January 10, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-2)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 3 (January 10, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-2)
"U.S. Court Hears Status of 5,500 Nisei" (p. 1), "Seeks Passage of Claims Bill" (p. 1), "M.I.S. Grads Total 2,675 in Monterey" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 97 (December 3, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-234)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 97 (December 3, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-234)
"JACL to Submit Memo to U.S. on Claims Matter" (p. 1), "Wash. State Bonus Queries Clarified" (p. 1), "If You Have Any Evacuation Claims, File Before Jan. 2, ADC Suggests" (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 5 (January 15, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-172)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 5 (January 15, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-172)
"Hawaii Pushes ENI Measure" (p. 1), "Additional Claims Queries, Replies" (p. 1), "They'll Consider Equality Bill" (p. 1).
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