Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (607)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

607 items
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 40 (June 10, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-28)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 40 (June 10, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-28)
"Northwest District Council of Citizens League Reactivated; Shimomoura Elected Chairman" (p. 1), "JACL Leader Files "Case for Nisei" (p. 1), "Eisenhower's Brother OK's Claims Action" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 66 (August 17, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-233)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 66 (August 17, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-233)
"Claims Total Here to Date Set at $20,000" (p. 1), "Orientals Win Voting Rights" (p. 1), "Queen Terri and Attendants Invite City of Los Angeles to Join in Nisei Week Festival" (p. 1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 23 (December 6, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-48)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 23 (December 6, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-48)
Selected article titles: "Attorneys Back Reparation Bid" (pp. 1-2), "Cleveland JACL: Am I Minority Always?" (p. 2), "San Francisco Nihonmachi: Destruction--Dispersal" (p. 2), and "Judge Invalidates UC Minority Admissions" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 11 (September 10, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-36)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 11 (September 10, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-36)
Selected article titles: "Congress Repeals Evacuation Law" (p. 1), "VFW Urges Reparations" (p. 1), "Evacuees Perpetuate Gov. Carr" (pp. 1, 3), and "From the Frying Pan: Gov. Carr Memorial" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 3 (January 23, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-3)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 3 (January 23, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-3)
Selected article titles: "Japan-U.S. Friendship Commission at Full Strength; Fund Set at $30 Million" (p. 1), "S. I. Hayakawa Column on Use of 'Concentration Camp' Saddening" (p. 1), and "Seattle's Reparation Proposal Put on Tape" (pp. 4-5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 15 (October 8, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-40)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 83, No. 15 (October 8, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-40)
Selected article titles: "Topaz Camp Plaque to Be Dedicated" (p. 1), "Key Elements for Any JACL Reparations Plan" (p. 1), "A Nisei in Japan: Japan's Nationalism: Myth or Fact" (p. 2), "From the Frying Pan: Japan Opinion on Nisei" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2042 (May 11, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-18)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2042 (May 11, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-18)
Selected article titles: "JACL Hosts Congressional Reception on Heritage Week" (pp. 1, 11), "$9,000 Raised for Washington Post Ad Addressed to Sen. Hayakawa" (pp. 1, 11), "Hiroshima Medical Team Back in U.S. to Check on Hibakusha" (p. 3), and "Substance Determining Sex in Embryo Discovered by Ohno" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2032 (March 2, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-8)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2032 (March 2, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-8)
Selected article titles: "'A Day of Remembrance' Observed Coast to Coast" (pp. 1-2, 6-7, 12), "JACL to Draft Its Redress Bill This Weekend" (pp. 1, 11), "JARR Not Getting Filled...Noteworthy Nikkei Needed" (pp. 3, 8), and "Down to Earth: More to Remember" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2041 (May 4, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2041 (May 4, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-17)
Selected article titles: "Omission of Asians 'Glaring Oversight' on U.S. List Designating 'Minorities'" (pp. 1-2, 11), "First Friday Feature: Angel Island Immigration Station Dedicated" (p. 3), "Japan Today: May 4-10 Asian/Pacific American Heritage Week" (p. 6), and "West Coast Nisei Farmers in 1942, if Given a Free Choice, Wanted to Remain" (p. 10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2034 (March 16, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-10)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2034 (March 16, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-10)
Selected article titles: "United Way Help Sought for Asians in L.A." (p. 1), "Japan America Societies Form Nat'l Assn." (pp. 1, 3), "Only West Coast Public Official to Condemn Evacuation Proposal" (p. 3), and "Rohwer Revisited, Locals Wonder Why" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2043 (May 18, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2043 (May 18, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-19)
Selected article titles: "Hayakawa Replies to Open Letter-Adv." (p. 1), "Gov. Brown Snubs Asian Heritage Wk." (pp. 1-2), "Midwest District Council: Youth Workshop--Milwaukee: Nisei Evacuees Relate Camp Experiences" (p. 7), and "Japan and U.S. as Partners in a Common Future" (pp. 7, 12).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2059 (September 7, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-35)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2059 (September 7, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-35)
Selected article titles: "45-Minute Film Documentary: On Terminal Island 'Eviction'" (p. 1), "National Convention: Two Chapters Bid for 1982" (pp. 1-2, 4), "Question and Answer Fact Sheet on Redress: Won't Campaign Cause a White Backlash?" (pp. 5, 7), and "From the Midwest: 'Affirmative Action'" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2065 (October 19, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-41)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 89, No. 2065 (October 19, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-41)
Selected article titles: "More Co-Sponsors Back Internment Commission Bill" (p. 1), "PC Chronology: 1929-79 / Fifty Years" (p. 3), "Vol. 1, No. 1: What's What on the Pages in '29" (p. 3), and "Random Musings: The Nikkei Tradition" (p. 8).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2025 (January 5-12, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2025 (January 5-12, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-1)
Selected article titles: "JACL to File Redress Bill" (pp. 1, 9-10), "When Douglas MacArthur 'Reigned' in Japan" (p. 2), "What Was the U.S. Occupation of Japan Like?" (pp. 3, 15), and "Japan's Secret Intercontinental Missile: Konnyaku Bakudan" (pp. 5, 14).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2039 (April 20, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-15)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2039 (April 20, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-15)
Selected article titles: "Anti-Asian Bias in PL 995-507 Uncovered" (p. 1), "Manjiro Nakahama: The Man Who 'Discovered' America'" (pp. 3, 11), "Remembering the 'Forgotten Men' of the Golden Spike Ceremony" (pp. 3, 6), and "JACL Faces $100,000 Shortfall as Member Increase Not Seen" (p. 6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2037 (April 6, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2037 (April 6, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-13)
Selected article titles: "April 20 Final Date to Complain: JACL Protests 'Yellow Peril' as Trademark" (pp. 1-2), "The Matter of Hindsight" (pp. 3-4), "President's Corner: Iki Dolphins" (p. 4), and "Redress Phase Two: Political Reality" (p. 7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2026 (January 19, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-2)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2026 (January 19, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-2)
Selected article titles: "California Highway Patrol: CHP Drops 5 Ft.-6 Height Standard" (p. 1), "Midwest District Council: Redress Might Rekindle Nikkei Backlash" (p. 8), and "Countrymen Exploit 'New' Immigrants, Say U.S. Sociologists" (p. 12).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2047 (June 15, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 88, No. 2047 (June 15, 1979) (ddr-pc-51-23)
Selected article titles: "JACL Position Statement: Redress, Commission Approach" (pp. 1, 3), "Rep. Matsui Heads Task Force on Narcotic Abuse by Elderly" (p. 2), "Third Friday Theme: Heavy Dialogue Precedes Nat'l Board Vote on Redress" (p. 3), and "Redress Issue Reactivates JACL Chapter After 25 Years" (p. 7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 23 (June 12, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 104, No. 23 (June 12, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-23)
Selected article titles: "Teachers Get Lesson about WW2 Camps" (p. 1), "President de la Madrid Credits Japanese Nikkei with Strengthening Japan-Mexico Relationship" (pp. 1, 11), "Lies and Half-Truths" (p. 4), and "Turkish Group Opposes Bill to Fund Films" (p. 10).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 9 (September 25, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-34)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 9 (September 25, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-34)
Selected article titles: "House Passes Redress Bill: H.R. 442 Passage Draws Positive Reactions" (pp. 1-2), "Public Apology from U.S. Gov't, $20,000 Compensation Included" (pp. 1, 3), "Bill to Fund Film Passes Assembly" (p. 2), and "H.R. 442" [transcription of bill] (pp. 4-5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 2 (January 15, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-2)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 2 (January 15, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-2)
Selected article titles: "PSWDC Holds First Recognitions Luncheon Dec. 6" (p. 1), "Marutani Responds: Letter Dismisses Need for Redress" (p. 1), "Breaking Up Japan, Inc." (pp. 2-3, 8), and "Thoughts of a Nisei" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 24 (June 17, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-24)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 24 (June 17, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-24)
Four page travel section appears between pages 4 and 5 of the edition. Selected article titles: "Redress Bills Not Out of Conference Committee Yet" (pp. 1, 6), "Sen. Inouye Addresses Reno Reunion: 'War Against Prejudice' Still Faces Nisei Veterans" (pp. 1-2), "'Japanese American Story' as Theme for Memorial Proposed" (pp. 1, 3), and "The 'Untrustworthy' Japanese" ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 14 (November 4, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 107, No. 14 (November 4, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-39)
Selected article titles: "Redress Payments Unaffected: Supreme Court Crushes NCJAR Lawsuit" (pp. 1, 9), "Delegation Urges Reagan to Sign Census Bill" (pp. 1, 9), "Voting Dukakis Better for America" (pp. 6, 8), and "Voting Bush Is the Obvious Choice" (pp. 6-7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 7 (February 19, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 7 (February 19, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-7)
Selected article titles: "LEC Board: Redress 'Looks Good'" (pp. 1, 8), "Budget Tops List of Concerns at Board Meeting" (pp. 1-2), "'Guest Workers' Aren't Welcome" (pp. 3, 6), and "Encouraging Signs for Redress" (pp. 5-6).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 6 (February 12, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 6 (February 12, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-6)
Selected article titles: "Professor Wins Grievance Against UCLA" (p. 1), "Letter Strongly Opposes Redress" (p. 2), "LEC Update: The Time Has Come for S.1009" (p. 3), and "A Modest Proposal for the Reparations Debate" (p. 5).
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