Redress and reparations

In the late 1960s, Japanese Americans began to revisit the history of the exclusion and incarceration period in order to seek justice for their suffering and ensure that no such wrong would ever be committed again. Years of effort by community activists, politicians, academics, and other supporters culminated on August 10, 1988, with the signing of the Civil Liberties Act by President Ronald Reagan. This Act rescinded Executive Order 9066, and mandated an official apology from the federal government, monetary reparations payments to individuals excluded and incarcerated, and the creation of a federal fund for research and education about the incarceration.

Redress and reparations (812)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Civil Liberties Act of 1988, Civil Liberties Public Education Fund, Emergency Detention Act, Title II of the Internal Security Act of 1950, Aiko Herzig-Yoshinaga, William Hohri, Bill Hosokawa, Japanese American Evacuation Claims Act, Yuri Kochiyama, Magic cables, Kazuo Masuda, Robert Matsui, Spark Matsunaga, Norman Mineta, National Coalition for Redress/Reparations, National Council for Japanese American Redress, James Omura, Redress movement, Termination of Executive Order 9066, Mary Tsukamoto, Edison Uno, Clifford Uyeda

812 items
Tule Lake military police building (ddr-densho-345-148)
img Tule Lake military police building (ddr-densho-345-148)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake mess hall (ddr-densho-345-127)
img Tule Lake mess hall (ddr-densho-345-127)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake guard tower tops and military police station (ddr-densho-345-99)
img Tule Lake guard tower tops and military police station (ddr-densho-345-99)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The two guard tower tops and military police station were ...
Entrance to stockade of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-133)
img Entrance to stockade of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-133)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The fence posts, fence and jail inside the stockade are ...
Manzanar building foundations (ddr-densho-345-81)
img Manzanar building foundations (ddr-densho-345-81)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake guard tower top (ddr-densho-345-101)
img Tule Lake guard tower top (ddr-densho-345-101)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. A guard tower top discovered on a private residence near ...
Letter from Frank Sato to Walter F. Mondale (ddr-densho-345-71)
doc Letter from Frank Sato to Walter F. Mondale (ddr-densho-345-71)
Frank Sato asks for Walter Mondale's support in the redress effort.
Stove vent in ceiling of military police housing (ddr-densho-345-140)
img Stove vent in ceiling of military police housing (ddr-densho-345-140)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The setting of the military police housing was reconstructed at ...
Tule Lake boundary fence (ddr-densho-345-91)
img Tule Lake boundary fence (ddr-densho-345-91)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The western boundary fence of Tule Lake concentration camp that ...
Sewage treatment plant for Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-114)
img Sewage treatment plant for Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-114)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Jail at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-134)
img Jail at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-134)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Bridges over diversion canals at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-119)
img Bridges over diversion canals at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-119)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The diversion canals were used to supply water to internee ...
Foundation of Manzanar internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-82)
img Foundation of Manzanar internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-82)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Manzanar main entrance (ddr-densho-345-78)
img Manzanar main entrance (ddr-densho-345-78)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Soaking tubs in Tule Lake internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-110)
img Soaking tubs in Tule Lake internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-110)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The soaking tubs were constructed by the internees.
Additional sewage plant for Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-115)
img Additional sewage plant for Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-115)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. An additional sewage plant at Tule Lake in case the ...
Tule Lake eastern boundary fence (ddr-densho-345-93)
img Tule Lake eastern boundary fence (ddr-densho-345-93)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. The fence and red cinder road are original from the ...
Internal wall of Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-139)
img Internal wall of Tule Lake barracks (ddr-densho-345-139)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Stove in internee housing (ddr-densho-345-141)
img Stove in internee housing (ddr-densho-345-141)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake guard tower base (ddr-densho-345-96)
img Tule Lake guard tower base (ddr-densho-345-96)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Letter from William M. Marutani to Frank Sato (ddr-densho-345-72)
doc Letter from William M. Marutani to Frank Sato (ddr-densho-345-72)
Bill Marutani writes to Frank Sato to congratulate him on obtaining support from Walter Mondale for the redress movement.
Cold storage locker in administrative area of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-129)
img Cold storage locker in administrative area of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-129)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Inside the jail at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-135)
img Inside the jail at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-135)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
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