Segregation and Tule Lake

In July 1943, Tule Lake concentration camp was designated as a segregation center for those the camp authorities considered "disloyal" as a result of their answers on the mandatory "loyalty questionnaire." In September 1943, "loyal" Japanese Americans from Tule Lake began departing for other camps and "disloyal" Japanese Americans from other camps started arriving at Tule Lake. The number of guards increased from a few hundred to 930 and an eight-foot high double fence was erected. The camp's capacity was 15,000 but the peak population reached 18,789 as 6,249 original "loyal" Japaense Americans chose to stay rather than be uprooted again.

Segregation and Tule Lake (205)

205 items
Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1002-4-3)
vh Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1002-4-3)
Deciding to resist the draft registration; memories of the "segregation" period in Tule Lake concentration camp

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this ...

Kenji Maruko Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1010-8-23)
vh Kenji Maruko Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1010-8-23)
Participating in Hoshidan's morning exercises

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Frank Miyamoto Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1002-1-15)
vh Frank Miyamoto Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1002-1-15)
Discussion of the WRA's segregation policy

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on ...

George Nakano Interview I Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-359-8)
vh George Nakano Interview I Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-359-8)
Father's participation in the Hoshidan at Tule Lake

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Seichi Hayashida Segment 31 (ddr-densho-1000-14-31)
vh Seichi Hayashida Segment 31 (ddr-densho-1000-14-31)
Supporting the Japanese American Citizens League's wartime stance
Jimi Yamaichi Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-106-10)
vh Jimi Yamaichi Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-106-10)
Voluntarily transferring to Tule Lake "segregation center," California, "The family's got to stay together, and we are going to Tule Lake"
Tom Akashi Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-164-25)
vh Tom Akashi Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-164-25)
Talking with father on journey to Tule Lake concentration camp, the so-called "segregation camp"
Yukio Kawaratani Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-377-19)
vh Yukio Kawaratani Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-377-19)
Memories of Tule Lake's strike and the implementation of martial law

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department ...

Peggy Tanemura Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-85-9)
vh Peggy Tanemura Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-85-9)
Moving to Minidoka concentration camp, then transferred to Tule Lake
Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-165-17)
vh Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-165-17)
Witnessing tension and conflict between "yes-yeses" and "no-nos" in Tule Lake
Letter from incarcerees requesting release of prisoners, April 17, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-14)
doc Letter from incarcerees requesting release of prisoners, April 17, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-14)
Letter from incarcerees requesting the release of 21 inmates from the army stockades at Tule Lake Camp. Names: Kazama, Masami; Shimada, Shunichi; Harauchi, Akio; Kusuda, Masanao; Gushiken, Yoshitsune; Gushiken, Yoshio; Matsumoto, Mitsuru; Matsumoto, Tsuneto; Masuoka, Hiro; Tarumoto, Sadaichi; Obara, Wataru; Shimamura, Hiroichi; Fujii, Yoshio; Aoki, Jin; Kurashige, Kenichi; Okata, Masanao; Nakahara, Tokushige; Morikawa, Masao; Morikawa, Shigeto; ...
Letter from incarcerees to Frank Hagan regarding employment, November 12, 1943 (ddr-csujad-2-15)
doc Letter from incarcerees to Frank Hagan regarding employment, November 12, 1943 (ddr-csujad-2-15)
Letter from incarerees requesting Tule Lake administration cut off employment from couples to make employment accessible for large families who have more expenses. Somewhat dire and threatening tone to letter. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0015
Barbara Reiko Mikami Keimi Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-459-8)
vh Barbara Reiko Mikami Keimi Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-459-8)
Learning Japanese and English at Tule Lake to prepare for living in Japan
Inspection of Hoshidan members (ddr-densho-37-190)
img Inspection of Hoshidan members (ddr-densho-37-190)
Original WRA caption: Search of persons departing for Santa Fe Internment Camp 6-24-45, inside stockade.
Segregees' arrival at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-37-66)
img Segregees' arrival at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-37-66)
Original WRA caption: Segregee's household effects arrive at apartment [at Tule Lake].
Hoshidan members on strike (ddr-densho-37-193)
img Hoshidan members on strike (ddr-densho-37-193)
Original WRA caption: After oral persuasion had failed to move some of the 25 "lie-down" strikers among the 400 going to Santa Fe Internment Camp 6-24-45, the strikers are "assisted" to leave their beds by Department of Justice (Border patrolmen) guards, and join march to train.
Members of the Hoshidan distributing mattresses (ddr-densho-37-112)
img Members of the Hoshidan distributing mattresses (ddr-densho-37-112)
Mattresses were doled out to 300 members of the Hoshidan, a pro-Japan organization, who were being kept overnight for questioning.
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