Segregation and Tule Lake

In July 1943, Tule Lake concentration camp was designated as a segregation center for those the camp authorities considered "disloyal" as a result of their answers on the mandatory "loyalty questionnaire." In September 1943, "loyal" Japanese Americans from Tule Lake began departing for other camps and "disloyal" Japanese Americans from other camps started arriving at Tule Lake. The number of guards increased from a few hundred to 930 and an eight-foot high double fence was erected. The camp's capacity was 15,000 but the peak population reached 18,789 as 6,249 original "loyal" Japaense Americans chose to stay rather than be uprooted again.

World War II (66)
Resistance and dissidence (73)
Segregation and Tule Lake (223)

223 items
Report from Mike Masaoka to Dillon Myer (ddr-densho-122-894)
doc Report from Mike Masaoka to Dillon Myer (ddr-densho-122-894)
Confidential statement on status of Kibei and Nisei in camps and problem of segregation of disloyal
Copy of letter to James Omura from Kiyoshi Okamoto (ddr-densho-122-829)
doc Copy of letter to James Omura from Kiyoshi Okamoto (ddr-densho-122-829)
Describing Okamoto and Sam Horino's relocation to Tule Lake from Heart Mountain on the grounds of disloyalty
Copy of agenda for Fair Play Committee meeting (ddr-densho-122-830)
doc Copy of agenda for Fair Play Committee meeting (ddr-densho-122-830)
Re: status of committee and leaders, Okamoto and Horino, written by Minoru Minola Tamesa
Letter to Arthur Emi from WRA (ddr-densho-122-446)
doc Letter to Arthur Emi from WRA (ddr-densho-122-446)
Notifying Emi that his name has been removed from the list of those recommended for segregation
Letter to Guy Robertson from Isamu Horino (ddr-densho-122-456)
doc Letter to Guy Robertson from Isamu Horino (ddr-densho-122-456)
Challenging Horino's deportation to Tule Lake on the grounds of unconstitutionality
Copy of
doc Copy of "Plan of Segregation:" (ddr-densho-122-887)
Outlining criteria for individuals to be sent to segregation camp at Colorado River
Welcome to Amache guide (ddr-densho-356-859)
doc Welcome to Amache guide (ddr-densho-356-859)
Booklet made for Tule Lake transfers that provides information about Granada in both English and Japanese.
Welcome Tuleans poster (ddr-densho-356-858)
doc Welcome Tuleans poster (ddr-densho-356-858)
Poster welcoming transferred detainees from Tule Lake to Amache.
Flowchart for Segregation (ddr-densho-356-985)
doc Flowchart for Segregation (ddr-densho-356-985)
Flowchart of options for individuals who have been deemed disloyal in Granada.
Committee Print of Minority Views on Tule Lake Segregation Center (ddr-densho-356-1039)
doc Committee Print of Minority Views on Tule Lake Segregation Center (ddr-densho-356-1039)
Investigation of Un-American Propaganda activities in the United States: Subcommittee of the Special Committee on Un-American Activities House of Representatives, House Resolution 282, Minority Views on Tule Lake Segregation Center. Minority report by Repressive Herman P. Eberharter of Pennsylvania regarding the Tule Lake Strike and recommendations for WRA leadership regarding their actions during the strike.
Message from the President of the United States on the Segregation of Loyal and Disloyal Japanese in Relocation Centers (ddr-densho-356-1037)
doc Message from the President of the United States on the Segregation of Loyal and Disloyal Japanese in Relocation Centers (ddr-densho-356-1037)
Formal message from President Franklin Roosevelt to the Senate regarding Senate Resolution 166 on the segregation of loyal and disloyal Nikkei in camps.
Incoming Evacuees Reception Committee Outline of Duties (ddr-densho-356-857)
doc Incoming Evacuees Reception Committee Outline of Duties (ddr-densho-356-857)
Document detailing members of the reception committee, their duties, and the time table for the committee to prepare for the arrival for transfers from Tule Lake.
Kenji Maruko Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1010-8-22)
vh Kenji Maruko Interview Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1010-8-22)
Transferring to Tule Lake when it was converted to a segregation center

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the …

Kenji Maruko Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1010-8-23)
vh Kenji Maruko Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1010-8-23)
Participating in Hoshidan's morning exercises

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Ernest Besig Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1002-3-4)
vh Ernest Besig Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1002-3-4)
Traveling to Tule Lake concentration camp

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on …

Ernest Besig Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1002-3-5)
vh Ernest Besig Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1002-3-5)
Visit to Tule Lake to investigate stockade situation

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily …

Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1002-4-4)
vh Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1002-4-4)
Recalling seeing "agitators" thrown into the stockade at Tule Lake

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, …

Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1002-4-3)
vh Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1002-4-3)
Deciding to resist the draft registration; memories of the "segregation" period in Tule Lake concentration camp

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this …

Frank Miyamoto Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1002-1-15)
vh Frank Miyamoto Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1002-1-15)
Discussion of the WRA's segregation policy

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on …

Toyoko Okumura Interview Segment 15 (ddr-janm-13-6-15)
vh Toyoko Okumura Interview Segment 15 (ddr-janm-13-6-15)
Transferring to Tule Lake: participating in group exercises in the mornings
John Tomita Interview Segment 19 (ddr-manz-1-76-19)
vh John Tomita Interview Segment 19 (ddr-manz-1-76-19)
Remembering unrest and conflict in the Tule Lake Segregation Center
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