Segregation and Tule Lake

In July 1943, Tule Lake concentration camp was designated as a segregation center for those the camp authorities considered "disloyal" as a result of their answers on the mandatory "loyalty questionnaire." In September 1943, "loyal" Japanese Americans from Tule Lake began departing for other camps and "disloyal" Japanese Americans from other camps started arriving at Tule Lake. The number of guards increased from a few hundred to 930 and an eight-foot high double fence was erected. The camp's capacity was 15,000 but the peak population reached 18,789 as 6,249 original "loyal" Japaense Americans chose to stay rather than be uprooted again.

World War II (218)
Resistance and dissidence (80)
Segregation and Tule Lake (249)

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249 items
Message from the President of the United States on the Segregation of Loyal and Disloyal Japanese in Relocation Centers (ddr-densho-356-1037)
doc Message from the President of the United States on the Segregation of Loyal and Disloyal Japanese in Relocation Centers (ddr-densho-356-1037)
Formal message from President Franklin Roosevelt to the Senate regarding Senate Resolution 166 on the segregation of loyal and disloyal Nikkei in camps.
Hoshidan member (ddr-densho-37-186)
img Hoshidan member (ddr-densho-37-186)
Original WRA caption: Shaved heads, but not shaved faces, were required of the Hokoku as is evidenced by this "alien enemy" sent to Santa Fe Internment Camp June 24, 1945 with 399 other pro-Japan agitators.
Hoshidan members leaving Tule Lake (ddr-densho-37-194)
img Hoshidan members leaving Tule Lake (ddr-densho-37-194)
Original WRA caption: The recalcitrants among the 400 sent to Santa Fe June 24, 1945, leave stockade, in various stages of dress, for march to train.
Segregants' departure from camp (ddr-densho-37-195)
img Segregants' departure from camp (ddr-densho-37-195)
Original WRA caption: Another defiant "enemy alien" sent to Santa Fe Internment Camp June 24, 1945, refuses to leave jail and stockade and is escorted by patrolmen (border).
Camp new arrivals (ddr-densho-37-293)
img Camp new arrivals (ddr-densho-37-293)
Original WRA caption: People from the Manzanar Relocation Center were moved to the Tule Lake Segregation Center and quartered in the ten blocks which had been built as an addition at Tule Lake. They arrived in four special trains and were taken directly from the railroad to their new homes. A total of 1876 people came …
Segregants preparing to leave camp (ddr-densho-37-185)
img Segregants preparing to leave camp (ddr-densho-37-185)
Original WRA caption: The "400" march in small groups from Gate 1 to the stockade for processing before entraining for Santa Fe Internment Camp.
Entrainment of segregants (ddr-densho-37-268)
img Entrainment of segregants (ddr-densho-37-268)
Original WRA caption: Crowd watches entrainment of segregees.
Segregants' departure from camp (ddr-densho-37-192)
img Segregants' departure from camp (ddr-densho-37-192)
Original WRA caption: Trouble-makers among 400 alien enemies sent to Santa Fe Internment camp 6-24-45, inside project jail.
Japanese American loading freight train (ddr-densho-37-265)
img Japanese American loading freight train (ddr-densho-37-265)
Original WRA caption: Volunteer evacuee worker helps load freight on train.
Hokoku Joshi Seinin Dan morning drill (ddr-densho-37-110)
img Hokoku Joshi Seinin Dan morning drill (ddr-densho-37-110)
Original WRA caption: "Hokoku Joshi Seinin Dan at early morning drill." The correct title of this group may be Hokoku Joshi Seinen Dan.
Segregees (ddr-densho-37-269)
img Segregees (ddr-densho-37-269)
Original WRA caption: Trucks bringing segregees to the train.
Members of the Hoshidan distributing mattresses (ddr-densho-37-112)
img Members of the Hoshidan distributing mattresses (ddr-densho-37-112)
Mattresses were doled out to 300 members of the Hoshidan, a pro-Japan organization, who were being kept overnight for questioning.
Segregees arrive at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-37-261)
img Segregees arrive at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-37-261)
Original WRA caption: Trucks loaded with segregees arrive at processing center.
Hokoku Seinen Dan bugle corps (ddr-densho-37-183)
img Hokoku Seinen Dan bugle corps (ddr-densho-37-183)
Original WRA caption: Bugle Corps of Hokoku Seinen Dan gather at Gate 1 to give proper send off to 125 of their number being sent to Santa Fe Internment Camp March 4, 1945.
Camp new arrivals (ddr-densho-37-300)
img Camp new arrivals (ddr-densho-37-300)
Original WRA caption: People from the Manzanar Relocation Center were moved to the Tule Lake Segregation Center and quartered in the ten blocks which had been built as an addition at Tule Lake. They arrived in four special trains and were taken directly from the railroad to their new homes. A total of 1876 people came …
Camp new arrivals (ddr-densho-37-297)
img Camp new arrivals (ddr-densho-37-297)
Original WRA caption: People from the Manzanar Relocation Center were moved to the Tule Lake Segregation Center and quartered in the ten blocks which had been built as an addition at Tule Lake. They arrived in four special trains and were taken directly from the railroad to their new homes. A total of 1876 people came …
Hokoku Seinen Dan leaving camp (ddr-densho-37-182)
img Hokoku Seinen Dan leaving camp (ddr-densho-37-182)
Original WRA caption: Hokoku and sympathizers gather at Gate 1 March 4, 1945 to witness departure of 125 Hokoku for Internment Camp at Santa Fe, N.M.
Arrival of segregants (ddr-densho-37-259)
img Arrival of segregants (ddr-densho-37-259)
Original WRA caption: Segregee's household effects arrive at apartment.
Hoshidan members leaving Tule Lake (ddr-densho-37-196)
img Hoshidan members leaving Tule Lake (ddr-densho-37-196)
Original WRA caption: The 25 lay-down strikers leave the stockade gate, under heavy guard, to march the approximate mile to the special Department of Justice train, 6-24-45. (Besides losing their clothes, they also "lost face" with possible sympathizers remaining in the colony, and caused the Hokoku and Hoshi Dan to become laughing stock of the colony.)
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