Segregation and Tule Lake

In July 1943, Tule Lake concentration camp was designated as a segregation center for those the camp authorities considered "disloyal" as a result of their answers on the mandatory "loyalty questionnaire." In September 1943, "loyal" Japanese Americans from Tule Lake began departing for other camps and "disloyal" Japanese Americans from other camps started arriving at Tule Lake. The number of guards increased from a few hundred to 930 and an eight-foot high double fence was erected. The camp's capacity was 15,000 but the peak population reached 18,789 as 6,249 original "loyal" Japaense Americans chose to stay rather than be uprooted again.

Segregation and Tule Lake (205)

205 items
Kenge Kobayashi Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-37-10)
vh Kenge Kobayashi Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-37-10)
Atmosphere at Tule Lake concentration camp during the "segregation" period
Two newspaper articles on Tule Lake Camp protests (ddr-csujad-2-42)
doc Two newspaper articles on Tule Lake Camp protests (ddr-csujad-2-42)
Two newspaper articles on protests and riots at Tule Lake camp November, 1943 which led to martial law being in place for three months. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0042
Tule Lake Center Diary, March 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-25)
doc Tule Lake Center Diary, March 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-25)
Daily diary for March, possibly written by Co-ordinating committee Secretary Byron Akitsuki at Tule Lake Camp. Describes unrest in Block 21, memos and messages sent, and committee member meetings. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0025
[WRA deny Japanese in riot], newspaper article on Tule Lake protests, November 3, 1943 (ddr-csujad-2-38)
doc [WRA deny Japanese in riot], newspaper article on Tule Lake protests, November 3, 1943 (ddr-csujad-2-38)
Newspaper article about protests at Tule Lake Camp in November, 1943 which led to martial law being in place for three months. Describes violence among incarcerees. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0038
Co-ordinating Committee meeting notes, March 9, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-1)
doc Co-ordinating Committee meeting notes, March 9, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-1)
Memoranda from incarceree-lead government within the camp. Includes requests for the immediate release of 14 prisoners from the military stockades. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0001
[Revolt at Tule Lake: Crop workers blamed for riots; Honolulu Japanese led the mob, 1943-11-04] (ddr-csujad-2-41)
doc [Revolt at Tule Lake: Crop workers blamed for riots; Honolulu Japanese led the mob, 1943-11-04] (ddr-csujad-2-41)
Newspaper article about protests at Tule Lake Camp in November, 1943 which led to martial law being in place for three months. Article describes camp administration refusing to listen to incarceree demands and violence against staff. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0041
[Report of the informal interview of the divisional responsible men and the detained stockade internees] (ddr-csujad-2-53)
doc [Report of the informal interview of the divisional responsible men and the detained stockade internees] (ddr-csujad-2-53)
Report from the incarceree-led government at Tule Lake Incarceration Camp. A transcript from an interview of the "Divisional Responsible Men" and their attempts to challenge the status-quo in the camp. Discusses hunger strike due to the army stealing incarceree items and attempts to release prisoners from the army stockades at the camp. See this object in ...
[Minutes of the meeting of the Co-ordinating Committee and the Project Director and Colonel Austin, January 10, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-32)
doc [Minutes of the meeting of the Co-ordinating Committee and the Project Director and Colonel Austin, January 10, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-32)
Meeting minutes between incarceree-led Tule Lake Camp government and Camp Director Raymond Best and Commander of Military Police Colonel Verne Austin. Discusses farm worker unrest and release of prisoners from army stockades. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0032
Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, May 31, 1993 (ddr-csujad-24-94)
doc Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, May 31, 1993 (ddr-csujad-24-94)
A letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin. Also included is a letter to Weglyn and a letter written by Eji Suyama to Pacific Citizen about Japanese American draft resisters during World War II. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_07_011
Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-432-28)
vh Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-432-28)
Charged with being "disloyal" and segregated to Tule Lake (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese. The transcript is a translation of the original interview. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material ...

Hoshidan member (ddr-densho-37-186)
img Hoshidan member (ddr-densho-37-186)
Original WRA caption: Shaved heads, but not shaved faces, were required of the Hokoku as is evidenced by this "alien enemy" sent to Santa Fe Internment Camp June 24, 1945 with 399 other pro-Japan agitators.
Hoshidan members leaving Tule Lake (ddr-densho-37-194)
img Hoshidan members leaving Tule Lake (ddr-densho-37-194)
Original WRA caption: The recalcitrants among the 400 sent to Santa Fe June 24, 1945, leave stockade, in various stages of dress, for march to train.
Segregants' departure from camp (ddr-densho-37-195)
img Segregants' departure from camp (ddr-densho-37-195)
Original WRA caption: Another defiant "enemy alien" sent to Santa Fe Internment Camp June 24, 1945, refuses to leave jail and stockade and is escorted by patrolmen (border).
Hoshidan members unloading mattresses (ddr-densho-37-111)
img Hoshidan members unloading mattresses (ddr-densho-37-111)
Original WRA caption: "Recalcitrant" Hokoku unload mattresses to form beds outside building but within stockade enclosure when 300 are held at stockade over night for questioning.
Processing a segregant (ddr-densho-37-276)
img Processing a segregant (ddr-densho-37-276)
Original WRA caption: Individual segregee folders [being] made up.
Hokoku Seinen Dan (ddr-densho-37-109)
img Hokoku Seinen Dan (ddr-densho-37-109)
Original WRA caption: Early morning drill of Hokoku Seinin Dan, Pro-Japan society. Note white head bands are part of "uniform."
Photographing a segregant (ddr-densho-37-266)
img Photographing a segregant (ddr-densho-37-266)
Original WRA caption: Segregees are photographed. Kenji Nitta.
Officers searching segregants (ddr-densho-37-191)
img Officers searching segregants (ddr-densho-37-191)
Original WRA caption: Search of persons departing for Santa Fe Internment Camp 6-24-45, inside stockade.
Arrival of segregants (ddr-densho-37-259)
img Arrival of segregants (ddr-densho-37-259)
Original WRA caption: Segregee's household effects arrive at apartment.
Camp new arrivals (ddr-densho-37-297)
img Camp new arrivals (ddr-densho-37-297)
Original WRA caption: People from the Manzanar Relocation Center were moved to the Tule Lake Segregation Center and quartered in the ten blocks which had been built as an addition at Tule Lake. They arrived in four special trains and were taken directly from the railroad to their new homes. A total of 1876 people came ...
Hokoku Seinen Dan bugle corps (ddr-densho-37-183)
img Hokoku Seinen Dan bugle corps (ddr-densho-37-183)
Original WRA caption: Bugle Corps of Hokoku Seinen Dan gather at Gate 1 to give proper send off to 125 of their number being sent to Santa Fe Internment Camp March 4, 1945.
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