Segregation and Tule Lake

In July 1943, Tule Lake concentration camp was designated as a segregation center for those the camp authorities considered "disloyal" as a result of their answers on the mandatory "loyalty questionnaire." In September 1943, "loyal" Japanese Americans from Tule Lake began departing for other camps and "disloyal" Japanese Americans from other camps started arriving at Tule Lake. The number of guards increased from a few hundred to 930 and an eight-foot high double fence was erected. The camp's capacity was 15,000 but the peak population reached 18,789 as 6,249 original "loyal" Japaense Americans chose to stay rather than be uprooted again.

World War II (218)
Resistance and dissidence (80)
Segregation and Tule Lake (249)

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249 items
Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-432-28)
vh Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-432-28)
Charged with being "disloyal" and segregated to Tule Lake (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese. The transcript is a translation of the original interview. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material …

Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-432-25)
vh Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-432-25)
Demanding that the American flag be removed upon arrival at Tule Lake (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese. The transcript is a translation of the original interview. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed …

Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-432-17)
vh Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-432-17)
Forming youth groups in Tule Lake Segregation Center (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese. The transcript is a translation of the original interview. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are …

Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-432-18)
vh Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-432-18)
Establishing rules and structure for the youth groups in Tule Lake (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese. The transcript is a translation of the original interview. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in …

Barbara Reiko Mikami Keimi Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-459-8)
vh Barbara Reiko Mikami Keimi Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-459-8)
Learning Japanese and English at Tule Lake to prepare for living in Japan
Shig Miyaki Interview Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-259-21)
vh Shig Miyaki Interview Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-259-21)
Participating in Seinendan activities in camp

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Arthur Ogami Interview Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-154-21)
vh Arthur Ogami Interview Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-154-21)
Involvement in the Hokoku Seinendan, a militaristic, pro-Japanese group in Tule Lake
Seichi Hayashida Segment 31 (ddr-densho-1000-14-31)
vh Seichi Hayashida Segment 31 (ddr-densho-1000-14-31)
Supporting the Japanese American Citizens League's wartime stance
Jimi Yamaichi Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-106-14)
vh Jimi Yamaichi Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-106-14)
Memories of martial law in Tule Lake, food scarcity, riots, Hoshidan group grows in strength
Jimi Yamaichi Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-106-12)
vh Jimi Yamaichi Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-106-12)
Atmosphere in Tule Lake "segregation center," "We didn't mix too well"
Jimi Yamaichi Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-106-10)
vh Jimi Yamaichi Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-106-10)
Voluntarily transferring to Tule Lake "segregation center," California, "The family's got to stay together, and we are going to Tule Lake"
Frank S. Fujii Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-8-23)
vh Frank S. Fujii Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-8-23)
Conflict within camp; life after Tule Lake becomes a "segregation center"

This interview was conducted over two days due to electrical problems. The majority of the interview was completed on the second day, September 5.

Frank S. Fujii Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-8-22)
vh Frank S. Fujii Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-8-22)
Attending Japanese language school in camp

This interview was conducted over two days due to electrical problems. The majority of the interview was completed on the second day, September 5.

Kunio Otani Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-75-20)
vh Kunio Otani Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-75-20)
Tule Lake concentration camp becomes a "segregation center"
Kazie Good Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-429-13)
vh Kazie Good Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-429-13)
Being harassed and beaten up by other Japanese Americans in camp
Kazie Good Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-429-12)
vh Kazie Good Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-429-12)
Staying in Tule Lake while many peers and neighbors transferred out
Kazie Good Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-429-15)
vh Kazie Good Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-429-15)
Murder of father's friend prompts immediate plans to leave camp
Chizuko Norton Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-73-27)
vh Chizuko Norton Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-73-27)
Conflict within Tule Lake after it became a "segregation center"
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