Segregation and Tule Lake

In July 1943, Tule Lake concentration camp was designated as a segregation center for those the camp authorities considered "disloyal" as a result of their answers on the mandatory "loyalty questionnaire." In September 1943, "loyal" Japanese Americans from Tule Lake began departing for other camps and "disloyal" Japanese Americans from other camps started arriving at Tule Lake. The number of guards increased from a few hundred to 930 and an eight-foot high double fence was erected. The camp's capacity was 15,000 but the peak population reached 18,789 as 6,249 original "loyal" Japaense Americans chose to stay rather than be uprooted again.

World War II (66)
Resistance and dissidence (73)
Segregation and Tule Lake (223)

223 items
Nancy Kyoko Oda Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-463-3)
vh Nancy Kyoko Oda Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-463-3)
Family's wartime story: parents in Poston, Colorado, then father was transferred to Tule Lake and held in the stockade
Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-432-28)
vh Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-432-28)
Charged with being "disloyal" and segregated to Tule Lake (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese. The transcript is a translation of the original interview. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material …

Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-432-13)
vh Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-432-13)
Questioning the martial law status of Tule Lake when it was a segregation center (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese. The transcript is a translation of the original interview. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or …

Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-432-25)
vh Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-432-25)
Demanding that the American flag be removed upon arrival at Tule Lake (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese. The transcript is a translation of the original interview. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed …

Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-432-18)
vh Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-432-18)
Establishing rules and structure for the youth groups in Tule Lake (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese. The transcript is a translation of the original interview. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in …

Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-432-17)
vh Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-432-17)
Forming youth groups in Tule Lake Segregation Center (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese. The transcript is a translation of the original interview. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are …

Barbara Reiko Mikami Keimi Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-459-8)
vh Barbara Reiko Mikami Keimi Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-459-8)
Learning Japanese and English at Tule Lake to prepare for living in Japan
Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-165-17)
vh Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-165-17)
Witnessing tension and conflict between "yes-yeses" and "no-nos" in Tule Lake
Satsuki Ina Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-474-3)
vh Satsuki Ina Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-474-3)
Terminology used to describe the wartime dissidents at Tule Lake
Richard E. Yamashiro Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-333-16)
vh Richard E. Yamashiro Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-333-16)
Transferring to Tule Lake when it was a segregation camp

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of …

Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-165-20)
vh Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-165-20)
Dealing with the pro-Japan atmosphere in Tule Lake: trying to remain inconspicuous by not acting "too American"
Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-165-18)
vh Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-165-18)
Experiencing changes as Tule Lake was converted into a "segregation center"
Michi Weglyn Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-122-22-12)
vh Michi Weglyn Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-122-22-12)
Thoughts on the Tule Lake "segregees"

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues surrounding …

Michi Weglyn Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-122-22-10)
vh Michi Weglyn Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-122-22-10)
The effects of segregation on Japanese Americans

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues …

Peggy Tanemura Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-85-9)
vh Peggy Tanemura Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-85-9)
Moving to Minidoka concentration camp, then transferred to Tule Lake
Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-165-19)
vh Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-165-19)
Memories of turmoil and violence in Tule Lake: work stoppage, martial law
Masako Murakami Interview Segment 10 (ddr-manz-1-166-10)
vh Masako Murakami Interview Segment 10 (ddr-manz-1-166-10)
The stigma of having been at Tule Lake while it was a segregation center
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