Segregation and Tule Lake

In July 1943, Tule Lake concentration camp was designated as a segregation center for those the camp authorities considered "disloyal" as a result of their answers on the mandatory "loyalty questionnaire." In September 1943, "loyal" Japanese Americans from Tule Lake began departing for other camps and "disloyal" Japanese Americans from other camps started arriving at Tule Lake. The number of guards increased from a few hundred to 930 and an eight-foot high double fence was erected. The camp's capacity was 15,000 but the peak population reached 18,789 as 6,249 original "loyal" Japaense Americans chose to stay rather than be uprooted again.

World War II (66)
Resistance and dissidence (73)
Segregation and Tule Lake (223)

223 items
Arthur Ogami Interview Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-154-21)
vh Arthur Ogami Interview Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-154-21)
Involvement in the Hokoku Seinendan, a militaristic, pro-Japanese group in Tule Lake
Shig Miyaki Interview Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-259-21)
vh Shig Miyaki Interview Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-259-21)
Participating in Seinendan activities in camp

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Seichi Hayashida Segment 31 (ddr-densho-1000-14-31)
vh Seichi Hayashida Segment 31 (ddr-densho-1000-14-31)
Supporting the Japanese American Citizens League's wartime stance
Kunio Otani Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-75-20)
vh Kunio Otani Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-75-20)
Tule Lake concentration camp becomes a "segregation center"
Jimi Yamaichi Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-106-10)
vh Jimi Yamaichi Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-106-10)
Voluntarily transferring to Tule Lake "segregation center," California, "The family's got to stay together, and we are going to Tule Lake"
Frank S. Fujii Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-8-22)
vh Frank S. Fujii Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-8-22)
Attending Japanese language school in camp

This interview was conducted over two days due to electrical problems. The majority of the interview was completed on the second day, September 5.

Kazie Good Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-429-15)
vh Kazie Good Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-429-15)
Murder of father's friend prompts immediate plans to leave camp
Kazie Good Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-429-12)
vh Kazie Good Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-429-12)
Staying in Tule Lake while many peers and neighbors transferred out
Chizuko Norton Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-73-27)
vh Chizuko Norton Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-73-27)
Conflict within Tule Lake after it became a "segregation center"
Chizuko Norton Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-73-28)
vh Chizuko Norton Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-73-28)
Tule Lake as a "segregation center," memories of a particular family
Chizuko Norton Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-73-29)
vh Chizuko Norton Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-73-29)
Conditions in Tule Lake after it became a "segregation center"
Jimi Yamaichi Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-106-14)
vh Jimi Yamaichi Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-106-14)
Memories of martial law in Tule Lake, food scarcity, riots, Hoshidan group grows in strength
Jimi Yamaichi Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-106-12)
vh Jimi Yamaichi Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-106-12)
Atmosphere in Tule Lake "segregation center," "We didn't mix too well"
Frank S. Fujii Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-8-23)
vh Frank S. Fujii Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-8-23)
Conflict within camp; life after Tule Lake becomes a "segregation center"

This interview was conducted over two days due to electrical problems. The majority of the interview was completed on the second day, September 5.

Kazie Good Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-429-13)
vh Kazie Good Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-429-13)
Being harassed and beaten up by other Japanese Americans in camp
Yukio Kawaratani Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-377-19)
vh Yukio Kawaratani Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-377-19)
Memories of Tule Lake's strike and the implementation of martial law

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department …

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