Segregation and Tule Lake

In July 1943, Tule Lake concentration camp was designated as a segregation center for those the camp authorities considered "disloyal" as a result of their answers on the mandatory "loyalty questionnaire." In September 1943, "loyal" Japanese Americans from Tule Lake began departing for other camps and "disloyal" Japanese Americans from other camps started arriving at Tule Lake. The number of guards increased from a few hundred to 930 and an eight-foot high double fence was erected. The camp's capacity was 15,000 but the peak population reached 18,789 as 6,249 original "loyal" Japaense Americans chose to stay rather than be uprooted again.

Segregation and Tule Lake (205)

205 items
Tule Lake Co-ordinating committee notes (ddr-csujad-2-27)
doc Tule Lake Co-ordinating committee notes (ddr-csujad-2-27)
Meeting notes of incarceree led Tule Lake Camp government. Describes a desire to "return to normalcy" after unrest in camp including various publications, vandalism, the arrival of Manzanar transfers, lack of employment, and no prisoners being released for three weeks from the army stockades. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project ...
Letter from Mrs. Sakazaki to Raymond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp (ddr-csujad-2-12)
doc Letter from Mrs. Sakazaki to Raymond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp (ddr-csujad-2-12)
Letter from Mrs. Sakazaki to Raymond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp, requesting for the release of her husband, Tokuraro Sakazaki ,from the army stockades at Tule Lake Camp. Includes her letter in Japanese and notes about her interpreter and situation. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0012
Letter from residents to Ramond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp, February 18, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-10)
doc Letter from residents to Ramond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp, February 18, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-10)
Letter from residents requesting the release of two incarerees: Wataru Obara, and Hiroichi Shimamura, detained in the army stockades at Tule Lake Camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0010
[Minutes of the regular meeting of the divisional responsible men and the Co-ordinating committee of the Tule Lake Center, March 11, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-23)
doc [Minutes of the regular meeting of the divisional responsible men and the Co-ordinating committee of the Tule Lake Center, March 11, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-23)
Meeting minutes of incarceree-led Tule Lake Camp government. Describes clean-up week at the camp, prisoner release, vandalism, construction, clothing and furniture, and reorganization of committee. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0023
[Minutes of the regular joint meeting of the advisory council and the Co-ordinating committee of the Tule Lake Center, March 3, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-30)
doc [Minutes of the regular joint meeting of the advisory council and the Co-ordinating committee of the Tule Lake Center, March 3, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-30)
Meeting minutes between incarceree-led Tule Lake Camp government and the Advisory Council. Includes discussion on prisoner release from army stockades, the creation of a Young Men's Association and the transfer of incarcerees from Poston Camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0030
Letter from residents of Block 9 to Raymond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp and Colonel Verne Austin, Commander of Military Police, February 14, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-7)
doc Letter from residents of Block 9 to Raymond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp and Colonel Verne Austin, Commander of Military Police, February 14, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-7)
Letter from residents of Block 9 to Raymond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp and Colonel Verne Austin, Commander of Military Police requesting the release of four incarerees detained in the army stockades at Tule Lake Camp: Dentaro Tani, Heizaburo Nakada, Goichi Ishimaru, and Toshiaki Oku. Signed names: Tani, Dentaro; Nakada, Heizaburo; Ishimaru, Goichi; Oku, Toshiaki; ...
George Okada interview (ddr-csujad-6-28)
doc George Okada interview (ddr-csujad-6-28)
Oral history interview with George Okada. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_OKADA_GEORGE
Subject: separation of evacuees of doubtful loyalty from loyal evacuees [policy memo by Dillon S. Myer] (ddr-csujad-19-1)
doc Subject: separation of evacuees of doubtful loyalty from loyal evacuees [policy memo by Dillon S. Myer] (ddr-csujad-19-1)
Details the War Relocation Authority's policy to remove to a separate facility "those persons of Japanese ancestry residing in relocation centers who by their acts have indicated that their loyalties lie with Japan during the present hostilities." Along with Policy, headings include Designation of Center for Evacuees of Doubtful Loyalty, referring to Tule Lake; Persons to ...
Nancy Kyoko Oda Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-463-3)
vh Nancy Kyoko Oda Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-463-3)
Family's wartime story: parents in Poston, Colorado, then father was transferred to Tule Lake and held in the stockade
Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-432-17)
vh Tokio Yamane Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-432-17)
Forming youth groups in Tule Lake Segregation Center (Japanese language)

This interview was conducted in Japanese. The transcript is a translation of the original interview. This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are ...

Segregants preparing to leave camp (ddr-densho-37-185)
img Segregants preparing to leave camp (ddr-densho-37-185)
Original WRA caption: The "400" march in small groups from Gate 1 to the stockade for processing before entraining for Santa Fe Internment Camp.
Hoshidan members leaving Tule Lake (ddr-densho-37-187)
img Hoshidan members leaving Tule Lake (ddr-densho-37-187)
Original WRA caption: Size of well-wishers diminished as the number of pro-Japan sympathizers sent to internment grew. Although 400 when leaving June 24, 1945, when this picture was taken, the send-off crowd was not nearly up-to-par.
Entrainment of segregants (ddr-densho-37-268)
img Entrainment of segregants (ddr-densho-37-268)
Original WRA caption: Crowd watches entrainment of segregees.
Inspecting segregant's luggage (ddr-densho-37-271)
img Inspecting segregant's luggage (ddr-densho-37-271)
Original WRA caption: Segregee's luggage is inspected.
The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 5 (February 1, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-54)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. II, No. 5 (February 1, 1945) (ddr-densho-284-54)
Selected article titles: "Myer on Tule Lake: Assures Operation of Center Through 1945" (p. 1), "171 Internees Depart for Santa Fe Friday" (p. 1), and "Hectic Year for Mr. Stork Foreseen" (p. 2).
doc "Japanese Americans Educated in Japan" (ddr-densho-155-24)
War Relocation Authority's Community Analysis Report No. 8.
Segregation of Loyal and Disloyal Japanese in Relocation Centers (ddr-densho-156-180)
doc Segregation of Loyal and Disloyal Japanese in Relocation Centers (ddr-densho-156-180)
Report on Senate Resolution No. 166 Relating to Segregation of Loyal and Disloyal Japanese in Relocation Centers and Plans for Future Operation of Such Centers.
API