Segregation and Tule Lake

In July 1943, Tule Lake concentration camp was designated as a segregation center for those the camp authorities considered "disloyal" as a result of their answers on the mandatory "loyalty questionnaire." In September 1943, "loyal" Japanese Americans from Tule Lake began departing for other camps and "disloyal" Japanese Americans from other camps started arriving at Tule Lake. The number of guards increased from a few hundred to 930 and an eight-foot high double fence was erected. The camp's capacity was 15,000 but the peak population reached 18,789 as 6,249 original "loyal" Japaense Americans chose to stay rather than be uprooted again.

World War II (218)
Resistance and dissidence (80)
Segregation and Tule Lake (249)

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249 items
Segregees' arrival at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-37-66)
img Segregees' arrival at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-37-66)
Original WRA caption: Segregee's household effects arrive at apartment [at Tule Lake].
Officers searching segregants (ddr-densho-37-191)
img Officers searching segregants (ddr-densho-37-191)
Original WRA caption: Search of persons departing for Santa Fe Internment Camp 6-24-45, inside stockade.
Segregees boarding trucks (ddr-densho-37-264)
img Segregees boarding trucks (ddr-densho-37-264)
Original WRA caption: Segregees board trucks for processing center.
Hoshidan members on strike (ddr-densho-37-193)
img Hoshidan members on strike (ddr-densho-37-193)
Original WRA caption: After oral persuasion had failed to move some of the 25 "lie-down" strikers among the 400 going to Santa Fe Internment Camp 6-24-45, the strikers are "assisted" to leave their beds by Department of Justice (Border patrolmen) guards, and join march to train.
Photographing a segregant (ddr-densho-37-266)
img Photographing a segregant (ddr-densho-37-266)
Original WRA caption: Segregees are photographed. Kenji Nitta.
Hokoku Seinen Dan (ddr-densho-37-109)
img Hokoku Seinen Dan (ddr-densho-37-109)
Original WRA caption: Early morning drill of Hokoku Seinin Dan, Pro-Japan society. Note white head bands are part of "uniform."
Hoshidan members unloading mattresses (ddr-densho-37-111)
img Hoshidan members unloading mattresses (ddr-densho-37-111)
Original WRA caption: "Recalcitrant" Hokoku unload mattresses to form beds outside building but within stockade enclosure when 300 are held at stockade over night for questioning.
Processing a segregant (ddr-densho-37-276)
img Processing a segregant (ddr-densho-37-276)
Original WRA caption: Individual segregee folders [being] made up.
Hoshidan members leaving Tule Lake (ddr-densho-37-187)
img Hoshidan members leaving Tule Lake (ddr-densho-37-187)
Original WRA caption: Size of well-wishers diminished as the number of pro-Japan sympathizers sent to internment grew. Although 400 when leaving June 24, 1945, when this picture was taken, the send-off crowd was not nearly up-to-par.
Hoshidan members leaving Tule Lake (ddr-densho-37-197)
img Hoshidan members leaving Tule Lake (ddr-densho-37-197)
Original WRA caption: The 25 laydown strikers march to the special Department of Justice train to go to Santa Fe Internment Camp.
Inspection of Hoshidan members (ddr-densho-37-190)
img Inspection of Hoshidan members (ddr-densho-37-190)
Original WRA caption: Search of persons departing for Santa Fe Internment Camp 6-24-45, inside stockade.
Relocation problems and policies (ddr-densho-381-24)
doc Relocation problems and policies (ddr-densho-381-24)
An address delivered by War Relocation Authority Director, Dillon S. Myer, to the Tuesday Evening Club. Myer discusses a variety of topics, including the creation of the War Relocation Authority, managing the camps, and plans for relocation.
Ernest Besig Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1002-3-5)
vh Ernest Besig Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1002-3-5)
Visit to Tule Lake to investigate stockade situation

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily …

Ernest Besig Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1002-3-4)
vh Ernest Besig Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1002-3-4)
Traveling to Tule Lake concentration camp

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on …

Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1002-4-4)
vh Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1002-4-4)
Recalling seeing "agitators" thrown into the stockade at Tule Lake

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, …

Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1002-4-3)
vh Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1002-4-3)
Deciding to resist the draft registration; memories of the "segregation" period in Tule Lake concentration camp

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this …

Frank Miyamoto Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1002-1-15)
vh Frank Miyamoto Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1002-1-15)
Discussion of the WRA's segregation policy

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on …

Toyoko Okumura Interview Segment 15 (ddr-janm-13-6-15)
vh Toyoko Okumura Interview Segment 15 (ddr-janm-13-6-15)
Transferring to Tule Lake: participating in group exercises in the mornings
Nancy Kyoko Oda Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-463-3)
vh Nancy Kyoko Oda Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-463-3)
Family's wartime story: parents in Poston, Colorado, then father was transferred to Tule Lake and held in the stockade
George Nakano Interview I Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-359-8)
vh George Nakano Interview I Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-359-8)
Father's participation in the Hoshidan at Tule Lake

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

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