Segregation and Tule Lake

In July 1943, Tule Lake concentration camp was designated as a segregation center for those the camp authorities considered "disloyal" as a result of their answers on the mandatory "loyalty questionnaire." In September 1943, "loyal" Japanese Americans from Tule Lake began departing for other camps and "disloyal" Japanese Americans from other camps started arriving at Tule Lake. The number of guards increased from a few hundred to 930 and an eight-foot high double fence was erected. The camp's capacity was 15,000 but the peak population reached 18,789 as 6,249 original "loyal" Japaense Americans chose to stay rather than be uprooted again.

World War II (218)
Resistance and dissidence (80)
Segregation and Tule Lake (249)

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249 items
Chizuko Norton Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-73-28)
vh Chizuko Norton Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-73-28)
Tule Lake as a "segregation center," memories of a particular family
Chizuko Norton Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-73-29)
vh Chizuko Norton Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-73-29)
Conditions in Tule Lake after it became a "segregation center"
Yukio Kawaratani Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-377-19)
vh Yukio Kawaratani Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-377-19)
Memories of Tule Lake's strike and the implementation of martial law

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department …

Toshikazu
vh Toshikazu "Tosh" Okamoto II Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-248-4)
Atmosphere in Tule Lake during its transition to a segregation camp
Satsuki Ina Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-474-3)
vh Satsuki Ina Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-474-3)
Terminology used to describe the wartime dissidents at Tule Lake
Richard E. Yamashiro Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-333-16)
vh Richard E. Yamashiro Interview Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-333-16)
Transferring to Tule Lake when it was a segregation camp

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of …

Peggy Tanemura Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-85-9)
vh Peggy Tanemura Interview Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-85-9)
Moving to Minidoka concentration camp, then transferred to Tule Lake
Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-165-17)
vh Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-165-17)
Witnessing tension and conflict between "yes-yeses" and "no-nos" in Tule Lake
Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-165-19)
vh Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-165-19)
Memories of turmoil and violence in Tule Lake: work stoppage, martial law
Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-165-18)
vh Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-165-18)
Experiencing changes as Tule Lake was converted into a "segregation center"
Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-165-20)
vh Hiroshi Kashiwagi Interview Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-165-20)
Dealing with the pro-Japan atmosphere in Tule Lake: trying to remain inconspicuous by not acting "too American"
Michi Weglyn Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-122-22-10)
vh Michi Weglyn Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-122-22-10)
The effects of segregation on Japanese Americans

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues …

Michi Weglyn Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-122-22-12)
vh Michi Weglyn Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-122-22-12)
Thoughts on the Tule Lake "segregees"

This interview was conducted by filmmaker Frank Abe for his 2000 documentary, Conscience and the Constitution, about the World War II resisters of conscience at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues surrounding …

John Tomita Interview Segment 19 (ddr-manz-1-76-19)
vh John Tomita Interview Segment 19 (ddr-manz-1-76-19)
Remembering unrest and conflict in the Tule Lake Segregation Center
Masako Murakami Interview Segment 10 (ddr-manz-1-166-10)
vh Masako Murakami Interview Segment 10 (ddr-manz-1-166-10)
The stigma of having been at Tule Lake while it was a segregation center
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