Segregation and Tule Lake

In July 1943, Tule Lake concentration camp was designated as a segregation center for those the camp authorities considered "disloyal" as a result of their answers on the mandatory "loyalty questionnaire." In September 1943, "loyal" Japanese Americans from Tule Lake began departing for other camps and "disloyal" Japanese Americans from other camps started arriving at Tule Lake. The number of guards increased from a few hundred to 930 and an eight-foot high double fence was erected. The camp's capacity was 15,000 but the peak population reached 18,789 as 6,249 original "loyal" Japaense Americans chose to stay rather than be uprooted again.

Segregation and Tule Lake (205)

205 items
Inspection of Hoshidan members (ddr-densho-37-190)
img Inspection of Hoshidan members (ddr-densho-37-190)
Original WRA caption: Search of persons departing for Santa Fe Internment Camp 6-24-45, inside stockade.
Members of the Hoshidan distributing mattresses (ddr-densho-37-112)
img Members of the Hoshidan distributing mattresses (ddr-densho-37-112)
Mattresses were doled out to 300 members of the Hoshidan, a pro-Japan organization, who were being kept overnight for questioning.
Segregees arrive at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-37-261)
img Segregees arrive at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-37-261)
Original WRA caption: Trucks loaded with segregees arrive at processing center.
Hokoku Joshi Seinin Dan morning drill (ddr-densho-37-110)
img Hokoku Joshi Seinin Dan morning drill (ddr-densho-37-110)
Original WRA caption: "Hokoku Joshi Seinin Dan at early morning drill." The correct title of this group may be Hokoku Joshi Seinen Dan.
The Newell Star, Vol. I, No. 7 (April 20, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-12)
doc The Newell Star, Vol. I, No. 7 (April 20, 1944) (ddr-densho-284-12)
Selected article titles: "82 in Center Receive Notices to Report for Physical Exams: Base Hospital to Be Utilized" (p. 1), "More Arrivals Expected as Segregation Plan Resumed" (p. 1), and "Red Cross Gifts Distributed to CA and Japanese Library" (p. 2).
Ernest Besig Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1002-3-4)
vh Ernest Besig Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1002-3-4)
Traveling to Tule Lake concentration camp

This interview was conducted by sisters Emiko and Chizuko Omori for their 1999 documentary, Rabbit in the Moon, about the Japanese American resisters of conscience in the World War II incarceration camps. As a result, the interviews in this collection are typically not life histories, instead primarily focusing on issues ...

John Tomita Interview Segment 19 (ddr-manz-1-76-19)
vh John Tomita Interview Segment 19 (ddr-manz-1-76-19)
Remembering unrest and conflict in the Tule Lake Segregation Center
Masako Murakami Interview Segment 10 (ddr-manz-1-166-10)
vh Masako Murakami Interview Segment 10 (ddr-manz-1-166-10)
The stigma of having been at Tule Lake while it was a segregation center
Jimi Yamaichi Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-106-12)
vh Jimi Yamaichi Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-106-12)
Atmosphere in Tule Lake "segregation center," "We didn't mix too well"
Frank S. Fujii Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-8-23)
vh Frank S. Fujii Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-8-23)
Conflict within camp; life after Tule Lake becomes a "segregation center"

This interview was conducted over two days due to electrical problems. The majority of the interview was completed on the second day, September 5.

Kazie Good Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-429-12)
vh Kazie Good Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-429-12)
Staying in Tule Lake while many peers and neighbors transferred out
Kenge Kobayashi Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-37-14)
vh Kenge Kobayashi Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-37-14)
Siblings coerced to renounce U.S. citizenship at Tule Lake concentration camp
Kenge Kobayashi Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-37-10)
vh Kenge Kobayashi Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-37-10)
Atmosphere at Tule Lake concentration camp during the "segregation" period
Tom Akashi Interview Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-164-36)
vh Tom Akashi Interview Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-164-36)
Personal feelings after father's arrest: angry, but "kind of proud"
Tom Akashi Interview Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-164-28)
vh Tom Akashi Interview Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-164-28)
Father forms a small group to propose to the camp administration the idea of "resegregating" Tule Lake, separating the pro-Japanese factions from everyone else
Tom Akashi Interview Segment 31 (ddr-densho-1000-164-31)
vh Tom Akashi Interview Segment 31 (ddr-densho-1000-164-31)
Joining father's organization, the Kenkyu Seinen Dan: shaving head, forming a bugle corps, and marching in drills
Tom Akashi Interview Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-164-34)
vh Tom Akashi Interview Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-164-34)
Observing changes in the pro-Japan organizations during the institution of the renunciation program
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