Segregation and Tule Lake

In July 1943, Tule Lake concentration camp was designated as a segregation center for those the camp authorities considered "disloyal" as a result of their answers on the mandatory "loyalty questionnaire." In September 1943, "loyal" Japanese Americans from Tule Lake began departing for other camps and "disloyal" Japanese Americans from other camps started arriving at Tule Lake. The number of guards increased from a few hundred to 930 and an eight-foot high double fence was erected. The camp's capacity was 15,000 but the peak population reached 18,789 as 6,249 original "loyal" Japaense Americans chose to stay rather than be uprooted again.

World War II (218)
Resistance and dissidence (80)
Segregation and Tule Lake (249)

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249 items
[WRA deny Japanese in riot], newspaper article on Tule Lake protests, November 3, 1943 (ddr-csujad-2-38)
doc [WRA deny Japanese in riot], newspaper article on Tule Lake protests, November 3, 1943 (ddr-csujad-2-38)
Newspaper article about protests at Tule Lake Camp in November, 1943 which led to martial law being in place for three months. Describes violence among incarcerees. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0038
[Troops alert as Tule Japs defy Colonel], newspaper article on Tule Lake protests, November 13, 1943 (ddr-csujad-2-40)
doc [Troops alert as Tule Japs defy Colonel], newspaper article on Tule Lake protests, November 13, 1943 (ddr-csujad-2-40)
Newspaper article about protests at Tule Lake Camp in November, 1943 which led to martial law being in place for three months. Article describes Colonel Verne Austin, Commander of Military Police, trying to regain control after the protests. He is quoted as saying "Henceforth the Army, and not trouble making Jap 'committees' will dictate camp life." …
Co-ordinating Committee meeting notes, March 9, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-1)
doc Co-ordinating Committee meeting notes, March 9, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-1)
Memoranda from incarceree-lead government within the camp. Includes requests for the immediate release of 14 prisoners from the military stockades. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0001
[Interview Minutes with D.S. Myer, WRA National Director, March 18, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-21)
doc [Interview Minutes with D.S. Myer, WRA National Director, March 18, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-21)
Meeting minutes between incarceree-led Tule Lake Camp government and War Relocation Authority Director D.S. [Dillon Seymour] Myer. Question-answer session between Co-ordinating Committee and Myer. Includes questions about legitimacy and self-governance of Co-ordinating Committee, concerns about camp food, employment, and martial law in the camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project …
[Revolt at Tule Lake: Crop workers blamed for riots; Honolulu Japanese led the mob, 1943-11-04] (ddr-csujad-2-41)
doc [Revolt at Tule Lake: Crop workers blamed for riots; Honolulu Japanese led the mob, 1943-11-04] (ddr-csujad-2-41)
Newspaper article about protests at Tule Lake Camp in November, 1943 which led to martial law being in place for three months. Article describes camp administration refusing to listen to incarceree demands and violence against staff. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0041
Tule Lake Co-ordinating committee notes (ddr-csujad-2-27)
doc Tule Lake Co-ordinating committee notes (ddr-csujad-2-27)
Meeting notes of incarceree led Tule Lake Camp government. Describes a desire to "return to normalcy" after unrest in camp including various publications, vandalism, the arrival of Manzanar transfers, lack of employment, and no prisoners being released for three weeks from the army stockades. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project …
Tule Lake Center Diary, February 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-29)
doc Tule Lake Center Diary, February 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-29)
Daily diary for March, written by Co-ordinating Committee Secretary Byron Akitsuki at Tule Lake Camp. Primarily describes various unrest and incidents in different blocks, especially Ward 6. Also includes memos and messages sent, release of prisoners from army stockades, and committee member meetings. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: …
Letter from Mrs. Sakazaki to Raymond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp (ddr-csujad-2-12)
doc Letter from Mrs. Sakazaki to Raymond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp (ddr-csujad-2-12)
Letter from Mrs. Sakazaki to Raymond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp, requesting for the release of her husband, Tokuraro Sakazaki ,from the army stockades at Tule Lake Camp. Includes her letter in Japanese and notes about her interpreter and situation. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0012
Letter from residents to Ramond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp, February 18, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-10)
doc Letter from residents to Ramond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp, February 18, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-10)
Letter from residents requesting the release of two incarerees: Wataru Obara, and Hiroichi Shimamura, detained in the army stockades at Tule Lake Camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0010
[Minutes of the regular meeting of the advisory council and the Co-ordinating Committee of the Tule Lake Center, February 25, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-28)
doc [Minutes of the regular meeting of the advisory council and the Co-ordinating Committee of the Tule Lake Center, February 25, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-28)
Meeting minutes of incarceree-led Tule Lake Camp government. Includes discussion of release of prisoners from army stockades, especially who to target for releasing, and lack of employment. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0028
Letter from Takiko Kozuma to Raymond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp, February 17, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-11)
doc Letter from Takiko Kozuma to Raymond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp, February 17, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-11)
Letter from Takiko Kozuma to Raymond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp, requesting the release of her husband, Masaichi Kozuma, from the army stockades at Tule Lake Camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0011
Letter from incarcerees to Frank Hagan regarding employment, November 12, 1943 (ddr-csujad-2-15)
doc Letter from incarcerees to Frank Hagan regarding employment, November 12, 1943 (ddr-csujad-2-15)
Letter from incarerees requesting Tule Lake administration cut off employment from couples to make employment accessible for large families who have more expenses. Somewhat dire and threatening tone to letter. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0015
[Call troops in new outbreak], newspaper article on Tule Lake protests, November 5, 1943 (ddr-csujad-2-37)
doc [Call troops in new outbreak], newspaper article on Tule Lake protests, November 5, 1943 (ddr-csujad-2-37)
Newspaper article about protests at Tule Lake Camp in November, 1943 which led to martial law being in place for three months. Describes thousands of incarcerees protesting and the US army sent in for assistance. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0037
Letter from residents of Block 30 to Ramond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp, February 24, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-6)
doc Letter from residents of Block 30 to Ramond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp, February 24, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-6)
Letter from residents of Block 30 to Raymond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp, requesting the release of Hiroyoshi Tsuda from the army stockades at Tule Lake Camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0006
[Internal security case report: disorderly conduct] (ddr-csujad-2-44)
doc [Internal security case report: disorderly conduct] (ddr-csujad-2-44)
Internal report describes Internal Security Officer Fenton Mahrt finding Masato Morinaga in a very intoxicated condition at the personnel garage. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0044
[Minutes of the meeting of the Co-ordinating Committee and the Project Director and Colonel Austin, January 10, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-32)
doc [Minutes of the meeting of the Co-ordinating Committee and the Project Director and Colonel Austin, January 10, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-32)
Meeting minutes between incarceree-led Tule Lake Camp government and Camp Director Raymond Best and Commander of Military Police Colonel Verne Austin. Discusses farm worker unrest and release of prisoners from army stockades. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0032
Letter from residents of Block 9 to Raymond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp and Colonel Verne Austin, Commander of Military Police, February 14, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-7)
doc Letter from residents of Block 9 to Raymond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp and Colonel Verne Austin, Commander of Military Police, February 14, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-7)
Letter from residents of Block 9 to Raymond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp and Colonel Verne Austin, Commander of Military Police requesting the release of four incarerees detained in the army stockades at Tule Lake Camp: Dentaro Tani, Heizaburo Nakada, Goichi Ishimaru, and Toshiaki Oku. Signed names: Tani, Dentaro; Nakada, Heizaburo; Ishimaru, Goichi; Oku, Toshiaki; …
Letter from Evacuee Police to Raymond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp, February 1, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-13)
doc Letter from Evacuee Police to Raymond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp, February 1, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-13)
Letter from Evacuee Police Force to Raymond Best, Director of Tule Lake Camp, requesting the release of Hiroyoshi Tsuda from the army stockades at Tule Lake Camp. Signed names: Kataoka, H.; Okusako, Thomas; Ogata, Roy K.; Miyamoto, H.; Tanaka, K.; Haruyama, N.; Yoshida, Maeko; Hanagata, Ken; Ayabe, Toshi S.; Ono, I; Kanno, Thomas K.; Sato, R.; …
Hunger strike at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-394-2)
doc Hunger strike at Tule Lake (ddr-densho-394-2)
Journal entries describing a hunger strike at Tule Lake during January 1944.
Letter to John McCloy from Lt. General J.L. DeWitt (ddr-densho-122-858)
doc Letter to John McCloy from Lt. General J.L. DeWitt (ddr-densho-122-858)
Summary of intelligence report of individuals considered for segregation
Report from Mike Masaoka to Dillon Myer (ddr-densho-122-894)
doc Report from Mike Masaoka to Dillon Myer (ddr-densho-122-894)
Confidential statement on status of Kibei and Nisei in camps and problem of segregation of disloyal
Copy of letter to James Omura from Kiyoshi Okamoto (ddr-densho-122-829)
doc Copy of letter to James Omura from Kiyoshi Okamoto (ddr-densho-122-829)
Describing Okamoto and Sam Horino's relocation to Tule Lake from Heart Mountain on the grounds of disloyalty
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