Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

World War II (231)
Concentration camps (1434)
Education (1448)

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1448 items
Passion (ddr-csujad-48-26)
doc Passion (ddr-csujad-48-26)
Assignment by Kyoko Uyeshima for period 8 class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Kyoko describes how suffering and sickness can only be understood by those who have had a similar experience, and should only be shared with those that understand it. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9026. See this …
Log of books checked out by students in period I 10-L, taught by Harry Bentley Wells (ddr-csujad-48-111)
doc Log of books checked out by students in period I 10-L, taught by Harry Bentley Wells (ddr-csujad-48-111)
Log of books checked out by four students in Period 1, 10-L History taught by Harry Bentley Wells at Manzanar High School. The last book is listed as Classic Myths in English Literature. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9920. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_wells_0920
Letter from Harry B. Wells, teacher, to Leon C. High, principal (ddr-csujad-48-51)
doc Letter from Harry B. Wells, teacher, to Leon C. High, principal (ddr-csujad-48-51)
Letter from Harry Bentley Wells asking Leon C. High, principal of Manzanar High School, to adjust the detention punishment of a student, Masao Sago, as it is preventing him from attending his farm management class. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9051. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_wells_0051
Assignment (ddr-csujad-48-29)
doc Assignment (ddr-csujad-48-29)
Assignment by Nancy Yamauchi for World History and Geography class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Nancy describes her arrival at Manzanar on May 29, 1942 and her transition into camp life. She notes that she has made many friends, but that people are becoming lazier as they cannot do …
Log of books checked out by students in period I and IV, Ancient Man, taught by Harry Bentley Wells at Manzanar High School (ddr-csujad-48-113)
doc Log of books checked out by students in period I and IV, Ancient Man, taught by Harry Bentley Wells at Manzanar High School (ddr-csujad-48-113)
Log of books checked out by nine students in Period 1 and sixteen students in Period 4, taught by Harry Bentley Wells at Manzanar High School. The heading is Ancient Man. Many of the names have been crossed out. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9922. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
Program, commencement exercises (ddr-csujad-48-58)
doc Program, commencement exercises (ddr-csujad-48-58)
Commencement program for Manzanar High School students at Manzanar incarceration camp. Includes a program of events and a list of class officers, the reverse is a Japanese translation. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9058. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_wells_0058
Memorandum from Elizabeth M. Moxley, supervisor of health and phys. ed., to all teachers, November 19, 1942 (ddr-csujad-48-99)
doc Memorandum from Elizabeth M. Moxley, supervisor of health and phys. ed., to all teachers, November 19, 1942 (ddr-csujad-48-99)
Memorandum from Elizabeth M. Moxley to all teachers encouraging the use of the attached injury/accident forms and to report all cases that may be of importance. Attached to the memo are several blank accident forms for the teachers. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9908. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project …
My future (ddr-csujad-48-4)
doc My future (ddr-csujad-48-4)
Term paper by Alice Muraoka for period VII Social Problems class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Alice describes her desire to become a secretary and to work in an office. She was able to finish typing and shorthand coursework but the evacuation (as she calls it) cut short the …
Manzanar from the inside (ddr-csujad-48-62)
doc Manzanar from the inside (ddr-csujad-48-62)
Text of address by Roy Nash, Director of the Manzanar War Relocation Project, given to the Commonwealth Club of California, San Francisco, on July 31, 1942 for the purpose of "interpret[ing] the actuality of a War Relocation Center housing 10,000 evacuees" in view of perceptions of mistreatment of incarcerees in California. Sections of the speech include …
Term paper: poultry raising (ddr-csujad-48-63)
doc Term paper: poultry raising (ddr-csujad-48-63)
Term Paper by Masao Hayashida for period III Senior Problems class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Masao discusses the in detail the steps necessary to be a good poultry farmer. He discusses the types of chickens, the required habitat and living conditions as well as necessary steps to profit …
Social problems (ddr-csujad-48-22)
doc Social problems (ddr-csujad-48-22)
Assignment by George Odahara for period V Social Problems class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. George discusses the problem Japanese Americans in the incarceration camps face. He believes everyone should focus on the future and getting jobs after the war is over. In his opinion farming is going to …
Assignment (ddr-csujad-48-25)
doc Assignment (ddr-csujad-48-25)
Assignment by Tetsuro Yamaguchi (most of name missing due to torn upper right corner, full name determined via class roster) for L10 History class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Tetsuro recounts a memory from the summer when his brother went to help his sister with a broken radio and …
Report of Teacher Planning Committee: suggested topics for faculty study groups (ddr-csujad-48-104)
doc Report of Teacher Planning Committee: suggested topics for faculty study groups (ddr-csujad-48-104)
A report by the Teacher Planning Committee on Potential Subject for Faculty Study Groups. Section headings include: (1) School philosophy; (2) Problems peculiar to the Japanese at Manzanar; (3) Curriculum; (4) Extra-curricular activities; (5) Disciplinary problems; (6) School rules, regulations and procedures; (7) Teaching improvement for regular and student teachers; (8) Mental hygiene, public relations and …
Memorandum from Sub-Committee on Controversial Issues to Mr. Ralph Merritt, Project Director, Manzanar War Relocation Area, January 16, 1943 (ddr-csujad-48-96)
doc Memorandum from Sub-Committee on Controversial Issues to Mr. Ralph Merritt, Project Director, Manzanar War Relocation Area, January 16, 1943 (ddr-csujad-48-96)
Memorandum from the Sub-Committee on Controversial Issues to Ralph Merritt, Project Director of "Manzanar War Relocation Center," regarding the teaching and discussion of controversial issues in the classroom. The sub-committee provides several suggestions on how to address the issue, but would like formal approval from Mr. Merritt. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9905. See this object …
Greek civilization (ddr-csujad-48-39)
doc Greek civilization (ddr-csujad-48-39)
Term paper by Toshiko Kubata for period VIII B10 History class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Toshiko describes Greek civilization in depth for the assigned final project. Section headings include: Greek Civilization, Facts to Remember, Greek Alphabet, and Greek Columns. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese …
Manzanar and its purpose (ddr-csujad-48-27)
doc Manzanar and its purpose (ddr-csujad-48-27)
Assignment by Mary Honda for period II History class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Mary describes the reason for being at Manzanar and the need to do everything possible to make Manzanar as home-like as possible. Safety and avoiding further unhappiness from the thoughts of war are the reasons …
Japanese words defined (ddr-csujad-48-105)
doc Japanese words defined (ddr-csujad-48-105)
Lexicon of common Japanese words published by the War Relocation Authority. The document also provides a basic grammar lesson for the pluralization of nouns and the pronunciation of vowels. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9914. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_wells_0914
Sophomore installation (ddr-csujad-48-61)
doc Sophomore installation (ddr-csujad-48-61)
Program for sophomore installation at Manzanar High School: Entertainment, Refreshment and Dancing; Mess 9, June 5, 1943 7:30pm. Also includes a list of class officers.Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9061. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_wells_0061
Syllabi for classes taught by Harry Bentley Wells at Manzanar High School (ddr-csujad-48-93)
doc Syllabi for classes taught by Harry Bentley Wells at Manzanar High School (ddr-csujad-48-93)
Syllabi for 7th Grade Social Living, Social Living: Grade Eight, Ninth grade social living, World History and Geography: Grade Ten, American Life and Institutions: Grade Eleven, 12th Grade Social Social Problems. Taught by Harry Bentley Wells at Manzanar High school. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9902. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
[High school graduation] (ddr-csujad-5-46)
img [High school graduation] (ddr-csujad-5-46)
A group photograph of the incarcerees standing in front of a barrack, 27-12-D, in the Rohwer incarceration camp, Arkansas. It appears to be taken during the high school graduation ceremony. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_01_05_032
1944 Resume (ddr-csujad-5-304)
1944 Resume (ddr-csujad-5-304)
A high school yearbook titled "1944 Resume." Published by the Class of 1944, Rohwer Center High School in the Rohwer incarceration camp, Arkansas. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_07_09_001
Students graduating from Denson High at Jerome, Arkansas (ddr-csujad-52-13)
img Students graduating from Denson High at Jerome, Arkansas (ddr-csujad-52-13)
A photograph of the graduating class at Denson High. The caption that ran in the June 19, 1987 Long Beach Press-Telegram reads, "These few paragraphs, titled 'The Real Test,' were included in a small, hand-drawn pamphlet that served as the yearbook for the members of Denson High, the Jerome Relocation Center school where Sumi (Seo) Seki …
Memo from Dallas C. McLaren, Principal, Poston II School, to all employees and supervisors of employees, February 2, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-1808)
doc Memo from Dallas C. McLaren, Principal, Poston II School, to all employees and supervisors of employees, February 2, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-1808)
Memorandum of understanding from Dallas C. McLaren to All Employees and Supervisors regarding recording work time of employees and the creation of a sign-in sheet at Poston II School. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1811
Letter from Edward Fukunaga to Mr. Dallas C. McLaren, May 22, 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-1883)
doc Letter from Edward Fukunaga to Mr. Dallas C. McLaren, May 22, 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-1883)
Correspondence from Edward Fukunaga to Dallas McLaren regarding teaching positions in Hawaii. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1886
Psychology of health teaching methods (ddr-csujad-55-1722)
doc Psychology of health teaching methods (ddr-csujad-55-1722)
Statement on teaching methods used in the health education program at Poston incarceration camp. Adapted from the Bureau of Education, Philippine Islands. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1724
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