Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

World War II (231)
Concentration camps (1434)
Education (1448)

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1448 items
Card from Emiko Satake to Mitzi Naohara (ddr-csujad-38-389)
doc Card from Emiko Satake to Mitzi Naohara (ddr-csujad-38-389)
A Christmas card from Emiko Satake who was Mitzi Masukawa Naohara's student in the nursery and kindergarten in the Poston camp in Arizona. It was probably sent to Mitzi while she was incarcerated at the Poston camp. The caption reads: Pupil in Nursery 2 yrs, kdgtn. 1yr, relocated Utah. An item from: Mitzi Naohara scrapbook (csudh_nao_0400), …
Card from the 324 office staff to Mitzi Naohara (ddr-csujad-38-386)
doc Card from the 324 office staff to Mitzi Naohara (ddr-csujad-38-386)
A seasons greeting card from the 324 nursery office staff at the Poston camp in Arizona to Mitzi Masukawa Naohara who was one of the nursery school teachers at the camp. An item from: Mitzi Naohara scrapbook (csudh_nao_0400), page 21. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nao_03_22_002
Today's spotlight--pre-school (ddr-csujad-38-412)
doc Today's spotlight--pre-school (ddr-csujad-38-412)
A newspaper clipping titled: Today's spotlight: pre-school. It was probably published in a camp newspaper at the Poston camp in Arizona, "Poston press bulletin" or "Poston chronicle." It describes the preschool which was operated in the camp and where Mitzi Masukawa Naohara worked as a teacher. The caption reads: Opening of pre-school (my work in camp) …
Block R's of Block 318 baseball team (ddr-csujad-38-190)
img Block R's of Block 318 baseball team (ddr-csujad-38-190)
Photographed are members of Block R's of Block 318 baseball team of the high school at the Poston camp in Arizona. The caption reads: Blk R baseball team. A photo from: Mitzi Naohara photo album (csudh_nao_0200), page 4. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nao_02_04_009
Kindergarten (ddr-csujad-38-203)
img Kindergarten (ddr-csujad-38-203)
Photographed are kindergarten teachers and children incarcerated at the Poston camp in Arizona. Includes Nisei teachers, Mitzi Masukawa Naohara and Sumi (Kamiya) Kango. The caption reads: Kindergarten, Poston, Ariz., 1945. Title from caption. "Photographed by Kunkle and Wilcox" stamped on the backside. A photo from: Mitzi Naohara photo album (csudh_nao_0200), page 6. See this object in …
Poston 3 annual staff of 1943 (ddr-csujad-38-171)
img Poston 3 annual staff of 1943 (ddr-csujad-38-171)
Photographed are Emily Ku__da, Grace Kushio, and Aiko Kubo at the Poston III camp, Arizona. They are probably teachers of the preschool at the camp. The caption reads: Poston 3 annual staff of 1943. Title from caption. A photo from: Mitzi Naohara photo album (csudh_nao_0200), page 3. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese …
324 nursery group picture (ddr-csujad-38-192)
img 324 nursery group picture (ddr-csujad-38-192)
Photographed are a teacher (Mitzi Masukawa Naohara) and children of 324 nursery at the Poston camp in Arizona, including Tom Yonekura, Minoru Hosaka, Akira Haraguchi, Emiko Satake, Masa__ Seki, Ja__ Mo__, and Tomiko Yabuta. The caption reads: 324 nursery group picture, March 1944. Title from caption. A photo from: Mitzi Naohara photo album (csudh_nao_0200), page 5. …
Name plate of Misao T Oka (ddr-csujad-38-384)
doc Name plate of Misao T Oka (ddr-csujad-38-384)
A name plate of Misao T Oka, probably used for her high school graduation at the Jerome camp in Arkansas. An item from: Mitzi Naohara scrapbook (csudh_nao_0400), page 20. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nao_03_21_003
Block R's of 318 Block (ddr-csujad-38-183)
img Block R's of 318 Block (ddr-csujad-38-183)
School yearbook photo taken by Paul Shintaku. Photographed are Tosa Aoki, John, Ben Nobuhiro, Ben Kitahara, Bob, Kan Ibasa, Seizo Ishizaki, Kiyo Ishida, and Harry Fukuhara, who are members of "Block R's of 318 Block," a Nisei men's club of the high school, at the Poston camp in Arizona. The caption reads: Block R's of 318 …
Card from Frances Hara to Mitzi Naohara (ddr-csujad-38-391)
doc Card from Frances Hara to Mitzi Naohara (ddr-csujad-38-391)
A Christmas card from Yasuko Frances Hara who was Mitzi Masukawa Naohara's student in the Poston camp in Arizona. It was probably sent to Mitzi while she was incarcerated at the Poston camp. The caption reads: Pupil in kindergarten, relocated to St. Louis, Mo. An item from: Mitzi Naohara scrapbook (csudh_nao_0400), page 24. See this object …
Annual staff (ddr-csujad-38-174)
img Annual staff (ddr-csujad-38-174)
Photographed are Nisei men and women at the Poston incarceration camp in Arizona. They are probably teachers and staff of the preschool at the camp. The caption reads: Annual staff. Title from caption. A photo from: Mitzi Naohara photo album (csudh_nao_0200), page 3. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: …
Mitzi Naohara photo album (ddr-csujad-38-163)
img Mitzi Naohara photo album (ddr-csujad-38-163)
A photo album compiled by Mitzi Masukawa Naohara. Contained are photographs mainly taken during the war, depicting lives at the Poston camp in Arizona, where the Masukasa family was incarcerated. Mitzi was a preschool teacher at the Poston camp, and photographs of the children incarcerated at the camp are included. She also belonged to a young …
Block R's of 318 Block (ddr-csujad-38-184)
img Block R's of 318 Block (ddr-csujad-38-184)
School yearbook photo taken by Paul Shintaku. Photographed are Tosa Aoki, John, Ben Nobuhiro, Ben Kitahara, Bob, Kan Ibasa, Seizo Ishizaki, Kiyo Ishida, and Harry Fukuhara, who are members of "Block R's of 318 Block," a Nisei men's club of the high school at the Poston camp in Arizona. The caption reads: Block R's of 318 …
Pre-school--kindergarten (ddr-csujad-38-204)
img Pre-school--kindergarten (ddr-csujad-38-204)
Photographed are preschool children and teachers incarcerated at the Poston camp in Arizona. Includes Nisei teachers, Mrs. Joane Mimura and Haruye G. Koga. The caption reads: Pre-school--kindergarten. Title from caption. "Photographed by Kunkle and Wilcox" stamped on the back side. A photo from: Mitzi Naohara photo album (csudh_nao_0200), page 6. See this object in the California …
Block R's of 318 Block (ddr-csujad-38-182)
img Block R's of 318 Block (ddr-csujad-38-182)
A group photograph of the members of Block R's 318, a Nisei men's club of the high school at the Poston camp in Arizona. The caption reads: Blk "R's" 318, Poston Ariz. A photo from: Mitzi Naohara photo album (csudh_nao_0200), page 4. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nao_02_04_001
Card from Parker Valley High School to Mitzi Naohara, June 10, 1944 (ddr-csujad-38-372)
doc Card from Parker Valley High School to Mitzi Naohara, June 10, 1944 (ddr-csujad-38-372)
An invitation card to the Parker Valley High School commencement exercises held at the High School Auditorium in the Poston camp in Arizona on Saturday June 10, 1944. An item from: Mitzi Naohara scrapbook (csudh_nao_0400), page 14. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nao_03_15_002
Large group of Nisei men and women with a teacher (ddr-csujad-44-24)
img Large group of Nisei men and women with a teacher (ddr-csujad-44-24)
A large group photograph of young Nisei men and women incarcerated at Tule Lake, California, with their teacher. The group is posing in three rows outside a barrack. The back two rows are men and women standing and the front row in women seated in chairs. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
Frosh (ddr-csujad-44-26)
img Frosh (ddr-csujad-44-26)
A large group photograph of young Nisei men and young women, who are frosh students, incarcerated at Tule Lake, California. The group of people is posing in three rows outside a barrack. The men and women in the back two rows are standing. The women in the front row are seated in chairs. Photo inscription on …
Group of Nisei 7th graders outside a barrack (ddr-csujad-44-30)
img Group of Nisei 7th graders outside a barrack (ddr-csujad-44-30)
A large group photograph of boys and girls who are Nisei 7th graders incarcerated at Tule Lake, California. The group of children is posing in three rows outside a barrack. The boys in the back two rows are standing. The girls in the front row are seated in chairs. Photo inscription on back: "7th." See this …
Art Club (ddr-csujad-44-35)
img Art Club (ddr-csujad-44-35)
A photograph of Nisei students incarcerated at Tule Lake, California. They are presumably the member of Art Club. The large group is posing for the photo in three rows in front of a barrack. The back two rows are young men and women standing behind a row of young women seated in a row of chairs. …
Group of Nisei 7th graders with a teacher outside a barrack (ddr-csujad-44-31)
img Group of Nisei 7th graders with a teacher outside a barrack (ddr-csujad-44-31)
A large group photograph of boys and girls who are Nisei 7th graders incarcerated at Tule Lake, California, with a teacher. The group of children is posing in three rows outside a barrack. The children in the back two rows are standing. The girls in the front row are seated in chairs. Their Caucasian teacher is …
Large group of Nisei students with a teacher in front of barrack (ddr-csujad-44-41)
img Large group of Nisei students with a teacher in front of barrack (ddr-csujad-44-41)
A large group photograph of young Nisei men and women incarcerated at Tule Lake, California, with their teacher. The group is posing in two rows outside a barrack. The front row is women seated in chairs and the back row is men standing. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: …
Art Club (ddr-csujad-44-34)
img Art Club (ddr-csujad-44-34)
A photograph of Nisei students incarcerated at Tule Lake, California posing in front of a barrack with their teacher. They are presumably the members of Art Club. Two young men are standing behind a row of four women seated in chairs. Their Caucasian teacher is seated in a chair on the end of the front row. …
S.B. Council outside a barrack (ddr-csujad-44-36)
img S.B. Council outside a barrack (ddr-csujad-44-36)
A photograph of Nisei students incarcerated at Tule Lake, California with their teacher. They are presumably student board council members. They are posing for the photo in two rows in front of a barrack. The back row is standing and the front row is seated in chairs. Photo inscription on back: "S.B. Council." Title from inscription. …
Group of Nisei 8th graders with a teacher outside a barrack (ddr-csujad-44-28)
img Group of Nisei 8th graders with a teacher outside a barrack (ddr-csujad-44-28)
A large group photograph of boys and girls who are 8th graders incarcerated at Tule Lake, California, with their teacher. The group of children is posing in three rows outside a barrack. The girls and boys in the back two rows are standing. The girls in the front row are seated in chairs. Their teacher is …
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