Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

World War II (215)
Concentration camps (1219)
Education (1424)

1424 items
Memo from Virginia Lynn, War Relocation Authority, to Mr. Shoji Nagumo, June 26, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-663)
doc Memo from Virginia Lynn, War Relocation Authority, to Mr. Shoji Nagumo, June 26, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-663)
Memorandum of understanding from Virginia Lynn to Shoji Nagumo regarding programming and schedules for adult English classes at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0665
Envelope from the Tri-State High School, Tule Lake Project, to Mr. Allan Minoru Hida, Granada Center (ddr-csujad-55-1990)
doc Envelope from the Tri-State High School, Tule Lake Project, to Mr. Allan Minoru Hida, Granada Center (ddr-csujad-55-1990)
Envelope from the Tri-State High School, Tule Lake incarceration center to Mr. Allan Minoru Hida, Granada Center. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1993
Bullador, senior edition, Class of 1945 (1945) (ddr-csujad-55-1839)
doc Bullador, senior edition, Class of 1945 (1945) (ddr-csujad-55-1839)
Newsletter, 'El Bullador," published by Poston II high school at Poston incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1842
1944 El Chaparral (ddr-csujad-55-2681)
doc 1944 El Chaparral (ddr-csujad-55-2681)
El Chaparral' yearbook, 1944 provides information about classes, activities, and sports during the school year. Detailed pictures of the camp are featured in the yearbook. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2845
Recommendations by the Committee, War Relocation Authority, Community Management Division, Education Section (ddr-csujad-55-1697)
doc Recommendations by the Committee, War Relocation Authority, Community Management Division, Education Section (ddr-csujad-55-1697)
Report and recommendations regarding "relocation emphasis, English, and reading materials." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1699
Recommendations by the Committee on Supplies and School Physical Facilities, War Relocation Authority, Community Management Division, Education Section (ddr-csujad-55-1702)
doc Recommendations by the Committee on Supplies and School Physical Facilities, War Relocation Authority, Community Management Division, Education Section (ddr-csujad-55-1702)
Report and recommendations by the Committee on Supplies and School Physical Facilities regarding planning, procurement problems, supplies, equipment, buildings, school plant maintenance, and funds for library books. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1704
Tardy students for detention perio (ddr-csujad-55-1769)
doc Tardy students for detention perio (ddr-csujad-55-1769)
Blank form for listing tardy students for detention at Poston incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1772
Draft letter from Shoji Nagumo (ddr-csujad-55-898)
doc Draft letter from Shoji Nagumo (ddr-csujad-55-898)
Draft of a letter from Shoji Nagumo regarding an educational scholarship for his son, George Nagumo. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0900
Bullador, vol. 2, no. 5 (March 27, 1944) (ddr-csujad-55-1714)
doc Bullador, vol. 2, no. 5 (March 27, 1944) (ddr-csujad-55-1714)
Newsletter, "El Bullador," published by Poston II high school at Poston incarceration camp. Includes articles on ticket sales, student carnival leaders, and resignation. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1716
Effects of evacuation on Japanese-American youth (ddr-csujad-55-1713)
doc Effects of evacuation on Japanese-American youth (ddr-csujad-55-1713)
Article reporting on a study of the effects of evacuation on Japanese-American youth at Poston incarceration camp. "Reprint from the School Review." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1715
Notice to parent or guardian, Form 5 (ddr-csujad-55-1760)
doc Notice to parent or guardian, Form 5 (ddr-csujad-55-1760)
Blank form for "parent or guardian" requesting an explanation of student absence or tardiness. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1762
Education program in War Relocation Centers (ddr-csujad-55-347)
doc Education program in War Relocation Centers (ddr-csujad-55-347)
Pamphlet describing the War Relocation Authority's education program at incarceration camps. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0349
Evaluation (ddr-csujad-55-1806)
doc Evaluation (ddr-csujad-55-1806)
List of teacher evaluation feedback from students in the Core I class at Poston incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1809
Cumulative test record, Poston Public Schools (ddr-csujad-55-1795)
doc Cumulative test record, Poston Public Schools (ddr-csujad-55-1795)
Cumulative test record form for students at Poston Public Schools at Poston incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1798
Federal Elementary graduation (ddr-csujad-55-1421)
doc Federal Elementary graduation (ddr-csujad-55-1421)
Program for the Federal Elementary School graduation ceremony at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. For scrapbook page with programs see sac_jaac_1421. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 76. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1423
Core studies (ddr-csujad-55-1747)
doc Core studies (ddr-csujad-55-1747)
Pedagogical essay on the purpose and method of core education at Poston incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1749
Senior banquet, Class of 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-1851)
doc Senior banquet, Class of 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-1851)
Program for the Senior Banquet for the Miles E. Cary graduating class of 1945. Includes menu, program schedule, and acknowledgements. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1854
Sociology essay (ddr-csujad-55-1928)
doc Sociology essay (ddr-csujad-55-1928)
Sociology essay by Jitsuso Tamura for a class assignment at Tri-State High School at Tule Lake incarceration camp. Covers how population influences social life and problems. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1931
Seminar in social foundations, February-June 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-1748)
doc Seminar in social foundations, February-June 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-1748)
Assessment form for "Seminar in Social Foundations" including a summary of responses by teachers at Poston incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1750
Bullador, vol. 2, no. 4 (March 13 , 1944) (ddr-csujad-55-1717)
doc Bullador, vol. 2, no. 4 (March 13 , 1944) (ddr-csujad-55-1717)
Newsletter, "El Bullador," published by Poston II high school at Poston incarceration camp. Includes articles on rules and procedures, school play, teacher resignation, teacher shortage, sports, and opinion. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1719
Letter from M.J. Brickley, Registrar, Sacramento Junior College, to whom it may concern, March 26, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-1302)
doc Letter from M.J. Brickley, Registrar, Sacramento Junior College, to whom it may concern, March 26, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-1302)
Correspondence from M.J. Brickley to Whom it May Concern requesting permission for Yuriko Kumamoto to travel between her home and Sacramento Junior College. Includes copies of Kumamoto's Citizen's Indefinite Leave card and her membership card for the United States Cadet Nurse Corps. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1304
Personal progress record (ddr-csujad-55-1792)
doc Personal progress record (ddr-csujad-55-1792)
Personal progress record form for students at Poston incarceration camp. Includes fields for physical, intellectual, and social development, language, interests, and problems. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1795
Letter from Bill Taketa to James Waegell, September 24, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-2340)
doc Letter from Bill Taketa to James Waegell, September 24, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-2340)
Correspondence from Bill Taketa to Mr. James Waegell regarding the opening of school with him taking auto mechanic, English, and social problem and the rest of the day working part-time. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2446
Committee report on school records and reports (ddr-csujad-55-1724)
doc Committee report on school records and reports (ddr-csujad-55-1724)
Report and recommendations on school records and reports at Poston incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1726
Memoirs 1944: Hunt High School. Volume 2 (ddr-csujad-55-2686)
doc Memoirs 1944: Hunt High School. Volume 2 (ddr-csujad-55-2686)
Hunt High School 1944 yearbook. Detailed pictures of the camp are featured in the yearbook. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2850
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