Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

World War II (66)
Concentration camps (618)
Education (949)

949 items
Camp high school students (ddr-densho-37-553)
img Camp high school students (ddr-densho-37-553)
Original WRA caption: Rohwer Relocation Center, McGehee, Arkansas. Changing classes at the temporary high school quarters.
Girl weeding in school victory garden (ddr-densho-37-520)
img Girl weeding in school victory garden (ddr-densho-37-520)
Original WRA caption: Granada Relocation Center, Amache, Colorado. Fourth grade girl--Diane Wallace--weeding the school victory garden.
Grade school children (ddr-densho-37-377)
img Grade school children (ddr-densho-37-377)
Original WRA caption: Tule Lake Relocation Center, Newell, California. Recess in grade school.
Elementary school flagpole dedication (ddr-densho-37-718)
img Elementary school flagpole dedication (ddr-densho-37-718)
Original WRA caption: Dedication of the flag pole at the Stafford Elementary School conducted by the Boy Scouts of the Hunt troop. The Stafford School is one of two elementary schools in the Minidoka Relocation Center.
Queen of Hunt High School (ddr-densho-37-4)
img Queen of Hunt High School (ddr-densho-37-4)
Original WRA caption: Queen of Hunt High School May Day Festival being crowned by Richard A. Pomeroy, Supt. of Education, is shown with her attendants. The court was chosen by popular vote in a contest sponsored by the student body. Left to right: Pri[n]ce Victor Fujioka, Princess Dorothy Sugawara, Mr. Pomeroy, Queen Betty Aoki, Princess Sue …
Hunt High School students (ddr-densho-37-17)
img Hunt High School students (ddr-densho-37-17)
Original WRA caption: Students of the Hunt High School at the Minidoka Relocation Center, receive final grades from Miss Jones.
Art class (ddr-densho-37-509)
img Art class (ddr-densho-37-509)
Original WRA caption: Granada Relocation Center, Amache, Colorado. An adult art class under the direction of Tokio Ueyama, working in pencil sketch charcoals and oils. Adult art classes are extremely popular at the Amache Center.
Carpentry class (ddr-densho-37-671)
img Carpentry class (ddr-densho-37-671)
Original WRA caption: Adult Education class in carpentry.
Ninth grade class (ddr-densho-37-456)
img Ninth grade class (ddr-densho-37-456)
Original WRA caption: Rohwer Relocation Center, McGehee, Arkansas. Mrs. Pearl Bristow, Ninth Grade Teacher. Ninth grade class being held in this Home Room.
High school (ddr-densho-37-82)
img High school (ddr-densho-37-82)
Original WRA caption: One of the barracks at this center which is used for a high school. As yet the students haven't decided on a name for the school.
Grammar school (ddr-densho-37-170)
img Grammar school (ddr-densho-37-170)
Original WRA caption: A view in grammer school at this relocation center.
Sixth graders exercising (ddr-densho-37-478)
img Sixth graders exercising (ddr-densho-37-478)
Original WRA caption: Jerome Relocation Center, Dermott, Arkansas. View of 5th and 6th graders going through their exercises on elementary school grounds.
Japanese American welding (ddr-densho-37-670)
img Japanese American welding (ddr-densho-37-670)
Original WRA caption: Member of the adult education welding class using portable outfit.
Grade school children (ddr-densho-37-376)
img Grade school children (ddr-densho-37-376)
Original WRA caption: Tule Lake Relocation Center, Newell, California. Recess in grade school.
Fifth-grade boys playing (ddr-densho-37-75)
img Fifth-grade boys playing (ddr-densho-37-75)
Original WRA caption: The boys of the lower fifth grade, taught by Mrs. Rhoda McGarva, shown here are choosing sides for games.
Elementary school flagpole dedication (ddr-densho-37-719)
img Elementary school flagpole dedication (ddr-densho-37-719)
Original WRA caption: Dedication of the flag pole at the Huntville Elementary School conducted by the Boy Scouts of the Hunt troop. The Huntville School is one of two elementary schools in the Minidoka Relocation Center.
Camp classroom (ddr-densho-37-173)
img Camp classroom (ddr-densho-37-173)
Original WRA caption: Tule Lake Relocation Center, Newell, California. World History and English, a two hour class taught by Mrs. Hanny Billigmeier.
King of Hunt High School (ddr-densho-37-3)
img King of Hunt High School (ddr-densho-37-3)
Original WRA caption: King of Hunt High School May Day festival being crowned by Richard A. Pomeroy, Supt. of Education, is shown with his attendants. The court was chosen by popular vote in a contest sponsored by the student body. Left to right: Prince Victor Fujioka, princess Dorothy Sugawara, Mr. Pomeroy, King Johnny Okamoto, Princess Sue …
Nursery school art class (ddr-densho-37-314)
img Nursery school art class (ddr-densho-37-314)
Original WRA caption: Tule Lake Relocation Center, Newell, California. Art time in the nursery school at this relocation center.
Fifth-grade boys playing (ddr-densho-37-76)
img Fifth-grade boys playing (ddr-densho-37-76)
Original WRA caption: These boys of the low fifth grade, taught by Mrs. Rhoda McGarva, are playing "Cock Fight."
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