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Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

World War II (215)
Concentration camps (1219)
Education (1425)

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1425 items
World Geog. and History, Period I, 7-5-2 (ddr-csujad-48-114)
doc World Geog. and History, Period I, 7-5-2 (ddr-csujad-48-114)
Class roster and grades for Period 1, World Geography and History, taught by Harry Bentley Wells at Manzanar High School. Thirty-five students are listed. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9923. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_wells_0923
Essay (ddr-csujad-48-24)
doc Essay (ddr-csujad-48-24)
Assignment by Ruth Ryoko Saitow (portion of name is missing due to torn upper right corner, full name determined via class roster) for period V Social Problems class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. The author comments on the need for workers during the war, but all of the Japanese …
Social prob: the future (ddr-csujad-48-18)
doc Social prob: the future (ddr-csujad-48-18)
Term paper by Toshiro Hara for period 5 Social Problems class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Toshiro discusses his ambition to be a stenographer. With the enforced draft of the armed forces, he believes his best hope is entering and helping to win the war. If Japan wins, he …
Life in Manzanar (ddr-csujad-48-35)
doc Life in Manzanar (ddr-csujad-48-35)
Assignment by Satoru Sakuma for class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Satoru describes his daily routine at Manzanar. He wakes up, attends school, and then heads home to do his home work. However, instead of completing his work, he plays marbles and basketball with some of his friends. He …
Nisei's future (ddr-csujad-48-23)
doc Nisei's future (ddr-csujad-48-23)
Assignment by Ben (last name missing due to torn upper right corner) for period III Social Problems class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Ben believes the future of the Nisei is a dark one, because they are being held as prisoners of war even though they are American citizens. …
Planning for my future (ddr-csujad-48-11)
doc Planning for my future (ddr-csujad-48-11)
Term Paper by Mitsuye Furuya for period 7 Social Problems class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Mitsuye focuses on the importance of school during the first half of her essay and its usefulness in preparing one for the future as a well-rounded individual and training in a chosen field. …
Planning for the future (ddr-csujad-48-9)
doc Planning for the future (ddr-csujad-48-9)
Term paper by Mitsuko Mitsui for Social Problems class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Mitsuko is very aware of the discussions of whether to return to Japan or stay in America and plans for what "girls" should be doing with their lives. Mitsuko wants to remain in America. She …
Mrs. Wells' 1st P. (ddr-csujad-48-115)
doc Mrs. Wells' 1st P. (ddr-csujad-48-115)
Class roster for Period 1, World Geography and History, taught by Harry Bentley Wells at Manzanar High School. Thirty-five students are listed. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9924. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_wells_0924
Memo from the Office of the Superintendent, May 29, 1943 (ddr-csujad-48-45)
doc Memo from the Office of the Superintendent, May 29, 1943 (ddr-csujad-48-45)
Memo from the Office of the Superintendent about Manzanar policy regarding professional hours for teachers under civil service. The memo discusses the need to work 48 hours per week over six days and the tasks that may accomplish this such as supervising study hall and preparing lessons for the upcoming days. Transcription is found in item: …
What will be my future (ddr-csujad-48-6)
doc What will be my future (ddr-csujad-48-6)
Term paper by Lily Fukuhara for period V Social Problems class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Chapter headings include: After high school- What next?; Possibilities after graduation; What are my goals?; and Will I attend college? Ch. 1: Lily describes an excitement for graduation and a tendency to overplan …
Term paper (ddr-csujad-48-13)
doc Term paper (ddr-csujad-48-13)
Term paper by Grace Yuhashi for period 5 Social Problems class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Grace has always wanted to become a secretary. She discusses the important qualities necessary to be successful including working well with their employer. She identifies the need to attend business school in order …
Community school forum, vol. 1, no. 1 (November 20, 1942) (ddr-csujad-48-127)
doc Community school forum, vol. 1, no. 1 (November 20, 1942) (ddr-csujad-48-127)
A monthly newsletter directed towards school personnel in the "War Relocation Centers." "It is designed as a substitute for the staff meetings and conferences which distance and travel restrictions make impossible." The newsletter includes articles addressing the philosophy of schools in the incarceration camps and their overarching goal of "reabsorption of loyal men and women of …
Passion (ddr-csujad-48-26)
doc Passion (ddr-csujad-48-26)
Assignment by Kyoko Uyeshima for period 8 class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Kyoko describes how suffering and sickness can only be understood by those who have had a similar experience, and should only be shared with those that understand it. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9026. See this …
Log of books checked out by students in period I 10-L, taught by Harry Bentley Wells (ddr-csujad-48-111)
doc Log of books checked out by students in period I 10-L, taught by Harry Bentley Wells (ddr-csujad-48-111)
Log of books checked out by four students in Period 1, 10-L History taught by Harry Bentley Wells at Manzanar High School. The last book is listed as Classic Myths in English Literature. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9920. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_wells_0920
Letter from Harry B. Wells, teacher, to Leon C. High, principal (ddr-csujad-48-51)
doc Letter from Harry B. Wells, teacher, to Leon C. High, principal (ddr-csujad-48-51)
Letter from Harry Bentley Wells asking Leon C. High, principal of Manzanar High School, to adjust the detention punishment of a student, Masao Sago, as it is preventing him from attending his farm management class. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9051. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_wells_0051
Assignment (ddr-csujad-48-29)
doc Assignment (ddr-csujad-48-29)
Assignment by Nancy Yamauchi for World History and Geography class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Nancy describes her arrival at Manzanar on May 29, 1942 and her transition into camp life. She notes that she has made many friends, but that people are becoming lazier as they cannot do …
Log of books checked out by students in period I and IV, Ancient Man, taught by Harry Bentley Wells at Manzanar High School (ddr-csujad-48-113)
doc Log of books checked out by students in period I and IV, Ancient Man, taught by Harry Bentley Wells at Manzanar High School (ddr-csujad-48-113)
Log of books checked out by nine students in Period 1 and sixteen students in Period 4, taught by Harry Bentley Wells at Manzanar High School. The heading is Ancient Man. Many of the names have been crossed out. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9922. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization …
Niseis problems today (ddr-csujad-48-32)
doc Niseis problems today (ddr-csujad-48-32)
Assignment by Mitsuko Mitsui for class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Mitsuko starts by stating the questions relating to the future, and that the answers are nothing but rumors that don't help to solve any of the problems. The Nisei are said to be a people without a country, …
Memorandum from Genevieve W. Carter to Sub-Committee on Controversial Issues, January 18, 1943 (ddr-csujad-48-97)
doc Memorandum from Genevieve W. Carter to Sub-Committee on Controversial Issues, January 18, 1943 (ddr-csujad-48-97)
A memo from Genevieve W. Carter to the Sub-Committee on Controversial Issues regarding the letter sent to Ralph Merritt. Dr. Carter requests that the discussion of all controversial issues be avoided for one to three weeks. She indicates this decision was made in consultation with Ralph Merrit, and a committee of Japanese. She continues with an …
Story of civilization, per. II (ddr-csujad-48-121)
doc Story of civilization, per. II (ddr-csujad-48-121)
Log of books checked out by thirty-three students in Period 2, Story of Civilization, taught by Harry Bentley Wells at Manzanar High School. One students name was added in red colored pencil, and one has been crossed out. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9930. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project …
Memorandum from Harry Bentley Wells (ddr-csujad-48-79)
doc Memorandum from Harry Bentley Wells (ddr-csujad-48-79)
Memorandum concerning discipline in the Manzanar Secondary Schools with suggestions to modify existing rules and policies, written by Harry Bentley Wells. He discusses the lack of consistency in enforcing the rules and notices by each teacher as a cause of the issues. Wells then offers a number of suggestions to modify existing rules and forms used …
What my future holds (ddr-csujad-48-15)
doc What my future holds (ddr-csujad-48-15)
Term Paper by Yaye Shimizu for period III Social Problems class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Yaye begins be discussing the possibility of relocating out of Manzanar, she notes that her father is interned in Louisiana and wants them to stay settled in the camp. However, she wants to …
My future plan (ddr-csujad-48-17)
doc My future plan (ddr-csujad-48-17)
Term Paper by Michiko Mikami for period III Social Problems class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Michiko focuses on the injustices done to his family and himself in events leading up to and including the mass removal. He mentions that his father was detained by the FBI for several …
Interdepartmental communication from Dr. Genevieve W. Carter to Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, April 21, 1943 (ddr-csujad-48-80)
doc Interdepartmental communication from Dr. Genevieve W. Carter to Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, April 21, 1943 (ddr-csujad-48-80)
Interdepartmental communication addressing the suggestions of Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School, written by Dr. Genevieve W. Carter, Superintendent of Education. Carter responds to each suggestion and then provides two recommendations. She would like to have the rules come from a handbook developed by the students and establish more parent contact. Transcription is …
Invitation to Senior Prom at Manzanar (ddr-csujad-48-41)
doc Invitation to Senior Prom at Manzanar (ddr-csujad-48-41)
Manzanar High School Senior Prom invitation: Folded, opens right to left; tied at the top left corner with white ribbon; buff light weight card stock. On the front, graphics include red cherry blossoms, layered on top of royal blue and black graphic. Inset page has a red stencil of a cherry blossom and written in black …
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