Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

World War II (231)
Concentration camps (1434)
Education (1448)

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1448 items
Memorandum from the Office of the Superintendent to all teachers, February 1, 1943 (ddr-csujad-48-107)
doc Memorandum from the Office of the Superintendent to all teachers, February 1, 1943 (ddr-csujad-48-107)
A memo to all teachers at Manzanar containing an announcement related to Manzanar Education Week, the organization of the Manzanar Rumor Clinic to collate rumors and questions within their classrooms, a reminder to gain permission prior to taking field trips outside of the boundaries of the Manzanar, and several updates on administrative policies. Transcription is found …
Receipt for order of graduation announcements and calling cards from Chalfant Press (ddr-csujad-48-77)
doc Receipt for order of graduation announcements and calling cards from Chalfant Press (ddr-csujad-48-77)
Receipt from Chalfant Press for the order graduation announcements and calling cards for Manzanar High School graduation. Receipt dated March 2, 1943, care of H. Bentley Wells. Marked paid on March 15, 1943 by Todd Watkins. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9077. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_wells_0077
Public opinion (ddr-csujad-48-128)
doc Public opinion (ddr-csujad-48-128)
A school assignment completed by Shig Katayama, where he outlines Public Opinion. Section headings include: public opinion, function of public opinion, nature of public opinion, how can public opinion be ascertained, how is public opinion influenced, propaganda, influence of newspaper upon public opinion, influence of radio upon public opinion, other influences, and public opinion and democracy. …
Letter from Leon C. High, Principal, to Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, May 15, 1943 (ddr-csujad-48-72)
doc Letter from Leon C. High, Principal, to Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, May 15, 1943 (ddr-csujad-48-72)
Letter expressing High's regrets for being unable to attend the Ten Low class "get together." He commends Harry Bentley Wells on organizing the event and encourages them in the future though. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9072. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_wells_0072
Teacher and the war relocation project (ddr-csujad-48-125)
doc Teacher and the war relocation project (ddr-csujad-48-125)
Title as: The Teacher and the War Relocation Project. This memorandum includes a broad overview of the reasoning behind the creation of the combat zone, Executive Order 9066, and Executive Order 9102 as well as the selection of "relocation areas," the kinds of jobs held by Japanese-Americans and the administration of the "relocation areas." It outlines …
Term paper (ddr-csujad-48-3)
doc Term paper (ddr-csujad-48-3)
Term paper by Susie Matsuno for period V Social Problems class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Susie's greatest ambition is to be a social welfare worker. She had personal experience with one when her mother was sick and greatly admired the patience and kindness of someone who would put …
Manzanar (ddr-csujad-48-33)
doc Manzanar (ddr-csujad-48-33)
Assignment by Grace Oshio for period 5 class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Grace describes her first months at Manzanar. Her first impression is an isolated place for prisoners, slowly though camp facilities were completed and improved. She speaks of the need to work with your neighbors to borrow …
Log of books checked out by students in period V, taught by Harry Bentley Wells at Manzanar High School (ddr-csujad-48-124)
doc Log of books checked out by students in period V, taught by Harry Bentley Wells at Manzanar High School (ddr-csujad-48-124)
Log of books checked out by thirty-six students in Period 5, taught by Harry Bentley Wells at Manzanar High School. Two names has been crossed out. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9933. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_wells_0933
Greek civilization (ddr-csujad-48-38)
doc Greek civilization (ddr-csujad-48-38)
Term paper by Yoshimi Ido for period 4 L-10-History class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Yoshimi describes the Greek civilization in depth for the assigned final project. Section headings include: geography, history, religion and literature, and Greek art- literature, science and philosophy. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9038. See …
List of officers for several classes of Harry Bentley Wells at Manzanar High school (ddr-csujad-48-141)
doc List of officers for several classes of Harry Bentley Wells at Manzanar High school (ddr-csujad-48-141)
A list of class officers for the five of the courses that Harry Bentley Wells taught at Manzanar High School, a combination of first and last names was used. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9950. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_wells_0950
Information on teaching positons in the Manzanar Japanese relocation area (ddr-csujad-48-44)
doc Information on teaching positons in the Manzanar Japanese relocation area (ddr-csujad-48-44)
Notice by Roy Nash and Genevieve W. Carter regarding information on teaching positions at "Manzanar Japanese Relocation Area," with a handwritten note on the last page for a meeting with Leon C. High at the Winnedumah Hotel in Independence, California. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9044. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
Invoice, correspondence, card and envelope regarding rental of caps and gowns for March 7, 1943 (ddr-csujad-48-52)
doc Invoice, correspondence, card and envelope regarding rental of caps and gowns for March 7, 1943 (ddr-csujad-48-52)
Assorted communication for the rental of graduation caps and gowns for the graduating senior class at Manzanar High School between Harry Bentley Wells and Manzanar Cooperative Enterprises, and between the Cap and Gown Company of California and Mr. S. Sugimoto at Manzanar Cooperative Enterprises. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9052. See this object in the California …
School assignment (ddr-csujad-48-21)
doc School assignment (ddr-csujad-48-21)
Assignment by Midori Kunitomi (first name missing due to torn upper right corner, determined via class roster) for Social Problems class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Kunitomi describes the United States as a melting pot of the world, where everyone has a equal chance and racial difference is not …
Advice of personnel action, WRA P-4, Harry Bentley Wells (ddr-csujad-48-82)
doc Advice of personnel action, WRA P-4, Harry Bentley Wells (ddr-csujad-48-82)
Form WRA P-4 indicating the following action for Harry Bentley Wells: Change in Status, Division and Unit. Remarks: Reassignment under New Organizational Chart. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9082. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_wells_0082
Period IV, World Geo. and History Wells 7-5-2 (ddr-csujad-48-118)
doc Period IV, World Geo. and History Wells 7-5-2 (ddr-csujad-48-118)
Class roster and grades for Period 4, World Geography and History, taught by Harry Bentley Wells at Manzanar High School. Thirty-seven students are listed, four were added in pencil, and three were added in black pen at a later date. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9927. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
Wells World History and Geo. Per. 3 (ddr-csujad-48-117)
doc Wells World History and Geo. Per. 3 (ddr-csujad-48-117)
Class roster for Period 3, World History and Geography, taught by Harry Bentley Wells at Manzanar High School. Thirty-four students are listed, three are crossed out, and two have been added in black pen. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9926. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_wells_0926
Letter from Satoru Sakuma to Harry Bentley Wells, March 3, 1942 (ddr-csujad-48-55)
doc Letter from Satoru Sakuma to Harry Bentley Wells, March 3, 1942 (ddr-csujad-48-55)
Letter and envelope from Sat Sakuma to Harry Bentley Wells describing the journey from Manzanar to Minidoka. He also describes the conditions at Minidoka when they arrived and in his opinion a lacking education system. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9055. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_wells_0055
Important items for your attention (ddr-csujad-48-136)
doc Important items for your attention (ddr-csujad-48-136)
A memorandum to education personnel highlighting new procedures. This includes the use of the materials in the Visual Education Department and the Text-Book warehouse, creating a record of complaints and disturbances, encouraging the creation of a daily schedule, and planning at least a weeks worth of lessons, and discussing the new library service in Study Hall …
Essay: you can't have everything (ddr-csujad-48-28)
doc Essay: you can't have everything (ddr-csujad-48-28)
Essay by Yoshio Kusayanagi for Senior Problems class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Yoshio describes the need to try to get the most out of every day, and not waste away your life. He identifies the need to preserve through any hardship and give one's all to win past …
Room rating (ddr-csujad-48-59)
doc Room rating (ddr-csujad-48-59)
Blank form for self-rating a classroom after spending Saturday working toward a better room arrangement. Name is filled out with Mr. Wells 7-5-2, but scores are not provided for any of the sections. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9059. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_wells_0059
Senior problem: my future (ddr-csujad-48-12)
doc Senior problem: my future (ddr-csujad-48-12)
Term paper by Wataru Okamoto for Social Problems class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Wataru recounts that before the war and forced evacuation he wanted to be a fisherman or grocery store owner. However, once at Manzanar, he decided on becoming a gym instructor in both baseball and basketball. …
Niseis problems today (ddr-csujad-48-32)
doc Niseis problems today (ddr-csujad-48-32)
Assignment by Mitsuko Mitsui for class taught by Mr. Harry Bentley Wells, a teacher at Manzanar High School. Mitsuko starts by stating the questions relating to the future, and that the answers are nothing but rumors that don't help to solve any of the problems. The Nisei are said to be a people without a country, …
Memorandum from Genevieve W. Carter to Sub-Committee on Controversial Issues, January 18, 1943 (ddr-csujad-48-97)
doc Memorandum from Genevieve W. Carter to Sub-Committee on Controversial Issues, January 18, 1943 (ddr-csujad-48-97)
A memo from Genevieve W. Carter to the Sub-Committee on Controversial Issues regarding the letter sent to Ralph Merritt. Dr. Carter requests that the discussion of all controversial issues be avoided for one to three weeks. She indicates this decision was made in consultation with Ralph Merrit, and a committee of Japanese. She continues with an …
Story of civilization, per. II (ddr-csujad-48-121)
doc Story of civilization, per. II (ddr-csujad-48-121)
Log of books checked out by thirty-three students in Period 2, Story of Civilization, taught by Harry Bentley Wells at Manzanar High School. One students name was added in red colored pencil, and one has been crossed out. Transcription is found in item: ecm_wells_9930. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project …
Memorandum from Harry Bentley Wells (ddr-csujad-48-79)
doc Memorandum from Harry Bentley Wells (ddr-csujad-48-79)
Memorandum concerning discipline in the Manzanar Secondary Schools with suggestions to modify existing rules and policies, written by Harry Bentley Wells. He discusses the lack of consistency in enforcing the rules and notices by each teacher as a cause of the issues. Wells then offers a number of suggestions to modify existing rules and forms used …
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