Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

World War II (216)
Concentration camps (1345)
Education (1428)


Use <Ctrl> or (⌘) keys to select multiple terms

1428 items
Schoolchildren (ddr-densho-161-42)
img Schoolchildren (ddr-densho-161-42)
These students are from Amache junior and senior high.
doc "Education Program in War Relocation Centers" (ddr-densho-155-15)
This booklet was published by the War Relocation Authority (WRA).