Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

World War II (215)
Concentration camps (1243)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

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1243 items
An Oral History with Mitsuhiko H. Shimizu - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-57-1)
vh An Oral History with Mitsuhiko H. Shimizu - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-57-1)
Issei community leader and businessman in Los Angeles's Little Tokyo recounts his arrest by Federal Bureau of Investigation after Pearl Harbor, his experiences in internment camps in North Dakota and Louisiana, and the Manzanar incarceration camp, California. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project, Oral History Program, CSU Fullerton. Translated into …
An Oral History with Katsuma Mukaeda - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-56-1)
vh An Oral History with Katsuma Mukaeda - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-56-1)
Chairman of Japanese American Cultural Center and former president of Japanese Chamber of Commerce recounts conditions of prewar Los Angeles's Little Tokyo, its wartime conversion into a black community, postwar reestablishment as a Japanese-American cultural and commercial center. Includes comments on discriminatory legislation, prewar Japan-American relations. World War II removal and incarceration, camp conditions, wartime repatriation …
An Oral History with Reverend Seytsu Takahashi - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-58-1)
vh An Oral History with Reverend Seytsu Takahashi - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-58-1)
Issei Buddhist bishop and superintendent of Kayasan Temple in Little Tokyo since 1931 recounts his wartime experiences and internment at Fort Missoula, Montana; Livingstone, Louisiana; and Crystal City, Texas. Transcribed in both Japanese and English. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project, Oral History Program, CSU Fullerton. Audio is found in …
Frank Emi oral history interview - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-31-2-1)
vh Frank Emi oral history interview - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-31-2-1)
Oral history of Frank Emi, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-01
Bo Sakaguchi oral history interview - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-31-13-1)
vh Bo Sakaguchi oral history interview - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-31-13-1)
Oral history of Bo Sakaguchi, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-16
An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-55-1)
vh An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-55-1)
Japanese American congressman, representing the Thirteenth Congressional District of California, born and raised in San Jose, California, discusses his early life, graduation from the University of California, Berkeley, and receiving a commission and serving in the armed forces from 1953-1956. Recalls the removal, "relocation," and incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II at the Heart …
Japanese American family (ddr-densho-26-47)
img Japanese American family (ddr-densho-26-47)
Yanagihara family at Minidoka Concentration Camp in Idaho.
Japanese American children (ddr-densho-26-184)
img Japanese American children (ddr-densho-26-184)
Photo taken at the Minidoka concentration camp. Written on back of photograph "taken on Joyce's birthday Aug. 5, 1945 40 Hunty, Idaho"
Recipient list (October 9, 1990) (ddr-janm-4-19)
av Recipient list (October 9, 1990) (ddr-janm-4-19)
Recipient list given the names, age, residence and internment camp of nine individuals. It's dated October 9, 1990.
Boy standing on barrack stairs (ddr-csujad-32-20)
img Boy standing on barrack stairs (ddr-csujad-32-20)
Photograph of a boy standing on the stairs of barrack C-D at the Minidoka incarceration camp. Another child is pictured standing off to the side. Photo featured on page 8 of the Minidoka Incarceration Camp Photograph Album (csudh_ben_001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ben_01_001_009_030
Children sitting in front of floral background (ddr-csujad-32-16)
img Children sitting in front of floral background (ddr-csujad-32-16)
Photograph of two children with a floral background behind them, most likely for a play or event at the Minidoka incarceration camp. Photo featured on page 7 of the Minidoka Incarceration Camp Photograph Album (csudh_ben_001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ben_01_001_008_026
Group of women at Minidoka incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-32-13)
img Group of women at Minidoka incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-32-13)
Group photograph of Caucasian women, possibly teachers, at the Minidoka incarceration camp. Some of them are holding a bouquet of flowers. This photo is featured on page 6 of the Minidoka Incarceration Camp Photograph Album (csudh_ben_001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ben_01_001_007_022
Minidoka incarceration camp fence (ddr-csujad-32-4)
img Minidoka incarceration camp fence (ddr-csujad-32-4)
Photograph of a fence around the Minidoka incarceration camp. Photo featured on page 4 of the Minidoka Incarceration Camp Photograph Album (csudh_ben_001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ben_01_001_005_012
Group of children at Minidoka incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-32-14)
img Group of children at Minidoka incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-32-14)
Group photograph of children at the Minidoka incarceration camp. Photo featured on page 7 of the Minidoka Incarceration Camp Photograph Album (csudh_ben_001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ben_01_001_008_024
Group of male children on barrack stairs (ddr-csujad-32-19)
img Group of male children on barrack stairs (ddr-csujad-32-19)
Group photograph of male children standing on the stairs of Minidoka incarceration camp barrack. Photo featured on page 8 of the Minidoka Incarceration Camp Photograph Album (csudh_ben_001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ben_01_001_009_029
Minidoka incarceration camp photograph album (ddr-csujad-32-1)
img Minidoka incarceration camp photograph album (ddr-csujad-32-1)
The photograph album contains 69 photographs from mostly the Minidoka incarceration camp. It may have been compiled by Lona Haug, vice-principal of the Blk 10 school at the Minidoka incarceration camp in 1943. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ben_01_001
Minidoka incarceration camp entrance (ddr-csujad-32-2)
img Minidoka incarceration camp entrance (ddr-csujad-32-2)
Photograph of the entrance to the Minidoka incarceration camp. Photo featured on page 4 of the Minidoka Incarceration Camp Photograph Album (csudh_ben_001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ben_01_001_005_010
Minidoka incarceration camp barracks (ddr-csujad-32-7)
img Minidoka incarceration camp barracks (ddr-csujad-32-7)
Photograph of the Minidoka incarceration camp barracks from a distance. Photo featured on page 5 of the Minidoka Incarceration Camp Photograph Album (csudh_ben_001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ben_01_001_006_015
Group of female children on barrack stairs (ddr-csujad-32-17)
img Group of female children on barrack stairs (ddr-csujad-32-17)
Group photograph of female children standing on the stairs of barrack C-D at the Minidoka incarceration camp. Photo featured on page 7 of the Minidoka Incarceration Camp Photograph Album (csudh_ben_001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ben_01_001_009_027
Minidoka incarceration camp entrance (ddr-csujad-32-5)
img Minidoka incarceration camp entrance (ddr-csujad-32-5)
Photograph of the entrance to the Minidoka incarceration camp. Photo featured on page 4 of the Minidoka Incarceration Camp Photograph Album (csudh_ben_001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ben_01_001_005_013
Women standing in front of camp barrack (ddr-csujad-32-8)
img Women standing in front of camp barrack (ddr-csujad-32-8)
Photograph of three women, [Ev, Louise, and Gwen] in front of a barrack at the Minidoka incarceration camp. Photo featured on page 5 of the Minidoka Incarceration Camp Photograph Album (csudh_ben_001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ben_01_001_006_017
Group of children at Minidoka incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-32-15)
img Group of children at Minidoka incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-32-15)
Group photograph of children on risers, possibly for a play or event, at the Minidoka incarceration camp. Photo featured on page 7 of the Minidoka Incarceration Camp Photograph Album (csudh_ben_001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ben_01_001_008_025
Group of male children on barrack stairs (ddr-csujad-32-18)
img Group of male children on barrack stairs (ddr-csujad-32-18)
Group photograph of male children standing on the stairs of Minidoka incarceration camp barrack. Photo featured on page 8 of the Minidoka Incarceration Camp Photograph Album (csudh_ben_001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ben_01_001_009_028
Minidoka incarceration camp barracks (ddr-csujad-32-6)
img Minidoka incarceration camp barracks (ddr-csujad-32-6)
Photograph of camp barracks at the Minidoka incarceration camp. Photo featured on page 4 of the Minidoka Incarceration Camp Photograph Album (csudh_ben_001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ben_01_001_005_014
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