Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

Concentration camps (297)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

297 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 22 (November 28, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-47)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 22 (November 28, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-47)
Selected article titles: "PSWDC Grows Despite Problems" (p. 1), "From JACL Nat'l Headquarters Communication: Tule Lake Plaque Text Questioned" (p. 1), "Sequel Planned for 1949 Book on Wartime Student Relocation" (p. 1), and "Minority One: Years of Infamy" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 15 (October 10, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-40)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 15 (October 10, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-40)
Selected article titles: "MDC Reparations Survey" (pp. 1, 3), "Sen. Inouye Explains Final Lesson to Be Learned from Watergate Trauma" (p. 1), "Editorials: A Battered Manzanar Plaque" (p. 2), and "Ye Editor's Desk: Other Thoughts on the Visit" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 10 (September 5, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-35)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 81, No. 10 (September 5, 1975) (ddr-pc-47-35)
Selected article titles: "Rice Bill Seeks Lower Prices" (p. 1), "Gila River Camp High School Grads Hold 30-Year Reunion, Eye 1980 Meet" (p. 1), "Potshots: Hard Working Chapters" (p. 2), and "Plain Speaking: Reparations Campaign" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 69, No. 13 (September 26,1969) (ddr-pc-41-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 69, No. 13 (September 26,1969) (ddr-pc-41-39)
Select article titles: "Future of Japanese Ethnic churches in L.A. studied" (p. 1); "Seattle Issei Complain Lack of Police Action(p.1); "40,000 witness Japan week's civic parade" (p. 3); "Concentration Camp" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 18 (November 27, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 18 (November 27, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-43)
Selected article titles: "Intermountain JACL Supports Minidoka Project" (pp. 1, 8), "LEC Update: S.1009 and the White House" (pp. 1, 5, 8), "Redress Also Finds Support of French" (p. 5), and "An Accumulated Sadness of 45 Years Lies Buried" (pp. 6-7).
Soul Corner cartoon about Tsuyako
doc Soul Corner cartoon about Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima (ddr-janm-4-3)
Xerox copy of a Soul Corner cartoon about Tsuyako "Sox" Kitashima sharing her experience in camp during World War Two.
Poster for a Day of Remembrance event (February 16, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-25)
doc Poster for a Day of Remembrance event (February 16, 1991) (ddr-janm-4-25)
Two identical posters informing the public about a Day of Remembrance- Remembrance In Action: Continuing Our Fight For Civil Rights event (February 16, 1991).
Postcard to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (August 1, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-27)
doc Postcard to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (August 1, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-27)
Postcard to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (August 1, 1943). It is postmarked August 2, 1943 from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Postcard to Mollie Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (1942 - 1945) (ddr-janm-1-99)
doc Postcard to Mollie Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (1942 - 1945) (ddr-janm-1-99)
Postcard to Mollie Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (1942 - 1945). The postcard is not postmarked but it is from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (July 27, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-31)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (July 27, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-31)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Mary Murakami (July 27, 1942). Envelope is postmarked July 27, 1942 from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Photograph of Violet Saito (ddr-janm-1-128)
img Photograph of Violet Saito (ddr-janm-1-128)
Black and white image of Violet Saito. She has curly hair and is wearing a dress with bow ties on it and flowers pinned to it. She is standing outside in front of a house. Written on the photograph is: "Dearest Mollie. Love, Violet '43" and written on the back is: "June 24, 1943. Graduation day."
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Sandie Saito (October 17, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-12)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Sandie Saito (October 17, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-12)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (October 17, 1942). Envelope (addressed "Miss 'Flea' Wilson") is postmarked October 17, 1942 from the Granada (Amache) Incarceration Camp in Amache, Colorado.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (July 14, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-113)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (July 14, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-113)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (July 14, 1944). Envelope is postmarked July 19, 1944 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (May 14, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-111)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (May 14, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-111)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (May 14, 1944). Envelope is postmarked May 15, 1944 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (November 15, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-13)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (November 15, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-13)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (November 15, 1942). Envelope is postmarked November 18, 1942 from the Granada (Amache) Incarceration Camp in Amache, Colorado.
Postcard to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (September 28, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-11)
doc Postcard to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (September 28, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-11)
Postcard to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (September 28, 1942). It is postmarked October 1, 1942 from the Granada (Amache) Incarceration Camp in Amache, Colorado.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (August 30, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-63)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (August 30, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-63)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (August 30, 1942). Envelope is postmarked August 31, 1942 from the Heart Mountain Incarceration Camp in Cody, Wyoming.
Graduation announcement (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (June 13, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-112)
doc Graduation announcement (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (June 13, 1944) (ddr-janm-1-112)
Manzanar High School graduation announcement from to Molly Wilson from Chiyeko Akahoshi (June 13, 1944). White card with illustration in bronze of the profile view of two graduates. Envelope is postmarked June 13, 1944 from the Manzanar Incarceration Camp in Manzanar, California.
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (July 7, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-97)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (July 7, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-97)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Sadae (Lillian) Nishioka (July 7, 1942). Envelope is postmarked July 9, 1942 from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimokochi (July 5, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-59)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimokochi (July 5, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-59)
Handwritten letter to Molly Wilson from Yuri Shimokochi (July 5, 1943). Envelope is postmarked July 6, 1943 from the Heart Mountain Incarceration Camp in Cody, Wyoming.
Letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Lois (ddr-one-5-48)
Seven page letter to Kei Koyama from Lois at Minidoka dated March 8, 1943. The pages are thin and have water damage. The letter talks about religion (Buddhism and Christianity), the different between Nisei and Kibei, and many other topics about daily life at Minidoka.
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