Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

World War II (215)
Concentration camps (1199)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

1199 items
An Oral History with Mitsuhiko H. Shimizu - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-57-1)
vh An Oral History with Mitsuhiko H. Shimizu - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-57-1)
Issei community leader and businessman in Los Angeles's Little Tokyo recounts his arrest by Federal Bureau of Investigation after Pearl Harbor, his experiences in internment camps in North Dakota and Louisiana, and the Manzanar incarceration camp, California. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project, Oral History Program, CSU Fullerton. Translated into …
An Oral History with Katsuma Mukaeda - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-56-1)
vh An Oral History with Katsuma Mukaeda - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-56-1)
Chairman of Japanese American Cultural Center and former president of Japanese Chamber of Commerce recounts conditions of prewar Los Angeles's Little Tokyo, its wartime conversion into a black community, postwar reestablishment as a Japanese-American cultural and commercial center. Includes comments on discriminatory legislation, prewar Japan-American relations. World War II removal and incarceration, camp conditions, wartime repatriation …
An Oral History with Reverend Seytsu Takahashi - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-58-1)
vh An Oral History with Reverend Seytsu Takahashi - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-58-1)
Issei Buddhist bishop and superintendent of Kayasan Temple in Little Tokyo since 1931 recounts his wartime experiences and internment at Fort Missoula, Montana; Livingstone, Louisiana; and Crystal City, Texas. Transcribed in both Japanese and English. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project, Oral History Program, CSU Fullerton. Audio is found in …
Frank Emi oral history interview - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-31-2-1)
vh Frank Emi oral history interview - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-31-2-1)
Oral history of Frank Emi, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-01
Bo Sakaguchi oral history interview - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-31-13-1)
vh Bo Sakaguchi oral history interview - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-31-13-1)
Oral history of Bo Sakaguchi, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-16
An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-55-1)
vh An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-55-1)
Japanese American congressman, representing the Thirteenth Congressional District of California, born and raised in San Jose, California, discusses his early life, graduation from the University of California, Berkeley, and receiving a commission and serving in the armed forces from 1953-1956. Recalls the removal, "relocation," and incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II at the Heart …
Japanese American family (ddr-densho-26-47)
img Japanese American family (ddr-densho-26-47)
Yanagihara family at Minidoka Concentration Camp in Idaho.
Japanese American children (ddr-densho-26-184)
img Japanese American children (ddr-densho-26-184)
Photo taken at the Minidoka concentration camp. Written on back of photograph "taken on Joyce's birthday Aug. 5, 1945 40 Hunty, Idaho"
Recipient list (October 9, 1990) (ddr-janm-4-19)
av Recipient list (October 9, 1990) (ddr-janm-4-19)
Recipient list given the names, age, residence and internment camp of nine individuals. It's dated October 9, 1990.
Goto family (ddr-densho-357-751)
img Goto family (ddr-densho-357-751)
Hanako Terakawa's caption: "Doris and Norma Goto, Poston Arizona Camp."
Goto family (ddr-densho-357-747)
img Goto family (ddr-densho-357-747)
The Goto family addresses this family portrait to Yukie's parents, "To Mom and Pop, Lovingly Yukie, Harry, Norma, and Doris." Hanako Terakawa's caption: "Goto Family, Poston Relocation Center, Arizona 1944."
Goto family (ddr-densho-357-748)
img Goto family (ddr-densho-357-748)
Hanako Terakawa's caption: "Poston 1943, Yuki, Harry, Norma, Doris, Poston Relocation Center." Left to right: Norma Goto, Yukie Goto, Harry Goto, Doris Goto (front).
Yoshioka family in Topaz (ddr-densho-357-733)
img Yoshioka family in Topaz (ddr-densho-357-733)
Private Masaru Yoshioka visits his parents in the camp in Topaz, Utah. Left to right: Yoni Yoshioka, Masaru Yoshioka, Tadaichi Yoshioka.
Tadaichi Yoshioka (ddr-densho-357-766)
img Tadaichi Yoshioka (ddr-densho-357-766)
Hanako Terakawa's caption: "Tadaichi Yoshioka, Topaz Relocation Center, July 1944."
Yoshioka family in Topaz (ddr-densho-357-731)
img Yoshioka family in Topaz (ddr-densho-357-731)
Private Masaru Yoshioka visits his family in the camp in Topaz, Utah. Left to right: Tadaichi Yoshioka, George Yoshioka, Masaru Yoshioka, Yoni Yoshioka, Giichi Yoshioka, June Yoshioka, Vernon Yoshioka (front).
Yoshioka family in Topaz (ddr-densho-357-773)
img Yoshioka family in Topaz (ddr-densho-357-773)
Hanako Terakawa's caption: "Pvt Giichi Yoshioka on leave from army and took picture of Tadaichi and Yoni at Topaz, Utah."
Masaru Yoshioka (ddr-densho-357-732)
img Masaru Yoshioka (ddr-densho-357-732)
Private Masaru Yoshioka addressed this photograph of himself in military uniform taken in the Topaz camp to, "Dearest Mom and Pop, Love Masaru."
Topaz Camp (ddr-densho-357-775)
img Topaz Camp (ddr-densho-357-775)
Hanako Terakawa's caption: "Rock collecting expedition to a canyon."
Goto family (ddr-densho-357-756)
img Goto family (ddr-densho-357-756)
Left to right: Norma Goto, Doris Goto stand in front of the Police building in the Poston camp.
Tadaichi Yoshioka (ddr-densho-357-767)
img Tadaichi Yoshioka (ddr-densho-357-767)
Hanako Terakawa's caption: "Tadaichi Yoshioka, Topaz Relocation Center, July 1944."
Goto family (ddr-densho-357-750)
img Goto family (ddr-densho-357-750)
Hanako Terakawa's caption: "Doris and Norma Goto, Poston Arizona Camp."
Goto family (ddr-densho-357-757)
img Goto family (ddr-densho-357-757)
Left to right: Doris Goto, Yukie Goto, Norma Goto stand in front of the Police building in the Poston camp.
Boy standing on barrack stairs (ddr-csujad-32-20)
img Boy standing on barrack stairs (ddr-csujad-32-20)
Photograph of a boy standing on the stairs of barrack C-D at the Minidoka incarceration camp. Another child is pictured standing off to the side. Photo featured on page 8 of the Minidoka Incarceration Camp Photograph Album (csudh_ben_001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ben_01_001_009_030
Children sitting in front of floral background (ddr-csujad-32-16)
img Children sitting in front of floral background (ddr-csujad-32-16)
Photograph of two children with a floral background behind them, most likely for a play or event at the Minidoka incarceration camp. Photo featured on page 7 of the Minidoka Incarceration Camp Photograph Album (csudh_ben_001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ben_01_001_008_026
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