Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

World War II (216)
Concentration camps (1346)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

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1346 items
An Oral History with Mitsuhiko H. Shimizu - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-57-1)
vh An Oral History with Mitsuhiko H. Shimizu - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-57-1)
Issei community leader and businessman in Los Angeles's Little Tokyo recounts his arrest by Federal Bureau of Investigation after Pearl Harbor, his experiences in internment camps in North Dakota and Louisiana, and the Manzanar incarceration camp, California. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project, Oral History Program, CSU Fullerton. Translated into …
An Oral History with Katsuma Mukaeda - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-56-1)
vh An Oral History with Katsuma Mukaeda - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-56-1)
Chairman of Japanese American Cultural Center and former president of Japanese Chamber of Commerce recounts conditions of prewar Los Angeles's Little Tokyo, its wartime conversion into a black community, postwar reestablishment as a Japanese-American cultural and commercial center. Includes comments on discriminatory legislation, prewar Japan-American relations. World War II removal and incarceration, camp conditions, wartime repatriation …
An Oral History with Reverend Seytsu Takahashi - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-58-1)
vh An Oral History with Reverend Seytsu Takahashi - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-58-1)
Issei Buddhist bishop and superintendent of Kayasan Temple in Little Tokyo since 1931 recounts his wartime experiences and internment at Fort Missoula, Montana; Livingstone, Louisiana; and Crystal City, Texas. Transcribed in both Japanese and English. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project, Oral History Program, CSU Fullerton. Audio is found in …
An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-55-1)
vh An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-29-55-1)
Japanese American congressman, representing the Thirteenth Congressional District of California, born and raised in San Jose, California, discusses his early life, graduation from the University of California, Berkeley, and receiving a commission and serving in the armed forces from 1953-1956. Recalls the removal, "relocation," and incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II at the Heart …
Frank Emi oral history interview - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-31-2-1)
vh Frank Emi oral history interview - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-31-2-1)
Oral history of Frank Emi, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-01
Bo Sakaguchi oral history interview - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-31-13-1)
vh Bo Sakaguchi oral history interview - Segment 1 (ddr-csujad-31-13-1)
Oral history of Bo Sakaguchi, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-16
Letter from Kazuo Ito to Lea Perry, August 21, 1943 (ddr-csujad-56-51)
doc Letter from Kazuo Ito to Lea Perry, August 21, 1943 (ddr-csujad-56-51)
Letter from Kazuo Ito to Lea Perry. The original letters are housed with the Sonoma County Japanese American Citizens League (JACL), and were borrowed for digitization courtesy of the JACL, December 2014. Transcript is found in item: ssu_nbea_9049. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nbea08-01-049
[Nakamura screen printing] (ddr-csujad-56-221)
img [Nakamura screen printing] (ddr-csujad-56-221)
Dorothy Nakamura works on a screen print in the camp printing shop. Page 7 of Kawase Family Photo Album, Book Two. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nbea08-03-030
Letter from Lea Perry to Kazuo Ito, August 1942 (ddr-csujad-56-4)
doc Letter from Lea Perry to Kazuo Ito, August 1942 (ddr-csujad-56-4)
Letter from Lea Perry to Kazuo Ito. The original letters are housed with the Sonoma County Japanese American Citizens League (JACL), and were borrowed for digitization courtesy of the JACL, December 2014. Transcript is found in item: ssu_nbea_9002. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nbea08-01-002
Letter from Kazuo Ito to Lea Perry, December 8, 1942 (ddr-csujad-56-29)
doc Letter from Kazuo Ito to Lea Perry, December 8, 1942 (ddr-csujad-56-29)
Letter from Kazuo Ito to Lea Perry. The original letters are housed with the Sonoma County Japanese American Citizens League (JACL), and were borrowed for digitization courtesy of the JACL, December 2014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nbea08-01-027
[Crop land] (ddr-csujad-56-169)
img [Crop land] (ddr-csujad-56-169)
Field of crops with some trucks on a road in the distance. Photo provided by Tak Kameoka. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nbea08-02-036
[Digging] (ddr-csujad-56-240)
img [Digging] (ddr-csujad-56-240)
Young Japanese American man with shovel full of sand from the banks of the Arkansas River near Camp Amache. Page 26 of Kawase Family Photo Album, Book Two. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nbea08-03-049
Cow-poly (ddr-csujad-56-223)
img Cow-poly (ddr-csujad-56-223)
Young Japanese American incarcerees pose around a sign reading 'We miss you Cow-Poly'. Page 9 of Kawase Family Photo Album, Book Two. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nbea08-03-032
Letter from Lea Perry to Frank Ito and family, May 10, 1944 (ddr-csujad-56-79)
doc Letter from Lea Perry to Frank Ito and family, May 10, 1944 (ddr-csujad-56-79)
Letter from Lea Perry to Frank Ito and family. The original letters are housed with the Sonoma County Japanese American Citizens League (JACL), and were borrowed for digitization courtesy of the JACL, December 2014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nbea08-01-077
Letter from Lea Perry to Kazuo Ito, May 2, 1947 (ddr-csujad-56-127)
doc Letter from Lea Perry to Kazuo Ito, May 2, 1947 (ddr-csujad-56-127)
Letter from Lea Perry to Kazuo Ito. The original letters are housed with the Sonoma County Japanese American Citizens League (JACL), and were borrowed for digitization courtesy of the JACL, December 2014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nbea08-01-125
Letter from Kazuo Ito to Lea Perry, January 4, 1943 (ddr-csujad-56-33)
doc Letter from Kazuo Ito to Lea Perry, January 4, 1943 (ddr-csujad-56-33)
Letter from Kazuo Ito to Lea Perry. The original letters are housed with the Sonoma County Japanese American Citizens League (JACL), and were borrowed for digitization courtesy of the JACL, December 2014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nbea08-01-031
[Amache in the snow] (ddr-csujad-56-186)
img [Amache in the snow] (ddr-csujad-56-186)
Camp Amache photo in the snow. Photo provided by Tak Kameoka. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nbea08-02-053
Letter from Kazuo Ito to Lea Perry, January 27, 1943 (ddr-csujad-56-36)
doc Letter from Kazuo Ito to Lea Perry, January 27, 1943 (ddr-csujad-56-36)
Letter from Kazuo Ito to Lea Perry. The original letters are housed with the Sonoma County Japanese American Citizens League (JACL), and were borrowed for digitization courtesy of the JACL, December 2014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nbea08-01-034
[Ladies group photo] (ddr-csujad-56-210)
img [Ladies group photo] (ddr-csujad-56-210)
Group portrait of young Japanese American women incarcerated at Camp Amache. Page 19 of Kawase Family Photo Album, Book One. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nbea08-03-019
Letter from Kazuo Ito to Lea Perry, December 19, 1944 (ddr-csujad-56-98)
doc Letter from Kazuo Ito to Lea Perry, December 19, 1944 (ddr-csujad-56-98)
Letter from Kazuo Ito to Lea Perry. The original letters are housed with the Sonoma County Japanese American Citizens League (JACL), and were borrowed for digitization courtesy of the JACL, December 2014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nbea08-01-096
Letter from Lea Perry to George Ito, January 7, 1943 (ddr-csujad-56-34)
doc Letter from Lea Perry to George Ito, January 7, 1943 (ddr-csujad-56-34)
Letter from Lea Perry to George Ito. The original letters are housed with the Sonoma County Japanese American Citizens League (JACL), and were borrowed for digitization courtesy of the JACL, December 2014. Transcript is found in item: ssu_nbea_9032. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nbea08-01-032
[Trip to the river] (ddr-csujad-56-144)
img [Trip to the river] (ddr-csujad-56-144)
Wide shot of incarcerees at the river. Photo provided by Tak Kameoka. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nbea08-02-011
[Group photo] (ddr-csujad-56-212)
img [Group photo] (ddr-csujad-56-212)
A group of Japanese American incarcerees standing in sun, wearing coats. Same group in 'Group Photo'. Page 21 of Kawase Family Photo Album, Book One. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nbea08-03-021
Letter from Lea Perry to Kazuo Ito, November 30, 1942 (ddr-csujad-56-27)
doc Letter from Lea Perry to Kazuo Ito, November 30, 1942 (ddr-csujad-56-27)
Letter from Lea Perry to Kazuo Ito. The original letters are housed with the Sonoma County Japanese American Citizens League (JACL), and were borrowed for digitization courtesy of the JACL, December 2014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nbea08-01-025
Letter from Lea Perry to Kazuo Ito, October 5, 1942 (ddr-csujad-56-18)
doc Letter from Lea Perry to Kazuo Ito, October 5, 1942 (ddr-csujad-56-18)
Letter from Lea Perry to Kazuo Ito. The original letters are housed with the Sonoma County Japanese American Citizens League (JACL), and were borrowed for digitization courtesy of the JACL, December 2014. Transcript is found in item: ssu_nbea_9016. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nbea08-01-016
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