Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

World War II (66)
Concentration camps (618)
Education (949)

949 items
High school class (ddr-densho-37-511)
img High school class (ddr-densho-37-511)
Original WRA caption: Granada Relocation Center, Amache, Colorado. Leo W. Kraus instructing high school class in properties of wood.
Schoolchildren landscaping in front of school building (ddr-densho-37-515)
img Schoolchildren landscaping in front of school building (ddr-densho-37-515)
Original WRA caption: Granada Relocation Center, Amache, Colorado. View showing Elementary children landscaping the grounds in front of their barracks school.
Sleeping nursery school children (ddr-densho-37-369)
img Sleeping nursery school children (ddr-densho-37-369)
Original WRA caption: Tule Lake Relocation Center, Newell, California. Nursery school children taking a midafternoon nap. Note the piles of shoes placed at the head of each bed.
High school band members (ddr-densho-37-539)
img High school band members (ddr-densho-37-539)
Original WRA caption: Rohwer Relocation Center, McGehee, Arkansas. A snare drum section of the high school band, in a practice session at the school band room. Most of the student band members are playing instuments for the first time, and the band is fast becoming a matter of much pride among center residents, former west coast …
Home economics class (ddr-densho-37-39)
img Home economics class (ddr-densho-37-39)
Original WRA caption: Students in the high school home economics class.
Nursery school students (ddr-densho-37-165)
img Nursery school students (ddr-densho-37-165)
Original WRA caption: Tule Lake Relocation Center, Newell, California. Nursery school children singing "Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star."
High school graduation (ddr-densho-37-33)
img High school graduation (ddr-densho-37-33)
Original WRA caption: Students of the Hunt High School dress in caps and gowns for Commencement exercises.
Nursery school (ddr-densho-37-167)
img Nursery school (ddr-densho-37-167)
Original WRA caption: Home made toilets for nursery school children.
Sixth-grade students (ddr-densho-37-74)
img Sixth-grade students (ddr-densho-37-74)
Original WRA caption: Sixth grade pupils in the classroom. Miss Mae Hert is the teacher.
Fifth-grade girls playing (ddr-densho-37-77)
img Fifth-grade girls playing (ddr-densho-37-77)
Original WRA caption: The girls of the lower fifth grade, taught by Mrs. Rhoda McGarva, are here shown playing "Two Deep."
Girls preparing for commencement (ddr-densho-37-691)
img Girls preparing for commencement (ddr-densho-37-691)
Original WRA caption: Girls at the Hunt High School, Minidoka Relocation Center, prepare for commencement exercises.
Home economics class (ddr-densho-37-724)
img Home economics class (ddr-densho-37-724)
Original WRA caption: Students in the High School Home Economics Class.
Nursery school child (ddr-densho-37-164)
img Nursery school child (ddr-densho-37-164)
Original WRA caption: Little nursery school girl singing "Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star.
Kindergarten class (ddr-densho-37-382)
img Kindergarten class (ddr-densho-37-382)
Original WRA caption: Tule Lake Segregation Center, Newell, California. A kindergarten class at the Tule Lake Center on the playground.
Grammar school (ddr-densho-37-174)
img Grammar school (ddr-densho-37-174)
Original WRA caption: A view in grammer school at this relocation center.
Camp art exhibit (ddr-densho-37-319)
img Camp art exhibit (ddr-densho-37-319)
Original WRA caption: Tule Lake Relocation Center, Newell, California. An evacuee girl proudly shows friends her art work which was on display in the exhibit shows held on labor day.
Nursery school (ddr-densho-37-163)
img Nursery school (ddr-densho-37-163)
Original WRA caption: Nursery school children with model barracks.
High school graduation (ddr-densho-37-325)
img High school graduation (ddr-densho-37-325)
Original WRA caption: Tule Lake Segregation Center, Newell, California. Guy Ceek, assistant high school principal of Tri-State High School at Tule Lake Center, hands out honor awards at commencement exercises June 16. This was the first commencement since segregation.
Camp high school brass band (ddr-densho-37-533)
img Camp high school brass band (ddr-densho-37-533)
Original WRA caption: Rohwer Relocation Center, McGehee, Arkansas. A part of the brass section of the High School Band, at the Rohwer Center. The students learning to play instruments for the band are former Californians, who, with their parents, were evacuated from stratiegic west coast areas.
High school class (ddr-densho-37-538)
img High school class (ddr-densho-37-538)
Original WRA caption: Rohwer Relocation Center, McGehee, Arkansas. Miss Opal Albright, teacher. Study hall. A converted mess-hall High School.
Hunt High School students (ddr-densho-39-8)
img Hunt High School students (ddr-densho-39-8)
Original museum description: Photograph, black and white glossy of students at Hunt High School in Minidoka internment camp. Eight students- -four boys and four girls--are standing outside the school gymnasium books in hand. One of the female students is Rose (Suzuki) Obata in front right; another is Reiko Miura in front left, Tosh Mano is on …
Japanese American welding (ddr-densho-39-7)
img Japanese American welding (ddr-densho-39-7)
Original museum description: Photograph, black and white glossy taken at Minidoka internment camp. Shows man welding in a shop. Information attached to the back says it is an adult education class in welding. (Info from original museum description)
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