Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

World War II (216)
Concentration camps (1346)
Education (1430)


Use <Ctrl> or (⌘) keys to select multiple terms

1430 items
Manzanar, staff housing (ddr-densho-343-56)
img Manzanar, staff housing (ddr-densho-343-56)
A teacher at Manzanar posing in a swim suit in the staff housing gardens.
Jerome T. Light Dissertation, Vol. I (ddr-densho-327-1)
doc Jerome T. Light Dissertation, Vol. I (ddr-densho-327-1)
"The Development of a Junior-Senior High School Program in a Relocation Center for People of Japanese Ancestry during the War with Japan" is Jerome T. Light's dissertation for his doctorate of Education from Leland Stanford Junior University.
Jerome T. Light Dissertation, Vol. II (ddr-densho-327-2)
doc Jerome T. Light Dissertation, Vol. II (ddr-densho-327-2)
Volume II of Light's dissertation is the appendix for the dissertation.
High school physics class (ddr-densho-159-72)
img High school physics class (ddr-densho-159-72)
Left to right: unknown, Mits Omoto (student teacher), George Yonemura, Harry Williams (teacher), Martha Murakami.
Girls Glee Club (ddr-densho-159-183)
img Girls Glee Club (ddr-densho-159-183)
The Amache High School choir director was Lowell M. Jackson.
High school orchestra (ddr-densho-159-181)
img High school orchestra (ddr-densho-159-181)
The Amache High School orchestra conductor was Charles Hinman.