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Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

World War II (215)
Concentration camps (1219)
Education (1425)


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1425 items
Program, 2nd Annual Commencement, Heart Mountain High School (ddr-csujad-55-907)
doc Program, 2nd Annual Commencement, Heart Mountain High School (ddr-csujad-55-907)
Commencement program for Heart Mountain incarceration camp high school. Includes program schedule and names of 1943 and 1944 graduates. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0909
Minutes from the Heart Mountain Block Chairmen meeting, October 30, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-304)
doc Minutes from the Heart Mountain Block Chairmen meeting, October 30, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-304)
Minutes from the Heart Mountain Block Chairmen meeting. Includes discussion on schools and winter clothing allowances. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0306
Bibliography of books for Poston teachers (ddr-csujad-55-1744)
doc Bibliography of books for Poston teachers (ddr-csujad-55-1744)
Bibliography of books for teachers at Poston incarceration camp. See also sac_jaac_1745. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1746
Student progress report (ddr-csujad-55-141)
doc Student progress report (ddr-csujad-55-141)
Progress report for Taeko Ono's 9th grade Core class at Poston Secondary School. Includes ratings on dependability, resourcefulness, study and work habits, social attitudes, participation habits, and use of the English language. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0143
Personal and family information (ddr-csujad-55-1790)
doc Personal and family information (ddr-csujad-55-1790)
Personal and family information form for students at Poston incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1793
Sentimental journey Hunt High School class reunion of 1943-44 (ddr-csujad-55-2712)
doc Sentimental journey Hunt High School class reunion of 1943-44 (ddr-csujad-55-2712)
This is the last phase of the total program developed for the 1983 Hunt High School Reunion held in Seattle, Washington on June 23 and 24. This pictorial memory book which has been titled The Memoirs, has captured the joys, joviality, nostalgia, and memories of the days that the alumni of Hunt High School were able …
Kokoro no tomo, no. 20 (December 1988) (ddr-csujad-55-49)
doc Kokoro no tomo, no. 20 (December 1988) (ddr-csujad-55-49)
Essay (located on page 17 of booklet) describing the author's experience of starting a school at the Jerome incarceration camp and teaching students at the Gila River incarceration camp. The author reflects on her experience as a teacher in the camps and a Christmas project by her students. See this object in the California State Universities …
Sociology essay (ddr-csujad-55-1923)
doc Sociology essay (ddr-csujad-55-1923)
Sociology essay by Tom Honda for a class assignment at Tri-State High School at Tule Lake incarceration camp. Covers population size as it relates to social problems. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1926
Administrative circular (Parker, Arizona), no. 50 (April 2, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1740)
doc Administrative circular (Parker, Arizona), no. 50 (April 2, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1740)
Brief letter from Miles E. Carey soliciting comments on Dr. Laura Thompson's paper on discipline in a democratic society. Thompson paper, "Traditional Patterns of Discipline and the Problem of Education in Hawaii" is included. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1742
Comparison and contrasts of Poston children with 2 years ago, and with H.I. Schools (ddr-csujad-55-1800)
doc Comparison and contrasts of Poston children with 2 years ago, and with H.I. Schools (ddr-csujad-55-1800)
Form for comparing the present skills of Poston children with their skills two years ago. Includes ratings for quality of English, habits, initiative, attitude, social organization, and favorable observations. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1803
Poston schools: objectives of our schools, teachers' statements (ddr-csujad-55-1691)
doc Poston schools: objectives of our schools, teachers' statements (ddr-csujad-55-1691)
Collected statements on objectives of teachers and public education at Poston incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1693
Students transcripts of record procedure (ddr-csujad-55-1775)
doc Students transcripts of record procedure (ddr-csujad-55-1775)
Handwritten notes on the student transcripts of record procedures at Poston incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1778
Poston Two High School Class of '44 commencement ticket (ddr-csujad-55-1848)
doc Poston Two High School Class of '44 commencement ticket (ddr-csujad-55-1848)
Ticket for the commencement ceremony for the class of 1944 at Poston II high school at Poston incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1851
Principal's bulletin (Parker, Arizona), no. 12 (April 30, 1945) (ddr-csujad-55-1776)
doc Principal's bulletin (Parker, Arizona), no. 12 (April 30, 1945) (ddr-csujad-55-1776)
Principal's Bulletin #12 from Miles E. Cary High School at Poston incarceration camp. Includes note to all teachers from Arthur L. Harris, superintendent of education. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1779
Unit work sheet (ddr-csujad-55-1749)
doc Unit work sheet (ddr-csujad-55-1749)
Blank "unit work sheet" form for Poston Public Schools at Poston incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1751
Letter from Yuri Nishi to Mr. Dallas McLaren, June 20, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-1880)
doc Letter from Yuri Nishi to Mr. Dallas McLaren, June 20, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-1880)
Correspondence from Yuri Nishi to Dallas McLaren regarding Nishi's trip from Poston incarceration camp to Chicago, his current situation in Chicago, and thanking McLaren for his support during Nishi's incarceration at Poston. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1883
Miles E. Cary High Schoo (ddr-csujad-55-1707)
doc Miles E. Cary High Schoo (ddr-csujad-55-1707)
Invitation for the commencement program at Miles E. Cary High School at Poston incarceration camp. Addresses "Mr. & Mrs. McLaren." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1709
El Chaparral 1944-1945 (ddr-csujad-55-2682)
doc El Chaparral 1944-1945 (ddr-csujad-55-2682)
El Chaparral yearbook 1944-1945, the third and final edition, provides information about classes, activities, and sports during the school year. Detailed pictures of the camp are featured in the yearbook. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2846
Card from Junior Class, Tri-State High School, Tule Lake, to Mrs. Eada Silverthorne, June 16, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-1931)
doc Card from Junior Class, Tri-State High School, Tule Lake, to Mrs. Eada Silverthorne, June 16, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-1931)
Thank you card from the Junior Class at Tri-State high school at Tule Lake incarceration camp to Mrs. Eada Silverthorne. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1934
High school gym at Tule Lake (ddr-csujad-55-2206)
img High school gym at Tule Lake (ddr-csujad-55-2206)
Black and white photograph of the exterior of the high school gym building taken from Block 5 at Tule Lake incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2309
Tri-State High School student's report (ddr-csujad-55-1992)
doc Tri-State High School student's report (ddr-csujad-55-1992)
Report card from Tri-State High School at Tule Lake incarceration camp belonging to Allan Minoru Hida reflecting his grades in arts and crafts during his 8th grade year. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1995
Memo from Ethel M. Manning, Librarian, Poston, to Poston teachers, March 18, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-1743)
doc Memo from Ethel M. Manning, Librarian, Poston, to Poston teachers, March 18, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-1743)
Memorandum of understanding from Ethel M. Manning to teachers at Poston incarceration camp regarding books and book reviews available at the library. See also sac_jaac_1746. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1745
Bulletin X to core studies teachers: being suggestive comments dealing for the most part with the various fields of English (ddr-csujad-55-1745)
doc Bulletin X to core studies teachers: being suggestive comments dealing for the most part with the various fields of English (ddr-csujad-55-1745)
Bulletin for core studies teachers at Poston incarceration camp. Includes a list of core teachers, and information on books, library, grammar and sentence structure, objectives for junior high and high school students, written composition, oral composition, reading, book reports, and reading lists. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1747
Student campus pass, Att. Form 6 (ddr-csujad-55-1755)
doc Student campus pass, Att. Form 6 (ddr-csujad-55-1755)
Blank form permitting students to leave the classroom at Poston II school at Poston incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1757
Summary of recommendations for pupils (ddr-csujad-55-1798)
doc Summary of recommendations for pupils (ddr-csujad-55-1798)
Form for summary of teacher recommendations for Poston II Elementary School at Poston incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1801
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