Join us in celebrating Densho's 25th anniversary by attending our free virtual gala on October 23rd and by considering a tribute gift. Learn more at www.densho.org/25gala

Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

World War II (215)
Concentration camps (1219)
Education (1425)


Facilities
Format
Genre
Usage

Use <Ctrl> or (⌘) keys to select multiple terms


1425 items
Teacher and the War Relocation project (ddr-csujad-55-1735)
doc Teacher and the War Relocation project (ddr-csujad-55-1735)
Essay on teachers and the War Relocation Project. Covers the history and activities of the War Relocation Authority and Relocation Centers, evacuation ("mass removal"), consumer enterprises, role of schools in the incarceration camps, WRA educational policy, educational program, relation of incarceration camp schools to public school systems, school population and organization, selection of personnel, school program, …
Inside view Japanese American Evacuee Center at Rohwer, Arkansas, 1941-1945 (ddr-csujad-1-203)
doc Inside view Japanese American Evacuee Center at Rohwer, Arkansas, 1941-1945 (ddr-csujad-1-203)
A booklet compiled by Colburn Cox Stuart, Superintendent of Schools at McGehee, Desha County, Arkansas, 1941-1945. The booklet describes the children and schools in Rohwer, Arkansas, 1941-1945. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ike_04_05_001
Memo from Co-ordinating Committee to the Advisory Council, March 18, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-100)
doc Memo from Co-ordinating Committee to the Advisory Council, March 18, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-100)
Memo regarding employment of priests as social workers and educational lecturers. Recommends employing nine Buddhist priests, stating that they will have greater influence over the students and parents ("colonists"), the majority of whom are Buddhist, than the Japanese Language School teachers would. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0101
[Minutes of the regular meeting of the divisional responsible men and the Co-ordinating committee of the Tule Lake Center, March 10, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-24)
doc [Minutes of the regular meeting of the divisional responsible men and the Co-ordinating committee of the Tule Lake Center, March 10, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-24)
Meeting minutes of incarceree-led Tule Lake Camp government. Described vandalism and profanity incidents within the schools and camp clean-up and fire protection. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0024
Memo from Harry L. Black, Assistant Project Director, to Willard E. Schmidt, Chief of Police, re: disorders in Block #54, June 2, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-83)
doc Memo from Harry L. Black, Assistant Project Director, to Willard E. Schmidt, Chief of Police, re: disorders in Block #54, June 2, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-83)
Discusses imprisonment in the stockade of 12 incarcerees and tension concerning the Japanese Language Schools and the schools in the camps, detailing what it terms "terrorist tactics" on the part of the Japanese Language School's proponents and concluding that the Project Director is justified in using the stockade for disciplinary purposes. The document also includes the …
Toshio Oku photo album (ddr-csujad-3-22)
img Toshio Oku photo album (ddr-csujad-3-22)
Photo album is a collection of landscape and panoramic photos of Tule Lake incarceration camp, holiday greeting cards, photos of a fire, graduation portrait of Toshio Oku, group photo of the Electrical Department, and inside the print shop of the Newell Star. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_023
Toshio Oku graduation photo (ddr-csujad-3-8)
img Toshio Oku graduation photo (ddr-csujad-3-8)
Portrait of Toshio Oku in what appears to be high school graduation cap and gown taken at Tule Lake. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_008
[High school graduation] (ddr-csujad-5-46)
img [High school graduation] (ddr-csujad-5-46)
A group photograph of the incarcerees standing in front of a barrack, 27-12-D, in the Rohwer incarceration camp, Arkansas. It appears to be taken during the high school graduation ceremony. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_01_05_032
1944 Resume (ddr-csujad-5-304)
1944 Resume (ddr-csujad-5-304)
A high school yearbook titled "1944 Resume." Published by the Class of 1944, Rohwer Center High School in the Rohwer incarceration camp, Arkansas. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_07_09_001
Mrs. Akiko Suda (ddr-csujad-8-66)
doc Mrs. Akiko Suda (ddr-csujad-8-66)
Oral history interview with Mrs. Akiko Suda. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Suda, Mrs Akiko
Kou Uyemaruko (ddr-csujad-8-81)
doc Kou Uyemaruko (ddr-csujad-8-81)
Oral history interview with Kou Uyemaruko [Ko Uemaruko]. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Uyemaruko, Kou
Masao Araki (ddr-csujad-8-4)
doc Masao Araki (ddr-csujad-8-4)
Oral history interview with Masao Araki. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Araki, Masao
Helen Hasegawa (ddr-csujad-8-17)
doc Helen Hasegawa (ddr-csujad-8-17)
Oral history interview with Helen Hasegawa. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Hasegawa, Helen
Takashi Tsutsui interview (ddr-csujad-6-35)
doc Takashi Tsutsui interview (ddr-csujad-6-35)
Oral history interview with Takashi Tsutsui. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TSUTSUI_TAKASHI
Anne Moore interview (ddr-csujad-6-23)
doc Anne Moore interview (ddr-csujad-6-23)
Oral history interview with Anne Moore. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_MOORE_ANNE
Welcome Letter to Amache Elementary School (ddr-csujad-7-33)
img Welcome Letter to Amache Elementary School (ddr-csujad-7-33)
Letter welcoming students to the Amache Elementary School. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Welcome Letter_P01
Rhythm show program (ddr-csujad-7-30)
doc Rhythm show program (ddr-csujad-7-30)
Program for a play/concert put on by high school students at Amache. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Rhythm Show Program
Adult education program (ddr-csujad-7-16)
img Adult education program (ddr-csujad-7-16)
Advertisement and schedule of courses for adult education at the Amache incarceration camp. Text in English and Japanese. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_The Adult Education Program
Michio and June Toshiyuki (ddr-csujad-8-77)
doc Michio and June Toshiyuki (ddr-csujad-8-77)
Oral history interview with Michio and June Toshiyuki. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Toshiyuki, Michio and June
Kazuye Matsunaga (ddr-csujad-8-38)
doc Kazuye Matsunaga (ddr-csujad-8-38)
Oral history interview with Kazuye [Kazue] Matsunaga. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Matsunaga, Kazuye
Misae Oku receiving instruction from instructor, Mrs. Sadako Yasue (ddr-csujad-14-22)
img Misae Oku receiving instruction from instructor, Mrs. Sadako Yasue (ddr-csujad-14-22)
Misaye [Misae] Oku receiving instruction from instructor, Mrs. Sadako Yasue, in sewing class at Rohwer incarceration camp. March 7, 1943. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_022
Alice Hifuni, Nisei high school student at Heart Mountain incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-10)
img Alice Hifuni, Nisei high school student at Heart Mountain incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-10)
Alice Hifuni, Nisei high school student at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. January 9, 1943. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_010
Ninth grade classroom at Rohwer incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-21)
img Ninth grade classroom at Rohwer incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-21)
Ninth grade classroom at Rohwer incarceration camp. Teacher is Mrs. M.H. Ziegler. November 24, 1942. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_021
Grade school library in one of barracks at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-44)
img Grade school library in one of barracks at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-44)
Grade school library in one of barracks at Granada incarceration camp. Photo by Tom Parker. December 11, 1942. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_f09
Three high school students with their calves at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-5)
img Three high school students with their calves at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-5)
Three high school students with their calves at Granada incarceration camp. December 11, 1942. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_005
API