Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

World War II (231)
Concentration camps (1434)
Education (1448)

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1448 items
Desert daze, vol. 1, no. 2 (May 27, 1943) (ddr-csujad-35-3)
doc Desert daze, vol. 1, no. 2 (May 27, 1943) (ddr-csujad-35-3)
An issue of a newspaper, "Desert daze" published by Poston I Junior High School. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: kuw_01_03_001
Desert daze, vol. 3 (March 28-29, 1945) (ddr-csujad-35-10)
doc Desert daze, vol. 3 (March 28-29, 1945) (ddr-csujad-35-10)
An issue of a newspaper, "Desert daze" published by Poston I Junior High School. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: kuw_01_10_001
Manzanar High School auditorium (ddr-csujad-36-3)
img Manzanar High School auditorium (ddr-csujad-36-3)
Photograph of Manzanar incarceration camp buildings, including the Manzanar High School auditorium and sports facilities. A photo from: Manzanar Photo Album. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: man_01_003
Commencement exercises Poston III Senior High School (ddr-csujad-38-355)
doc Commencement exercises Poston III Senior High School (ddr-csujad-38-355)
A program for the Poston III Senior High School commencement exercises held on June 26, 1943. The caption reads: Poston's first graduation. It includes a list of the graduates. An item from: Mitzi Naohara scrapbook (csudh_nao_0400), page 5. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nao_03_06_001
324 whole group nursery (ddr-csujad-38-202)
img 324 whole group nursery (ddr-csujad-38-202)
A group photograph of children and teachers of the nursery at the Poston camp in Arizona. Teachers include: Betty Aoyagi, Mitzi Masukawa Naohara, and Hruye Koga. The caption reads: 324 whole group nursery, 3/44. Title from caption. A photo from: Mitzi Naohara photo album (csudh_nao_0200), page 5. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese …
Card from Emiko Satake to Mitzi Naohara, February 14, 1944 (ddr-csujad-38-410)
doc Card from Emiko Satake to Mitzi Naohara, February 14, 1944 (ddr-csujad-38-410)
A Valentine's Day card from Emi [Emiko] Satake at age 4, one of Mitzi Masukawa Naohara's nursery school children at the Poston camp in Arizona. An item from: Mitzi Naohara scrapbook (csudh_nao_0400), page 34. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nao_03_35_002
Poston school teacher, Barbara Washler (ddr-csujad-38-175)
img Poston school teacher, Barbara Washler (ddr-csujad-38-175)
Photographed is Barbara Washler, a high school teacher at the Poston camp in Arizona. The caption reads: Poston school teacher, Barbara Washler. Title from caption. A photo from: Mitzi Naohara photo album (csudh_nao_0200), page 3. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nao_02_03_005
Poston Arizona pre-school children (ddr-csujad-38-164)
img Poston Arizona pre-school children (ddr-csujad-38-164)
Photographed are preschool children incarcerated at the Poston camp in Arizona. The caption reads: Poston Arizona Pre-school children. Title from caption. "KF476" is stamped on the backside. A photo from: Mitzi Naohara photo album (csudh_nao_0200), page 1. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nao_02_01_001
Bookmark, 1st anniversary of Poston Public Library at 325 (ddr-csujad-38-411)
doc Bookmark, 1st anniversary of Poston Public Library at 325 (ddr-csujad-38-411)
A bookmark created for the first anniversary of Poston Public Library at Block 325, the Poston camp in Arizona. An item from: Mitzi Naohara scrapbook (csudh_nao_0400), page 35. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nao_03_36_001
Commencement exercises Class of 1945 (ddr-csujad-38-373)
doc Commencement exercises Class of 1945 (ddr-csujad-38-373)
A program of the Parker Valley High School commencement exercises for Class of 1945 held at the Highs School Auditorium in the Poston camp in Arizona, on Thursday May 31, 1945. It includes names of the graduates. An announcement card is attached. An item from: Mitzi Naohara scrapbook (csudh_nao_0400), page 15. See this object in the …
Card from Parker Valley High School to Mitzi Naohara, August 30, 1944 (ddr-csujad-38-366)
doc Card from Parker Valley High School to Mitzi Naohara, August 30, 1944 (ddr-csujad-38-366)
An invitation card to the opening ceremony of the Parker Valley High School's new auditorium at the Poston III in Arizona. It was sent to Mitzi Masukawa Naohara at Block 318-2-C in the Poston camp in Arizona. An item from: Mitzi Naohara scrapbook (csudh_nao_0400), page 12. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
Kay, Terry, Aiko, Grace, Emily (ddr-csujad-38-177)
img Kay, Terry, Aiko, Grace, Emily (ddr-csujad-38-177)
Photographed are Kay, Terry, Aiko, Grace, and Emily at the Poston incarceration camp in Arizona. They are probably teachers of the preschool at the camp. The caption reads: Kay, Terry, Aiko, Grace, Emily. Title from caption. A photo from: Mitzi Naohara photo album (csudh_nao_0200), page 3. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
Poston High School being built (ddr-csujad-38-170)
img Poston High School being built (ddr-csujad-38-170)
Photographed is the construction of the Poston High School in the camp. The caption reads: Poston High School being built. Title from caption. A photo from: Mitzi Naohara photo album (csudh_nao_0200), page 2. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nao_02_02_005
Commencement exercises (ddr-csujad-38-371)
doc Commencement exercises (ddr-csujad-38-371)
A program of the Parker Valley High School commencement exercises held at the High School Auditorium, the Poston camp in Arizona on Saturday June 10, 1944. It includes names of the graduates. An item from: Mitzi Naohara scrapbook (csudh_nao_0400), page 14. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nao_03_15_001
Table 5 (ddr-csujad-38-370)
doc Table 5 (ddr-csujad-38-370)
An item used at a party for teachers held at the Adobe High School at the Poston camp in Arizona. An item from: Mitzi Naohara scrapbook (csudh_nao_0400), page 13. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nao_03_14_004
Card to Mitzi Naohara, October 29, 1944 (ddr-csujad-38-414)
doc Card to Mitzi Naohara, October 29, 1944 (ddr-csujad-38-414)
An invitation card to a meeting with Mrs. P. Teener held at the Poston camp in Arizona on October 29, 1944. An item from: Mitzi Naohara scrapbook (csudh_nao_0400), page 36. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nao_03_37_001
Mitzi Naohara scrapbook (ddr-csujad-38-341)
img Mitzi Naohara scrapbook (ddr-csujad-38-341)
A scrapbook compiled by Mitzi Masukawa Naohara. Contained are items collected by Mitzi Masukawa during her incarceration at the Poston camp in Arizona, which include postcards, greeting cards, birthday cards, and invitation cards to events, such as, weddings, farewell parties, and dance events. She was a preschool teacher at the Poston camp and the collected items …
Card to Miss Mitzi Masukawa, May 25, 1945 (ddr-csujad-38-415)
doc Card to Miss Mitzi Masukawa, May 25, 1945 (ddr-csujad-38-415)
An invitation card to the farewell party, "Sayonara party," held in honor of the teachers and staff of Poston III camp in Arizona, on May 25, 1945. It was sent to Mitzi Masukawa Naohara who was a preschool teacher at the camp. An item from: Mitzi Naohara scrapbook (csudh_nao_0400), page 36. See this object in the …
Card from Minoru Hosaka to Miss Masukawa (ddr-csujad-38-390)
doc Card from Minoru Hosaka to Miss Masukawa (ddr-csujad-38-390)
A Christmas greeting card from Minoru Hosaka who was Mitzi Masukawa Naohara's student at the nursery and kindergarten at the Poston camp in Arizona. It was probably sent to Mitzi while she was incarcerated at the Poston camp. The caption reads: Pupil in Nursery 2yrs. Kdgtn. 1 yr. An item from: Mitzi Naohara scrapbook (csudh_nao_0400), page …
Bookmark, 2nd anniversary Poston 3 Public Library (ddr-csujad-38-413)
doc Bookmark, 2nd anniversary Poston 3 Public Library (ddr-csujad-38-413)
A bookmark created for the second anniversary of Poston III Public Library at Block 325 in the Poston camp in Arizona. An item from: Mitzi Naohara scrapbook (csudh_nao_0400), page 35. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nao_03_36_003
Card from Emi and William Oyama to Mitzi Naohara, February 14, 1944 (ddr-csujad-38-360)
doc Card from Emi and William Oyama to Mitzi Naohara, February 14, 1944 (ddr-csujad-38-360)
St. Valentine's Day card from Mitzi Masukawa Naohara's 324 nursery students, Emi and William Oyama. The caption describes the kids activities on the St. Valentine's Day at the nursery at the Poston camp, Arizona. An item from: Mitzi Naohara scrapbook (csudh_nao_0400), page 9. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: …
Nursery schools (ddr-csujad-38-578)
doc Nursery schools (ddr-csujad-38-578)
Mitzi Masukawa's notebook for nursery schools. It appears that she attended a training course for preschool teachers at the Poston camp in Arizona. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nao_05_16_001
Card to Mitzi Naohara, February 24, 1944 (ddr-csujad-38-379)
doc Card to Mitzi Naohara, February 24, 1944 (ddr-csujad-38-379)
An invitation card to the Denson Highs School commencement exercises, Class of 1944, held in the Jerome camp in Arkansas on February 24, 1944. It was sent from Misao Oka at the Jerome camp in Arkansas to Mitzi Masukawa Naohara at the Poston camp in Arizona. An item from: Mitzi Naohara scrapbook (csudh_nao_0400), page 18. See …
Block R's of Block 318 (ddr-csujad-38-189)
img Block R's of Block 318 (ddr-csujad-38-189)
Photographed are Todd, Tosh, Ben, and John, who are members of "Block R's of Block 318," a Nisei men's club of the high school, at the Poston camp in Arizona. The caption reads: Block R's of Block 318, 1943, Poston, Ariz. Title from caption. A photo from: Mitzi Naohara photo album (csudh_nao_0200), page 4. See this …
Reserve ticket (ddr-csujad-38-374)
doc Reserve ticket (ddr-csujad-38-374)
A reserve ticket, II-N-6, for the Parker Valley High School commencement exercises held at the High School Auditorium in the Poston camp in Arizona on Thursday May 31, 1945. An item from: Mitzi Naohara scrapbook (csudh_nao_0400), page 15. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: nao_03_16_002
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