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Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

World War II (215)
Concentration camps (1219)
Education (1425)


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1425 items
Comprehensive exam, Core I (ddr-csujad-55-1807)
doc Comprehensive exam, Core I (ddr-csujad-55-1807)
Examination form for the Core I class at Poston incarceration camp. Includes 10 questions related to reading, grammar, language, and writing. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1810
Sociology essay (ddr-csujad-55-1922)
doc Sociology essay (ddr-csujad-55-1922)
Sociology essay by Tommy Kiyama for a class assignment at Tri-State High School at Tule Lake incarceration camp. Covers population size as it relates to social life and problems at Tule Lake. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1925
High lights and summary of Denver conference of WRA superintendents (ddr-csujad-55-1732)
doc High lights and summary of Denver conference of WRA superintendents (ddr-csujad-55-1732)
Report on the conference of War Relocation Authority superintendents. Covers challenges, goals, and developments in the educational programs at incarceration camps. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1734
Courtland Joint Union Hi School Student Body membership card (ddr-csujad-55-1973)
doc Courtland Joint Union Hi School Student Body membership card (ddr-csujad-55-1973)
Membership card for the Courtland Joint Union Hi School Student Body belonging to Masako Adachi. From the Masako Adachi scrapbook, page 20. See also sac_jaac_1953. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1976
Where will Poston children attend school in September 1945? (ddr-csujad-55-1824)
doc Where will Poston children attend school in September 1945? (ddr-csujad-55-1824)
Report by Arthur L. Harris, Superintendent of Education, on the status of Poston schools following the closure of Poston incarceration camp. Covers important dates, accreditation, transferring credits, school records, and frequently asked questions. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1827
Student campus pass, Att. Form 6 rev. (ddr-csujad-55-1756)
doc Student campus pass, Att. Form 6 rev. (ddr-csujad-55-1756)
Blank form permitting students to leave the classroom at Poston II school at Poston incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1758
Recommendations by the Committee on Educational Programs Incident in Closing WRA Centers, War Relocation Authority, Community Management Division, Education Section (ddr-csujad-55-1695)
doc Recommendations by the Committee on Educational Programs Incident in Closing WRA Centers, War Relocation Authority, Community Management Division, Education Section (ddr-csujad-55-1695)
Report and recommendations by the Committee on Educational Programs Incident in Closing WRA Centers regarding placement of teachers, transfer of property, school records, documentation, time of closing, school activities, information concerning the centers to which pupils are transferred, and relationships with state department of education, education associations, and other professional organizations. See this object in the …
Senior edition (ddr-csujad-55-1932)
doc Senior edition (ddr-csujad-55-1932)
Yearbook for Tri-State High School at Tule Lake incarceration camp. Includes dedication, forward, list of staff, honorary cabinet members, messages from the school principal and class president, hall of fame, class will, calendar of events, class prophecy, and page for signatures. Includes illustrations. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: …
Flame lighted behind barbed wire (ddr-csujad-55-2523)
doc Flame lighted behind barbed wire (ddr-csujad-55-2523)
Newspaper clipping from "The Fresno bee"reflecting on the influence of Margaret Gunderson, a teacher at Tule Lake incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2630
Bullador (June 1, 1945) (ddr-csujad-55-1710)
doc Bullador (June 1, 1945) (ddr-csujad-55-1710)
Newsletter, "El Bullador," published by Poston II high school at Poston incarceration camp. Includes articles on the senior class will, Philadelphia representative visit, Kazuo Hironaka, Hiroshi Kamei, and ""ten years from now."" See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1712
Sociology essay (ddr-csujad-55-1917)
doc Sociology essay (ddr-csujad-55-1917)
Sociology essay written by Hideko Yogi for a class assignment at Tri-State High School at Tule Lake incarceration camp. Covers discrimination against minority groups and democracy. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1920
Commencement speech (ddr-csujad-55-1910)
doc Commencement speech (ddr-csujad-55-1910)
Speech given by Jiro Enomoto at the commencement ceremony for Tri-State High School, Tule Lake, covering the challenges and responsibilities facing Nisei. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1913
Letter from Joseph Ogawa to Mr. Dallas McLaren, May 13, 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-1882)
doc Letter from Joseph Ogawa to Mr. Dallas McLaren, May 13, 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-1882)
Correspondence from Joseph Ogawa to Dallas McLaren regarding Ogawa's studies at the University of Nebraska, his service in the armed forces, and expressing gratitude for McLaren's support. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1885
Poston committee report on school curriculum (ddr-csujad-55-1728)
doc Poston committee report on school curriculum (ddr-csujad-55-1728)
Report and recommendations on the school curriculum at Poston incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1730
Corridor pass (ddr-csujad-55-1763)
doc Corridor pass (ddr-csujad-55-1763)
Blank corridor pass form for Poston II school at Poston incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1765
Partial list of those who registered (ddr-csujad-55-1859)
doc Partial list of those who registered (ddr-csujad-55-1859)
Partial list of individuals who registered for the Poston II High School reunion for the graduating classes of 1943, 1944, and 1945 in San Jose, California. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1862
Questionnaire (ddr-csujad-55-1836)
doc Questionnaire (ddr-csujad-55-1836)
Handwritten questionnaire for students who left Poston incarceration camp. Covers circumstances for leaving, reflections on school, and current activities. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1839
Letter from Leo Uchida to James Waegell, Jack, and George, May 22, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-2336)
doc Letter from Leo Uchida to James Waegell, Jack, and George, May 22, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-2336)
Correspondence from Leo Uchida to Jim [James Waegell], Jack, and George regarding Uchida's life and schooling at Manzanar incarceration camp during World War II. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2442
Letter from Kenneth Hori to George (ddr-csujad-55-2552)
doc Letter from Kenneth Hori to George (ddr-csujad-55-2552)
Correspondence from Kenneth Hori to George thanking George for sending the candy to him. Kenneth also stated that he started school and is taking geometry, English, and American history. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2659
Sociology essay (ddr-csujad-55-1920)
doc Sociology essay (ddr-csujad-55-1920)
Sociology essay written by Sawae Iwamoto for a class assignment at Tri-State High School at Tule Lake incarceration camp. Covers population and it's impact on community life. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1923
Senior banquet, Class of 1945,
doc Senior banquet, Class of 1945, "action speaks lauder than words" (ddr-csujad-55-1706)
Program for the Senior Banquet for the class of 1945 at Poston II incarceration camp. Includes menu, program schedule, and acknowledgements. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1708
Commencement program, Federal High School (ddr-csujad-55-1420)
doc Commencement program, Federal High School (ddr-csujad-55-1420)
Program for the Federal High School graduation ceremony at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. For scrapbook page with programs see sac_jaac_1421. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 76. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1422
Student check out procedure (ddr-csujad-55-1774)
doc Student check out procedure (ddr-csujad-55-1774)
Handwritten notes on the student checkout procedures at Poston incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1777
Invitation to the spring art exhibit at Poston II High School (ddr-csujad-55-1886)
doc Invitation to the spring art exhibit at Poston II High School (ddr-csujad-55-1886)
Invitation to the spring art exhibit at Poston II high school at Poston incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1889
Class of 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-2679)
doc Class of 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-2679)
Tule Lake memory book for Tri-State High class of 1945. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2843
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