Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

World War II (216)
Concentration camps (1245)
Education (1428)

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1428 items
Marion Tsutakawa Kanemoto Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-148-26)
vh Marion Tsutakawa Kanemoto Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-148-26)
Attending a makeshift high school in camp: "it was a very sparse situation"
Akiko Kurose Interview I Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-41-19)
vh Akiko Kurose Interview I Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-41-19)
Graduating from high school in Minidoka concentration camp, Idaho
Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-92-21)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-92-21)
Going from student to teacher at school

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Hank Shozo Umemoto Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-294-18)
vh Hank Shozo Umemoto Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-294-18)
Attending school in camp: memorable teachers

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Min Tonai Interview I Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-354-28)
vh Min Tonai Interview I Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-354-28)
Being called upon to teach a high school class in camp

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department …

Min Tonai Interview I Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-354-27)
vh Min Tonai Interview I Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-354-27)
Attending school in camp

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Aya Uenishi Medrud Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-213-13)
vh Aya Uenishi Medrud Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-213-13)
Attending school in camp and learning civics: "this doesn't make sense"
Betty Tanakatsubo Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-343-10)
vh Betty Tanakatsubo Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-343-10)
Graduating from high school in camp

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Henry Miyatake Interview II Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-54-9)
vh Henry Miyatake Interview II Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-54-9)
Trying to start a collection for Gordon Hirabayashi, encountering resistance
Henry Miyatake Interview II Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-54-15)
vh Henry Miyatake Interview II Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-54-15)
Civic lessons in camp, struggling with school rules and regulations
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