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Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

World War II (54)
Concentration camps (556)
Education (782)

782 items
[Minutes of the regular meeting of the divisional responsible men and the Co-ordinating committee of the Tule Lake Center, March 10, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-24)
doc [Minutes of the regular meeting of the divisional responsible men and the Co-ordinating committee of the Tule Lake Center, March 10, 1944] (ddr-csujad-2-24)
Meeting minutes of incarceree-led Tule Lake Camp government. Described vandalism and profanity incidents within the schools and camp clean-up and fire protection. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0024
Memo from Co-ordinating Committee to the Advisory Council, March 18, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-100)
doc Memo from Co-ordinating Committee to the Advisory Council, March 18, 1944 (ddr-csujad-2-100)
Memo regarding employment of priests as social workers and educational lecturers. Recommends employing nine Buddhist priests, stating that they will have greater influence over the students and parents ("colonists"), the majority of whom are Buddhist, than the Japanese Language School teachers would. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0101
Takashi Tsutsui interview (ddr-csujad-6-35)
doc Takashi Tsutsui interview (ddr-csujad-6-35)
Oral history interview with Takashi Tsutsui. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TSUTSUI_TAKASHI
Welcome Letter to Amache Elementary School (ddr-csujad-7-33)
img Welcome Letter to Amache Elementary School (ddr-csujad-7-33)
Letter welcoming students to the Amache Elementary School. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Welcome Letter_P01
Adult education program (ddr-csujad-7-16)
img Adult education program (ddr-csujad-7-16)
Advertisement and schedule of courses for adult education at the Amache incarceration camp. Text in English and Japanese. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_The Adult Education Program
Masao Araki (ddr-csujad-8-4)
doc Masao Araki (ddr-csujad-8-4)
Oral history interview with Masao Araki. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Araki, Masao
Helen Hasegawa (ddr-csujad-8-17)
doc Helen Hasegawa (ddr-csujad-8-17)
Oral history interview with Helen Hasegawa. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Hasegawa, Helen
Kazuye Matsunaga (ddr-csujad-8-38)
doc Kazuye Matsunaga (ddr-csujad-8-38)
Oral history interview with Kazuye [Kazue] Matsunaga. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Matsunaga, Kazuye
Fourth grade school in Barracks 35-4-B at Rohwer incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-63)
img Fourth grade school in Barracks 35-4-B at Rohwer incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-63)
Fourth grade school in Barracks 35-4-B at Rohwer incarceration camp. Teacher is Nareen Oura. November 24, 1942. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_f28
Grade school library in one of barracks at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-44)
img Grade school library in one of barracks at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-44)
Grade school library in one of barracks at Granada incarceration camp. Photo by Tom Parker. December 11, 1942. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_f09
Ninth grade classroom at Rohwer incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-21)
img Ninth grade classroom at Rohwer incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-21)
Ninth grade classroom at Rohwer incarceration camp. Teacher is Mrs. M.H. Ziegler. November 24, 1942. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_021
High school Junior Class dance at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-43)
img High school Junior Class dance at Granada incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-14-43)
High school Junior Class dance at Granada incarceration camp. December 11, 1942. Photo by Tom Parker. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_TOMO_f08
Desert Sentinel, Vol. I. No. 15, June 21, 1943 (ddr-csujad-17-1)
doc Desert Sentinel, Vol. I. No. 15, June 21, 1943 (ddr-csujad-17-1)
School newspaper published at the Gila River incarceration camp. According to an announcement on the back page, publication seeks to make known the War Relocation Authority's "plans and policies," the results of Community Council deliberations, and various regulations and news about life at the Gila River Incarceration Camp. Issue features articles about and by the Camp's ...
Desert Sentinel, Vol. I No. 12, May 14, 1943 (ddr-csujad-17-2)
doc Desert Sentinel, Vol. I No. 12, May 14, 1943 (ddr-csujad-17-2)
School newspaper published at the Gila River incarceration camp. Features and items include a report on a bond drive and on a "Kampus Karnival"; news about the debate team and about a talent show, as well as about goings-on at Topaz, Utah; Manzanar, California; Echoes, Wyoming; Hunt, Idaho; and Amache, Colorado; and illustrations. See this object ...
Desert Sentinel, Vol. I No. 3, December 24, 1942 (ddr-csujad-17-4)
doc Desert Sentinel, Vol. I No. 3, December 24, 1942 (ddr-csujad-17-4)
School newspaper published at the Gila River incarceration camp. Features and topics include a constitution and new principal for Butte High School; news of campus, sports, and social and holiday events; items about classes, students and teachers; and short prose and poetry pieces. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ...
Deserted Senses [spoof title for Desert Sentinel], Vol. I, No. 9, April 1, 1943 (ddr-csujad-17-3)
doc Deserted Senses [spoof title for Desert Sentinel], Vol. I, No. 9, April 1, 1943 (ddr-csujad-17-3)
School newspaper published at the Gila River incarceration camp; this is an April Fools' Day issue with articles and illustrations making fun of life at camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JARC_04-01_03
Granada Pioneer, Edition 2, Issue 21, January 15, 1944 (ddr-csujad-17-9)
doc Granada Pioneer, Edition 2, Issue 21, January 15, 1944 (ddr-csujad-17-9)
Newspaper published at the Granada incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JARC_02-07_04
Granada Pioneer, Edition 2, Issue 20, January 8, 1944 (ddr-csujad-17-8)
doc Granada Pioneer, Edition 2, Issue 20, January 8, 1944 (ddr-csujad-17-8)
Newspaper published at the Granada incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JARC_02-07_03
Granada Pioneer, Vol. I, No.5, November 11, 1942 (ddr-csujad-17-6)
doc Granada Pioneer, Vol. I, No.5, November 11, 1942 (ddr-csujad-17-6)
Newspaper published at the Granada incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JARC_02-01_06
Granada Pioneer, Vol. I, No.61, May 1, 1943 (ddr-csujad-17-7)
doc Granada Pioneer, Vol. I, No.61, May 1, 1943 (ddr-csujad-17-7)
Newspaper published at the Granada incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JARC_02-04_01
Structural report, institutional adjustments, V: educational institutions (ddr-csujad-26-20)
doc Structural report, institutional adjustments, V: educational institutions (ddr-csujad-26-20)
Essay observing education levels, types of students, and establishment of education programs at Tule Lake for English speaking students. Includes descriptions of programs for various age groups including nursery, primary, secondary, adult education, college and the Student Relocation Council. Report compiled as a portion of the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS). See this object ...
Personality cards (ddr-csujad-26-38)
doc Personality cards (ddr-csujad-26-38)
Journal entries written by high school students discussing their observations and perspectives on a variety of topics including classes, class discussions, assignments, grades, exams, homework and studying, interclass sports, graduation, dances, and a carnival fundraiser for yearbook. Each entry includes the full date and student name. The entries were part of a class assignment and collected ...
Nursery school (ddr-csujad-26-97)
img Nursery school (ddr-csujad-26-97)
Children and teacher raising hands in a nursery school classroom. Caption on back of photograph reads, "Nursery school." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_034
High school English (ddr-csujad-26-85)
img High school English (ddr-csujad-26-85)
A crowded classroom filled with students taking notes. Caption on back of photograph reads, "High school English." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_022
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