Education

Schools were quickly organized in the concentration camps, but they suffered from crude facilities and lack of teaching materials. Instruction was given for nursery through high school, and adult education was offered. Trained teachers were in short supply, however, and uncertified Japanese Americans with college degrees often filled in. The War Relocation Authority (WRA) deliberately emphasized Americanization in the education program. Some found it painfully ironic to watch incarcerated youth recite the Pledge of Allegiance.

World War II (215)
Concentration camps (1199)
Education (1423)

1423 items
Japanese American school class photograph (ddr-densho-26-93)
img Japanese American school class photograph (ddr-densho-26-93)
Minidoka school class photograph. Written on back "Mrs. Yanagiharu 7 cents April 1945"
Group of women at Minidoka incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-32-11)
img Group of women at Minidoka incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-32-11)
Group photograph of women standing in front of Miss Queen's grade three classroom at the Minidoka incarceration camp. Photo featured on page 6 of the Minidoka Incarceration Camp Photograph Album (csudh_ben_001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ben_01_001_007_020
Children in classroom (ddr-csujad-32-27)
img Children in classroom (ddr-csujad-32-27)
Photograph of children sitting at desks most likely in a classroom at the Minidoka incarceration camp. Photo featured on page 13 of the Minidoka Incarceration Camp Photograph Album (csudh_ben_001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ben_01_001_014_045
Minidoka incarceration camp photograph album (ddr-csujad-32-1)
img Minidoka incarceration camp photograph album (ddr-csujad-32-1)
The photograph album contains 69 photographs from mostly the Minidoka incarceration camp. It may have been compiled by Lona Haug, vice-principal of the Blk 10 school at the Minidoka incarceration camp in 1943. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ben_01_001
Children in classroom (ddr-csujad-32-24)
img Children in classroom (ddr-csujad-32-24)
Group photograph of children and two adults most likely in a classroom at the Minidoka incarceration camp. Photo featured on page 9 of the Minidoka Incarceration Camp Photograph Album (csudh_ben_001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ben_01_001_010_035
Flag raising at Minidoka incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-32-26)
img Flag raising at Minidoka incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-32-26)
Group photograph of children watching a flag being raised at the Minidoka incarceration camp. Photo featured on page 12 of the Minidoka Incarceration Camp Photograph Album (csudh_ben_001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ben_01_001_013_044
Photograph of a group of women in front of staff housing (ddr-csujad-47-172)
img Photograph of a group of women in front of staff housing (ddr-csujad-47-172)
Photograph of the residents of the newly-constructed bachelorette dorms standing in the snow in front of staff housing at Manzanar incarceration camp. From left to right: Nona Winchester (secretary), Edith Cox (teacher), ____, Lena Harrison (teacher), Susan Shoaf (secretary), Martha Shoaf (teacher), Ione Bermaye (teacher), and Gretchen Ingalls (teacher). The snow-covered Inyo Mountains can be seen …
Photograph of Lucille Bouche in front of the Department of Education (ddr-csujad-47-168)
img Photograph of Lucille Bouche in front of the Department of Education (ddr-csujad-47-168)
Photograph of Lucille Smith Bouche and another standing in front of the Department of Education office at Manzanar incarceration camp. The sign next to the door reads, "Apt. 3." A chain and a lock is hanging on the door and there are wooden steps with a doormat in front. See this object in the California State …
Photograph of Clyde Simpson standing in front of barracks (ddr-csujad-47-169)
img Photograph of Clyde Simpson standing in front of barracks (ddr-csujad-47-169)
Photograph of Clyde Simpson holding a piece of paper in front of a barracks at Manzanar incarceration camp. A woman can be seen walking in the background, and a man is standing in the doorway. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ecm_merritt_0295
Sentinel supplement (February 13, 1945): Lesson VIII (ddr-csujad-55-669)
doc Sentinel supplement (February 13, 1945): Lesson VIII (ddr-csujad-55-669)
Lesson for native Japanese speakers covering topics taught in the adult English class at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. Covers the "arrangement of words" in the English language. This is an excerpt from a special issue of "Heart Mountain sentinel" Japanese section, no. 277. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: …
Cumulative record (ddr-csujad-55-1793)
doc Cumulative record (ddr-csujad-55-1793)
Cumulative record form for students at Poston incarceration camp. Includes fields for attendance, social traits, subjects, and test data. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1796
Letter from Orden Y. Ichinaga to Mr. Dallas C. McLaren, June 13, 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-1885)
doc Letter from Orden Y. Ichinaga to Mr. Dallas C. McLaren, June 13, 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-1885)
Correspondence from Orden Ichinaga to Dallas McLaren regarding Ighinaga's receipt of his diploma and scholarship and expressing gratitude for McLaren's support. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1888
Federal Elementary School Class of 1944 eight grade graduation (ddr-csujad-55-1425)
doc Federal Elementary School Class of 1944 eight grade graduation (ddr-csujad-55-1425)
Program for the Federal Elementary School graduation ceremony at Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. For scrapbook page with program see sac_jaac_1425. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 77. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1427
Tri-State High School student's report (ddr-csujad-55-1991)
doc Tri-State High School student's report (ddr-csujad-55-1991)
Report card from Tri-State High School at Tule Lake incarceration camp belonging to Allan Minoru Hida reflecting his grades in junior band during his 8th grade year. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1994
Reunion identification labels, camp 2, Poston, Arizona, 1942-1945 (ddr-csujad-55-1857)
doc Reunion identification labels, camp 2, Poston, Arizona, 1942-1945 (ddr-csujad-55-1857)
List of cards identifying and requesting identification of individuals in photographs, artists, and other creators. Items most likely used for the Poston High School Reunion in 1977. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1860
Poston II High School reunion (ddr-csujad-55-1858)
doc Poston II High School reunion (ddr-csujad-55-1858)
Registration for the Poston II High School Reunion, August 6-7, 1977, for Dallas McLaren. Includes registration information and comments. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1861
Requisition for books from the School Library (ddr-csujad-55-1773)
doc Requisition for books from the School Library (ddr-csujad-55-1773)
Requisition form for school library books at Poston incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1776
Principal's bulletin (ddr-csujad-55-1757)
doc Principal's bulletin (ddr-csujad-55-1757)
Bulletin for teachers requesting the number of male students and the number of female students enrolled in each class. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1759
Commencement exercises, Class of 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-1850)
doc Commencement exercises, Class of 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-1850)
Commencement program for Miles E. Cary High School graduating class of 1945. Includes a schedule of events for the graduation ceremony. Includes illustration of graduates on the cover. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1853
Your job and mine (ddr-csujad-55-1909)
doc Your job and mine (ddr-csujad-55-1909)
Speech given by Sadame Kageta at the commencement ceremony for Tri-State High School, Tule Lake, covering the challenges and responsibilities facing Nisei. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1912
American grammar school; Back of the Japanese school; German school (ddr-csujad-55-1427)
img American grammar school; Back of the Japanese school; German school (ddr-csujad-55-1427)
Scrapbook page containing three black and white photographs of the American, Japanese, and German schools at the Crystal City Department of Justice Internment Camp. Title from caption. From the Mary F. Clark scrapbook, "Before I Forget, 1942-1947," page 79. See also sac_jaac_1334 through sac_jaac_1529. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project …
Hunt Hi-lites, vol. 2, no. 5 (December 10, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1933)
doc Hunt Hi-lites, vol. 2, no. 5 (December 10, 1943) (ddr-csujad-55-1933)
Newsletter published by Hunt High School at Minidoka incarceration camp. Covers events, activities, news, sports, and opinion related to Hunt High School students. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1936
Bullador (February 14, 1944) (ddr-csujad-55-1715)
doc Bullador (February 14, 1944) (ddr-csujad-55-1715)
Newsletter, "El Bullador," published by Poston II high school at Poston incarceration camp. Includes articles on El Chap sales, a high school play, clothing class, sports, and opinion. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1717
First annual dawning of the blossoms (ddr-csujad-55-1829)
doc First annual dawning of the blossoms (ddr-csujad-55-1829)
Program for the first annual Dawning of the Blossoms theatrical production, La Esperanza De La Gente, produced by the faculty and students of Poston Union School, directed by Ruth Harris, script by Captain H.R. Holm. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_1832
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