Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

Concentration camps (553)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

552 items
Letter from [Emiko Amy Terada] to Laura Thomas, September 13, 1943 (ddr-csujad-4-17)
doc Letter from [Emiko Amy Terada] to Laura Thomas, September 13, 1943 (ddr-csujad-4-17)
A letter to Laura Thomas, Lawndale, California. The letter was probably written by Emiko Amy Terada, an incarceree at the Rohwer incarceration camp, and enclosed in the same envelope along with the letter written by Usami Terada, which can be found at: csudh_nis_0017. The letter contains basic correspondence between the two individuals, talking about family members, ...
Letter from Usami Terada to Mr. and Mrs. A.W. Thomas, September 17, 1943 (ddr-csujad-4-16)
doc Letter from Usami Terada to Mr. and Mrs. A.W. Thomas, September 17, 1943 (ddr-csujad-4-16)
A letter from Usami Terada, an incarceree in the Rohwer incarceration camp, to Mr. and Mrs. A. W. Thomas in Lawndale, California. It is a condolence letter for their family members' passing. This letter also includes updates on: the weather in Arkansas, Usami's garden in the camp, and his younger brother, "Tsuyoshi." This letter is enclosed ...
Tule Lake fire (ddr-csujad-3-11)
img Tule Lake fire (ddr-csujad-3-11)
Photograph of firefighters and fire hoses in the foreground with flaming buildings flaming and smoking in the background. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_012
Holiday greeting card (ddr-csujad-3-17)
img Holiday greeting card (ddr-csujad-3-17)
Christmas card of Santa Claus presenting a landscape photo of the Tule Lake incarceration camp featuring a barbed wire fence, snow covered path to a gate leading outside camp to a railroad crossing, and a hillside. Card reads "Season's greetings." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_018
Holiday greeting card (ddr-csujad-3-15)
img Holiday greeting card (ddr-csujad-3-15)
Christmas card of Santa Claus presenting a photo of the Tule Lake incarceration camp featuring buildings, fencing, a snowy road, and vehicles. Card reads "Season's greetings." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tos_01_001_016
[Opening reception and preview flyer for Camp Jerome special exhibit] (ddr-csujad-4-24)
img [Opening reception and preview flyer for Camp Jerome special exhibit] (ddr-csujad-4-24)
A flyer for a special exhibition featuring photographs of the Jerome incarceration camp and a scale replica of a similar camp. The flyer is an invitation for the opening reception and a preview of the exhibition. The photograph on the front of the flyer features three little boys at the Jerome incarceration camp and their names ...
Letter from Robert J. Walsh Jr., Chief, Freedom of Information/Privacy Office, Department of the Army, to Michi Weglyn, July 23, 1990 (ddr-csujad-24-208)
doc Letter from Robert J. Walsh Jr., Chief, Freedom of Information/Privacy Office, Department of the Army, to Michi Weglyn, July 23, 1990 (ddr-csujad-24-208)
A letter from Robert J. Walsh Jr., Chief, Freedom of Information/Privacy Office, Department of the Army, to Michi Weglyn. The letter is a response to Weglyn's 1988 Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), regarding records on the Japanese American Citizenship League (JACL). See this object in the California State ...
Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, August 29, 1989 (ddr-csujad-24-10)
doc Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, August 29, 1989 (ddr-csujad-24-10)
A letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin about Debra Lim, Frank Emi, and writing a piece for the Heart Mountain reunion. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_01_010
Michi Weglyn was noted activist who wrote redress 'bible' (ddr-csujad-24-132)
doc Michi Weglyn was noted activist who wrote redress 'bible' (ddr-csujad-24-132)
An obituary of Michi Weglyn written by Takeshi Nakayama and published in the Japanese American newspaper "Rafu Shimpo" on April 27, 1999. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_09_017
Certificate of Commendation to William Minoru Hohri (ddr-csujad-24-47)
doc Certificate of Commendation to William Minoru Hohri (ddr-csujad-24-47)
William Minoru Hohri was honored by the Manzanar Committee for his leadership of the class action lawsuit Hohri v. U.S., a civil suit filed against the U.S. government demanding compensation for Japanese Americans incarcerated during World War II. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_02_006
Family portrait (ddr-densho-359-1092)
img Family portrait (ddr-densho-359-1092)
A family poses at Manzanar Concentration Camp in California.
Rhythm show program (ddr-csujad-7-30)
doc Rhythm show program (ddr-csujad-7-30)
Program for a play/concert put on by high school students at Amache. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Rhythm Show Program
Granada Christian Church news, vol. 1, no. 2, 1942 (ddr-csujad-7-20)
doc Granada Christian Church news, vol. 1, no. 2, 1942 (ddr-csujad-7-20)
Newsletter for the Granada Christian Church congregation. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Granada Christian Church News
Housing Barracks (ddr-csujad-13-19)
img Housing Barracks (ddr-csujad-13-19)
A distant view of housing barracks inside Tulelake with a handwritten caption at the bottom of the photograph that reads, "Jap quarters Tulelake." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tul_01_01_014
Inscription on a Hill (ddr-csujad-13-8)
img Inscription on a Hill (ddr-csujad-13-8)
An inscription was placed on a mountain side that reads, "1943 Aug. 31 Katsumi Sato, Tsutomu Matsumoto, Masato Nakashima, Kiyoshi Fukumitsu Paint Crew." Caption on back of photograph reads, "inscription at top of highest peak by Japs during Christian gathering in Aug 43. Japs inscription is only date of gathering." See this object in the California ...
View of Buildings at Tule Lake Incarceration Camp (ddr-csujad-13-15)
img View of Buildings at Tule Lake Incarceration Camp (ddr-csujad-13-15)
A row of barracks or some other structures at the Tule Lake incarceration camp are photographed from inside a vehicle. Caption on back of photograph reads, "Cruising along streets of Camp Tulelake during Jap disturbance in Nov. 43." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: tul_01_01_010
Incarcerees Digging (ddr-csujad-13-6)
img Incarcerees Digging (ddr-csujad-13-6)
A group of people are photographed digging in the ground in a large expanse of land inside the Tule Lake incarceration camp. The housing barracks or some of type of structure are also pictured in the distance. Caption on back of photograph reads, "Jap inmates [sifting] to collect stones to make necklaces. Tulelake Calif (Nov 43)" ...
Another Inscription on a Hill (ddr-csujad-13-9)
img Another Inscription on a Hill (ddr-csujad-13-9)
This inscription on a hill overlooking the Tule Lake incarceration camp may be another view of the same inscription as the photograph from item csudh_tul_0008. The names inscribed appear to be, "Katsumi Sato, Tsutomu Matsumoto, Masato Nakashima, Kiyoshi Fukumitsu Paint Crew." The caption on back of photograph reads, "Another inscription by Japs at peak overlooking camp ...
Remembering Michi Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-131)
doc Remembering Michi Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-131)
An obituary of Michi Weglyn written by her lifelong friend Sachi W. Seko and published in Japanese American newspaper "Rafu Shimpo" on April 27, 1999. The article is an emotional tribute to Weglyn and a vivid description of the end of her life. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ...
Letter from Michi and Walter Weglyn to Frank Chin, December 18, 1987 (ddr-csujad-24-34)
doc Letter from Michi and Walter Weglyn to Frank Chin, December 18, 1987 (ddr-csujad-24-34)
A letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin discussing Asian American studies professor Gary Okihiro's critical review of Weglyn's book "Years of Infamy." Weglyn describes this review as "fronting for Roger Daniels." Weglyn criticizes a book called "Moses," presumably she is referring to the book "They Call Me Moses Masaoka" by Mike Masaoka and Bill Hosokawa, ...
Letter from [Frank] Chin to Paul [Tsuneishi], December 23, 1997 (ddr-csujad-24-178)
doc Letter from [Frank] Chin to Paul [Tsuneishi], December 23, 1997 (ddr-csujad-24-178)
A letter to Paul [Tsuneishi] from [Frank] Chin about planning the speakers and the media outreach for "Michi Day," the event to celebrate author Michi Weglyn and her book "Years of Infamy." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_74_01_011
Letter from Mits Koshiyama to Michi Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-35)
doc Letter from Mits Koshiyama to Michi Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-35)
A letter from Mits Koshiyama to Michi Weglyn thanking her for her letter and praising her courage for writing "Years of Infamy." Koshiyama also discusses both their experiences being incarcerated during World War II. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_01_035
Years of Infamy by Michi Nishiura Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-173)
doc Years of Infamy by Michi Nishiura Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-173)
A flyer for an event on February 21, 1998 celebrating Michi Weglyn and her book "Years of Infamy." The event was put on by the National Coalition for Redress/Reparations and Friends of Michi Weglyn. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_74_01_006
National Coalition for Redress/Reparations and Friends of Michi Weglyn present day of remembrance (ddr-csujad-24-174)
doc National Coalition for Redress/Reparations and Friends of Michi Weglyn present day of remembrance (ddr-csujad-24-174)
A flyer for a tribute to Michi Weglyn and her book "Years of Infamy," on February 21, 1998. The event was put on by the National Coalition for Redress/Reparations and Friends of Michi Weglyn. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_74_01_007
An Oral History with Katsuma Mukaeda (ddr-csujad-29-56)
vh An Oral History with Katsuma Mukaeda (ddr-csujad-29-56)
Chairman of Japanese American Cultural Center and former president of Japanese Chamber of Commerce recounts conditions of prewar Los Angeles's Little Tokyo, its wartime conversion into a black community, postwar reestablishment as a Japanese-American cultural and commercial center. Includes comments on discriminatory legislation, prewar Japan-American relations. World War II removal and incarceration, camp conditions, wartime repatriation ...
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