Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

Concentration camps (553)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

552 items
An Oral History with Meri Hamako Nakashima (ddr-csujad-29-13)
av An Oral History with Meri Hamako Nakashima (ddr-csujad-29-13)
Nisei memories of athletic girlhood; removal to Santa Anita Assembly Center, Los Angeles, California where she witnessed a riot; eventual move to the Rowher incarceration camp, Arkansas; and marriage in and out-of-camp ceremony. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project, Oral History Program, CSU Fullerton. Transcript is found in item: csufccop_jaoh_0021. ...
Gila River camp (ddr-densho-371-2)
img Gila River camp (ddr-densho-371-2)
A photo of the Gila River concentration camp in Arizona. Caption on back: "Concentration camp, Gila, Arizona, 1942"
img "At Heart Mountain, Block 27, 1944" (ddr-densho-242-5)
Caption on front: "At Heart Mountain Block 27 1944." Caption by Ike Hatchimonji: "Heart Mountain, Wyoming. Block 27. 1944. Front: Nobue, Gloria, Kumezo. Back: Mike and Ike."
Two girls standing in front of barracks (ddr-densho-292-1)
img Two girls standing in front of barracks (ddr-densho-292-1)
Caption on reverse: "Topaz, Utah. Shigeko Omori on left, Mary Kaibe, right 17 years. 1943? Nishioka family residence Block 31A, family # 20752."
Gidra, Vol. I, No. 6 (September 1969) (ddr-densho-297-6)
doc Gidra, Vol. I, No. 6 (September 1969) (ddr-densho-297-6)
Selected article titles: "Isaac Honored" (p. 1), "Birth of Amerasia" (p. 1), "Hoover's Yellow Peril" (p. 2), "Dawn of Awakening" (p. 2), "UCLA Sells Out" (p. 5), "Potential for What" (p. 5), "The Failure of Democracy in a Time of Crisis" (p. 6-7).
Gidra, Vol. I, No. 5 (August 1969) (ddr-densho-297-5)
doc Gidra, Vol. I, No. 5 (August 1969) (ddr-densho-297-5)
Selected article titles: "CINCIP Is Here!!" (p. 1), "The Burden of Life" (p. 1), "Hey, Look Me Over" (p. 5), "The Chinese in Los Angeles" (p. 6), "The Korean Americans" (p. 8), "The Filipino Immigrant" (p. 9).
Group of Issei and Nisei in front of barrack (ddr-densho-310-2)
img Group of Issei and Nisei in front of barrack (ddr-densho-310-2)
Ichikawa family in front of their barrack at Minidoka concentration camp. Also pictured are family friends, Yahachi Suzuki and Mr. Hino. (Front Row, left to right) Akira Ichikawa, Hiroko Ichikawa (Back Row, left to right) Satoru Ichikawa, Mr. Hino, Etsuko Ichikawa, Yasashi Ichikawa, Shinya Ichikawa (In Yasahi's arms), Kazuya Ichikawa, Noriko Ichikawa, Yahachi Suzuki
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Mary Murakami (December 25, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-32)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Mary Murakami (December 25, 1942) (ddr-janm-1-32)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Mary Murakami (December 25, 1942). Envelope is postmarked December 20, 1942 from the Poston (Colorado River) Incarceration Camp in Parker, Arizona.
Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Violet Saito (August 25, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-76)
doc Letter (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Violet Saito (August 25, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-76)
Handwritten letter to Mollie Wilson from Violet Saito (August 25, 1943). Envelope is postmarked August 26, 1943 from the Granada (Amache) Incarceration Camp in Amache, Colorado.
Christmas card (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (December 18, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-18)
doc Christmas card (with envelope) to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (December 18, 1943) (ddr-janm-1-18)
Christmas card to Molly Wilson from Sandie Saito (December 18, 1943). Blue card with illustration in white of two lambs looking at a shining star. "Joyous Christmas" is on the bottom center on front of card. Envelope is postmarked December 18, 1943 from the Granada (Amache) Incarceration Camp in Amache, Colorado.
Christmas card (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (c. 1944) (ddr-janm-1-68)
doc Christmas card (with envelope) to Mollie Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (c. 1944) (ddr-janm-1-68)
Christmas card to Mollie Wilson from Miyeko Imamura (c. 1944). Black card, red border with illustration in red/green/blue of a woman in a Christmas dress holding a yellow handkerchief in one hand and a basket of holly in the other. "Yoo Hoo!" is on the front of card. Envelope is postmarked but does not give a ...
Saying goodbye (ddr-hmwf-1-50)
img Saying goodbye (ddr-hmwf-1-50)
"Kiyo Sato departure (24-18-C) Dec. 1, 1943 at gate" as described on back, l18 f11 1/50 G3snap, Plus x DK20-40' D76-18'
Photograph of Sandie Saito (ddr-janm-1-132)
img Photograph of Sandie Saito (ddr-janm-1-132)
Black and white image of Sandie Saito. She has curly hair with a bow in it and is wearing a collared Roosevelt High School letterman's sweater. She is standing at the west end of the football field at the Granada (Amache) Incarceration Camp. Written on the photograph is: "To Molly. Just, Sandie". The caption along the ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 7 (February 20, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-7)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 82, No. 7 (February 20, 1976) (ddr-pc-48-7)
Selected article titles: "To the Point: Ushio's Record" (p. 1), "Nat'l Faces 100-G Deficit" (p. 1), "Ye Editor's Desk: An Uncompromising Hayakawa" (p. 1), and "Concent. Camps" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol 68, No. 2 (January 10, 1969) (ddr-pc-41-2)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol 68, No. 2 (January 10, 1969) (ddr-pc-41-2)
Select article titles: "Hayakawa means to keep campus open, warning signs up" (p. 1); "PC columnists T. Murayama dies aboard ship" (p. 1); "Wakamatsu Colony centennial celebration at Coloma Jan. 26" (p. 1); "Issue of Detention camps in a Democracy" (p. 3); "JACL meets with SFSC people" (p. 4).
Manzanar building foundations (ddr-densho-345-81)
img Manzanar building foundations (ddr-densho-345-81)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake guard tower top (ddr-densho-345-101)
img Tule Lake guard tower top (ddr-densho-345-101)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. A guard tower top discovered on a private residence near ...
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