Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

World War II (66)
Concentration camps (592)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

592 items
Office of the Council President, City of New York, Proclamation (ddr-csujad-24-96)
doc Office of the Council President, City of New York, Proclamation (ddr-csujad-24-96)
A proclamation from the New York City Council declaring May 7, 1993 Michi Nishiura Weglyn Day. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_07_013
Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, August 29, 1989 (ddr-csujad-24-10)
doc Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, August 29, 1989 (ddr-csujad-24-10)
A letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin about Debra Lim, Frank Emi, and writing a piece for the Heart Mountain reunion. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_01_010
Letter from Robert J. Walsh Jr., Chief, Freedom of Information/Privacy Office, Department of the Army, to Michi Weglyn, July 23, 1990 (ddr-csujad-24-208)
doc Letter from Robert J. Walsh Jr., Chief, Freedom of Information/Privacy Office, Department of the Army, to Michi Weglyn, July 23, 1990 (ddr-csujad-24-208)
A letter from Robert J. Walsh Jr., Chief, Freedom of Information/Privacy Office, Department of the Army, to Michi Weglyn. The letter is a response to Weglyn's 1988 Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), regarding records on the Japanese American Citizenship League (JACL). See this object in the California State ...
Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, May 24, 1993 (ddr-csujad-24-150)
doc Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin, May 24, 1993 (ddr-csujad-24-150)
A letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin about a document she received through a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_10_018
[Tribute to Michi Weglyn delivered at Washington State University on March 26, 1988] (ddr-csujad-24-14)
doc [Tribute to Michi Weglyn delivered at Washington State University on March 26, 1988] (ddr-csujad-24-14)
A tribute to Michi Nishiura Weglyn delivered at Washington State University on March 26, 1988. The author writes about the impact of Weglyn's 1976 book "Years of Infamy." The document also describes Weglyn's process of research, writing, and publishing the book. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_01_014
Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin (ddr-csujad-24-64)
doc Letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin (ddr-csujad-24-64)
A letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin about another letter written by Lilian Baker, a conservative author who denied that Japanese American incarceration had taken place during World War II. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_04_006
Letter from Michi and Walter Weglyn to Frank Chin, December 18, 1987 (ddr-csujad-24-34)
doc Letter from Michi and Walter Weglyn to Frank Chin, December 18, 1987 (ddr-csujad-24-34)
A letter from Michi Weglyn to Frank Chin discussing Asian American studies professor Gary Okihiro's critical review of Weglyn's book "Years of Infamy." Weglyn describes this review as "fronting for Roger Daniels." Weglyn criticizes a book called "Moses," presumably she is referring to the book "They Call Me Moses Masaoka" by Mike Masaoka and Bill Hosokawa, ...
Tribute to the life of Michi Nishiura Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-130)
doc Tribute to the life of Michi Nishiura Weglyn (ddr-csujad-24-130)
An announcement for a tribute to Michi Weglyn, organized by her friends in San Francisco. The following people are listed as hosts of the event: Clifford Uyeda, Kiku Funabiki, Wayne M. Collins, Kenji G. Taguma, Rosalyn Tonai, Toshiko Kawamoto, Grace Shimizu, Fumie Shimada, Mits Koshiyama, Jean Ishibashi, Audee Kochiyama-Holman. See this object in the California State ...
National Coalition for Redress/Reparations and Friends of Michi Weglyn present day of remembrance (ddr-csujad-24-174)
doc National Coalition for Redress/Reparations and Friends of Michi Weglyn present day of remembrance (ddr-csujad-24-174)
A flyer for a tribute to Michi Weglyn and her book "Years of Infamy," on February 21, 1998. The event was put on by the National Coalition for Redress/Reparations and Friends of Michi Weglyn. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: chi_74_01_007
Woman and young men (ddr-csujad-26-82)
img Woman and young men (ddr-csujad-26-82)
A Caucasian woman and three young Japanese American men pose in front of a barracks building. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_019
View of the camp showing Castle Rock (ddr-csujad-26-102)
img View of the camp showing Castle Rock (ddr-csujad-26-102)
Photo of camp buildings and road down the middle backed by hilly landscape. Caption on back of photo reads, "View of the camp showing Castle Rock. A Nisei objected to this picture because the daisies in the corner relieve the dusty monotony of the camp." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the ...
Population and ecology (ddr-csujad-26-24)
doc Population and ecology (ddr-csujad-26-24)
Comparison of Tule Lake incarceree population statistics collected by the Division of Housing and Employment to the 1940 US Census statistics of Japanese Americans from California, Oregon and Washington. Examines how expelled communities disbursed at Tule Lake via housing records, age and gender distribution, religious affiliation, and the number of births at Tule Lake up to ...
Departure for resettlement in the East (ddr-csujad-26-68)
img Departure for resettlement in the East (ddr-csujad-26-68)
A large crowd of Japanese American incarcerees gather around packed vehicle with trailer. Caption on back of photograph reads, "Departure for resettlement in the East." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_005
Nobie Masaki (ddr-csujad-26-140)
img Nobie Masaki (ddr-csujad-26-140)
Photo of a young Japanese American woman posing in front of a barracks buildings. Handwriting on the photo reads, "Dear Mrs. Billigmeier, Always, Nobie Masaki." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_110
Visiting newspaper men interview the charming Mrs. Murayama (ddr-csujad-26-126)
img Visiting newspaper men interview the charming Mrs. Murayama (ddr-csujad-26-126)
Photo shows a woman, Mrs. Murayama, being photographed while holding an object for a man. Verso reads, "visiting newspaper men interview the charming Mrs. Murayama - but what the editors did to their stories." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_095
People posing in snow (ddr-csujad-26-122)
img People posing in snow (ddr-csujad-26-122)
Photo of three Japanese Americans and four Caucasian people, including Robert Billigmeier, posing with snowballs and a dog. Related photo in sequence ucsb_mei_0070. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_091
Camp buildings with dust cloud (ddr-csujad-26-69)
img Camp buildings with dust cloud (ddr-csujad-26-69)
Camp barracks buildings line a road with dust cloud. People can be seen in front of the buildings in distance. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_006
Outline of University of California study of evacuation and resettlement (ddr-csujad-26-2)
doc Outline of University of California study of evacuation and resettlement (ddr-csujad-26-2)
Outline for an academic social science study, the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS), led by the University of California of the incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II. Outline highlights area of administrative, social, political and personal areas to be studied by a team of researchers encamped with incarcerees. See this object in ...
Fashion show (ddr-csujad-26-127)
img Fashion show (ddr-csujad-26-127)
Two Japanese American women pose in front of an audience during a fashion show. Verso reads, "a fashion show." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_096
Nursery school (ddr-csujad-26-97)
img Nursery school (ddr-csujad-26-97)
Children and teacher raising hands in a nursery school classroom. Caption on back of photograph reads, "Nursery school." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_034
Farm [farm workers loading truck] (ddr-csujad-26-72)
img Farm [farm workers loading truck] (ddr-csujad-26-72)
Three workers smile at the camera while loading a truck. Caption on back of photograph reads, "The farm." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_009
Young man on tractor (ddr-csujad-26-131)
img Young man on tractor (ddr-csujad-26-131)
Photo of a young Japanese American man on a tractor. Barracks building are seen in the background. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_101
Women gather next to bus (ddr-csujad-26-74)
img Women gather next to bus (ddr-csujad-26-74)
Women gather next to a packed bus with people inside possibly for "resettlement." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_011
Barracks row (ddr-csujad-26-86)
img Barracks row (ddr-csujad-26-86)
A man walks toward a row of barracks lining a dusty road. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_023
People on hillside viewing camp (ddr-csujad-26-73)
img People on hillside viewing camp (ddr-csujad-26-73)
Photo of people standing along a hillside overlooking camp. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_010
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