Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

World War II (66)
Concentration camps (592)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

592 items
Thomas and Terada families (ddr-csujad-4-31)
img Thomas and Terada families (ddr-csujad-4-31)
A photograph of the Thomas and Terada families taken during their visit of the exhibition, "And then they came for us...: marking the 75th anniversary of Executive Order 9066 authorizing the mass incarceration of Japanese-American citizens during WWII." Photographed are Laura Thomas, Emiko Amy Terada, Nancy Terada, and Gregory L. Williams, director of the CSU Dominguez ...
Relocation program: [a guidebook for the residents of relocation centers] (ddr-csujad-5-69)
doc Relocation program: [a guidebook for the residents of relocation centers] (ddr-csujad-5-69)
Japanese translation of "Relocation program: a guidebook for the residents of relocation centers." It describes the policies and procedures of the War Relocation Authority Relocation Program. Includes policies and procedures on leave and return to a camp, placement, travel and subsistence, food, lodging, health service, employment and compensation, clothing allowances, community government, education, internal security, consumer ...
Father's Day card from Masao Okine to Mr. S. Okine, June 9, 1945 (ddr-csujad-5-81)
doc Father's Day card from Masao Okine to Mr. S. Okine, June 9, 1945 (ddr-csujad-5-81)
A Father's Day card from Masao Okine to his father, Seiichi Okine. Masao writes from Fort Meade, Minnesota, where he attends the U.S. military Japanese language School to Seiichi Okine who is incarcerated in the Rohwer camp, Arkansas. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: oki_01_20_001
George Okada interview (ddr-csujad-6-28)
doc George Okada interview (ddr-csujad-6-28)
Oral history interview with George Okada. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_OKADA_GEORGE
Takashi Tsutsui interview (ddr-csujad-6-35)
doc Takashi Tsutsui interview (ddr-csujad-6-35)
Oral history interview with Takashi Tsutsui. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TSUTSUI_TAKASHI
Sadawo Yonaki interview (ddr-csujad-6-37)
doc Sadawo Yonaki interview (ddr-csujad-6-37)
Oral history interview with Sadawo Yonaki. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_YONAKI_SADAWO
Robert Ohki interview (ddr-csujad-6-27)
doc Robert Ohki interview (ddr-csujad-6-27)
Oral history interview with Robert Ohki. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_OHKI_ROBERT
Saburo Masada interview (ddr-csujad-6-20)
doc Saburo Masada interview (ddr-csujad-6-20)
Oral history interview with Saburo Masada. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_MASADA_SABURO
Fude Tanioka interview (ddr-csujad-6-32)
doc Fude Tanioka interview (ddr-csujad-6-32)
Oral history interview with Fude Tanioka. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TANIOKA_FUDE
Frances Tashima interview (ddr-csujad-6-34)
doc Frances Tashima interview (ddr-csujad-6-34)
Oral history interview with Frances Tashima. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: SCRC_TASHIMA_FRANCES
Ordinance no. 2 (ddr-csujad-7-29)
doc Ordinance no. 2 (ddr-csujad-7-29)
An ordinance regulating traffic laws for public streets within the Granada incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Ordinance_NO2
Granada Christian Church news, vol. 1, no. 2, 1942 (ddr-csujad-7-20)
doc Granada Christian Church news, vol. 1, no. 2, 1942 (ddr-csujad-7-20)
Newsletter for the Granada Christian Church congregation. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Granada Christian Church News
CO-OP canteen moving out sale (ddr-csujad-7-19)
doc CO-OP canteen moving out sale (ddr-csujad-7-19)
Advertisement for sale at the camp commissary at Amache. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Co-op Canteen Moving Out Sale
Song lyrics (ddr-csujad-7-31)
doc Song lyrics (ddr-csujad-7-31)
Several pages of well known popular song lyrics from the era. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Song Lyrics
Relocation program: a guidebook for the residents of relocation centers (ddr-csujad-7-23)
doc Relocation program: a guidebook for the residents of relocation centers (ddr-csujad-7-23)
Guidebook for incarcerees regarding WRA policies and procedures. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Relocation_Guidebook
Music for Dianne (
doc Music for Dianne ("Bubbles") Endo (ddr-csujad-7-25)
Sheet music containing "Taps," "Stars and stripes forever," and "Yankee doodle." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_Music for Dianne (Bubbles) Endo
Manzanar incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-7-12)
img Manzanar incarceration camp (ddr-csujad-7-12)
Manzanar incarceration camp, July 1942. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: HMLSC_JA_f12
Mr. and Mrs. Torazo Ouchi (ddr-csujad-8-60)
doc Mr. and Mrs. Torazo Ouchi (ddr-csujad-8-60)
Oral history interview with Torazo and Hanako Ouchi. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Ouchi, Mr and Mrs Torazo
Jane Tomeko Sugimura (ddr-csujad-8-68)
doc Jane Tomeko Sugimura (ddr-csujad-8-68)
Oral history interview with Jane Tomeko Sugimura. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Sugimura, Jane Tomeko
Mrs. Toshi Uchiyama (ddr-csujad-8-79)
doc Mrs. Toshi Uchiyama (ddr-csujad-8-79)
Oral history interview with Mrs. Toshi Uchiyama. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Uchiyama, Mrs Toshi
Takano Okajima (ddr-csujad-8-56)
doc Takano Okajima (ddr-csujad-8-56)
Oral history interview with Takano Okajima. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Okajima, Takano
Gila River, blk 16 (ddr-csujad-11-187)
img Gila River, blk 16 (ddr-csujad-11-187)
A group photo taken at the Gila River incarceration camp, Arizona. Photographed are incarcerees in block 16. From page 70 of: Tazu Kawamoto photo album (csudh_taz_0001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: taz_01_70_002
Gila River (ddr-csujad-11-185)
img Gila River (ddr-csujad-11-185)
A group photo taken at the Gila River incarceration camp, Arizona. Includes Tazu Kawamoto. From page 69 of: Tazu Kawamoto photo album (csudh_taz_0001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: taz_01_69_002
Tazu Kawamoto (ddr-csujad-11-189)
img Tazu Kawamoto (ddr-csujad-11-189)
Tazu Kawamoto is photographed sitting in the sun. This photo might have been taken at the Gila River incarceration camp. From page 72 of: Tazu Kawamoto photo album (csudh_taz_0001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: taz_01_72_001
Tazu Kawamoto (ddr-csujad-11-192)
img Tazu Kawamoto (ddr-csujad-11-192)
A photograph of Tazu Kawamoto with her friends. This photograph appears to be taken inside the Gila River incarceration camp. From page 75 of: Tazu Kawamoto photo album (csudh_taz_0001). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: taz_01_75_001
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