Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

Concentration camps (553)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

552 items
Foundation of Manzanar internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-82)
img Foundation of Manzanar internee restroom and shower building (ddr-densho-345-82)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Aerial view of Tule Lake concentration camp (ddr-densho-345-90)
img Aerial view of Tule Lake concentration camp (ddr-densho-345-90)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark. An aerial view of Tule Lake concentration camp circa 1983. ...
Warehouse in administrative area of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-131)
img Warehouse in administrative area of Tule Lake (ddr-densho-345-131)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Writing by internees on barracks walls (ddr-densho-345-144)
img Writing by internees on barracks walls (ddr-densho-345-144)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Tule Lake guard tower base (ddr-densho-345-97)
img Tule Lake guard tower base (ddr-densho-345-97)
A series of photographs taken by Harry Gamble and his team at Manzanar and Tule Lake concentration camps as part of their research. This research was then used to lobby for Tule Lake and not Manzanar be the camp to be designated a National Historic Landmark.
Letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-69)
Letter to Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from his wife, Teru Koyama, dated Sept. 1, 1943. In the upper left corner is an "EXAMINED" stamp. The letter is brown and has a water stain along the right side. In the letter Teru updates Kei on their friends' situations in Minidoka: several had children leave for jobs outside or ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Miriam Kiyo Koyama (ddr-one-5-52)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his daughter, Miriam Kiyo Koyama, at Minidoka. In place of postage “Internee of War/Free Mail” is written in the upper right hand corner. Postmarked Apr. 18, 1943. In the upper center of the envelope “4/30-43” is written in red pencil. Along the left edge of the ...
Envelope and letters to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letters to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Miriam Kiyo Koyama and William Koyama (ddr-one-5-28)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his children, William Koyama and Miriam Kiyo Koyama, at Minidoka. Postmarked Sep 11, 1942. To the left of the postmark “Sept 14, 42” is written in red pencil. On the left side of the envelope is a purple "Censored" stamp. Inside the envelope are two letters, ...
Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-56)
One cent postcard addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Santa Fe Detention Station from his wife, Teru Koyama, at Minidoka. Postmarked Jun 15, 1943. To the left of the postmark “6/21/43” is written in red pencil. In the lower left corner is an upside down "Examined" stamp. The back of the postcard is dated June 14, ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-71)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Santa Fe Detention Station from his wife, Teru Koyama, at Minidoka. Postmarked Sep 13, 1943. In place of postage, “Internee of War/Free Mail” is written in the upper right corner. Along the top “9/20-43” is written in red pencil. Inside the envelope is a letter dated Sept 12, 1943. ...
An Oral History with Meri Hamako Nakashima (ddr-csujad-29-13)
av An Oral History with Meri Hamako Nakashima (ddr-csujad-29-13)
Nisei memories of athletic girlhood; removal to Santa Anita Assembly Center, Los Angeles, California where she witnessed a riot; eventual move to the Rowher incarceration camp, Arkansas; and marriage in and out-of-camp ceremony. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project, Oral History Program, CSU Fullerton. Transcript is found in item: csufccop_jaoh_0021. ...
A Japanese American woman and girl look up into the sky (ddr-densho-362-4)
img A Japanese American woman and girl look up into the sky (ddr-densho-362-4)
A young Japanese American woman and girl look up into the sky. Heart Mountain housing stand in the background.
Group photo of two women and seventeen children (ddr-densho-362-31)
img Group photo of two women and seventeen children (ddr-densho-362-31)
Seventeen children and two women gather for a group picture. A camp building appears in the background.
Japanese American woman wearing a dress (ddr-densho-362-45)
img Japanese American woman wearing a dress (ddr-densho-362-45)
Picture of a young women wearing a dress with a floral design. An open field with camp cabins appear in the background.
Japanese American man and woman (ddr-densho-362-16)
img Japanese American man and woman (ddr-densho-362-16)
A Japanese American man and woman stand side by side. A number of camp cabins appear in the background.
Six Japanese Americans at railroad crossing (ddr-densho-362-42)
img Six Japanese Americans at railroad crossing (ddr-densho-362-42)
Two men, two women and two girls gather together near train tracks for a group photo.
Four young girls and a woman with an umbrella (ddr-densho-362-33)
img Four young girls and a woman with an umbrella (ddr-densho-362-33)
Four young girls and a woman with an umbrella stand sideways in a row in an open field.
Group photo of two women, one man, and a young girl in open field (ddr-densho-362-37)
img Group photo of two women, one man, and a young girl in open field (ddr-densho-362-37)
Two women, one man, and a young girl stand in a row for a group photo in an open field. Both women wear white dresses.
A Japanese American woman and girl pose for camera (ddr-densho-362-5)
img A Japanese American woman and girl pose for camera (ddr-densho-362-5)
A young woman and young girl stand and pose together looking into the camera. The woman wraps her arm around the girl. Heart Mountain housing appear in the background.
Two Japanese American boys work on a project (ddr-densho-362-19)
img Two Japanese American boys work on a project (ddr-densho-362-19)
Tom Konishi works on cutting out a design on a machine with another young man.
Five Japanese Americans in front of D-C building (ddr-densho-362-15)
img Five Japanese Americans in front of D-C building (ddr-densho-362-15)
Two men, two women, and a child stand together in front of a building with a sign that reads "D-C". The Konishi family lived at 12-11 C.
Japanese American woman and girl walk into the distance (ddr-densho-362-43)
img Japanese American woman and girl walk into the distance (ddr-densho-362-43)
A woman and girl walk up a trail with their backs towards the camera. A long road lays before them.
Group photo of two women, one man, and a young girl (ddr-densho-362-34)
img Group photo of two women, one man, and a young girl (ddr-densho-362-34)
Two women, one man, and a young girl stand in a row for a group photo in an open field. One of the women has long hair and wears a black dress.
Letter from Henry [Katsumi] Fujita to Mr. and Mrs. Davis, October 5, 1942 (ddr-csujad-23-14)
doc Letter from Henry [Katsumi] Fujita to Mr. and Mrs. Davis, October 5, 1942 (ddr-csujad-23-14)
Describes in detail the long train ride from Sept. 15-18 between Merced and the Granada (Amache) incarceration camp: the layout of the train cars, times to different towns, tunnels and coal smoke, eating and sleeping arrangements, military troops and equipment staged along the railway, desert scenery, late arrival at Amache, an extra night aboard the train, ...
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