Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

World War II (66)
Concentration camps (592)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

592 items
High school English (ddr-csujad-26-85)
img High school English (ddr-csujad-26-85)
A crowded classroom filled with students taking notes. Caption on back of photograph reads, "High school English." From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_022
Young Japanese couple (ddr-csujad-26-119)
img Young Japanese couple (ddr-csujad-26-119)
Photo of a young Japanese American couple seated on a bench in front of barracks buildings. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_088
Chapter outlines (ddr-csujad-26-33)
doc Chapter outlines (ddr-csujad-26-33)
Outline of chapter topics relating to incarceration based on materials collected during the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_03_03_002
Women pose in front of building (ddr-csujad-26-84)
img Women pose in front of building (ddr-csujad-26-84)
A group of young women pose in front of what may be the side of a barracks building. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_021
Two women walking (ddr-csujad-26-71)
img Two women walking (ddr-csujad-26-71)
Two Japanese American women walking while people gather in background in front of desert landscape. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_008
An Oral History with Mitsuhiko H. Shimizu (ddr-csujad-29-57)
vh An Oral History with Mitsuhiko H. Shimizu (ddr-csujad-29-57)
Issei community leader and businessman in Los Angeles's Little Tokyo recounts his arrest by Federal Bureau of Investigation after Pearl Harbor, his experiences in internment camps in North Dakota and Louisiana, and the Manzanar incarceration camp, California. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project, Oral History Program, CSU Fullerton. Transcript is ...
An Oral History with Katsuma Mukaeda (ddr-csujad-29-56)
vh An Oral History with Katsuma Mukaeda (ddr-csujad-29-56)
Chairman of Japanese American Cultural Center and former president of Japanese Chamber of Commerce recounts conditions of prewar Los Angeles's Little Tokyo, its wartime conversion into a black community, postwar reestablishment as a Japanese-American cultural and commercial center. Includes comments on discriminatory legislation, prewar Japan-American relations. World War II removal and incarceration, camp conditions, wartime repatriation ...
An Oral History with J.S. Kishiyama and Y. Kishiyama (ddr-csujad-29-3)
av An Oral History with J.S. Kishiyama and Y. Kishiyama (ddr-csujad-29-3)
Reflections of an elderly Orange County, California couple on their experiences in America. He recounts his years as an immigrant; she discusses her family background, makeup of Japanese-American community, and rural living. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project, Oral History Program, California State University, Fullerton; interview conducted by Pat Morgan. ...
An Oral History with Lillie Y. McCabe, Part II (ddr-csujad-29-17)
av An Oral History with Lillie Y. McCabe, Part II (ddr-csujad-29-17)
An oral history with Lillie Y. McCabe, an incarceree at the Santa Anita Temporary Assembly Center and the Granada (Amache) incarceration camp. This interview was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. The interview covers the Anglo reverends and ministers who helped her while she was incarcerated at Amache, how ...
Lillie McCabe (ddr-csujad-29-19)
img Lillie McCabe (ddr-csujad-29-19)
Photo of Lillie McCabe. Oral history audio and transcript are found in csufccop_jaoh_0030, csufccop_jaoh_0031, and csufccop_jaoh_0032. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 1949_P03
An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta (ddr-csujad-29-55)
vh An Oral History with Norman Y. Mineta (ddr-csujad-29-55)
Japanese American congressman, representing the Thirteenth Congressional District of California, born and raised in San Jose, California, discusses his early life, graduation from the University of California, Berkeley, and receiving a commission and serving in the armed forces from 1953-1956. Recalls the removal, "relocation," and incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II at the Heart ...
An oral history with Cheryl Gertler and Travis Mita (ddr-csujad-29-54)
av An oral history with Cheryl Gertler and Travis Mita (ddr-csujad-29-54)
An oral interview with Cheryl Gertler and Travis Mita. The interview was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. Transcript is found in item: csufccop_jaoh_0172. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: 5287_T01
An Oral History with Lillie Y. McCabe, Part I (ddr-csujad-29-16)
av An Oral History with Lillie Y. McCabe, Part I (ddr-csujad-29-16)
An oral history with Lillie Y. McCabe, an incarceree at the Santa Anita Temporary Assembly Center and the Granada (Amache) incarceration camp. This interview was conducted for the Japanese American Oral History Project by California State University, Fullerton. The interview covers her childhood in Hollister, California, her family background; moving to Los Angeles, California in 1920 ...
An Oral History with John Yukio Mori (ddr-csujad-29-2)
av An Oral History with John Yukio Mori (ddr-csujad-29-2)
A Sansei and conscientious objector to the Vietnam war discusses alternate service as partner in Amerasia Bookstore, a nonprofit organization serving Los Angeles's Little Tokyo; activities in Young Buddhist Association; parent's reaction to his current life-style; and long term effect of World War II incarceration. This oral history was conducted for the Japanese Oral History Project ...
Jane Muranaka oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-9)
av Jane Muranaka oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-9)
Oral history of Jane Muranaka, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-12
Michi and Tom Imai oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-5)
av Michi and Tom Imai oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-5)
Oral history of Michi and Tom Imai, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-04
Telling Our Stories, CSUN Asian American Studies 390 (ddr-csujad-31-1)
av Telling Our Stories, CSUN Asian American Studies 390 (ddr-csujad-31-1)
Video edited and recorded by students of CSUN's Asian American Studies 390 course in the spring semester of 2004. This video serves as an introduction to the oral history project regarding Japanese Americans in the San Fernando Valley, and features portions of interviews edited from numerous oral history recordings made by students of the class. See ...
Kenji and Hayako Kihara oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-7)
av Kenji and Hayako Kihara oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-7)
Oral history of Kenji and Hayako Kihara, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-08
Ritsuo Takeuchi oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-16)
av Ritsuo Takeuchi oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-16)
Oral history of Ritsuo Takeuchi, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-20
Emi Kami oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-6)
av Emi Kami oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-6)
Oral history of Emi Kami, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-06
Emi Hazama oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-3)
av Emi Hazama oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-3)
Oral history of Emi Hazama, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-02
Bo Sakaguchi oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-13)
vh Bo Sakaguchi oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-13)
Oral history of Bo Sakaguchi, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-16
Inside view Japanese American Evacuee Center at Rohwer, Arkansas, 1941-1945 (ddr-csujad-1-203)
doc Inside view Japanese American Evacuee Center at Rohwer, Arkansas, 1941-1945 (ddr-csujad-1-203)
A booklet compiled by Colburn Cox Stuart, Superintendent of Schools at McGehee, Desha County, Arkansas, 1941-1945. The booklet describes the children and schools in Rohwer, Arkansas, 1941-1945. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ike_04_05_001
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