Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

World War II (215)
Concentration camps (1199)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

1199 items
Truth about Jap camps (ddr-csujad-55-2136)
doc Truth about Jap camps (ddr-csujad-55-2136)
Magazine clipping, "The truth about Jap camps," reporting on the daily life, activities, and environment at Poston incarceration camp. Includes one page of handwritten commentary on the article. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2239
Minidoka Relocation Camp (ddr-csujad-55-2486)
img Minidoka Relocation Camp (ddr-csujad-55-2486)
Map of the camp site and surrounding area at Minidoka incarceration camp in Jerome County, Arkansas. Includes an inset of the camp layout. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2592
Tule Lake reunion, 1942-1982 (ddr-csujad-55-2708)
doc Tule Lake reunion, 1942-1982 (ddr-csujad-55-2708)
A pamphlet of the Tule Lake reunion, May 28, 29, 30, 31, 1982. Pamphlet includes historical photographs and map of Tule Lake camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2872
Tule Lake pilgrimage July 4-7 1996: fifty years later ... (ddr-csujad-55-2692)
doc Tule Lake pilgrimage July 4-7 1996: fifty years later ... (ddr-csujad-55-2692)
A program pamphlet of 1996 Tule Lake pilgrimage. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2856
Sayonara dinner Tulelake reunion V (ddr-csujad-55-2699)
doc Sayonara dinner Tulelake reunion V (ddr-csujad-55-2699)
Program of the Tulelake reunion V held at the Red Lion Hotel. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2863
News clippings regarding the incarceration of Japanese Americans, F.C. 17, October-November, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-759)
doc News clippings regarding the incarceration of Japanese Americans, F.C. 17, October-November, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-759)
Collection of newspaper clippings covering Japanese Americans during World War II. Topics include incarceration camps, Japanese American soldiers, race, prejudice, work, and other commentary. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0761
Couple says apologies not enough for internment (ddr-csujad-55-2522)
doc Couple says apologies not enough for internment (ddr-csujad-55-2522)
Newspaper clipping from "Oakland tribune" about former incarcerees, Ernest and Chizu Iiyama. Covers the Iiyama's experience in camp and life after incarceration. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2629
Sacramento County dedication ceremony program (ddr-csujad-55-158)
doc Sacramento County dedication ceremony program (ddr-csujad-55-158)
Dedication ceremony for the Sacramento County memorial recognizing the injustices towards Japanese Americans during World War II. Includes schedule of ceremony events, description of the memorial, biographies of ceramic artist Yoshio Taylor and poet and playwright Hiroshi Kashiwagi. Includes the poem, "Japanese Americans (1942-1945)" by Kashiwagi. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American …
Evacuation of the Japanese from the west coast during World War II: A social injustice or a justifiable wartime precaution? (ddr-csujad-55-2038)
doc Evacuation of the Japanese from the west coast during World War II: A social injustice or a justifiable wartime precaution? (ddr-csujad-55-2038)
Essay written for an English class covering Japanese immigration to the west coast, occupations of Japanese immigrants, discrimination, culture and customs, education, reaction to Pearl Harbor among the Japanese community, "evacuation," life in incarceration camps, Nisei in the armed forces, leaving camp, laws, and the settlement of Nisei in the Midwest and east coast. See this …
Letter from Minnie Umeda to Mrs. Margaret Waegell, December 10, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-65)
doc Letter from Minnie Umeda to Mrs. Margaret Waegell, December 10, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-65)
Handwritten correspondence from Minnie Umeda to Margaret Waegell. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_00069
Campus affairs; America at war (ddr-csujad-55-2516)
doc Campus affairs; America at war (ddr-csujad-55-2516)
Two pages from an issue of the Pony Express vol. 35, no. 12 (December 12, 1941), "America's first college magazine." Clipping includes articles on the war, Japanese Americans in college, and singer Fumiko Yabe. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2622
Manzanar WRA Project (ddr-csujad-55-2488)
img Manzanar WRA Project (ddr-csujad-55-2488)
Topographic map of the area surrounding Manzanar incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2594
Block managers' policies (ddr-csujad-55-392)
doc Block managers' policies (ddr-csujad-55-392)
List of responsibilities for Block Managers at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0394
Order of Merit of the Tule Lake W.R.A. Project membership card (ddr-csujad-55-2417)
doc Order of Merit of the Tule Lake W.R.A. Project membership card (ddr-csujad-55-2417)
Card for George Hideo Nakamura regarding his recognition in the Order of Merit at Tule Lake incarceration camp. See also sac_jaac_2523. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2523
DPA Series: Relocation of Japanese-Americans (ddr-csujad-55-2456)
doc DPA Series: Relocation of Japanese-Americans (ddr-csujad-55-2456)
Clipping from the Documentary Photo Aid series depicting a Nisei serviceman visiting his parents in the Minidoka incarceration camp. Includes text describing the service of Nisei in the armed forces during World War II. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2562
Tulelake reunion, May 24-27, 1985 (ddr-csujad-55-2707)
doc Tulelake reunion, May 24-27, 1985 (ddr-csujad-55-2707)
Pamphlet of the Tule Lake reunion, 1985 in Sacramento, California. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2871
Postcard from U.S. Department of Justice to George Hideo Nakamura, July 5, 1950 (ddr-csujad-55-2449)
doc Postcard from U.S. Department of Justice to George Hideo Nakamura, July 5, 1950 (ddr-csujad-55-2449)
Card acknowledging receipt of George Hideo Nakamura's claim under Public Law 886 for losses incurred as part of incarceration during World War II. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2555
Letter from Herman P. Goebel, Jr., Captain, Cavalry, Adjutant, to Mrs. George Nakamura, May 1, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-2387)
doc Letter from Herman P. Goebel, Jr., Captain, Cavalry, Adjutant, to Mrs. George Nakamura, May 1, 1942 (ddr-csujad-55-2387)
Correspondence from Herman Goebel to Dorothy Nakamura regarding Nakamura's inquiry about the eligibility of her mixed-race family to be released from the Tule Lake incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2493
Order of Merit of the Tule Lake W.R.A. Project membership card (ddr-csujad-55-215)
doc Order of Merit of the Tule Lake W.R.A. Project membership card (ddr-csujad-55-215)
Membership card for Aie Yokota in the Order of Merit. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0217
Camp layout overlaid on aerial (ddr-csujad-55-2475)
img Camp layout overlaid on aerial (ddr-csujad-55-2475)
Boundary of the Tule Lake incarceration camp overlaid on an aerial photograph of the camp and surrounding area in Modoc County, California. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2581
Letter from Tom Yamamoto to Mr. and Mrs. Waegell, 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-51)
doc Letter from Tom Yamamoto to Mr. and Mrs. Waegell, 1945 (ddr-csujad-55-51)
Handwritten correspondence from Tom Yamamoto to the Waegells describing his current situation, future plans, and the status of incarcerees in the Los Angeles area. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_00055
Amache, Colorado (ddr-csujad-55-354)
doc Amache, Colorado (ddr-csujad-55-354)
Booklet describing the history of the "Amache Relocation Center," the surrounding region, incarcerees, community government, administration, leisure activities, facilities, medical services, schools, employment, housing, food, and farming. Includes maps and illustrations. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0356
My only crime is my face (ddr-csujad-55-2118)
doc My only crime is my face (ddr-csujad-55-2118)
Clipping from the magazine "Liberty" detailing one Japanese-American woman's experience of being removed from the west coast military zone during World War II and incarcerated in Heart Mountain incarceration camp before relocating to Denver, Colorado with her family. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2221
Relocation problems and policies: address by Director D. S. Myer of the War Relocation Authority (ddr-csujad-55-1644)
doc Relocation problems and policies: address by Director D. S. Myer of the War Relocation Authority (ddr-csujad-55-1644)
Transcription of a speech by Dillon Myer to the Tuesday Evening Club regarding the history and activities of the War Relocation Authority, the "relocation program," incarceration camps, registration (also known as the "loyalty questionnaire"), Tule Lake and segregation, military service, propaganda, and opposition to the WRA program. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese …
Postcard from Mrs. D.L. Cooke to Sam Tanaka, August 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-2014)
doc Postcard from Mrs. D.L. Cooke to Sam Tanaka, August 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-2014)
Postcard from Mrs. D.L. Cooke to Sam Tanaka in the Jerome incarceration camp including a greeting and update from Cooke. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2117
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