Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

World War II (215)
Concentration camps (1199)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

1199 items
Poston I 1942-1992 50 year camp reunion (ddr-csujad-55-2704)
doc Poston I 1942-1992 50 year camp reunion (ddr-csujad-55-2704)
Colorado River Relocation Center reunion held at Torrance Mariott Hotel, Torrance, California. The pamphlet includes memories, recollections, remembrances, and reminiscence. Includes historical photographs at Poston camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2868
47th anniversary Poston II Relocation Camp (ddr-csujad-55-2722)
doc 47th anniversary Poston II Relocation Camp (ddr-csujad-55-2722)
Pamphlet of the Poston II reunion held at Doubletree Hotel, Monterey, California. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2886
Amache (ddr-csujad-55-243)
doc Amache (ddr-csujad-55-243)
Booklet describing the history of the "Amache Relocation Center," the surrounding region, and incarcerees including community government, administration, leisure activities, facilities, medical services, schools, employment, housing, food, and farming. Includes maps and illustrations. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0245
Poston II: 50 year reunion, October 5, 6, 7, 1992 (ddr-csujad-55-2690)
doc Poston II: 50 year reunion, October 5, 6, 7, 1992 (ddr-csujad-55-2690)
Pamphlet of Poston II reunion. Provides memories and photographs during incarceration at Poston camp. Dedicated the Poston memorial monument to reaffirm their conviction and to ensure that the constitutional right of all Americans is very sacred and the tragic events of 1942-1945 will never again be repeated. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese …
Vicinity map, Tule Lake WRA Center (ddr-csujad-55-2473)
img Vicinity map, Tule Lake WRA Center (ddr-csujad-55-2473)
Map of the Modoc County, California area, indicating the site of Tule Lake incarceration camp. Includes topography, main roads, and national forests. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2579
Outline of parliamentary law (ddr-csujad-55-765)
doc Outline of parliamentary law (ddr-csujad-55-765)
Outline of Parliamentary Law including: Established rules and customs; Motions; Resolutions; Amendments; Method of voting; Method of nominations and elections; Committees; To adjourn. See also sac_jaac_0973. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0767
Topaz reunion '98 (ddr-csujad-55-2711)
doc Topaz reunion '98 (ddr-csujad-55-2711)
Pamphlet of 1998 Topaz reunion held at Doubletree Hotel, San Jose, California, May 29-31, 1998. Includes historical information and photographs from excerpts from a Salt Lake City publication, December 28-31,1942. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2875
Note from Heart Mountain Fire Department, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-953)
doc Note from Heart Mountain Fire Department, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-953)
Note from the Fire Department requesting photographs of the fire "in action" at Heart Mountain incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0955
50th anniversary Tule Lake reunion (ddr-csujad-55-2706)
doc 50th anniversary Tule Lake reunion (ddr-csujad-55-2706)
Pamphlet of the 50th anniversary Tule Lake reunion IV held at Red Lion Hotel, Sacramento, California, May 22-24, 1992. The pamphlet includes past and present photographs of people incarcerated at Tule Lake. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2870
Tule Lake reunion V, May 19-20, 1995 (ddr-csujad-55-2715)
doc Tule Lake reunion V, May 19-20, 1995 (ddr-csujad-55-2715)
Pamphlet of the Tule Lake reunion V held at Red Lion Hotel, Sacramento, California. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2879
Letter and map from Shoji Nagumo to Mrs. Cleke, July 23, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-888)
doc Letter and map from Shoji Nagumo to Mrs. Cleke, July 23, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-888)
Correspondence from Shoji Nagumo to Mrs. Cleke. Includes a list of Takanori Tsuchiyama's personal belongings and a hand-drawn floor plan of a house. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0890
Woman with cat (ddr-csujad-55-2273)
img Woman with cat (ddr-csujad-55-2273)
Black and white photograph depicting a woman holding a cat. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2378
With Liberty and Justice for All (ddr-csujad-55-246)
doc With Liberty and Justice for All (ddr-csujad-55-246)
School essay and reflections by Margery Gunderson on the incarceration. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0248
Questions and answers for evacuees (ddr-csujad-55-349)
doc Questions and answers for evacuees (ddr-csujad-55-349)
Question and answer booklet covering "preparing for relocation," "facilities at relocation centers," "work," "business matters," "health and medicine," and "departure from the relocation center." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0351
Tule Lake quadrangle (ddr-csujad-55-2477)
img Tule Lake quadrangle (ddr-csujad-55-2477)
Topographic map of the area surrounding the Tule Lake incarceration camp in Modoc County, California. Includes Tule Lake incarceration camp highlighted in yellow, indicating farm area and barracks. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2583
News clippings regarding the incarceration of Japanese Americans, F.C. 18, November-December, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-760)
doc News clippings regarding the incarceration of Japanese Americans, F.C. 18, November-December, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-760)
Collection of newspaper clippings covering Japanese Americans during World War II. Topics include incarceration camps, Japanese American soldiers, race, prejudice, work, and other commentary. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0762
Official program Poston: memorial monument dedication (ddr-csujad-55-2703)
doc Official program Poston: memorial monument dedication (ddr-csujad-55-2703)
The program provides a history of the Poston incarceration camp. Includes photographs of the Poston camp and Poston memorial monument. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2867
Displaced Japanese-Americans (ddr-csujad-55-335)
doc Displaced Japanese-Americans (ddr-csujad-55-335)
The text of this pamphlet originally appeared in Fortune magazine, April, 1944, under the title of 'Issei, Nisei, and Kibei.' See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0337
Letter from Leo Uchida to Mr. James Waegell, July 10, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-2334)
doc Letter from Leo Uchida to Mr. James Waegell, July 10, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-2334)
Correspondence from Leo Uchida to James Waegell regarding the draft process for Japanese American incarcerees during World War II, discrimination against Japanese Americans, and life at Manzanar incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2440
Return receipt, Form 8811 rev. 1-4-40, George Hideo Nakamura (ddr-csujad-55-2447)
doc Return receipt, Form 8811 rev. 1-4-40, George Hideo Nakamura (ddr-csujad-55-2447)
Return Receipt from the Post Office Department for George Hideo Nakamura. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2553
Letter from Minnie Umeda to Mr. Waegell, November 30, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-64)
doc Letter from Minnie Umeda to Mr. Waegell, November 30, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-64)
Handwritten correspondence from Minnie Umeda to probably Mr. Waegell. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_00068
Letter from Akio ___ to Mrs. Margaret Gunderson, July 15, 1946 (ddr-csujad-55-252)
doc Letter from Akio ___ to Mrs. Margaret Gunderson, July 15, 1946 (ddr-csujad-55-252)
Correspondence from Akio to Margaret Gunderson. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_0254
Letter from Eleanor Roosevelt to Mrs. Mary Tsukamoto, November 24, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-35)
doc Letter from Eleanor Roosevelt to Mrs. Mary Tsukamoto, November 24, 1943 (ddr-csujad-55-35)
Typed correspondence from Eleanor Roosevelt to Mary Tsukamoto thanking her for her letter and inquiring about her future plans. Signed by Eleanor Roosevelt. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_00038
Letter from R.E. Tracy, Supervisor, Sacramento-San Joaquin Area, to George H. Nakamura, May 15, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-2429)
doc Letter from R.E. Tracy, Supervisor, Sacramento-San Joaquin Area, to George H. Nakamura, May 15, 1944 (ddr-csujad-55-2429)
Correspondence from R.E. Tracy to George Hideo Nakamura regarding a Government Bill of Lading. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2535
Jerome WRA Camp (ddr-csujad-55-2490)
img Jerome WRA Camp (ddr-csujad-55-2490)
Map of Chicot and Drew Counties and the site of the Jerome incarceration camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sac_jaac_2596
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