Concentration camps

The War Relocation Authority (WRA) oversaw construction of ten concentration camps in sparsely populated and isolated areas. Between June and October 1942, Japanese Americans were transferred from the "assembly centers" to the larger camps. Housing approximately 120,000 people, the camps were designed to be self-contained communities, complete with hospitals, post offices, schools, warehouses, and residential areas. The WRA attempted to establish normalcy by setting up newspapers, a degree of self-government, sports leagues, and social events. But confinement, monotony, and harsh conditions exacerbated tensions between pro- and anti-camp administration residents and between the disempowered Issei and their U.S.-born Nisei children. At several centers, conflicts erupted into violence and at the Manzanar concentration camp the unrest resulted in fatal shootings. The WRA gradually granted work and school leave to those they considered "loyal." The last camp closed in March 1946.

Concentration camps (553)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
Concentration Camps, U.S.A. (book), Gila River, Heart Mountain, Jerome, Manzanar, Minidoka, Poston (Colorado River), Psychological effects of camp, Rohwer, Sites of incarceration, Topaz, Tule Lake

552 items
Portrait of a baby (ddr-densho-359-1091)
img Portrait of a baby (ddr-densho-359-1091)
The portrait is signed "To Mr. + Mrs. Otsuka Eisei Lynn". The caption in the album is "5 mos. old".
Family portrait (ddr-densho-359-1086)
img Family portrait (ddr-densho-359-1086)
A family portrait taken at Manzanar Concentration Camp in California. The photograph is signed "To Mr. + Mrs Otsuka Iwasa Family 5/22/43".
Letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-69)
Letter to Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from his wife, Teru Koyama, dated Sept. 1, 1943. In the upper left corner is an "EXAMINED" stamp. The letter is brown and has a water stain along the right side. In the letter Teru updates Kei on their friends' situations in Minidoka: several had children leave for jobs outside or ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Miriam Kiyo Koyama (ddr-one-5-52)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his daughter, Miriam Kiyo Koyama, at Minidoka. In place of postage “Internee of War/Free Mail” is written in the upper right hand corner. Postmarked Apr. 18, 1943. In the upper center of the envelope “4/30-43” is written in red pencil. Along the left edge of the ...
Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Postcard to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-56)
One cent postcard addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Santa Fe Detention Station from his wife, Teru Koyama, at Minidoka. Postmarked Jun 15, 1943. To the left of the postmark “6/21/43” is written in red pencil. In the lower left corner is an upside down "Examined" stamp. The back of the postcard is dated June 14, ...
Envelope and letters to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letters to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Miriam Kiyo Koyama and William Koyama (ddr-one-5-28)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his children, William Koyama and Miriam Kiyo Koyama, at Minidoka. Postmarked Sep 11, 1942. To the left of the postmark “Sept 14, 42” is written in red pencil. On the left side of the envelope is a purple "Censored" stamp. Inside the envelope are two letters, ...
Envelope and letter to Dr. Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letter to Dr. Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama (ddr-one-5-71)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Santa Fe Detention Station from his wife, Teru Koyama, at Minidoka. Postmarked Sep 13, 1943. In place of postage, “Internee of War/Free Mail” is written in the upper right corner. Along the top “9/20-43” is written in red pencil. Inside the envelope is a letter dated Sept 12, 1943. ...
Letter from Henry [Katsumi] Fujita to Mr. and Mrs. Davis, October 5, 1942 (ddr-csujad-23-14)
doc Letter from Henry [Katsumi] Fujita to Mr. and Mrs. Davis, October 5, 1942 (ddr-csujad-23-14)
Describes in detail the long train ride from Sept. 15-18 between Merced and the Granada (Amache) incarceration camp: the layout of the train cars, times to different towns, tunnels and coal smoke, eating and sleeping arrangements, military troops and equipment staged along the railway, desert scenery, late arrival at Amache, an extra night aboard the train, ...
Yoneko Takimoto oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-17)
av Yoneko Takimoto oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-17)
Oral history of Yoneko Takimoto, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-21
Fusaye Ohara oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-12)
av Fusaye Ohara oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-12)
Oral history of Fusaye [Fusae] Ohara, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-15
Ritsuo Takeuchi oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-16)
av Ritsuo Takeuchi oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-16)
Oral history of Ritsuo Takeuchi, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-20
Bo Sakaguchi oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-13)
vh Bo Sakaguchi oral history interview (ddr-csujad-31-13)
Oral history of Bo Sakaguchi, recorded as part of Asian American Studies 390, California State University, Northridge. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: JSFVOH_01-16
Envelope and letters to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Envelope and letters to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Teru Koyama and Miriam Koyama (ddr-one-5-37)
Envelope addressed to Dr. Keizaburo Koyama at Camp Livingston from his wife, Teru Koyama, and daughter, Miriam Kiyo Koyama. Postmarked October 6, 1942. To the left of the postmark “Oct 11, 1942,” is written in red pencil. On the left side of the envelope is a purple "Censored" stamp from Camp Livingston. Inside the envelope are ...
Letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Lois (ddr-one-5-48)
Seven page letter to Kei Koyama from Lois at Minidoka dated March 8, 1943. The pages are thin and have water damage. The letter talks about religion (Buddhism and Christianity), the different between Nisei and Kibei, and many other topics about daily life at Minidoka.
Letter to Dr. Keizaburo
doc Letter to Dr. Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from Eva Koyama (ddr-one-5-38)
Letter dated Oct 5, 1942, to Keizaburo "Kei" Koyama from his daughter, Eva Koyama. In the letter Eva writes about life at Minidoka: Shin came to visit, school is starting soon, Mr. Mita's funeral, lunch, and Girl Scouts. Eva sends her regards to Dr. Tanaka and Mr. Ikeya.
Jane Tomeko Sugimura (ddr-csujad-8-68)
doc Jane Tomeko Sugimura (ddr-csujad-8-68)
Oral history interview with Jane Tomeko Sugimura. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Sugimura, Jane Tomeko
Takano Okajima (ddr-csujad-8-56)
doc Takano Okajima (ddr-csujad-8-56)
Oral history interview with Takano Okajima. Information on the oral history project is found in: csuf_stp_0012A; Glossary in: csuf_stp_0014. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: FCPL Okajima, Takano
Young women (ddr-csujad-26-142)
img Young women (ddr-csujad-26-142)
Four young Japanese American women pose with a Caucasian woman in front of an automobile. Barracks building is in the background. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_112
Women pose in front of building (ddr-csujad-26-84)
img Women pose in front of building (ddr-csujad-26-84)
A group of young women pose in front of what may be the side of a barracks building. From photo album of Robert Billigmeier. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_05_021
Chapter outlines (ddr-csujad-26-33)
doc Chapter outlines (ddr-csujad-26-33)
Outline of chapter topics relating to incarceration based on materials collected during the Japanese American Evacuation and Resettlement Study (JERS). See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: mei_03_03_002
Japanese American family (ddr-densho-26-47)
img Japanese American family (ddr-densho-26-47)
Yanagihara family at Minidoka Concentration Camp in Idaho.
[Leaflets related to Rohwer Arkansas Relocation Center] (ddr-csujad-1-48)
doc [Leaflets related to Rohwer Arkansas Relocation Center] (ddr-csujad-1-48)
Contains leaflets for "Rohwer and Jerome Relocation Centers" symposium sponsored by the Center for Arkansas Studies at University of Arkansas, Little Rock, in 1993 and Rohwer/Jerome monument dedication trip tour in 1992; and a letter from Nick Katsuki, Chairman, Rohwer Arkansas Relocation Center Research and Preservation Committee, in 1991. See this object in the California State ...
Relocation Center standard description, Assistant Clerk-Stenographer (CAF-3) (ddr-csujad-2-77)
doc Relocation Center standard description, Assistant Clerk-Stenographer (CAF-3) (ddr-csujad-2-77)
Description for Position #X-1007, Assistant Clerk-Stenographer (CAF-3) includes general description, distinguishing features from other clerk positions, and examples of work. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0077
Report on Heart Mountain to Tule Lake transfer Sam Horino, leader of movement to challenge Selective Service for incarcerated Japanese Americans (ddr-csujad-2-45)
doc Report on Heart Mountain to Tule Lake transfer Sam Horino, leader of movement to challenge Selective Service for incarcerated Japanese Americans (ddr-csujad-2-45)
Informational report to Willard Schmidt about Sam Horino, an incarceree transferred from Heart Mountain Camp to Tule Lake Camp. Horino was accused of protesting the Selective Service program for incarcerated Japanese Americans and creating bulletins he posted throughout Heart Mountain Camp. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: sjs_sch_0045
Report of the informal meeting of the stockade internees and the Co-ordinating Committee of the Tule Lake Center (ddr-csujad-2-68)
doc Report of the informal meeting of the stockade internees and the Co-ordinating Committee of the Tule Lake Center (ddr-csujad-2-68)
Report provides minutes of meeting requested by stockade incarcerees, listing the incarcerees, Co-ordinating Committee members, and others in attendance and presenting paraphrased text, identifying speakers by name. Topics addressed include incarcerees' difficulties in talking honestly, especially when they are spoken with in groups rather than individually; incarcerees' understanding of conditions in the camp outside of the ...
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