442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1199)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1199 items
Soldier portrait (ddr-densho-323-1)
img Soldier portrait (ddr-densho-323-1)
Portrait of Fred Shiosaki in uniform; a brief note for home is written on the front to his parents, and the date is written on the back.
T/Sgt. Tom Nagata (ddr-densho-338-195)
img T/Sgt. Tom Nagata (ddr-densho-338-195)
Caption on reverse: "T/SGT Tom Nagata / Pacific Citizen / Japanese-American Citizen's League / Salt Lake City, Utah."
Four sisters (ddr-densho-348-8)
img Four sisters (ddr-densho-348-8)
Four sisters, Mary, Imelda, Mary Jane, and Irene who all returned to Minidoka concentration camp from the East Coast for their brother Francis "Bako" Kinoshita's funeral.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 15 (November 6, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-40)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 105, No. 15 (November 6, 1987) (ddr-pc-59-40)
Selected article titles: "Diaries Returned: Wartime Distrust Followed Soldiers Across the Pacific" (p. 1), "Market Crash Halts Vote on S.1009" (p. 1), "Hearing on Anti-Asian Violence Set" (pp. 1, 5), and "Editorial of the Pacific Citizen: Gone But Not Forgotten" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 13 (March 29, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 13 (March 29, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-13)
Selected article titles: "Spanish-Speaking Americans Facing Same Type of Bias as Nisei of Early '30s" (p. 1), "Inouye Warns 442nd Veterans to Beware of 'Super-Patriots'" (p. 1), "PC Letterbox: Japanese Language Project" (p. 2), and "Japan Film 'Shaka' Is Memorable Epic" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 4 (January 25, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-4)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 4 (January 25, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-4)
Selected article titles: "Washington Newsletter: Lest We Forget: 442nd RCT Formed 20 Years Ago" (pp. 1-2), "Berkeley City Council Passes Tough Ordinance Prohibiting Bias in Housing, Each Day of Bias Considered as Separate Offense" (p. 1), "Spark M. Matsunaga" (p. 2), and "Congressman Matsunaga Urges Nisei to Take on Full-Fledged Citizenship" (p. 2).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 5 (September 1-14, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 5 (September 1-14, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-17)
Selected article titles: "Reflections on War" (pp. 1, 7), "Japan and the Atom Bomb Question" (pp. 1, 6), "Inouye Thanks Southerners Who Helped Men of the 442nd RCT" (p. 7), and "1995 JACL Scholarship Awards" (pp. 10-14).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 12 (June 16-July 6, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 12 (June 16-July 6, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-12)
Selected article titles: "Affirmative Action Programs Limited by Supreme Court" (pp. 1, 12), "JACL Opposes Cuts in Number of Legal Immigrants Allowed" (pp. 1, 5, 12), "Central California Highway to Honor 100/442nd, MIS" (p. 4), "Sgt. John Matsumoto Quiet Saga of WWII Nisei Aerial Gunner" (p. 5), and "Tracing the Jewish-Nisei Connection: Inouye, Vets Reunited ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 123, No. 1 (July 5-18, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 123, No. 1 (July 5-18, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-13)
Selected article titles: "House Resources Committee Passes Manzanar Legislation" (p. 1), "The Ups and Downs of Leadership and Volunteerism" (p. 6), "The Barracks: They Tell a Powerful Story" (p. 7), and "Medals of Valor for a 442 Hero, Finally" (p. 12).
Soldiers and women outside a bar (ddr-densho-201-63)
img Soldiers and women outside a bar (ddr-densho-201-63)
Two Japanese American soldiers posed with a woman outside a bar. Another woman looks on from the doorway.
Three Japanese American soldiers (ddr-densho-201-134)
img Three Japanese American soldiers (ddr-densho-201-134)
Three Japanese American soldiers outside a tent. Caption on reverse: "Kurokazu, Izuka, Abe."
Soldiers in front of P.B.S. Enlisted Men's Hotel (ddr-densho-201-266)
img Soldiers in front of P.B.S. Enlisted Men's Hotel (ddr-densho-201-266)
Two Japanese American soldiers in front of Maestoso ["Majestic"] P.B.S. Enlisted Men's Hotel. Caption on front: "Jim & I at Majestic Hotel."
Japanese American soldier in Uri Alps, Switzerland (ddr-densho-201-185)
img Japanese American soldier in Uri Alps, Switzerland (ddr-densho-201-185)
Japanese American soldier standing in front of a sign written primarily in German designating maps and locations. Part of the Joch Pass, a mountain pass that runs through the Uri Alps in Switzerland.
Panoramic view of Lecco, Italy (ddr-densho-201-302)
img Panoramic view of Lecco, Italy (ddr-densho-201-302)
Caption on front: "Lecco - Veduta panoramica [Lecco - panoramic view]." Caption in album: "July & Aug 1945 442nd & 100th took break in Lecco - went swimming - saw boxing and USO show in Milan."
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