442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1201)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1201 items
Nisei mortar crew (ddr-densho-114-21)
img Nisei mortar crew (ddr-densho-114-21)
Original caption: A Japanese-American mortar crew at their position, somewhere in France. One of the crew drops an 81 mm shell into the barrel of the mortar. Combat team, 2nd Bn., H Co. 11/17/44. 442nd Regt. St. Die area.
Hawaiian Nisei veteran presenting lei (ddr-densho-114-186)
img Hawaiian Nisei veteran presenting lei (ddr-densho-114-186)
Original caption: Colonel Joseph P. Sullivan, Sixth Army Quartermaster, represents General Mark W. Clark, CG, Sixth Army, at a ceremony where Sam Kinoshita, Nisei veteran of the 442nd Combat Team, holds Hawaiian lei of 1,100 individual flowers, which is on route to Paris to be placed on the tomb of the Unknown Soldier at the ...
Nisei technicians working on calculations (ddr-densho-114-98)
img Nisei technicians working on calculations (ddr-densho-114-98)
Original caption: Castrellina Sector, Italy. In the Fire Direction Center of the 522nd Field Artillery, 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Division, Lt. George S. Meany, Greenwich, Conn., Left, works with his Japanese American crew. In the center is T/Sgt. Shuichi, Sakamoto, Lihue, Kauai, Hawaii, calculating vertical control and S/Sgt. Yuki Ahaki, Modesto Calif., at the ...
Nisei memorial service (ddr-densho-114-597)
img Nisei memorial service (ddr-densho-114-597)
This memorial service, held at the First Methodist Church, is for 442nd Regimental Combat Team soldiers killed in action in Europe.
442nd Regimental Combat Team squad leader (ddr-densho-114-4)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team squad leader (ddr-densho-114-4)
Original caption: St. Die Area, France. A squad leader looks for German movements in the valley 200 yards away. Snow, rain and mud make life miserable for these Japanese-American front line troops. Company "F", 2nd Battalion, 442nd Regiment (Combat Team). 13 Nov 1944.
Nisei soldiers marching (ddr-densho-114-182)
img Nisei soldiers marching (ddr-densho-114-182)
Original caption: Vada Area, Italy. Men of Company H, 100th Inf. Bn., 442nd Regiment, U.S. Fifth Army, march through Vada to the area where Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark will present the Presidential Citation for outstanding action in combat to the 100th Inf. Bn., composed of American troops of Japanese descent. 27 July 1944.
442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-107)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-107)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American Combat Team. At Camp Shelby, Mississippi, Americans of Japanese ancestry from California, Hawaii and other areas are undergoing intensive training as an Army combat team. One group of Japanese-Americans has already gone and seen action in the Mediterranean Theatre. These pictures show some of the phases of the training of ...
Activation ceremony (ddr-densho-114-16)
img Activation ceremony (ddr-densho-114-16)
Original caption: Kahului, Maui. T. H. Major Lloyd C. Kaapana, CO, 3rd DN., 442 Inf. Regt., delivers an address during the ceremony activating company F, 442nd Inf. Regt. in the Organized Reserve Corps. 11 October 1945.
T/Sgt. Tom Nagata (ddr-densho-338-195)
img T/Sgt. Tom Nagata (ddr-densho-338-195)
Caption on reverse: "T/SGT Tom Nagata / Pacific Citizen / Japanese-American Citizen's League / Salt Lake City, Utah."
Four sisters (ddr-densho-348-8)
img Four sisters (ddr-densho-348-8)
Four sisters, Mary, Imelda, Mary Jane, and Irene who all returned to Minidoka concentration camp from the East Coast for their brother Francis "Bako" Kinoshita's funeral.
Soldier portrait (ddr-densho-323-1)
img Soldier portrait (ddr-densho-323-1)
Portrait of Fred Shiosaki in uniform; a brief note for home is written on the front to his parents, and the date is written on the back.
Three Japanese American soldiers (ddr-densho-201-134)
img Three Japanese American soldiers (ddr-densho-201-134)
Three Japanese American soldiers outside a tent. Caption on reverse: "Kurokazu, Izuka, Abe."
Soldiers and women outside a bar (ddr-densho-201-63)
img Soldiers and women outside a bar (ddr-densho-201-63)
Two Japanese American soldiers posed with a woman outside a bar. Another woman looks on from the doorway.
Soldiers in front of P.B.S. Enlisted Men's Hotel (ddr-densho-201-266)
img Soldiers in front of P.B.S. Enlisted Men's Hotel (ddr-densho-201-266)
Two Japanese American soldiers in front of Maestoso ["Majestic"] P.B.S. Enlisted Men's Hotel. Caption on front: "Jim & I at Majestic Hotel."
Japanese American soldier in Uri Alps, Switzerland (ddr-densho-201-185)
img Japanese American soldier in Uri Alps, Switzerland (ddr-densho-201-185)
Japanese American soldier standing in front of a sign written primarily in German designating maps and locations. Part of the Joch Pass, a mountain pass that runs through the Uri Alps in Switzerland.