442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1324)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1324 items
The SS Wilson Victory leaving the harbor (ddr-densho-201-363)
img The SS Wilson Victory leaving the harbor (ddr-densho-201-363)
The ship Wilson Victory leaving the harbor in Livorno, Italy. Caption on front: "44nd RCT Going Home, July 1946 Livorno, Italy. Wilson Victory."
Japanese American soldier with ice skates (ddr-densho-201-62)
img Japanese American soldier with ice skates (ddr-densho-201-62)
Japanese American soldier with ice skates slung over his shoulder. A mountain range stands behind him, possibly the Swiss Alps.
Arthur Nishimoto Interview Segment 13 (ddr-manz-1-129-13)
vh Arthur Nishimoto Interview Segment 13 (ddr-manz-1-129-13)
The relationship between the 442nd Regimental Combat Team and the 100th Battalion
Daniel Inouye Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-28-7)
vh Daniel Inouye Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-28-7)
Doing whatever it takes to be accepted for service

This interview was conducted at the senator's office in Honolulu, Hawaii, as part of a series of interviews with veterans attending the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, the interviews were generally shorter in ...

Daniel Inouye Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-28-19)
vh Daniel Inouye Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-28-19)
Leadership techniques

This interview was conducted at the senator's office in Honolulu, Hawaii, as part of a series of interviews with veterans attending the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, the interviews were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and ...

Daniel Inouye Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1000-28-2)
vh Daniel Inouye Segment 2 (ddr-densho-1000-28-2)
Memories of fellow serviceman Shiro Kashino

This interview was conducted at the senator's office in Honolulu, Hawaii, as part of a series of interviews with veterans attending the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, the interviews were generally shorter in length than the ...

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 42 (ddr-densho-1000-92-42)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 42 (ddr-densho-1000-92-42)
An officer earns the respect of his men by dodging fire faster than a younger soldier

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-92-24)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-92-24)
Called up for military duty at seventeen years old

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-92-29)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-92-29)
USO entertainment during basic training

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-92-28)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-92-28)
Nisei soldiers befriend black soldiers and break segregation rules

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 35 (ddr-densho-1000-92-35)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 35 (ddr-densho-1000-92-35)
Training with Sadao Munemori, Medal of Honor recipient

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Fred Matsumura Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-46-10)
vh Fred Matsumura Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-46-10)
The long trip to Camp Shelby for basic training

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews. Beverly Kashino, one of the interviewers, is Shiro and Louise Kashino ...

Fred Matsumura Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-46-20)
vh Fred Matsumura Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-46-20)
Battle of the "Lost Battalion"

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews. Beverly Kashino, one of the interviewers, is Shiro and Louise Kashino's daughter.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-92-25)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-92-25)
Camp Shelby, Mississippi: gaining the respect of the Japanese Americans from Hawaii

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 44 (ddr-densho-1000-92-44)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 44 (ddr-densho-1000-92-44)
Single-handedly capturing a group of German officers

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Fred Matsumura Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-46-11)
vh Fred Matsumura Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-46-11)
Meeting the mainland Japanese Americans at Camp Shelby

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews. Beverly Kashino, one of the interviewers, is Shiro and Louise Kashino's ...

Fred Matsumura Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-46-13)
vh Fred Matsumura Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-46-13)
Memories of Camp Shelby and basic training: good friends

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews. Beverly Kashino, one of the interviewers, is Shiro and Louise Kashino ...

Fred Matsumura Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-46-18)
vh Fred Matsumura Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-46-18)
Coping with combat

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews. Beverly Kashino, one of the interviewers, is Shiro and Louise Kashino's daughter.

API