442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1324)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1324 items
Soldier sitting outside tent with puppy (ddr-densho-201-93)
img Soldier sitting outside tent with puppy (ddr-densho-201-93)
Japanese American soldier sitting outside a tent holding a puppy. Caption on reverse: "Chick Kawata."
Man sitting and drinking (ddr-densho-201-30)
img Man sitting and drinking (ddr-densho-201-30)
Portrait of a man wearing military gear sitting and drinking from a bottle.
img "Jim & I on Ponte Vecchio (old bridge)" (ddr-densho-201-233)
Two Japanese American soldiers on a bridge. Caption on front: "Jim & I on Ponte Vecchio (old bridge)."
img "RTC 208 B Company, Camp Blanding Florida, Aug. - Dec. 1944" (ddr-densho-201-403)
Caption on reverse: "Property of Masao Sakagami. Nob [?] Sakagami [illegible] #34. RTC 208 B Company, Camp Blanding Florida, Aug. - Dec. 1944. 1st row: 1. Nukaya, 2. [unidentified], 3. Enro Okada, 4. [unidentified], 5. Shig Matsukawa, 6. Joe Matsuzaki, 7. Mitsuru Sakurada, 8. Tamio Sakata, 9. Satoru Sakuma, 10. Ishida, 11. ?? Sakuma. 2nd: 1. Emo Suzuki, 2 ...
U.S. soldiers in front of Italian hotel (ddr-densho-201-206)
img U.S. soldiers in front of Italian hotel (ddr-densho-201-206)
U.S. soldiers in front of a building whose sign reads "Albergo," or "hotel" in Italian.
img "Tak Nishimoto" (ddr-densho-201-288)
Man on the beach. Caption on front: "Tak Nishimoto."
Soldiers on a train (ddr-densho-201-49)
img Soldiers on a train (ddr-densho-201-49)
Japanese American and white soldiers looking out the windows of a train car.
Japanese American men on Hawaiian beach (ddr-densho-201-281)
img Japanese American men on Hawaiian beach (ddr-densho-201-281)
Caption on front: "Ah-! What a life-." Caption on post-it note in album: "Tom Harimoto, I Co. Honolulu, HI."
img "July & Aug 1945 442nd & 100th took break in Lecco - went swimming - saw boxing and USO show in Milan" (ddr-densho-201-303)
Caption on front: "Lecco - Giardini pubblici [Lecco - public gardens]." Caption in album: "July & Aug 1945 442nd & 100th took break in Lecco - went swimming - saw boxing and USO show in Milan."
img "100th Bn. Used this garden to head out to manuver in the hill - [illegible] ground March, 1945" (ddr-densho-201-301)
Caption on front: "La Cote d'Azur -- 19. MENTON -- Le jardin public." Caption in album: "100th Bn. Used this garden to head out to manuver in the hill - [illegible] ground March, 1945."
img "Parade in Livorno Italy 1946" (ddr-densho-201-223)
Caption on front: "442 Infrantry [sic] Regiment Gives Final Parade." Caption on side: "Parade in Livorno Italy 1946."
The SS Wilson Victory leaving the harbor (ddr-densho-201-363)
img The SS Wilson Victory leaving the harbor (ddr-densho-201-363)
The ship Wilson Victory leaving the harbor in Livorno, Italy. Caption on front: "44nd RCT Going Home, July 1946 Livorno, Italy. Wilson Victory."
Japanese American soldier with ice skates (ddr-densho-201-62)
img Japanese American soldier with ice skates (ddr-densho-201-62)
Japanese American soldier with ice skates slung over his shoulder. A mountain range stands behind him, possibly the Swiss Alps.
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