442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (66)
Military service (620)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1543)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1543 items
Three soldiers (ddr-densho-22-281)
img Three soldiers (ddr-densho-22-281)
Caption on reverse: "Tadashi Iwanaga / Honolulu (left) / Tsugimi Masuda / Waipahu (center) / me [Danny Y. Teruda] (right)."
Soldier in front of the Eiffel Tower (ddr-densho-22-71)
img Soldier in front of the Eiffel Tower (ddr-densho-22-71)
Caption in album: "On C.P. guard at the Bn C.P. in town Donauworth."
442nd Regimental Combat Team plaque (ddr-densho-22-28)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team plaque (ddr-densho-22-28)
Caption in album: "This plaque was presented to the 442nd for their rescue of the Lost Battalion of World War II."
442nd soldiers cooking C rations (ddr-densho-22-31)
img 442nd soldiers cooking C rations (ddr-densho-22-31)
Caption in album: "At times chow wasn't so good as we got our share of 'C' rations most often. Breakfast, dinner, supper day after day. But when you work hard you get hungry and when you are hungry you can eat anything. Here we heat up a C ration in our mess gear. On the rear ...
View down a street in Germany (ddr-densho-22-78)
img View down a street in Germany (ddr-densho-22-78)
Caption in album: "Volunteers please / Just prior to V-J day came a survey of Volunteers was made for the Camp Savage (later Fort Snelling) language school for men to ship to go to school and on to Japan to fight. Here the two above photos show as the volunteers were made ready to leave for ...
Lister bag (ddr-densho-22-30)
img Lister bag (ddr-densho-22-30)
Caption in album: "Here is a lister bag where all water is treated before you drink. Halazone tablets we used during the war. In more permanent positions these bags are set up. You absolutely do not drink untreated water."