442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1201)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1201 items
Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-190-26)
vh Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-190-26)
Remembering the battle of Hill 140

This interview was conducted as part of a project to capture stories of the Japanese American community of Spokane, Washington. Densho worked in collaboration with the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture.

Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 38 (ddr-densho-1000-190-38)
vh Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 38 (ddr-densho-1000-190-38)
Escorting a German prisoner of war, feeling angry

This interview was conducted as part of a project to capture stories of the Japanese American community of Spokane, Washington. Densho worked in collaboration with the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture.

Masao Watanabe Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-103-22)
vh Masao Watanabe Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-103-22)
Conflicts between Hawaiian and mainland military recruits at Camp Shelby, Mississippi

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

Masao Watanabe Segment 35 (ddr-densho-1000-103-35)
vh Masao Watanabe Segment 35 (ddr-densho-1000-103-35)
A dangerous assignment on difficult terrain

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

Masao Watanabe Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-103-29)
vh Masao Watanabe Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-103-29)
Closeness of soldiers of the 442nd

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-138-25)
vh Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-138-25)
Memories of a key battle, the breaking of the Gothic Line

William Toshio Yasutake was interviewed together with his sister Mitsuye (Yasutake) Yamada and surviving brother, Joseph Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. He was interviewed individually on November 14, 2002.

Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings had planned to conduct their ...

Bill Thompson Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-90-17)
vh Bill Thompson Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-90-17)
Reflections

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews and concentrated on a single topic, namely, the individual's military service during World War II.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 48 (ddr-densho-1000-92-48)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 48 (ddr-densho-1000-92-48)
The battle of the "Lost Battalion"; memories of Colonel Pursall standing up for his menRegimental Combat Team lives

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 38 (ddr-densho-1000-92-38)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 38 (ddr-densho-1000-92-38)
Description of a company runner's duties, being privy to confidential information

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 47 (ddr-densho-1000-92-47)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 47 (ddr-densho-1000-92-47)
Finding a common language, communicating in Japanese with Brazilian officers

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 46 (ddr-densho-1000-92-46)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 46 (ddr-densho-1000-92-46)
Maintaining a sense of humanity during the war

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1000-92-30)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1000-92-30)
The dedication of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team officers to the men in their unit

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Fred Matsumura Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-46-8)
vh Fred Matsumura Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1000-46-8)
The call for volunteers: joining up with the U.S. Army

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews. Beverly Kashino, one of the interviewers, is Shiro and ...

Fred Matsumura Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-46-27)
vh Fred Matsumura Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-46-27)
Memories of combat

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews. Beverly Kashino, one of the interviewers, is Shiro and Louise Kashino's daughter.

Fred Matsumura Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-46-28)
vh Fred Matsumura Segment 28 (ddr-densho-1000-46-28)
Breaking the Gothic line

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews. Beverly Kashino, one of the interviewers, is Shiro and Louise Kashino's daughter.

Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 05, (February 9, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-5)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 76, No. 05, (February 9, 1973) (ddr-pc-45-5)
Select article titles: "Vietnam War Dead: 61 Nikkei" (p.1); "Growing Tide of Japanese Investment Worries Hawaii" (p.1); "128 Teams, 5 from Japan, to Roll at Portland Pinfest" (p.4); "Lt. Gov. Ariyoshi Predicts Focal Point of World Affairs Shifting to Pacific" (p.4).
Terry Aratani  -  Fred Matsumura  -  Kenneth Okuma  -  Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-3-11)
vh Terry Aratani - Fred Matsumura - Kenneth Okuma - Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 11 (ddr-densho-1000-3-11)
The only records of AWOL in the 442nd Regimental Combat Team were soldiers leaving the hospital early to return to battle

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than ...

Terry Aratani  -  Fred Matsumura  -  Kenneth Okuma  -  Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-3-13)
vh Terry Aratani - Fred Matsumura - Kenneth Okuma - Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-3-13)
Devastation caused by tree bursts

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview. Kari Hiraoka, one of the interviewers, is Shiro and Louise Kashino's ...

Terry Aratani  -  Fred Matsumura  -  Kenneth Okuma  -  Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-3-4)
vh Terry Aratani - Fred Matsumura - Kenneth Okuma - Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-3-4)
The bond between members of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team's I Company

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview. Kari Hiraoka, one of ...

Terry Aratani  -  Fred Matsumura  -  Kenneth Okuma  -  Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-3-3)
vh Terry Aratani - Fred Matsumura - Kenneth Okuma - Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1000-3-3)
Thoughts on serving in a segregated military unit

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview. Kari Hiraoka, one of the interviewers, is Shiro and ...

Fred Matsumura Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-46-9)
vh Fred Matsumura Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-46-9)
First impressions of the mainland United States

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews. Beverly Kashino, one of the interviewers, is Shiro and Louise Kashino's daughter.

Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 11 (March 11, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 50, No. 11 (March 11, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-11)
Select article titles: "No racial, color discrimination case reported during Squaw Valley Olympics" (p.1); "Newsman who sent to U.S. first story of 442nd in combat addresses Monterrey JACL" (p.3); "Japanese artist completes 30-scroll set of Chinese scenes as gift to Columbia" (p.8)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 12 (October 20, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-37)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 109, No. 12 (October 20, 1989) (ddr-pc-61-37)
Selected article titles: "Some 600 Over Age 90 Prepare for $20,000 Redress Payment" (pp. 1, 3), "On Redress Entitlement: Inouye's Speech in Senate About His Mainland Buddies of 442 Volunteering 'from Behind Barbed Wire' Stirs Wide Support" (pp. 1, 7), "Redress Administration Revises Forms, JACL-LEC Distributes Copies to Chapters" (pp. 1, 3), and "What ...
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