442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (66)
Military service (620)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1543)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1543 items
Certificate of fitness (ddr-densho-22-89)
doc Certificate of fitness (ddr-densho-22-89)
Clarence Matsumura's certificate of fitness for induction into the Army.
Clarence Matsumura on guard post (ddr-densho-22-69)
img Clarence Matsumura on guard post (ddr-densho-22-69)
Caption in album: "Among the rookie reign of most soldiers he spends more than 50% of his time doing nothing but guard post."
Order to report (ddr-densho-22-88)
doc Order to report (ddr-densho-22-88)
Clarence Matsumura's order to report for a preinduction physical
442nd soldiers in chow line (ddr-densho-22-29)
img 442nd soldiers in chow line (ddr-densho-22-29)
Caption in album: "At times during the war we were lucky to have U.S.O. units come up to entertain us. We saw little fun as 7 days a week 24 hours a day we were on the go with little rest. Here a U.S.O. troupe forms a chow dish out line as we get our few ...
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