442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1518)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1518 items
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-121)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-121)
Nisei soldier's caption: Railwood car of "wood" to the sticks.
Nisei soldiers visiting Italy (ddr-densho-164-13)
img Nisei soldiers visiting Italy (ddr-densho-164-13)
Nisei soldier's caption: The Tiber River. A sluggish muddy stream flowing thru the city.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-72)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-72)
Nisei soldier's caption: Junior Miss cast visit us. Finally after four months of quiet we wouldn't enjoy it anymore. Toward the end of March we left for Antibes and for our next front.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-74)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-74)
Nisei soldier's caption: Biot, a village near Antibes.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-34)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-34)
Nisei soldier's caption: Heading for Nile from St. Martins. A break after one hour ride.
Spark M. Matsunaga Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-3-8)
vh Spark M. Matsunaga Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-3-8)
Observing differences between Japanese Americans from Hawaii and the mainland during training

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the ...

Chester Tanaka Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1007-6-4)
vh Chester Tanaka Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1007-6-4)
Devising pranks during basic training to relieve pressure (audio only)

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of ...

Chester Tanaka Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1007-6-6)
vh Chester Tanaka Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1007-6-6)
Memories of the journey to Europe by sea (audio only)

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of ...

George T.
vh George T. "Joe" Sakato Interview Segment 35 (ddr-manz-1-29-35)
Charging at the enemy after witnessing the death of friend and fellow soldier
Terry Aratani  -  Fred Matsumura  -  Kenneth Okuma  -  Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-3-17)
vh Terry Aratani - Fred Matsumura - Kenneth Okuma - Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-3-17)
The continuing legacy of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team's I Company

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview. Kari Hiraoka, one of the interviewers, ...

Terry Aratani  -  Fred Matsumura  -  Kenneth Okuma  -  Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-3-5)
vh Terry Aratani - Fred Matsumura - Kenneth Okuma - Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-3-5)
"It's a big family": the importance of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team's I Company's reunions

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview. Kari Hiraoka, ...

Terry Aratani  -  Fred Matsumura  -  Kenneth Okuma  -  Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-3-9)
vh Terry Aratani - Fred Matsumura - Kenneth Okuma - Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-3-9)
Memories of battle in Europe while serving with the 442nd Regimental Combat Team

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview. Kari Hiraoka, one of ...

George Morihiro Interview Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-182-24)
vh George Morihiro Interview Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-182-24)
Incident involving non-Japanese American soldiers at basic training
James
vh James "Turk" Suzuki Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-204-23)
Receiving protection from a farmer and his family while on a mission in Italy
Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-190-27)
vh Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-190-27)
A squad leader uses improvised Japanese language to communicate with troops

This interview was conducted as part of a project to capture stories of the Japanese American community of Spokane, Washington. Densho worked in collaboration with the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture.

Sadaichi Kubota Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-40-17)
vh Sadaichi Kubota Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-40-17)
Taking on leadership of the squad: gaining the acceptance of unit

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the ...

Sadaichi Kubota Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-40-20)
vh Sadaichi Kubota Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-40-20)
Landing in Naples

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military service during World War II.

Sadaichi Kubota Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-40-13)
vh Sadaichi Kubota Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-40-13)
Brothers' decision to join different units

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military service during World ...

Sadaichi Kubota Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-40-23)
vh Sadaichi Kubota Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-40-23)
Respect for the Nazi soldiers' dedication

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military service during World ...

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