442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1199)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1199 items
Nisei couple in a cemetery (ddr-densho-105-17)
img Nisei couple in a cemetery (ddr-densho-105-17)
Minoru "Min" Tsubota and wife at the 442nd Regimental Combat Team's 50th Anniversary of the Liberation of the Battle of Biffontaine, France. This ceremony was held at the Quequement Cemetery.
Nisei couple in front of tour bus (ddr-densho-105-16)
img Nisei couple in front of tour bus (ddr-densho-105-16)
Minoru "Min" Tsubota and wife Cherrie at the 442nd Regimental Combat Team's 50th Anniversary of the Liberation of the Battle of Biffontaine, France.
A mother receiving posthumous medal (ddr-densho-114-128)
img A mother receiving posthumous medal (ddr-densho-114-128)
Original caption: Honolulu, T.H. Mrs. Shizuko Kina receives the Silver Star Medal posthumously awarded her brother, Pfc. Tomaki Shimabukuro, during a ceremony at 1965 South King Street, Honolulu, T.H. The presentation, by Chaplain Corwin H. Olds, CPBC, is made for gallantry in action with the 2nd Bn., 442nd Reg. Combat Team, near Bruyeres, France ...
Nisei soldiers studying a map (ddr-densho-114-42)
img Nisei soldiers studying a map (ddr-densho-114-42)
Original caption: Studying a map of [illegible] new bivouac area at a roadside are l/r: 2nd Lt. Edward E. [illegible], Mountain Lakes, N.J., 2nd Lt. Robert H. Foote, Hebron, Conn., S/Sgt. Min Shumida, Los Angeles, Calif., and Sgt. Minoru A. Ikehara of Honolulu, T.H. 10/13/44. 2nd Bn., 442nd Combat Team ...
Nisei soldier on the front lines (ddr-densho-114-36)
img Nisei soldier on the front lines (ddr-densho-114-36)
Original caption: Japanese-American soldier armed with a bazooka, stands guard in the woods near the front lines, he is being relieved by a member of the 442nd Infantry Regiment, Combat Team, 2nd Battalion, H Co., St. Die Area, France. 17 Nov 1944.
Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-89)
img Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-89)
Original caption: Three Japanese-American soldiers look down on the French Valley in the Bruyere Sector of France from a hill that was under heavy morter and shell fire. Trees in foreground show the effects of the shelling. 22 Oct 1944.
442nd Regimental Combat Team members running for cover in Italy (ddr-densho-114-2)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team members running for cover in Italy (ddr-densho-114-2)
Original caption: Italy. Americans of Japanese descent, Infantrymen of the 442nd Regiment, run for cover as a German artillery shell is about to land outside the building. Fifth Army 4 April 1945.
Cannon company (ddr-densho-114-124)
img Cannon company (ddr-densho-114-124)
Original caption: La Houssiere Area, France. Combat Team of a Cannon Company, fires from their new position in the woods. This particular Unit is composed of almost all Japanese-American troops. 442nd Infantry. 4 Nov 1944.
Nisei soldiers marching (ddr-densho-114-182)
img Nisei soldiers marching (ddr-densho-114-182)
Original caption: Vada Area, Italy. Men of Company H, 100th Inf. Bn., 442nd Regiment, U.S. Fifth Army, march through Vada to the area where Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark will present the Presidential Citation for outstanding action in combat to the 100th Inf. Bn., composed of American troops of Japanese descent. 27 July 1944.
Nisei memorial service (ddr-densho-114-597)
img Nisei memorial service (ddr-densho-114-597)
This memorial service, held at the First Methodist Church, is for 442nd Regimental Combat Team soldiers killed in action in Europe.
Nisei mortar crew (ddr-densho-114-21)
img Nisei mortar crew (ddr-densho-114-21)
Original caption: A Japanese-American mortar crew at their position, somewhere in France. One of the crew drops an 81 mm shell into the barrel of the mortar. Combat team, 2nd Bn., H Co. 11/17/44. 442nd Regt. St. Die area.
Hawaiian Nisei veteran presenting lei (ddr-densho-114-186)
img Hawaiian Nisei veteran presenting lei (ddr-densho-114-186)
Original caption: Colonel Joseph P. Sullivan, Sixth Army Quartermaster, represents General Mark W. Clark, CG, Sixth Army, at a ceremony where Sam Kinoshita, Nisei veteran of the 442nd Combat Team, holds Hawaiian lei of 1,100 individual flowers, which is on route to Paris to be placed on the tomb of the Unknown Soldier at the ...
Nisei technicians working on calculations (ddr-densho-114-98)
img Nisei technicians working on calculations (ddr-densho-114-98)
Original caption: Castrellina Sector, Italy. In the Fire Direction Center of the 522nd Field Artillery, 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Division, Lt. George S. Meany, Greenwich, Conn., Left, works with his Japanese American crew. In the center is T/Sgt. Shuichi, Sakamoto, Lihue, Kauai, Hawaii, calculating vertical control and S/Sgt. Yuki Ahaki, Modesto Calif., at the ...
442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-107)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-107)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American Combat Team. At Camp Shelby, Mississippi, Americans of Japanese ancestry from California, Hawaii and other areas are undergoing intensive training as an Army combat team. One group of Japanese-Americans has already gone and seen action in the Mediterranean Theatre. These pictures show some of the phases of the training of ...
442nd Regimental Combat Team squad leader (ddr-densho-114-4)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team squad leader (ddr-densho-114-4)
Original caption: St. Die Area, France. A squad leader looks for German movements in the valley 200 yards away. Snow, rain and mud make life miserable for these Japanese-American front line troops. Company "F", 2nd Battalion, 442nd Regiment (Combat Team). 13 Nov 1944.
Activation ceremony (ddr-densho-114-16)
img Activation ceremony (ddr-densho-114-16)
Original caption: Kahului, Maui. T. H. Major Lloyd C. Kaapana, CO, 3rd DN., 442 Inf. Regt., delivers an address during the ceremony activating company F, 442nd Inf. Regt. in the Organized Reserve Corps. 11 October 1945.
Basic training (ddr-densho-114-172)
img Basic training (ddr-densho-114-172)
Antitank Company in training at Camp Shelby, Mississippi.
Anti-tank training (ddr-densho-114-84)
img Anti-tank training (ddr-densho-114-84)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American soldiers in the anti-tank company of the combat team easing a gun off the bank of a stream to ferry it across on three steel cables. Swimmers in the water below will haul on a line in the water to move the gun. Lt. Charles W. Tayman, Commanding Officer of ...
Award ceremony (ddr-densho-114-67)
img Award ceremony (ddr-densho-114-67)
Original caption: Lt. Gen. Lucian K Truscott, Jr., CG, U.S. Fifth Army, salutes after fastening the Presidential Distinguished Unit Citation Banner to the guidon of Co. L, 3rd Bn., 442nd Japanese-American Combat Team, at a ceremony at Leghorn, Italy. 9/4/45.
A mother receiving posthumous award (ddr-densho-114-147)
img A mother receiving posthumous award (ddr-densho-114-147)
Original caption: Honolulu, T.H. Mrs. Risaku Kanaya is presented the Silver Star Medal posthumously awarded her son, Pvt. Walter E. Kanaya, for gallantry in action near Bruyeres, France, 17 October 1944, with the 2nd Bn., 442nd Infantry, as Mr. Kanaya stands with her. Chaplain (Colonel) Corwin H. Olds, CPBC, makes the presentation at 1521 Young ...
Nisei soldiers in jeep (ddr-densho-114-88)
img Nisei soldiers in jeep (ddr-densho-114-88)
Original caption: FRANCE. A jeep mounted with a heavy machine gun battles the mud of a French road as it pulls a trailer. Japanese-American troops of the 2nd Bn. 442nd Combat Team, fight in France. 13 October 1944.
Wounded Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-118-4)
img Wounded Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-118-4)
Tosh Yasutake is at the 45th General Hospital in Napoli, Italy.
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