442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1199)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1199 items
Ernest Uno Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1007-7-7)
vh Ernest Uno Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1007-7-7)
The spirit and camaraderie of the soldiers in the 442nd Regimental Combat Team

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views ...

James Lovell Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1007-12-3)
vh James Lovell Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1007-12-3)
Response to accusations that the 100th Battalion was overused or 'expendable' (audio only)

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views ...

Mitsuye May Yamada - Joe Yasutake - Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 73 (ddr-densho-1000-135-73)
vh Mitsuye May Yamada - Joe Yasutake - Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 73 (ddr-densho-1000-135-73)
Difficult period for mother in camp after one son had volunteered for army, and two other children were leaving camp to attend college
Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-190-26)
vh Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-190-26)
Remembering the battle of Hill 140

This interview was conducted as part of a project to capture stories of the Japanese American community of Spokane, Washington. Densho worked in collaboration with the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture.

Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 38 (ddr-densho-1000-190-38)
vh Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 38 (ddr-densho-1000-190-38)
Escorting a German prisoner of war, feeling angry

This interview was conducted as part of a project to capture stories of the Japanese American community of Spokane, Washington. Densho worked in collaboration with the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture.

Sadaichi Kubota Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-40-15)
vh Sadaichi Kubota Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-40-15)
Relations between Japanese American soldiers from Hawaii and the mainland

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual ...

Sadaichi Kubota Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-40-12)
vh Sadaichi Kubota Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-40-12)
A tearful sendoff: leaving home for the army

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military ...

Sadaichi Kubota Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-40-25)
vh Sadaichi Kubota Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-40-25)
Description of fighting: accuracy of the artillery unit

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military ...

Masao Watanabe Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-103-22)
vh Masao Watanabe Segment 22 (ddr-densho-1000-103-22)
Conflicts between Hawaiian and mainland military recruits at Camp Shelby, Mississippi

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

Masao Watanabe Segment 35 (ddr-densho-1000-103-35)
vh Masao Watanabe Segment 35 (ddr-densho-1000-103-35)
A dangerous assignment on difficult terrain

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

Masao Watanabe Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-103-29)
vh Masao Watanabe Segment 29 (ddr-densho-1000-103-29)
Closeness of soldiers of the 442nd

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

Paul Bannai Interview I Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-128-25)
vh Paul Bannai Interview I Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-128-25)
Basic training at Camp Shelby, Mississippi; relations between Hawaiian and mainland Japanese Americans
Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-105-6)
vh Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-105-6)
First combat experience and battlefield duties

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews and concentrated on a single topic, namely, the individual's military service during World ...

Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-105-5)
vh Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-105-5)
Making friends on the long trip to Italy

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews and concentrated on a single topic, namely, the individual's military service ...

Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-105-7)
vh Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-105-7)
Memories of combat: wounded, the first injury

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews and concentrated on a single topic, namely, the individual's military service during ...

Ryo Imamura Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-27-18)
vh Ryo Imamura Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-27-18)
Reconciling wartime killing by Buddhist 442nd Regimental Combat Team soldiers with Buddhism's doctrine of nonviolence
Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 48 (ddr-densho-1000-92-48)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 48 (ddr-densho-1000-92-48)
The battle of the "Lost Battalion"; memories of Colonel Pursall standing up for his menRegimental Combat Team lives

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 38 (ddr-densho-1000-92-38)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 38 (ddr-densho-1000-92-38)
Description of a company runner's duties, being privy to confidential information

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1000-92-30)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 30 (ddr-densho-1000-92-30)
The dedication of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team officers to the men in their unit

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

API