442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1201)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1201 items
Dogs touching noses on a barrel (ddr-densho-201-174)
img Dogs touching noses on a barrel (ddr-densho-201-174)
Dogs touching noses on a barrel beside a sign that reads "12th Street" in a military encampment.
img "Rest (bayonet drill)" (ddr-densho-201-215)
Japanese American soldier resting a bayonet on the ground. Caption on reverse: "Rest (bayonet drill), 4-12-42."
Japanese American soldiers in gondola (ddr-densho-201-201)
img Japanese American soldiers in gondola (ddr-densho-201-201)
Two Japanese American soldiers riding in a gondola with a gondolier. Caption on reverse: "Henry Yamamoto, Roy Enomoto."
Ernest Uno Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1007-7-7)
vh Ernest Uno Interview Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1007-7-7)
The spirit and camaraderie of the soldiers in the 442nd Regimental Combat Team

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views ...

James Lovell Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1007-12-3)
vh James Lovell Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1007-12-3)
Response to accusations that the 100th Battalion was overused or 'expendable' (audio only)

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views ...

Mitsuye May Yamada - Joe Yasutake - Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 73 (ddr-densho-1000-135-73)
vh Mitsuye May Yamada - Joe Yasutake - Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 73 (ddr-densho-1000-135-73)
Difficult period for mother in camp after one son had volunteered for army, and two other children were leaving camp to attend college
Paul Bannai Interview I Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-128-25)
vh Paul Bannai Interview I Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-128-25)
Basic training at Camp Shelby, Mississippi; relations between Hawaiian and mainland Japanese Americans
Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-105-6)
vh Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-105-6)
First combat experience and battlefield duties

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews and concentrated on a single topic, namely, the individual's military service during World ...

Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-105-7)
vh Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 7 (ddr-densho-1000-105-7)
Memories of combat: wounded, the first injury

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews and concentrated on a single topic, namely, the individual's military service during ...

Ryo Imamura Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-27-18)
vh Ryo Imamura Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-27-18)
Reconciling wartime killing by Buddhist 442nd Regimental Combat Team soldiers with Buddhism's doctrine of nonviolence
Daniel Inouye Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-28-12)
vh Daniel Inouye Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-28-12)
Thoughts just before going into battle, and the Nisei soldiers' attitude, honor and shame

This interview was conducted at the senator's office in Honolulu, Hawaii, as part of a series of interviews with veterans attending the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, the ...

Daniel Inouye Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-28-13)
vh Daniel Inouye Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-28-13)
First battle: "after a while you learn to control fear"

This interview was conducted at the senator's office in Honolulu, Hawaii, as part of a series of interviews with veterans attending the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, the interviews were generally shorter ...

Daniel Inouye Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-28-17)
vh Daniel Inouye Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-28-17)
Becoming an officer

This interview was conducted at the senator's office in Honolulu, Hawaii, as part of a series of interviews with veterans attending the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, the interviews were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview ...

Sadaichi Kubota Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-40-15)
vh Sadaichi Kubota Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-40-15)
Relations between Japanese American soldiers from Hawaii and the mainland

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual ...

Sadaichi Kubota Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-40-12)
vh Sadaichi Kubota Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-40-12)
A tearful sendoff: leaving home for the army

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military ...

Sadaichi Kubota Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-40-25)
vh Sadaichi Kubota Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-40-25)
Description of fighting: accuracy of the artillery unit

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military ...

Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-105-5)
vh Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-105-5)
Making friends on the long trip to Italy

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews and concentrated on a single topic, namely, the individual's military service ...

Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-138-17)
vh Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-138-17)
Landing in Europe; setting up headquarters station and aid stations as moved from place to place

William Toshio Yasutake was interviewed together with his sister Mitsuye (Yasutake) Yamada and surviving brother, Joseph Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. He was interviewed individually on November 14, 2002.

Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings ...

Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-138-19)
vh Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 19 (ddr-densho-1000-138-19)
Working as a medic at the battalion aid station: "very chaotic"

William Toshio Yasutake was interviewed together with his sister Mitsuye (Yasutake) Yamada and surviving brother, Joseph Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. He was interviewed individually on November 14, 2002.

Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings had planned to conduct their ...

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