442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1518)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1518 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 1 (January 1-8, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 106, No. 1 (January 1-8, 1988) (ddr-pc-60-1)
Special new year edition. Selected article titles: "Unlikely Journalist Writes Book About Unlikely Liberators" (pp. 1-2), "Yasui Coram Nobis: Case Closed" (p. 1), "The Exploration of the Magic Code" (pp. 2-3, 9-10), "Saburo Okinaga: World War II and the Experiences of One Japanese American in Hawaii" (p. 10), and "The Letters of Joseph Heco" (pp. 11-12).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, No. 10 (September 6, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-36)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 58, No. 10 (September 6, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-36)
Selected article titles: "Thirty-Five March Under JACL Banner in August 28 March for Jobs, Freedom" (pp. 1-2), "JACL Answers Negroes' Painful Call for Help, Says Matsunaga" (pp. 1-2, 4), "Chicago Veterans to Commemorate 20th 422 [sic] Anniv." (p. 3), and "Tokyo Topics: First Nisei Decorated by Japan" (p. 4).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 1 (January 6-19, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 1 (January 6-19, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-1)
Selected article titles: "President Explains Board Decision to Downsize Staff" (pp. 1, 5), "Yamashita to File Federal Class-Action Suit for Marine Discrimination Victims" (p. 3), "Responding to Critics of JACL's Wartime Role--Part 2" (pp. 9, 13), "Bruyeres: A Special Experience, a Special Meaning..." (pp. 10, 13-14), and "552nd GIs Shoot Open Dachau Gates" (pp. 11, 14).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 42 (May 25, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-209)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 42 (May 25, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-209)
"NLRB Turns Down Petition by Two AFL Unions for Vote Among Alaska Cannery Men" (p. 1), "Honors to GI Dead and Dedication of Monument Set" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 1 (January 1, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-262)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 5 No. 1 (January 1, 1951) (ddr-densho-229-262)
"JACL Reaffirms "Loyal Support to This Land" (p. 1), "The Story of the 442nd" (p. 1), "Christmas is Marked in Tokyo "As Usual" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 44 (June 1, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-211)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 44 (June 1, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-211)
"Text of Col. Hanley Talk" (p. 1), "Nisei Vets Win Plaudits as They March in Parade" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 73 (September 1, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-135)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 73 (September 1, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-135)
"442nd Leader Will Attend Utah Confab" (pg. 1), "Hiroshima Seeks Pittsburgh Aid" (pg. 1), "Ex-Resident of City Wants to Come Home" (pg. 4)
Nisei soldier in Italy (ddr-densho-164-90)
img Nisei soldier in Italy (ddr-densho-164-90)
Nisei soldier's caption: Ronald Miwa, Platoon Sarg. It was a sad time for us to see our friends we slept and fought together with leave. But they earned it most of them being in the army from four to six years, and fought from Salerno on. It was a sad place with new replacements in their ...
Nisei soldiers visiting Victor Emmanuel's Tomb, Rome (ddr-densho-164-9)
img Nisei soldiers visiting Victor Emmanuel's Tomb, Rome (ddr-densho-164-9)
Nisei soldier's caption: Victor Emmanuel's Tomb, Rome. A beautiful sight, from glistening white marble, a sight to behold.
Nisei soldiers in Venice (ddr-densho-164-110)
img Nisei soldiers in Venice (ddr-densho-164-110)
Nisei soldier's caption: Our gondola we rented took us slowly to see the sights. Nothing but dirty buildings.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-82)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-82)
Nisei soldier's caption: Our hotel in Novi Ligure.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-21)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-21)
Nisei soldier's caption: Our entry into France. Miyano, Hamamura, Iwamoto, Kimura. Marseille, after a rough 2 day trip where nearly everyone got seasick. Pretty tough trying to get the gals to understand. Cigarettes sold for $20 to $25 a carton.
Nisei soldiers crossing the Rhone River (ddr-densho-164-25)
img Nisei soldiers crossing the Rhone River (ddr-densho-164-25)
Nisei soldier's caption: The Rhone River. As we headed for the Vosges, we crossed the river. The vacation at Marseilles couldn't last forever. The gas and vehicle shortage gave us three weeks of rest, but finally in the latter part of September we headed for the Vosges Mtn. near the German, Swiss border. Battling the inclement ...
Barbed wire barricade (ddr-densho-164-41)
img Barbed wire barricade (ddr-densho-164-41)
Nisei soldier's caption: Barb wire barricade, Menton Beach. Center hill German held. At first we walked around the beach but later German shelled so we couldn't. Mines were all over the place. A British warship shelled the Pistant Hills periodically.
Italian women washing clothes (ddr-densho-164-79)
img Italian women washing clothes (ddr-densho-164-79)
Nisei soldier's caption: Gragnana, Washday. Note GI clothed in back. All could be washed for a pack of cigarettes.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-92)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-92)
Nisei soldier's caption: Platoon Boozers Tsukamoto, Hashimoto, Yamagata. After weathering sandstorms, wind, hot and cold weather, sad partings, we left here the latter part of June and went to Lecco on the shores of Lake Como, and I think the best part of Italy.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-116)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-116)
Nisei soldier's caption: San Pellogrini where our 442nd rest camp was located. If we couldn't go to some other place on pass we came here to take it easy for four days.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-117)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-117)
Nisei soldier's caption: San Pellogrini where our 442nd rest camp was located. If we couldn't go to some other place on pass we came here to take it easy for four days.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-119)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-119)
Nisei soldier's caption: Casino at San Pellogrini. San Pellogrini where our 442nd rest camp was located. If we couldn't go to some other place on pass we came here to take it easy for four days.
G.I. vehicles in Rome (ddr-densho-164-3)
img G.I. vehicles in Rome (ddr-densho-164-3)
Nisei soldier's caption: Note the GI vehicles. The magic city of Rome. Received my first pass to visit this city, one of the world famous. We were resting then from our strenuous drive from Anzio. The 442nd joined us here.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-94)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-94)
Nisei soldier's caption: Lake Como and in the background Lecco.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-53)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-53)
Nisei soldier's caption: Orange trees. Note the G.I. telephone wire.
Nisei soldiers visiting Mt. Vesuvius (ddr-densho-164-16)
img Nisei soldiers visiting Mt. Vesuvius (ddr-densho-164-16)
Nisei soldier's caption: Mt. Vesuvius near Naples. After our battalion and the 442nd attached to the 84 division fought to Arno and winning a presidential citation at Varoa near Leghorn we pulled back to Naples in preparation to go to France. Joined here by 800 replacements. Since Bagnoli was close to Naples and Pompeii we went ...
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