442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1201)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1201 items
Soldiers (ddr-densho-22-61)
img Soldiers (ddr-densho-22-61)
Caption in album: "T/5 Virgil Wistdal / T/4 Henry Sakaguchi / T/4."
Soldiers on guard post (ddr-densho-22-70)
img Soldiers on guard post (ddr-densho-22-70)
Caption in album: "During the war we were on outpost guard here with T/4 Yukio Ogawa."
Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-330)
doc Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-330)
Newspaper articles, one of which is titled "'We Fight for Our Rights,' Says Hunt Inductee." Newspaper unknown.
Nisei military volunteers (ddr-densho-37-328)
img Nisei military volunteers (ddr-densho-37-328)
Original WRA caption: Shown here are the four Sakura brothers who have volunteered for service in the combat team in the United States Army, which is composed of Americans of Japanese ancestry. These four brothers are fulfilling a vow made to their father, who died 20 years ago, to live and die for the United States ...
Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-37-337)
img Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-37-337)
Original caption: A Japanese-American Combat Team moves through town. 11/23/44.
Japanese American pointing at Honor Roll sign (ddr-densho-37-748)
img Japanese American pointing at Honor Roll sign (ddr-densho-37-748)
Original WRA caption: Fumi Onodera, 20, proudly points at the names of her 3 brothers, Kid, 26; Kaun, 24; and Satoru, 22, on the Honor Roll of Japanese-Americans serving in the U. S. Army from the Minidoka Relocation Center, Hunt, Idaho. The 3 brothers are training in a combat team at Camp Shelby, Mississippi with other ...
Booklet:
doc Booklet: "Nisei in Uniform" (ddr-densho-274-21)
Booklet published by the War Relocation Authority (WRA) on Japanese Americans in the military during World War II.
Nisei soldiers in Venice (ddr-densho-164-113)
img Nisei soldiers in Venice (ddr-densho-164-113)
Nisei soldier's caption: Our gondola we rented took us slowly to see the sights. Nothing but dirty buildings.
API