442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (13)
Military service (197)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (867)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

867 items
A mother receiving her son's Silver Star (ddr-densho-114-33)
img A mother receiving her son's Silver Star (ddr-densho-114-33)
Original caption: Honolulu, T. H. The Silver Star Medal is posthumously awarded Sgt. Charles K. Harada of 936 Wahikiki St., Honolulu, T. H. for gallantry in action near Castellina, Italy, 12 July 1944, with Co. G, 442nd Inf. Here the presentation has been made to his mother, Mrs. Hana Harada, by Chaplain (Col.) Corwin W. Olds ...
Memorial service (ddr-densho-114-86)
img Memorial service (ddr-densho-114-86)
Original caption: Cecina Area, Italy. The 2nd Battalion of the 442nd Inf. Regt., an American-Japanese unit, gathers in a memorial service for their comrades who have died in combat. Lt. Col. James M. Hanley, Commander, addresses the battalion. 5th Army. 1944.
Japanese American chaplain (ddr-densho-114-109)
img Japanese American chaplain (ddr-densho-114-109)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American Combat Team. At Camp Shelby, Miss. Americans of Japanese ancestry from California, Hawaii, and other areas are undergoing intensive training as an Army combat team. One group of Japanese-Americans has already gone and seen action in the Mediterranean Theatre. These pictures show some of the phases of the training of ...
442nd Regimental Combat Team soldier in action (ddr-densho-114-26)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team soldier in action (ddr-densho-114-26)
Original caption: Japanese-American infantrymen move into action in a hilly sector of France. 10/24/44. Bruyeres.
French monument honoring Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-579)
img French monument honoring Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-579)
This monument in Biffontaine, France, was built and donated by Jean Bianchetti in remembrance of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team.
Nisei soldier receiving the Purple Heart (ddr-densho-114-155)
img Nisei soldier receiving the Purple Heart (ddr-densho-114-155)
Original caption: Sand Island, Honolulu. Pvt. Harry Koka of Ewa, Oahu, T.H., is awarded the Purple Heart by Col. Ernst T. Barco, CO, AP & SC. He was wounded while fighting with the famed 100th Infantry in the Italian Campaign. 6 June 1945.
Nisei soldiers in jeep (ddr-densho-114-99)
img Nisei soldiers in jeep (ddr-densho-114-99)
Original caption: A group of five Hawaiian-American soldiers of the 100th Inf. Bn., 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Div., move up in the battle for Leghorn in a captured German jeep. American born Japanese composing the 442nd Inf. Regt., have established an outstanding record with the international Fifth Army - educated in West Coast schools, and numbering skilled ...
Nisei soldiers sorting confiscated goods (ddr-densho-114-23)
img Nisei soldiers sorting confiscated goods (ddr-densho-114-23)
Original caption: Breacia Area, Italy. Confiscated material goes into a trailer which is run down a line of material at the Fifth Army Concentration Area. L to R: Pvt. George Nasuschige, Company C, 100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry Regiment, of Poston Arizona and Pfc. Masao Irana of Company "D", 100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry Regiment of Honolulu, Hawaii ...
Command post on the front lines (ddr-densho-114-74)
img Command post on the front lines (ddr-densho-114-74)
Original caption: St. Die Area, France. A Japanese-American unit moves into a new command post which was built for them by the U.S. Army Engineers. This unit is holding a strategic front line position. Company "F", 2nd Battalion, 442nd Regiment (Combat Team). 13 Nov 1944.
Members of the French Resistance with Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-25)
img Members of the French Resistance with Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-25)
Original caption: Two members of the Free French of the Interior, act as guides for man of the Japanese-American Combat Team in France, 2nd Lt. Arthur McColl of Chicago, Ill., (not in this picture,) stands in front of a jeep driven by Pfc. William I. Soma, of Kealia, Hawaii. 10/14/44. 2nd Bn., 442nd Combat ...
Basic training (ddr-densho-114-178)
img Basic training (ddr-densho-114-178)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American Combat Team. At Camp Shelby, Miss., Americans of Japanese ancestry from California, Hawaii and other areas are undergoing intensive training as a Army Combat team. One group of Japanese-Americans has already gone and seen action in the Mediterranean Theatre. These pictures show some of the phases of the training of ...
442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-115)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-115)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American Combat Team. At Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Americans of Japanese ancestry from California, Hawaii and other areas are undergoing intensive training as an Army combat team. One group of Japanese Americans has already gone and seen action in the Mediterranean Theatre. These pictures show some of the phases of the training ...
Nisei machine gunner on front lines (ddr-densho-114-90)
img Nisei machine gunner on front lines (ddr-densho-114-90)
Original caption: St. Die Area, France. A Japanese-American machine gunner keeps himself ready for a sight of a German. His unit composed, entirely of Japanese-Americans, are holding a section of the front lines. Company F. 2nd Battalion, 442nd Regiment (Combat Team). 13 Nov 1944.
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 25 (June 25, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-25)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 25 (June 25, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-25)
Selected article titles: "Vietnamese Internment in Sac'to Suggested" (pp. 1, 8), "Rohwer Monument Dedicated in a Memorial Day Service" (pp. 1-2), "Bitter Memories Recalled at Tule Lake Pilgrimage" (p. 2), "Inouye Offers Nuclear Plan to Avoid a Holocaust" (p. 2), and "The Hattiesburg Story: One Vet of Famed 442nd RCT Lives Near Shelby" (p. 9).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 15 (April 18, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-15)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 102, No. 15 (April 18, 1986) (ddr-pc-58-15)
Selected article titles: "Nikkei City Council Candidates Say They Were Smeared by Opponents" (pp. 1, 12), "Mother Bids Final Farewell to Soldier" (p. 2), "East Wind: Some Musings from Japan" (p. 4), and "Accept Us for Ourselves" (p. 5).
Fred Matsumura Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-46-16)
vh Fred Matsumura Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-46-16)
Meeting up with the 100th Infantry Battalion in Italy

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews. Beverly Kashino, one of the interviewers, is Shiro and Louise Kashino ...

Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-138-15)
vh Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-138-15)
Close relationships with other medics

William Toshio Yasutake was interviewed together with his sister Mitsuye (Yasutake) Yamada and surviving brother, Joseph Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. He was interviewed individually on November 14, 2002.

Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings had planned to conduct their own family history interviews. Individually and ...

Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-138-14)
vh Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-138-14)
Minimal weapons training, never having to use firearms in battle

William Toshio Yasutake was interviewed together with his sister Mitsuye (Yasutake) Yamada and surviving brother, Joseph Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. He was interviewed individually on November 14, 2002.

Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings had planned to conduct their own ...

Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-138-18)
vh Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-138-18)
Interactions with members of the 100th Battalion, who were much more battle experienced

William Toshio Yasutake was interviewed together with his sister Mitsuye (Yasutake) Yamada and surviving brother, Joseph Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. He was interviewed individually on November 14, 2002.

Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings had planned to ...

Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-138-13)
vh Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-138-13)
Description of company structure, medic's role and the aid stations

William Toshio Yasutake was interviewed together with his sister Mitsuye (Yasutake) Yamada and surviving brother, Joseph Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. He was interviewed individually on November 14, 2002.

Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings had planned to conduct their ...

Robert Mizukami Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-114-12)
vh Robert Mizukami Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-114-12)
Volunteering for U.S. Army 442nd Regimental Combat Team, brother killed in action

This is the first in a series of interviews conducted by the Puyallup Valley Japanese American Citizen League in collaboration with Densho.

Masao Watanabe Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-103-27)
vh Masao Watanabe Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-103-27)
Dealing with loss of friends in combat

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

Masao Watanabe Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-103-25)
vh Masao Watanabe Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-103-25)
First combat experiences in Europe

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

Masao Watanabe Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-103-24)
vh Masao Watanabe Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-103-24)
Maintaining close ties with fellow soldiers from Seattle

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

Masao Watanabe Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-103-34)
vh Masao Watanabe Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-103-34)
Breaking the Gothic Line: a surprise attack

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

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