442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (20)
Military service (202)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (870)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

870 items
Nisei soldier's Purple Heart (ddr-densho-105-20)
img Nisei soldier's Purple Heart (ddr-densho-105-20)
Purple Heart awarded Minoru Tsubota, Warrant Officer (Junior Grade), 442nd Regimental Combat Team. Combat wounded in Cerebia, Italy, Aug. 24, 1944.
442nd Regimental Combat Team soldiers in France (ddr-densho-114-1)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team soldiers in France (ddr-densho-114-1)
Original caption: Japanese-American troops climb into a truck as they prepare to move their bivouac area. 2nd Battalion, 442nd Combat Team, Chambois Sector. France. 10/14/44.
Basic training (ddr-densho-114-171)
img Basic training (ddr-densho-114-171)
Basic training at Camp Shelby. Firing Browning 30-Calibre heavy meachine gun.
Nisei soldier relaxing in barracks (ddr-densho-114-61)
img Nisei soldier relaxing in barracks (ddr-densho-114-61)
Preparations are being made for a parade to be held in Washington, D.C., on July 15, 1946 by the 442nd Combat Team (Japanese-American troops), temporarily stationed at Fort Belvoir, Virginia. 7-6-46. Pfc. Roy Fujihara of 1581 Kauluwela Lane, Honolulu, relaxes in his barracks after a hard drill.
Nisei soldier standing guard (ddr-densho-114-45)
img Nisei soldier standing guard (ddr-densho-114-45)
Original caption: S/Sgt. James S. Kawashime, a Japanese-American from Hanoa Road, Honolulu, Hawaii, stands guard for the 442nd Combat Team, 100th Infantry Bn., U.S. Seventh Army in the Charmois area of France, in bivouac before meeting the Germans in combat for the first time. 10/12/44.
Japanese American chaplain (ddr-densho-114-57)
img Japanese American chaplain (ddr-densho-114-57)
Original caption: Japanese-American Chaplain. This newly-commissioned U.S. Army Chaplain is Lieut. Hiro Higuchi, a native of Hawaii, of Japanese parentage. He is now in training at Harvard, and is the second chaplain of Japanese ancestry to receive a commission in the U.S. Army Chaplains Corps. Higuchi is 36, married, and has a seven year ...
Nisei soldier doing laundry (ddr-densho-114-20)
img Nisei soldier doing laundry (ddr-densho-114-20)
Original caption: Charmois Area, France. Americans of Japanese descent of the 442nd Combat Team, 100th Inf. Bn., in bivouac prepare to go into the front lines for their first contact with the Germans in France. Here Pfc. Billy S. Takaezu, 1254 Hall St., Honolulu, hangs out his laundry to dry. U.S. Seventh Army. 12 October ...
Switchboard operator (ddr-densho-114-66)
img Switchboard operator (ddr-densho-114-66)
Original caption: T/5 Thomas N. Goto, Paauilo, Hawaii, switching central operator, shown at a forward C.P., is ready to go on duty while other operators catch up on their sleep. American-born Japanese composing the 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Div., have established an outstanding fighting record with the International Fifth Army - educated in West Coast ...
Nisei soldiers in meal line (ddr-densho-114-41)
img Nisei soldiers in meal line (ddr-densho-114-41)
Original caption: Charmois Area, France. Americans of Japanese descent of the 442nd Combat Team, 100th Infantry Battalion, in bivouac prepare to go into the front lines for their first contact with the Germans in France. Prc. Yoshimaeo Kawaguchi, Mountain View, Hawaii goes through the chow line. Seventh Army. 12 Oct 1944.
Nisei soldier in plane (ddr-densho-114-95)
img Nisei soldier in plane (ddr-densho-114-95)
Original caption: Castrellina Sector, Italy. S/Sgt. Arata Kimura, San Jose, Calif., 522nd Field Artillery Bn., 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Division, observer, Left, and Cub Pilot Lt. Joseph C. Polancii, Winnsboro, LA., (Monroe Papers) confer before taking off from a forward airstrip. U.S. Fifth Army. 12 July 1944. [The correct spelling of the location is ...
Nisei soldier with orphan (ddr-densho-114-77)
img Nisei soldier with orphan (ddr-densho-114-77)
Original caption: Lecco, Italy. Pfc. George Morihiro, Company "I", 442nd Infantry Regiment, adopted a little orphan, one of the group from the St. Joseph's Orphanage that attended the 4th of July Party at the Red Cross given by members of the 442nd Regiment, for the evening and made sure that she had plenty of sweets ...
Working at the Regimental Command Post (ddr-densho-114-62)
img Working at the Regimental Command Post (ddr-densho-114-62)
Original caption: PREPARATION FOR PARADE OF 442nd COMBAT TEAM (JAPANESE AMERICAN TROOPS) TO BE HELD IN WASHINGTON, D.C., 15 July 1946. Issuing out overseas bars at the Regimental Command Post left to right are: 1st Lt. George H. Vogt, 1446 Ridge Road, Webster, New York (Personnel Adjutant), T/Sgt. George Miki, Honolulu, T.H. (Personnel ...
Nisei soldiers writing letters (ddr-densho-114-37)
img Nisei soldiers writing letters (ddr-densho-114-37)
Original caption: Charmois Area, France. Americans of Japanese descent of the 442nd Combat Team, 100th Infantry Battalion, in bivouac prepare to go late front lines for their first contact with the Germans in France. Tec 5 Teroo Goma, Honokaa, Hawaii; Pvt. Nolan Miyazake, Wailua, Oahu, Hawaii; and Pvt. Kunio Ogawa, Kahului, Maue, Hawaii, write letters and ...
Nisei soldiers moving by truck (ddr-densho-114-126)
img Nisei soldiers moving by truck (ddr-densho-114-126)
Original caption: A line of Army trucks, loaded with 2nd Battalion Japanese-American infantrymen, moves up to a new bivouac area in the Chambois sector, in France. 10/14/44. 2nd Bn, 442nd Combat Team.
Nisei soldier in bivouac (ddr-densho-114-19)
img Nisei soldier in bivouac (ddr-densho-114-19)
Original caption: Chambois Area, France. Americans of Japanese descent of the 442nd Combat Team, 100th Infantry Battalion in bivouac prepare to go into the front lines for their first contact with the Germans in France. Pfc. Paul W. Hasegawa, Honokaa, Hawaii eats chow. Seventh Army. 12 October 1944.
Nisei captain giving medical treatment (ddr-densho-114-32)
img Nisei captain giving medical treatment (ddr-densho-114-32)
Original caption: Castrellina Sector, Italy. Capt. George Takahashi, San Mateo, Calif., 422nd Inf. Regt., 34th Div., calms an aching tooth for Pvt. James Hoshi, Los Angeles, Calif., 522nd Field Artillery, assisted by Tec 5 Abraham Tokioka of Honolulu, T. H., who holds a flashlight. The scene is in a wine cellar of a recently evacuated German ...
Nisei veteran blinded in battle (ddr-densho-114-168)
img Nisei veteran blinded in battle (ddr-densho-114-168)
Original caption: Oahu, T.H. Pfc. Kiyoto Nakai, Japanese-American veteran of the 442nd Infantry Regiment, who was blinded in battle, sits with his seeing-eye dog, Cubby and his fiancee, Miss Miyaho Hiratoni, at the Army's North Sector General Hospital. Schofield Barracks. 10 September 1945.
442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-108)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-108)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American Combat Team. At Camp Shelby, Miss.; Americans of Japanese ancestry from California, Hawaii and other areas are undergoing intensive training as an Army combat team. One group of Japanese-Americans has already gone and seen action in the Mediterranean Theatre. These pictures show some of the phases of the training of ...
Nisei captain giving medical aid (ddr-densho-114-91)
img Nisei captain giving medical aid (ddr-densho-114-91)
Original caption: Castrellina Sector, Italy. At an aid station in a wine cellar, Capt. J. Kimura of Berkeley, Calif., lances an infected finger for Pvt. Claude Lunn of Willsville, New York, Right, while Tec 5 George Kobayashi of Honolulu, T.H., holds a flashlight. All are of the 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Division. U.S. Fifth ...
Member of the 522nd Field Artillery Battalion with Italian soldier (ddr-densho-114-93)
img Member of the 522nd Field Artillery Battalion with Italian soldier (ddr-densho-114-93)
Original caption: Castrellina Sector, Italy. Tec 5 William Hirata, Honolulu, Hawaii, 522nd Field Artillery Bn., 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Division, and Lorenzo Riba, Italian soldier, Right, 11th Pack Mule Co., 34th Division, are comrades-in-arms. U.S. Fifth Army. 12 July 1944.
Inspecting a German kitchen (ddr-densho-114-136)
img Inspecting a German kitchen (ddr-densho-114-136)
Original caption: Breacia Area, Italy. The Germans brought with them their own horse-drawn field kitchens, to the Fifth Army enemy concentration area. Here, Pfc. Genzo Toguchi, Headquarters Company, 100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry Regiment of Honolulu, Hawaii and Sgt. Seisaburo Taba, Headquarters Company, 100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry Regiment, also of Honolulu, inspecting a German kitchen. Fifth Army ...
Memorial service (ddr-densho-114-85)
img Memorial service (ddr-densho-114-85)
Original caption: Cecina Area, Italy. Bugler Pfc. Charles Kimura of Honolulu, T.H., plays taps as the rifle squad stands at "present arms," after firing salute to the 72 members of the 2nd Bn., 442nd Inf. Regt., honored at a memorial service held after one month of combat. The regiment consists of Japanese Americans. U.S ...
Nisei soldiers in formation (ddr-densho-114-111)
img Nisei soldiers in formation (ddr-densho-114-111)
Original caption: Co. E. of the 442nd Inf. Regt. comprising Japanese-American lads snapped in formation. Camp Shelby, Mississippi. 5/13/1943.
Reunion of Nisei veterans (ddr-densho-14-6)
img Reunion of Nisei veterans (ddr-densho-14-6)
This reunion of Nisei veterans took place over Independence Day weekend.
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