442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1518)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1518 items
Masao Sakagami with German Army dog (ddr-densho-201-546)
img Masao Sakagami with German Army dog (ddr-densho-201-546)
Caption in album: "All-rus & me [Masao Sakagami] / German Army dog."
Soldiers on a gondola (ddr-densho-201-599)
img Soldiers on a gondola (ddr-densho-201-599)
Caption in album: "Henry Yamamoto / Roy Enomoto."
Five Japanese American soldiers (ddr-densho-201-373)
img Five Japanese American soldiers (ddr-densho-201-373)
Caption on front: "Pete Matsushige Cal., Laverne Kurahara Los Angeles Cal., Stanley Fujiki Honolulu, HI, Ken Otsuka Walnut Grove, Calif., Sam Fujii."
Soldier in front of tents (ddr-densho-201-534)
img Soldier in front of tents (ddr-densho-201-534)
Caption in album: "'Chick' Kawata / Idaho Fall [sic], Idaho."
Two soldiers standing in a field (ddr-densho-201-59)
img Two soldiers standing in a field (ddr-densho-201-59)
Two Japanese American soldiers standing in a field. Caption on reverse: "Kengo Otsuka, Osamu Fujii."
Japanese American soldier in field (ddr-densho-201-196)
img Japanese American soldier in field (ddr-densho-201-196)
Japanese American soldier sitting in a field. Caption on reverse: "Jim Tateoka."
USO show and 442nd Orchestra (ddr-densho-201-544)
img USO show and 442nd Orchestra (ddr-densho-201-544)
Caption in album: "Gedi Italy /1945 June/July / USO Show & 442 Orchestra."
Aerial view of mountains (ddr-densho-201-209)
img Aerial view of mountains (ddr-densho-201-209)
Aerial view of mountains and a building with three uniformed soldiers standing in front of it. Visible part of sign on building reads "joch" ("pass" in German), and "hohe 2663," indicating an altitude of 2663 metres.
Tosh Tanemura (ddr-densho-201-804)
img Tosh Tanemura (ddr-densho-201-804)
Caption in album: "Tosh Tanemura / Seattle, Was."
Streets of Carrara (ddr-densho-201-584)
img Streets of Carrara (ddr-densho-201-584)
Caption in album: "We passed through this street while under shelling."
Mt. Carchio and Mt. Belvedere (ddr-densho-201-572)
img Mt. Carchio and Mt. Belvedere (ddr-densho-201-572)
Caption in album: "On April 5 '45 the final spring offensive started on this mountain / Mt. Carchio and Mt. Belvedere was occupied by 442nd Infantry / Gothic Line / The battle ground of 'final push' made by 442nd Infantry Regt. / Last push! Some boys died on this hill. April 5, 1945."
img "Parade in Livorno Italy 1946" (ddr-densho-201-222)
Caption on front: "442 Infrantry [sic] Regiment Gives Final Parade." Caption on side: "Parade in Livorno Italy 1946."
Soldier (ddr-densho-201-510)
img Soldier (ddr-densho-201-510)
Caption in album: "Norman Fujii / California."