442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1324)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1324 items
Japanese American soldier outside tent (ddr-densho-201-158)
img Japanese American soldier outside tent (ddr-densho-201-158)
Japanese American soldier standing outside a tent. Caption on reverse: "Lips Miyamoto, San Jose Calif."
img "Maritime Alps where 442nd stayed till last push in Italy" (ddr-densho-201-299)
Caption in album: "Maritime Alps where 442nd stayed till last push in Italy. Mt. in background is where 100th Bn was located."
Soldier in Uri Alps, Switzerland (ddr-densho-201-197)
img Soldier in Uri Alps, Switzerland (ddr-densho-201-197)
Japanese American soldier standing in the snow outside of the "Sporthaus" (name of building not visible in this photograph) in the Uri Alps, Switzerland. In the background part of a sign is visible that reads "Willkommen," or "welcome" in German. Caption on reverse: "Chester Fukuhara."
Laughing soldiers (ddr-densho-201-60)
img Laughing soldiers (ddr-densho-201-60)
Three soldiers standing on a porch laughing. Caption on reverse: "'Long John' Tsukishima + Yukio Sunata."
Soldiers on the deck of a ship (ddr-densho-201-146)
img Soldiers on the deck of a ship (ddr-densho-201-146)
Several soldiers and one woman on the deck of a ship. On side of ship: "J.W. McAndrew."
Japanese American bugler (ddr-densho-201-1)
img Japanese American bugler (ddr-densho-201-1)
Stanley Fujiki, Brother of "Flash," Hono. HI, C Co. Bugler.
Arthur Nishimoto Interview Segment 14 (ddr-manz-1-129-14)
vh Arthur Nishimoto Interview Segment 14 (ddr-manz-1-129-14)
Mixing of Japanese Americans from Hawaii and the mainland during basic training
George T.
vh George T. "Joe" Sakato Interview Segment 28 (ddr-manz-1-29-28)
The tension of fighting in first battle: "What am I doing here?"
Masao Watanabe Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-103-34)
vh Masao Watanabe Segment 34 (ddr-densho-1000-103-34)
Breaking the Gothic Line: a surprise attack

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

Sadaichi Kubota Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-40-26)
vh Sadaichi Kubota Segment 26 (ddr-densho-1000-40-26)
A battlefield commission

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the individual's military service during World War II.

Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 43 (ddr-densho-1000-190-43)
vh Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 43 (ddr-densho-1000-190-43)
The aftereffects of war: nightmares, reticence to talk about experiences

This interview was conducted as part of a project to capture stories of the Japanese American community of Spokane, Washington. Densho worked in collaboration with the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture.

Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-190-21)
vh Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 21 (ddr-densho-1000-190-21)
Training alongside Japanese Americans from Hawaii: learning pidgin "just so we could get by"

This interview was conducted as part of a project to capture stories of the Japanese American community of Spokane, Washington. Densho worked in collaboration with the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture.

Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-190-36)
vh Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-190-36)
Being in a precarious position as reserves during the breaking of the Gothic Line

This interview was conducted as part of a project to capture stories of the Japanese American community of Spokane, Washington. Densho worked in collaboration with the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture.

Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-190-25)
vh Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-190-25)
First experience with combat and casualties

This interview was conducted as part of a project to capture stories of the Japanese American community of Spokane, Washington. Densho worked in collaboration with the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture.

Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-105-4)
vh Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1000-105-4)
Journey to and first impressions of U.S. mainland

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews and concentrated on a single topic, namely, the individual's military ...

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