442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1201)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1201 items
img "442nd Bows Out in 'Blaze of Glory' 1946, Livorno, Italy." (ddr-densho-201-396)
Soldiers marching in formation. Caption on front: "442nd Bows Out in 'Blaze of Glory' 1946, Livorno, Italy."
img "Unloading at Camp Kilmer" (ddr-densho-201-142)
Soldiers disembarking from a train. Caption on front: "Unloading at Camp Kilmer." Caption on reverse: "Camp Kilmer N.J."
Portrait of smiling soldier (ddr-densho-201-66)
img Portrait of smiling soldier (ddr-densho-201-66)
Hexagonal portrait of a smiling Japanese American soldier.
Sailor and soldier (ddr-densho-201-58)
img Sailor and soldier (ddr-densho-201-58)
Two men outside the front door of a house, one in a sailor's uniform, one in an army uniform. Caption on reverse: "Taken when the boy[s] were home at xmas time."
Soldier aiming a rifle (ddr-densho-201-64)
img Soldier aiming a rifle (ddr-densho-201-64)
Japanese American soldier standing on a balcony aiming a rifle. Inscription on front: "To Mas From Mita Sakurada."
img "Uyeda, Uyemura, Kengi" (ddr-densho-201-286)
Four Japanese American soldiers crouched on the ground. Caption on front: "Uyeda, Uyemura, Kengi."
Letter from Klaus Wiedmer to Masao Sakagami (ddr-densho-201-419)
doc Letter from Klaus Wiedmer to Masao Sakagami (ddr-densho-201-419)
A letter from Klaus Wiedmer in Langnau, Switzerland to Masao Sakagami in New York. Addressed "Co. C. 100th B.N. 442 Regt." Letter is dated April 21, 1946. Postmark is dated April 23, 1946.
Portrait of a German soldier (ddr-densho-201-230)
img Portrait of a German soldier (ddr-densho-201-230)
Caption on side: "German I [Masao Sakagami] killed with Stanley Kimura's tommy gun, April '45."
Soldier looking at olive grove (ddr-densho-201-446)
img Soldier looking at olive grove (ddr-densho-201-446)
Silhouette of a soldier looking out over what appears to be an olive grove.
img "Laverne Kurahara twin brother of Conrad" (ddr-densho-201-318)
Soldier standing in front of building. Signature on front: "[To] Sakagami, your buddy [illegible] Laverne." Caption below photograph: "Laverne Kurahara twin brother of Conrad."
Letter from Olgli Burkli to Masao Sakagami (ddr-densho-201-420)
doc Letter from Olgli Burkli to Masao Sakagami (ddr-densho-201-420)
A letter from Olgi Burkli in Zurich, Switzerland to Masao Sakagami in New York. Addressed "Co. C. 100th B.N. 442 Regt." Letter is dated January 16, 1946. Postmark is dated January 17, 1946.
Man in Venice hotel (ddr-densho-201-154)
img Man in Venice hotel (ddr-densho-201-154)
Japanese American man sitting in a hotel chair, wearing military attire but not full uniform. Caption on reverse: "Venice hotel."
API