442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (53)
Military service (564)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1302)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1302 items
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 1 (January 6-19, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 1 (January 6-19, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-1)
Selected article titles: "President Explains Board Decision to Downsize Staff" (pp. 1, 5), "Yamashita to File Federal Class-Action Suit for Marine Discrimination Victims" (p. 3), "Responding to Critics of JACL's Wartime Role--Part 2" (pp. 9, 13), "Bruyeres: A Special Experience, a Special Meaning..." (pp. 10, 13-14), and "552nd GIs Shoot Open Dachau Gates" (pp. 11, 14).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 2 (July 21-August 3, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-14)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 2 (July 21-August 3, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-14)
Selected article titles: "JACL National President Meets with Clinton" (pp. 1, 15), "JACL Message: Keep Affirmative Action in California Education" (pp. 1, 6, 15), "From the ORA: Potentially Eligible Redress Recipients" (pp. 10-14), and "GIs Return 'Home' to Camp Shelby" (p. 15).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 11 (December, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-23)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 11 (December, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-23)
Holiday issue organized into sections A 1-36, B 1-56, and A 37-64. Selected article titles: "Who Were the Japanese Americans?" (pp. A15-A16), "'Ethnicity: Please Check One'" (p. A18), "MIS: The Untold Stories" (pp. A34-A35, A37, A39, A41-A42), and "A Bill of Rights for Asserting a Multiracial Identity" (pp. B6-B7).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 12 (June 16-July 6, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-12)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 120, No. 12 (June 16-July 6, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-12)
Selected article titles: "Affirmative Action Programs Limited by Supreme Court" (pp. 1, 12), "JACL Opposes Cuts in Number of Legal Immigrants Allowed" (pp. 1, 5, 12), "Central California Highway to Honor 100/442nd, MIS" (p. 4), "Sgt. John Matsumoto Quiet Saga of WWII Nisei Aerial Gunner" (p. 5), and "Tracing the Jewish-Nisei Connection: Inouye, Vets Reunited with ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 5 (September 1-14, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-17)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 121, No. 5 (September 1-14, 1995) (ddr-pc-67-17)
Selected article titles: "Reflections on War" (pp. 1, 7), "Japan and the Atom Bomb Question" (pp. 1, 6), "Inouye Thanks Southerners Who Helped Men of the 442nd RCT" (p. 7), and "1995 JACL Scholarship Awards" (pp. 10-14).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 122, No. 6 (March 15-April 4, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 122, No. 6 (March 15-April 4, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-6)
Selected article titles: "PC Editorial Board to Seek Return to Weekly" (pp. 1, 10), "Oahu Monument Honors 100th, 442nd, MIS Vets" (p. 3), "Bill to Make English Official Language Opposed" (p. 3), and "East Wind: Asian Americans in Politics" (pp. 8, 11).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 123, No. 1 (July 5-18, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-13)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 123, No. 1 (July 5-18, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-13)
Selected article titles: "House Resources Committee Passes Manzanar Legislation" (p. 1), "The Ups and Downs of Leadership and Volunteerism" (p. 6), "The Barracks: They Tell a Powerful Story" (p. 7), and "Medals of Valor for a 442 Hero, Finally" (p. 12).
Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-34-34)
img Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-34-34)
Art Koura (front row, second from the right) at army training camp.
Nisei soldier and child (ddr-densho-34-3)
img Nisei soldier and child (ddr-densho-34-3)
Harry Koba, a member of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, and an unidentified child in Italy.
Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-34-33)
img Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-34-33)
Left to right: Mo Nakata (backseat), unidentified, and Staff Sergeant Takeshi Nakamura.
Article:
doc Article: "These are the Japyanks" (ddr-densho-35-325)
An article written by Mike Masaoka on the 442nd Regimental Combat Team. Newspaper unknown.
Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-397)
doc Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-397)
Newspaper clippings from the Christian Science Monitor and Minidoka Irrigator, one of which is titled "Nisei Vets 'Come Back'; West Coast Bias Wanes."
Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-321)
doc Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-321)
Various articles from the Minidoka Irrigator, one of which is titled "A Tribute: To Nisei Volunteers."
Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-331)
doc Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-331)
Articles on Japanese American soldiers from various newspapers including the Christian Science Monitor and the Minidoka Irrigator.
Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-318)
doc Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-318)
Article titled: "Blind Nisei." From a scrapbook page titled "Nisei in the War - The European Theater." Newspaper unknown.
Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-322)
doc Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-322)
Three articles from the Pacific Citizen, one of which is titled War Correspondent Tells Story of Shortest Soldier in Army." Two articles from Time Magazine titled "Army & Navy" and "Soldier on Intolerance."
Newspaper article from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-319)
doc Newspaper article from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-319)
Newspaper article titled: "G.I. Japyank." Newspaper unknown.
Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-333)
doc Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-333)
Various articles from the Pacific Citizen and the Oregon Journal, one of which is titled "Work of Nisei Paramount in Defense."
Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-390)
doc Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-390)
Newspaper clippings from the Seattle Times, one of which is titled "'Fight for Your Rights,' Wirin Tells JACL Group at Conference."
Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-323)
doc Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-323)
One article from Pacific Citizen titled: "Hawaiian stars of 442nd Unit Give Exhibition in Milan." Three articles from the Minidoka Irrigator, one of which is titled "Japanese Americans Honor Fallen Comrades." From scrapbook page titled: "Nisei in Europe (cont'd)."
API