442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1518)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1518 items
Reactivation ceremony (ddr-densho-114-78)
img Reactivation ceremony (ddr-densho-114-78)
Original caption: Kahului, Maui. At an impressive military ceremony on the Kahului Fair Grounds, Lt. Col. Harry G. Albright, CO, 442nd Inf. Regt., congratulate: Capt. Sadami Katahara, CO, Company F, 442nd Inf. Regt., which was reactivated as an organized reserve unit. Looking on are, L. to R., Major Henry Kawano, CO, 100th Bn. and Major Lloyd ...
Nisei soldier discussing enemy position (ddr-densho-114-17)
img Nisei soldier discussing enemy position (ddr-densho-114-17)
Original caption: St. Die Area, France. Lt. Joseph W. Hill of Pine Bluff, Ark., commanding unit of the Japanese-American Team now in action against the Germans, discussing enemy positions with a member of his unit. Company"F", 2nd Battalion, 442nd Regiment (Combat Team). 13 Nov 1944.
Letter from Robert Ikari to Ted Akimoto (ddr-densho-299-77)
doc Letter from Robert Ikari to Ted Akimoto (ddr-densho-299-77)
Letter regarding Robert's job giving out citations and happenings in the army.
Letter from Robert Ikari to Ted Akimoto (ddr-densho-299-76)
doc Letter from Robert Ikari to Ted Akimoto (ddr-densho-299-76)
Letter regarding the quality of the cameras used by the army, Robert's reassignment, and "George's" discharge.
Leaving for reserve (ddr-densho-114-53)
img Leaving for reserve (ddr-densho-114-53)
Original caption: Castrellina Area, Italy. Platoon leader Lt. Charles Coyne, Boston, Mass., and Sgt. Nakoto Taguchi, Lihue Kauai, T. H., an American of Japanese descent of the 100th Inf. Bn., 442nd Regt., light up while preparing to leave for reserve after 16 days of hill fighting for Leghorn. 15 July 1944. [The correct spelling of the ...
Parade for the President (ddr-densho-114-58)
img Parade for the President (ddr-densho-114-58)
Original caption: PREPARATION FOR THE PARADE OF THE 442nd REGIMENTAL COMBAT TEAM (JAPANESE AMERICAN TROOPS) TO BE HELD IN WASHINGTON D.C. ON THE 15th JULY 1946. Major Sterlin C. Moore, Executive Officer of the 442nd Infantry, orienting his men as to what to expect on the Parade for the President of the United States. Major Moore's ...
Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-127)
img Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-127)
Original captions: France. A Japanese-American Combat Team moves through town. 23 Oct 1944.
Letter from Guyo Tajiri to Clifford Uyeda (ddr-densho-338-178)
doc Letter from Guyo Tajiri to Clifford Uyeda (ddr-densho-338-178)
A letter where Guyo Tajiri tells Clifford Uyeda about the effort Larry and Ruth Hall made to have a memorial placed in Bruyeres to commemorate the 442nd Regimental Combat Team.
Memorandum: Nisei in Armed Forces (ddr-densho-155-22)
doc Memorandum: Nisei in Armed Forces (ddr-densho-155-22)
Notice sent from Minidoka concentration camp director Dillon S. Myer regarding numbers of Japanese Americans seving in the U.S. armed forces.
Chester Tanaka Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1007-6-5)
vh Chester Tanaka Interview Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1007-6-5)
Getting along with soldiers from Hawaii (audio only)

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the Interior.

Chester Tanaka Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-6-8)
vh Chester Tanaka Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-6-8)
Describing the character of the Nisei soldiers (audio only)

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the ...

Spark M. Matsunaga Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1007-3-3)
vh Spark M. Matsunaga Interview Segment 3 (ddr-densho-1007-3-3)
General Mark Clark's feelings towards the Japanese Americans in the 100th Battalion

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the ...

Edward H. Mitsukado Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-4-8)
vh Edward H. Mitsukado Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-4-8)
Talking a fellow soldier down when he discovers his father was being held by the U.S. government

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily ...

James Lovell Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1007-12-4)
vh James Lovell Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1007-12-4)
The importance of sharing the story of the 100th Battalion (audio only)

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the ...

Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-190-20)
vh Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-190-20)
Witnessing segregation Mississippi: "It was a just completely different world for us"

This interview was conducted as part of a project to capture stories of the Japanese American community of Spokane, Washington. Densho worked in collaboration with the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture.

Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-190-33)
vh Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 33 (ddr-densho-1000-190-33)
Aftermath of the battle of the "Lost Battalion"; not having time to write to family

This interview was conducted as part of a project to capture stories of the Japanese American community of Spokane, Washington. Densho worked in collaboration with the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture.

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