442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1324)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1324 items
USO show in Italy (ddr-densho-164-102)
img USO show in Italy (ddr-densho-164-102)
Nisei soldier's caption: We were fortunate to see again good old American beauty when "The Jinx" visited us in Lecco. Cameras really were clicking.
Nisei soldiers visiting Rome (ddr-densho-164-11)
img Nisei soldiers visiting Rome (ddr-densho-164-11)
Nisei soldier's caption: Park in Rome. The war bypassed this city, it being declared an open city.
Nisei soldiers visiting Pompeii (ddr-densho-164-19)
img Nisei soldiers visiting Pompeii (ddr-densho-164-19)
Nisei soldier's caption: Pompeii is still being dug. This is the business district. This city at the time before the disaster was very civilized. Noted lead pipes to bring in water and also of interest to the boys. The casino with very vivid illustrations on the walls.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-27)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-27)
Nisei soldier's caption: St. Martin's a town in the French Alps. After the tough time up north it was pretty easy here. It was a beautiful country so clean and untouched by war. Our Bn. was spread far out companies being from 10 to 20 miles away from the C.P. Just occasional patrols ...
Nisei soldier holding a French child (ddr-densho-164-68)
img Nisei soldier holding a French child (ddr-densho-164-68)
Nisei soldier's caption: Savage Tanaka. Nice, France. A city known as Miami or LA of France with a tropical climate, vegetables grown the year round. Center of perfume industry with most manufactured at Grasse some 20 miles away. Beautifult resorts by the beach.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-30)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-30)
Nisei soldier's caption: Ham and the orange tree. Sour tho! St. Martins.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-83)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-83)
Nisei soldier's caption: Our big boss Col. Miller had us back to the Shelby days. More parades and such. Coming home after drill.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-114)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-114)
Nisei soldier's caption: San Pellogrini where our 442nd rest camp was located. If we couldn't go to some other place on pass we came here to take it easy for four days.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-44)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-44)
Nisei soldier's caption: Hotel Astoria, Hiyane. The jerries drafted French labor to set up a elaborate defense of concrete bunkers, pillboxes, barbwire, and mines all over the place.
Nisei soldiers visiting the Colosseum,  Rome (ddr-densho-164-7)
img Nisei soldiers visiting the Colosseum, Rome (ddr-densho-164-7)
Nisei soldier's caption: The Colosseum in Rome. Way back the people watched gladiators. Now in our modern coliseum we watch football, track, and etc.
442nd Veteran's Post No. 9416 (ddr-densho-162-4)
img 442nd Veteran's Post No. 9416 (ddr-densho-162-4)
Included in photo: Hersh Aramaki, Bill Shimizu, Jeri Tsuyuki, Ted Yamashita, Wallace Doi, Seiko Arakaki, Tomi Nakano, Lyle Kurisaki, Jr.
The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 81 (October 11, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-249)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 4 No. 81 (October 11, 1950) (ddr-densho-229-249)
"Dual Citizens May Get Vested Property Back" (p. 1), "Story of 442nd Another Hollywood Step to Combat Racial, Religious Prejudice" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 11 (February 5, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-178)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 11 (February 5, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-178)
"Bodies of 33 More Nisei Soldiers Come Home to U.S.; Group Includes Those of Pacific Northwest Men" (p. 1), "California State Legislature Gets Numerous Anti-Bias Measures" (p. 1), "Mint Becoming Major Washington Crop" (p. 2), "Admitting of Soldier Brides to U.S. Without Respect to Race Sought" (p. 4).
The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 7 (January 24, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-4)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 1 No. 7 (January 24, 1947) (ddr-densho-229-4)
"Finch Starts Drive to Aid Hawaii GI's" (p. 1),"Urges Improvement of "Blighted' Areas" (p. 1), "L.A. Council Hits Land Law Section" (p. 1).
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 25 (March 17, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-95)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 25 (March 17, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-95)
"Epinal War Heroes' Remains Removed" (p. 1), "Congress Gets Another Bill Aiding Issei" (p. 1), "Story of the 442nd" (p. 2), "Frisco Saints, Berkeley Nisseis to Tangle for "Oriental Title" (p. 3).
The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 23 (March 19, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-190)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 3 No. 23 (March 19, 1949) (ddr-densho-229-190)
"Franchise for B.C. Japanese Urged in Wismer Amendment" (p. 1), "Cites Hardships Due to Ruling" (p. 1), "Joint Rites Set for March 26 to Salute 7 Nisei War Dead; Services to be in Bukkyo-Kai" (p. 1).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 19 (May 10, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-19)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 56, No. 19 (May 10, 1963) (ddr-pc-35-19)
Selected article titles: "Mrs. Munemori to Attend June 2 Rites" (pp. 1, 3), "Washington Newsletter: Hiroshi Miyamura, CMH" (pp. 1-2), "Are We Different?" (p. 2), and "Guest Columnist: Good Name Better than Wealth" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 18 (November 1, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-43)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 18 (November 1, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-43)
Selected article titles: "To the Point: Racism Within Us" (p. 1), "Alien Farm Labor Issue Confuses Supreme Court" (pp. 1, 4), "Hawaiian 442 Veterans Revisit Europe at 30th Ann'y of Bruyeres Liberation" (p. 1), and "JACL--Sansei Study Tour: Unique Look Through Japan" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 25 (June 25, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-25)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 94, No. 25 (June 25, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-25)
Selected article titles: "Vietnamese Internment in Sac'to Suggested" (pp. 1, 8), "Rohwer Monument Dedicated in a Memorial Day Service" (pp. 1-2), "Bitter Memories Recalled at Tule Lake Pilgrimage" (p. 2), "Inouye Offers Nuclear Plan to Avoid a Holocaust" (p. 2), and "The Hattiesburg Story: One Vet of Famed 442nd RCT Lives Near Shelby" (p. 9).
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