442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1201)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1201 items
img "Roy Kawase, heavy eqpt Co. C. 100th Bn." (ddr-densho-201-384)
Japanese American soldier carrying heavy equipment over rocks. Caption on front: "Roy Kawase, heavy eqpt Co. C. 100th Bn."
Three men waving out a windowTop-Kick Col. Miller
img Three men waving out a windowTop-Kick Col. Miller" (ddr-densho-201-366)
Colonel, girl, and women. Caption on front: "44nd RCT Going Home, July 1946 Livorno, Italy.'Top-Kick Col. Miller."
Soldiers on board the U.S. ship
img Soldiers on board the U.S. ship "Wilson Victory" (ddr-densho-201-137)
Soldiers on board the U.S. ship "Wilson Victory" (ship's name not visible in this photograph).
Three Japanese American soldiers (ddr-densho-201-133)
img Three Japanese American soldiers (ddr-densho-201-133)
Three Japanese American soldiers posed outside a tent. Caption on reverse: "Koi Arakaki, Kiyoshi Kurokoz [?], Mitsuru [illegible]."
doc "Swiss-tour C I" schedule (ddr-densho-201-411)
Schedule for the "Swiss-tour C I; United States Forces; Meditteranean Theater of Operations | U.S. Army; Leave-Action in Switzerland."
Soldiers marching in formation (ddr-densho-201-51)
img Soldiers marching in formation (ddr-densho-201-51)
Caption on reverse: "Gedi, Hut 2 3 4, Hut 2 3 4, June - 1945."
Spark M. Matsunaga Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-3-8)
vh Spark M. Matsunaga Interview Segment 8 (ddr-densho-1007-3-8)
Observing differences between Japanese Americans from Hawaii and the mainland during training

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of ...

Chester Tanaka Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1007-6-4)
vh Chester Tanaka Interview Segment 4 (ddr-densho-1007-6-4)
Devising pranks during basic training to relieve pressure (audio only)

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department ...

Chester Tanaka Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1007-6-6)
vh Chester Tanaka Interview Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1007-6-6)
Memories of the journey to Europe by sea (audio only)

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department ...

George T.
vh George T. "Joe" Sakato Interview Segment 35 (ddr-manz-1-29-35)
Charging at the enemy after witnessing the death of friend and fellow soldier
Terry Aratani  -  Fred Matsumura  -  Kenneth Okuma  -  Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-3-17)
vh Terry Aratani - Fred Matsumura - Kenneth Okuma - Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-3-17)
The continuing legacy of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team's I Company

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview. Kari Hiraoka, one of the ...

Terry Aratani  -  Fred Matsumura  -  Kenneth Okuma  -  Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-3-5)
vh Terry Aratani - Fred Matsumura - Kenneth Okuma - Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 5 (ddr-densho-1000-3-5)
"It's a big family": the importance of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team's I Company's reunions

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho ...

Terry Aratani  -  Fred Matsumura  -  Kenneth Okuma  -  Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-3-9)
vh Terry Aratani - Fred Matsumura - Kenneth Okuma - Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 9 (ddr-densho-1000-3-9)
Memories of battle in Europe while serving with the 442nd Regimental Combat Team

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview. Kari Hiraoka, one of ...

George Morihiro Interview Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-182-24)
vh George Morihiro Interview Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-182-24)
Incident involving non-Japanese American soldiers at basic training
James
vh James "Turk" Suzuki Interview Segment 23 (ddr-densho-1000-204-23)
Receiving protection from a farmer and his family while on a mission in Italy
Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-190-27)
vh Fred Shiosaki Interview Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-190-27)
A squad leader uses improvised Japanese language to communicate with troops

This interview was conducted as part of a project to capture stories of the Japanese American community of Spokane, Washington. Densho worked in collaboration with the Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture.

Sadaichi Kubota Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-40-17)
vh Sadaichi Kubota Segment 17 (ddr-densho-1000-40-17)
Taking on leadership of the squad: gaining the acceptance of unit

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview and tend to concentrate on the ...

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