442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (53)
Military service (564)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1302)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1302 items
Scrapbook page:
doc Scrapbook page: "Is This Democracy?" (ddr-densho-35-404)
Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page, one of which is titled "Soldier Declares GIs Demand Working Rights for Nisei."
Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-327)
doc Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-327)
Articles from the Oregonian, one of which is titled "Saved by Nisei."
Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-330)
doc Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-330)
Newspaper articles, one of which is titled "'We Fight for Our Rights,' Says Hunt Inductee." Newspaper unknown.
Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-328)
doc Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-328)
Various newspaper articles on Japanese American soldiers, including one from Coronet Magazine titled: "Japanese Americans Fighting Valiantly in Italy Have Proved Their Loyalty With Blood." Other newspapers unknown.
Sunday Oregonian article (ddr-densho-35-335)
doc Sunday Oregonian article (ddr-densho-35-335)
Newspaper article from scrapbook page titled: "Frank Hayachida: He Was American at Birth - And at Death."
Scrapbook page:
doc Scrapbook page: "Nisei War Casualties" (ddr-densho-35-334)
This scrapbook page includes articles from the Pacific Citizen and the Minidoka Irrigator.
Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-324)
doc Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-324)
Various articles from the Oregon Journal, Army Times, and Pacific Citizen.
Funeral service for a Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-36-1)
img Funeral service for a Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-36-1)
This service for a Nisei soldier was held at the Seattle Buddhist Church.
Funeral service for a Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-36-2)
img Funeral service for a Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-36-2)
Funeral service for a Nisei soldier at the Washelli Cemetery.
Preinduction physical (ddr-densho-37-1)
img Preinduction physical (ddr-densho-37-1)
Original WRA caption: Pre-induction physical. The Minidoka incarceration camp produced more Japanese American military volunteers than any other camp.
President Truman reviewing the 442nd Regimental Combat Team (ddr-densho-37-836)
img President Truman reviewing the 442nd Regimental Combat Team (ddr-densho-37-836)
Original caption: Photograph of President Truman with other dignitaries during his review of the Japanese-American 442nd Regimental Combat Team.
Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-37-337)
img Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-37-337)
Original caption: A Japanese-American Combat Team moves through town. 11/23/44.
Nisei military volunteers (ddr-densho-37-329)
img Nisei military volunteers (ddr-densho-37-329)
Original WRA caption: A family group picture of the Sakura family. Left to right are, Mr. and Mrs. Howard Sakura and their baby, Frederick Scott Sakura, 10 weeks old; Chester is holding Chester, Jr., age 2; John David, age 7, is standing in [front] of Mrs. Chester Sakura; Gerald 3-1/2 is in front of Kenny; Mrs. ...
President Truman reviewing the 442nd Regimental Combat Team (ddr-densho-37-837)
img President Truman reviewing the 442nd Regimental Combat Team (ddr-densho-37-837)
Original caption: Photograph of President Truman walking past members of the Nisei 442nd Regimental Combat Team as they stand at attention on the Ellipse.
Officer and Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-37-18)
img Officer and Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-37-18)
Original WRA caption: A Japanese-American unit moves out of its old command post. The unit--Company F, 2nd Battalion, 442nd Regiment (Combat Team)--is holding a section of the front lines. St. Die area, France. 11/13/44.
Nisei military volunteers (ddr-densho-37-328)
img Nisei military volunteers (ddr-densho-37-328)
Original WRA caption: Shown here are the four Sakura brothers who have volunteered for service in the combat team in the United States Army, which is composed of Americans of Japanese ancestry. These four brothers are fulfilling a vow made to their father, who died 20 years ago, to live and die for the United States, ...
Nisei soldiers escorting captured Germans (ddr-densho-37-21)
img Nisei soldiers escorting captured Germans (ddr-densho-37-21)
Original caption: "German storm troopers surrender to rifleman of the 100th Infantry Battalion (Americans of Japanese ancestry), after a short but rather sharp exchange of fire. Fifth Army, Orciano area, Italy, July 15, 1944. According to Rudy Tokiwa, the soldier shown on the extreme right, the WRA caption is inaccurate. The captured Germans were not storm ...
Japanese American pointing at Honor Roll sign (ddr-densho-37-748)
img Japanese American pointing at Honor Roll sign (ddr-densho-37-748)
Original WRA caption: Fumi Onodera, 20, proudly points at the names of her 3 brothers, Kid, 26; Kaun, 24; and Satoru, 22, on the Honor Roll of Japanese-Americans serving in the U. S. Army from the Minidoka Relocation Center, Hunt, Idaho. The 3 brothers are training in a combat team at Camp Shelby, Mississippi with other ...
Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-37-339)
img Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-37-339)
Original caption: The standards of Company A, B, C, and D of the 100th Infantry Battalion, 442nd Regiment, 34th Division, composed of Americans of Japanese descent, are topped with flying battle streamers, awarded through a presidential citation, tied on by Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark, CG, U.S. Fifth Army. Rosignano Area, Italy, 7/27/44.
Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-37-343)
img Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-37-343)
Original caption: Cpl. Edward Nakamura, Honolulu, T.H., Gunner, No. 1 Cannoneer; Pvt. Suehiko Yoshida, Puunene, T.H., No. 2 Cannoneer; and Pfc. Mamoru Yonashiro, Oahu, T.H., Telephone Operator, all of [the] 522nd Field Artillery, 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Div., L to R, are at a 105-mm howitzer firing at the enemy in the battle for Leghorn, Italy. ...
Japanese American soldiers (ddr-densho-37-660)
img Japanese American soldiers (ddr-densho-37-660)
Original WRA caption: Ready to report to Ft. Douglas for their first step toward a "fighting life", nine men are shown in their civilian clothes for the last time for the duration. They are, standing, left to right, Yoshio Terada, Frank Yaguchi, John Sadanaga, Ken Namba; seated, Hit Kanzaki, Mitsuru Takahashi, Roy Akabe, Johnny Uno, and ...
Hand grenade drill (ddr-densho-37-754)
img Hand grenade drill (ddr-densho-37-754)
Original WRA caption: Hand grenade drill. A company of Japanese-American soldiers are here shown throwing hand grenades into an open trench. The 442nd combat team at Camp Shelby is composed entirely of Americans of Japanese descent who volunteered for service in the armed forces. This unit of approximately 8000 men is undergoing intensive training in all ...
Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-37-29)
img Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-37-29)
Original WRA caption: A squad fresh from fighting on the Volturno front huddles around a cook fire in an olive grove to await mess. They trade their flour to other outfits for rice.
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