442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1324)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1324 items
Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-333)
doc Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-333)
Various articles from the Pacific Citizen and the Oregon Journal, one of which is titled "Work of Nisei Paramount in Defense."
Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-318)
doc Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-318)
Article titled: "Blind Nisei." From a scrapbook page titled "Nisei in the War - The European Theater." Newspaper unknown.
Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-331)
doc Scrapbook page (ddr-densho-35-331)
Articles on Japanese American soldiers from various newspapers including the Christian Science Monitor and the Minidoka Irrigator.
Scrapbook page:
doc Scrapbook page: "Nisei War Casualties" (ddr-densho-35-334)
This scrapbook page includes articles from the Pacific Citizen and the Minidoka Irrigator.
Scrapbook page:
doc Scrapbook page: "Is This Democracy?" (ddr-densho-35-404)
Newspaper clippings from scrapbook page, one of which is titled "Soldier Declares GIs Demand Working Rights for Nisei."
Preinduction physical (ddr-densho-37-1)
img Preinduction physical (ddr-densho-37-1)
Original WRA caption: Pre-induction physical. The Minidoka incarceration camp produced more Japanese American military volunteers than any other camp.
Officer and Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-37-18)
img Officer and Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-37-18)
Original WRA caption: A Japanese-American unit moves out of its old command post. The unit--Company F, 2nd Battalion, 442nd Regiment (Combat Team)--is holding a section of the front lines. St. Die area, France. 11/13/44.
Nisei soldiers escorting captured Germans (ddr-densho-37-21)
img Nisei soldiers escorting captured Germans (ddr-densho-37-21)
Original caption: "German storm troopers surrender to rifleman of the 100th Infantry Battalion (Americans of Japanese ancestry), after a short but rather sharp exchange of fire. Fifth Army, Orciano area, Italy, July 15, 1944. According to Rudy Tokiwa, the soldier shown on the extreme right, the WRA caption is inaccurate. The captured Germans were not storm ...
Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-48)
img Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-48)
Nisei soldier's caption: Kajiwara with mines. Defused.
Nisei soldiers visiting Rome (ddr-densho-164-4)
img Nisei soldiers visiting Rome (ddr-densho-164-4)
Nisei soldier's caption: Sightseein'. The magic city of Rome. Received my first pass to visit this city, one of the world famous. We were resting then from our strenuous drive from Anzio. The 442nd joined us here.
USO show in Italy (ddr-densho-164-103)
img USO show in Italy (ddr-densho-164-103)
Nisei soldier's caption: This guy had too much vino. We were fortunate to see again good old American beauty when "The Jinx" visited us in Lecco. Cameras really were clicking.
Nisei soldiers in Venice (ddr-densho-164-109)
img Nisei soldiers in Venice (ddr-densho-164-109)
Nisei soldier's caption: Our gondola we rented took us slowly to see the sights. Nothing but dirty buildings.
Nisei soldiers visiting Pompeii (ddr-densho-164-20)
img Nisei soldiers visiting Pompeii (ddr-densho-164-20)
Nisei soldier's caption: Pompeii is still being dug. This is the business district. This city at the time before the disaster was very civilized. Noted lead pipes to bring in water and also of interest to the boys. The casino with very vivid illustrations on the walls.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-52)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-52)
Nisei soldier's caption: Pee Wee Iwamoto and Kimura.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-80)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-80)
Nisei soldier's caption: Port of Genoa, mostly in ruins.
Nisei soldier in front of a car (ddr-densho-164-26)
img Nisei soldier in front of a car (ddr-densho-164-26)
Nisei soldier's caption: Our booty. Biffontaine Task Force. Surprised a Bn. C.P. and a Major.
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