442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1518)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1518 items
U.S. Army officers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-77)
img U.S. Army officers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-77)
Nisei soldier's caption: Our officers pose during a brief rest period. R to L: Col. Conley, Chaplain Yost, Capt. Khetani, Capt. Dimailo.
The Anzio Express (ddr-densho-164-2)
img The Anzio Express (ddr-densho-164-2)
Nisei soldier's caption: The Anzio Express. The big German Railway gun, left behind by the enemy as we overrun Rome from Anzio. This guy was used to shell our positions at the beach. Picture taken in June 1944 in Civitavecchia, north of Rome.
Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-36)
img Nisei soldiers in France (ddr-densho-164-36)
Nisei soldier's caption: We headed again East. Passed Monte Carlo.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-115)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-115)
Nisei soldier's caption: San Pellogrini where our 442nd rest camp was located. If we couldn't go to some other place on pass we came here to take it easy for four days.
Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-58)
img Nisei soldier in France (ddr-densho-164-58)
Nisei soldier's caption: Menton is a resort city with more hotels than one can count. But it was deserted as all the civilians were evacuated partly for security reasons and for their protection. But the jerries seemed to know which building our C.P. was. Our first C.P. was shelled so we moved to another hotel, the ...
Nisei soldiers visiting Rome (ddr-densho-164-12)
img Nisei soldiers visiting Rome (ddr-densho-164-12)
Nisei soldier's caption: Arch of Rome. The war bypassed this city, it being declared an open city.
Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-118)
img Nisei soldiers in Italy (ddr-densho-164-118)
Nisei soldier's caption: Pretty soft after sleeping on ground. San Pellogrini where our 442nd rest camp was located. If we couldn't go to some other place on pass we came here to take it easy for four days.
Nisei soldiers visiting the Colosseum,  Rome (ddr-densho-164-8)
img Nisei soldiers visiting the Colosseum, Rome (ddr-densho-164-8)
Nisei soldier's caption: The Colosseum in Rome, interior view. Way back the people watched gladiators. Now in our modern coliseum we watch football, track, and etc.
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 95 (November 17, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-156)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 95 (November 17, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-156)
"All Persons Not Yet X-Rayed Urged to Show Up for Exams; Anti-TB Units Now in Area" (p. 1), "Japanese War Brides Welcomed to Join New YWCA Group" (p. 1), "2 More Area GI's Returned to U.S." (p. 1)
The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 58 (July 10, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-125)
doc The Northwest Times Vol. 2 No. 58 (July 10, 1948) (ddr-densho-229-125)
"Remains of Two N.W. Nisei GI's Back From Europe War Front; Both Served with Famed 442nd" (pg. 1)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 14 (October 4, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-39)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 79, No. 14 (October 4, 1974) (ddr-pc-46-39)
Selected article titles: "Textbook Selection Needs Revamping" (p. 1), "War History of 442nd and 100th Inf. Suggested Be Included at 'Punchbowl'" (pp. 1, 4), "Washington Newsletter: Amnesty for Vietnam War Resisters Recalls Tragic Nisei WW2 Cases" (pp. 1, 3), and "Central Cal's Heartbeat Survey Shows Nikkei Living on Abundant 'Rich' Diet" (p. 3).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 26 (December 24-31, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-51)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 95, No. 26 (December 24-31, 1982) (ddr-pc-54-51)
Special holiday issue. Selected article titles: "Preserving Our Japanese American History: Visual Communications' Photographic Archives" (pp. 14-15), "'Offensive Stupidity' and the Struggle of Abe Tokunosuke" (pp. 31, 43, 68, 70, 76-77), "1982: The Year in Review" (pp. 52-63, 69, 78-79), and "After the Rescue of the 'Lost Battalion': 'Gothic Line' Breakthrough by 100/442 Spells End to ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 122, No. 6 (March 15-April 4, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-6)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 122, No. 6 (March 15-April 4, 1996) (ddr-pc-68-6)
Selected article titles: "PC Editorial Board to Seek Return to Weekly" (pp. 1, 10), "Oahu Monument Honors 100th, 442nd, MIS Vets" (p. 3), "Bill to Make English Official Language Opposed" (p. 3), and "East Wind: Asian Americans in Politics" (pp. 8, 11).
Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-105-13)
img Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-105-13)
Minoru "Min" Tsubota, Warrant Officer (Junior Grade) with the 442nd Regimental Combat Team.
Nisei soldier writing a letter (ddr-densho-114-39)
img Nisei soldier writing a letter (ddr-densho-114-39)
Original caption: Pfc. Larry Imamura, of Kehaha, Kauai, Hawaii, a Japanese-American with the 442nd Combat Team of the 100th Infantry Bn., in bivouac in the Charmois area of France, writes a letter before meeting the Germans on the front lines for the first time. U.S. Seventh Army. 10/22/44.
Award ceremony (ddr-densho-114-22)
img Award ceremony (ddr-densho-114-22)
Original caption: Units of the 2nd and 3rd Bns., 442nd Japanese-American Combat Team pass in review before Lt. Gen. Lucian K. Truscott, Jr., CO, U.S. Fifth Army, after he has awarded them with the Presidential Distinguished Unit Citation at Yankee Stadium, Leghorn, Italy. 9/4/45.
Armistice Day ceremony (ddr-densho-114-76)
img Armistice Day ceremony (ddr-densho-114-76)
Original caption: A rifle squad of the 442nd Regiment Combat Team fires a salute in memory of their departed comrades, during Armistice Day ceremonies at the front, in France. Standing in the right foreground are (left to right) Lt. Col. James M. Hanley, Regiment Commanding Officer, and Lt. Col. Virgil R. Miller, CO, 2nd Battalion. Seventh ...
Memorial service (ddr-densho-114-82)
img Memorial service (ddr-densho-114-82)
Original caption: U.S. Fifth Army, Cecina Area, Italy. American soldiers of Japanese descent of the 2nd Bn., 442nd Inf. Regt., bow their heads in prayer for their departed comrades who gave their lives in combat with the enemy in the area north of Rome. The memorial services are being held at the Battalion Headquarters area near ...
Three nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-29)
img Three nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-29)
Original caption: S. Agata Di Goti, Italy. 2nd Lt. Hideo Kaichi, 2nd Lt. Yutaka K. Yoshida, and 2nd Lt. Bouo F. Tanigawa, all from the Hawaiian Islands and veterans of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, just after they received their bars after completing the twelve-week course at the Leadership and Battle School. 14 July 1945.
Fifth Army Headquarters (ddr-densho-114-48)
img Fifth Army Headquarters (ddr-densho-114-48)
Original caption: Brescia Area, Italy. Pfc. Yoshito, Hilo, Hawaii, of Company "L", 3rd Battalion, 442nd Infantry Regiment, stands guard at the headquarters building of the Fifth Army enemy concentration area. He is an American of Japanese descent. 21 May 1945.
Salerno Day ceremony (ddr-densho-114-75)
img Salerno Day ceremony (ddr-densho-114-75)
Cardone, Italy. Pfc. Tom Masanori, Santa Cruz, Calif., 442nd Japanese-American Combat Team, sings "God Bless America," during Salerno Day Ceremony, the day that the Fifth Army becomes inoperational in the MTO, after two years of operations which ended in victory. Fifth Army. 9 Sept 1945.
522nd Field Artillery Battalion soldiers (ddr-densho-114-87)
img 522nd Field Artillery Battalion soldiers (ddr-densho-114-87)
Original caption: Castrellina Sector, Italy. Men of the 522nd Field Artillery Bn., 442nd Infantry Regt., 34th Division, are firing a 105-MM Howitzer in the Battle for Leghorn. The American born Japanese, of which the 442nd Inf. Regt. consists, here are, L. to R., Cpl. Edward Nakamura, Honolulu, T.H., Gunner; Pfc. George Tanna, Honolulu, T.H., No. 1 ...
Nisei soldier with prisoner of war (ddr-densho-114-69)
img Nisei soldier with prisoner of war (ddr-densho-114-69)
Original caption: Breascia Area, Italy. Pvt. Akira Miyamoto, Company "C", 100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry Regiment, examines a German soldier at the Fifth Army enemy concentration area, near Breascia. 18 May 1945. [The correct spelling of the location in Brescia.]
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