442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1201)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1201 items
Genro Kashiwa Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-395-10)
vh Genro Kashiwa Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-395-10)
Serving in Italy and being placed in command

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the ...

Fred Matsumura Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-46-25)
vh Fred Matsumura Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-46-25)
Description of Shiro Kashino

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews. Beverly Kashino, one of the interviewers, is Shiro and Louise Kashino's daughter.

Pacifc Citizen, Vol. 62, No. 22 (June 3, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-22)
doc Pacifc Citizen, Vol. 62, No. 22 (June 3, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-22)
Select article titles: "Nisei Pentagon Official Pays Tribute to 442" (p. 1); "Nisei conscientious objector of WW2 who served in prison re-enfranchised" (p. 1); "Sanjo area adds Oriental voice on anti-poverty board" (p. 1); "Death threat against autopsy surgeon in Deadwyler case made if officer who killed Negro motorist is released" (p. 3).
Reunion of Nisei veterans (ddr-densho-6-1)
img Reunion of Nisei veterans (ddr-densho-6-1)
This reunion of Nisei veterans was held in Honolulu, Hawaii, over the Independence Day weekend. Left to right: Joseph Kamikawa, Kay Kamikawa, Lily Oshiro, and William Oshiro.
Trees covered in snow (ddr-densho-22-42)
img Trees covered in snow (ddr-densho-22-42)
Caption in album: "Snow makes a nice picture on trees. This just after a dry snow fall."
Danny Y. Teruda at St. Peter's Basilica (ddr-densho-22-293)
img Danny Y. Teruda at St. Peter's Basilica (ddr-densho-22-293)
Caption on reverse: "This picture was taken on the roof of Saint Peters [sic] Cathedral, with its dome in the background."
442nd snowed in (ddr-densho-22-41)
img 442nd snowed in (ddr-densho-22-41)
Caption in album: "In 1945 about March we had a sudden cold spell. In March during the cold spell we had a snow storm. The snow brought on other difficulties. As we were on the final drive of the war."
Soldier in front of the Eiffel Tower (ddr-densho-22-71)
img Soldier in front of the Eiffel Tower (ddr-densho-22-71)
Caption in album: "On C.P. guard at the Bn C.P. in town Donauworth."
Hotel Krone in Donauworth, Germany (ddr-densho-22-25)
img Hotel Krone in Donauworth, Germany (ddr-densho-22-25)
Caption in album: "Hotel Krone. Shortly after the war here in Nonauworth in Bayern County Germany in the Hotel Krone we lived patroling the town by the headquarters [?] for almost half a year."