442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1199)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1199 items
Genro Kashiwa Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-395-10)
vh Genro Kashiwa Interview Segment 10 (ddr-densho-1000-395-10)
Serving in Italy and being placed in command

This material is based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of the ...

Fred Matsumura Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-46-25)
vh Fred Matsumura Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-46-25)
Description of Shiro Kashino

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews. Beverly Kashino, one of the interviewers, is Shiro and Louise Kashino's daughter.

Pacifc Citizen, Vol. 62, No. 22 (June 3, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-22)
doc Pacifc Citizen, Vol. 62, No. 22 (June 3, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-22)
Select article titles: "Nisei Pentagon Official Pays Tribute to 442" (p. 1); "Nisei conscientious objector of WW2 who served in prison re-enfranchised" (p. 1); "Sanjo area adds Oriental voice on anti-poverty board" (p. 1); "Death threat against autopsy surgeon in Deadwyler case made if officer who killed Negro motorist is released" (p. 3).
Japanese American four-star general (ddr-densho-6-2)
img Japanese American four-star general (ddr-densho-6-2)
Joseph Kamikawa (left) and General Eric Shinseki. General Shinseki was a keynote speaker at this reunion for Nisei veterans.
Honor roll (ddr-densho-15-82)
img Honor roll (ddr-densho-15-82)
Japanese Americans looking at the camp's honor roll, a listing of all the Japanese Americans from the Minidoka concentration camp who volunteered for military service. Minidoka had the highest number of volunteers from the mainland United States.
Picking fruit in a tree (ddr-densho-22-32)
img Picking fruit in a tree (ddr-densho-22-32)
Caption in album: "As spring came and summer and leaves bloomed on trees we waited and saw some trees later bear fruit. This is the only kind of fresh fruit we ever got during the war. For fresh vegetables we traded cigarettes with some German farmer. [?] are made vegetable stew or broth without meat."
442nd Regimental Combat Team plaque (ddr-densho-22-28)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team plaque (ddr-densho-22-28)
Caption in album: "This plaque was presented to the 442nd for their rescue of the Lost Battalion of World War II."
442nd soldiers cooking C rations (ddr-densho-22-31)
img 442nd soldiers cooking C rations (ddr-densho-22-31)
Caption in album: "At times chow wasn't so good as we got our share of 'C' rations most often. Breakfast, dinner, supper day after day. But when you work hard you get hungry and when you are hungry you can eat anything. Here we heat up a C ration in our mess gear. On the ...
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