442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1324)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1324 items
Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-138-13)
vh Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 13 (ddr-densho-1000-138-13)
Description of company structure, medic's role and the aid stations

William Toshio Yasutake was interviewed together with his sister Mitsuye (Yasutake) Yamada and surviving brother, Joseph Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. He was interviewed individually on November 14, 2002.

Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings had planned to conduct their ...

Daniel Inouye Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-28-6)
vh Daniel Inouye Segment 6 (ddr-densho-1000-28-6)
Reaction of parents to Nisei military volunteers in Hawaii

This interview was conducted at the senator's office in Honolulu, Hawaii, as part of a series of interviews with veterans attending the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, the interviews were generally shorter in ...

Daniel Inouye Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-28-20)
vh Daniel Inouye Segment 20 (ddr-densho-1000-28-20)
Being injured in battle

This interview was conducted at the senator's office in Honolulu, Hawaii, as part of a series of interviews with veterans attending the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, the interviews were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho ...

Daniel Inouye Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-28-14)
vh Daniel Inouye Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-28-14)
Dealing with first casualty, the company commander

This interview was conducted at the senator's office in Honolulu, Hawaii, as part of a series of interviews with veterans attending the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, the interviews were generally shorter in length than ...

Daniel Inouye Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-28-16)
vh Daniel Inouye Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-28-16)
The Battle of the "Lost Battalion," 800 casualties

This interview was conducted at the senator's office in Honolulu, Hawaii, as part of a series of interviews with veterans attending the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, the interviews were generally shorter in length ...

Masao Watanabe Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-103-25)
vh Masao Watanabe Segment 25 (ddr-densho-1000-103-25)
First combat experiences in Europe

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

Masao Watanabe Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-103-24)
vh Masao Watanabe Segment 24 (ddr-densho-1000-103-24)
Maintaining close ties with fellow soldiers from Seattle

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

Masao Watanabe Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-103-27)
vh Masao Watanabe Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-103-27)
Dealing with loss of friends in combat

At the time this interview was taped, Mr. Watanabe was recovering from a recent series of cancer treatments.

Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-138-18)
vh Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 18 (ddr-densho-1000-138-18)
Interactions with members of the 100th Battalion, who were much more battle experienced

William Toshio Yasutake was interviewed together with his sister Mitsuye (Yasutake) Yamada and surviving brother, Joseph Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. He was interviewed individually on November 14, 2002.

Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings had planned to ...

Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-138-14)
vh Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-138-14)
Minimal weapons training, never having to use firearms in battle

William Toshio Yasutake was interviewed together with his sister Mitsuye (Yasutake) Yamada and surviving brother, Joseph Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. He was interviewed individually on November 14, 2002.

Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings had planned to conduct their own ...

Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-138-15)
vh Tosh Yasutake Interview Segment 15 (ddr-densho-1000-138-15)
Close relationships with other medics

William Toshio Yasutake was interviewed together with his sister Mitsuye (Yasutake) Yamada and surviving brother, Joseph Yasutake, in group sessions on October 8-9, 2002. He was interviewed individually on November 14, 2002.

Before being contacted by Densho, the Yasutake siblings had planned to conduct their own family history interviews. Individually and ...

Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 21 (November 18, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-46)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 63, No. 21 (November 18, 1966) (ddr-pc-38-46)
Select article titles: "SJR 20 final tab: Yes 414,000; No 391,200" (p. 1); "MIS vets ask Army for lifting of secrecy" (p. 1); "VFW, 442nd Veterans, West L.A. JACL mark rescue of Lost Texas Battalion" (p. 3); "Boston ruling on Chinese students as white rejected" (p. 5).
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No.9 (August 26, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-35)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 51, No.9 (August 26, 1960) (ddr-pc-32-35)
Select article titles: "New York writer recalls heroism of Lt. Daniel Inouye, who led platoon up hill in Italy and cleaned out 3 machine gun nets" (p.8); "U.S. Senate urge to arrange goodwill tour of 100 Tokyo student rioters to U.S." (p.8)
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 11 (March 12, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-11)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 11 (March 12, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-11)
Selected article titles: "Orange County Japanese Become Millionaires as Land Value Rise, but Hard Times Strike Growers in Imperial Valley-JHP Learns" (p.1-2), "Documents for History Project Gain in Volume" (p.1-2), "Ventura County Lemon Growers Authorized Limited 'Tanno' Use" (p.1-2), "100th, 442nd Designations to Be Retained" (p.3), "San Francisco Japanese Cultural, Trade Center ...
Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 1 (January 1, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-1)
doc Pacific Citizen, Vol. 60, No. 1 (January 1, 1965) (ddr-pc-37-1)
Selected article titles: "Pentagon Order Threatens 442nd Unit as Army Reserve" (p.1), "Complications Foil JACL Chapter Bid to Repeal Washington Alien Land Law; Chapters Now Reconsidering Campaign Effort" (p.1, 3), "ACLU Files Suit to Declare Prop. 14 Unconstitutional in Los Angeles Court" (p.1), "NC-WNDC Group Health Plan Sign-Ups Star" (p.4), "Puyallup Valley ...
Fred Matsumura Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-46-16)
vh Fred Matsumura Segment 16 (ddr-densho-1000-46-16)
Meeting up with the 100th Infantry Battalion in Italy

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Given the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were shorter in length than typical Densho interviews. Beverly Kashino, one of the interviewers, is Shiro and Louise Kashino ...

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-92-36)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 36 (ddr-densho-1000-92-36)
Officers' appreciation for Nisei soldiers

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-92-27)
vh Rudy Tokiwa Interview II Segment 27 (ddr-densho-1000-92-27)
Determination to join the 442nd Regimental Combat Team

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Terry Aratani  -  Fred Matsumura  -  Kenneth Okuma  -  Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-3-14)
vh Terry Aratani - Fred Matsumura - Kenneth Okuma - Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 14 (ddr-densho-1000-3-14)
Psychological effects of war: dealing with killing another person, friends dying beside you

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview. Kari Hiraoka, one of ...

Terry Aratani  -  Fred Matsumura  -  Kenneth Okuma  -  Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-3-12)
vh Terry Aratani - Fred Matsumura - Kenneth Okuma - Henry Bruno Yamada Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-3-12)
The sounds of war, learning to interpret the sound of mortar fire

This interview was conducted at the 1998 Americans of Japanese Ancestry Veterans National Convention, held in Honolulu, Hawaii. Because of the full conference schedule, interviews conducted at the reunion were generally shorter in length than the typical Densho interview. Kari Hiraoka, one of the ...

Robert Mizukami Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-114-12)
vh Robert Mizukami Interview Segment 12 (ddr-densho-1000-114-12)
Volunteering for U.S. Army 442nd Regimental Combat Team, brother killed in action

This is the first in a series of interviews conducted by the Puyallup Valley Japanese American Citizen League in collaboration with Densho.

Brother and sister (ddr-densho-348-7)
img Brother and sister (ddr-densho-348-7)
Imelda and Chuck Kinoshita in Minidoka concentration camp. Imelda had returned from the East Coast to attend their brother Francis "Bako" Kinoshita's funeral.
Letter from Shirley Cobb, [volunteer], American Red Cross, to Kune Hisatomi, Pfc., U.S. Army, [March 5, 1945?] (ddr-csujad-1-6)
doc Letter from Shirley Cobb, [volunteer], American Red Cross, to Kune Hisatomi, Pfc., U.S. Army, [March 5, 1945?] (ddr-csujad-1-6)
Correspondence from Shirley Cobb, American Red Cross volunteer, to Kune Hisatomi, Pfc., U.S. Army. Shirley Cobb described her work and the weather in Italy. She also criticized the war and people's optimistic view. See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ike_01_01_006
[Two men in military uniform in military vehicle] (ddr-csujad-1-18)
img [Two men in military uniform in military vehicle] (ddr-csujad-1-18)
Two men in military uniform poses together in a military vehicle. On front of photograph, they are named:"S__" and "Deane." See this object in the California State Universities Japanese American Digitization project site: ike_01_02_012
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