442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

442nd Regimental Combat Team (1518)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1518 items
Soldiers going home (ddr-densho-201-655)
img Soldiers going home (ddr-densho-201-655)
Caption in album: "442nd going home on Wilson Victory Ship June, 1946 / All Aboard!"
Soldier (ddr-densho-201-496)
img Soldier (ddr-densho-201-496)
Caption in album: "Isaac Sakuma / Mount Vernon, Wash."
img "44nd RCT Going Home, July 1946 Livorno, Italy." (ddr-densho-201-364)
Crowded ship in dock. Caption on front: "44nd RCT Going Home, July 1946 Livorno, Italy."
Soldier reading in lookout post (ddr-densho-201-165)
img Soldier reading in lookout post (ddr-densho-201-165)
Japanese American soldier sitting in a lookout post reading a magazing, with a rifle propped against the wall at his side.
img "Otsuka" (ddr-densho-201-287)
Kengo Otsuka in front of a "2nd Plt." sign. Caption on front: "Otsuka."
Soldier (ddr-densho-201-501)
img Soldier (ddr-densho-201-501)
Caption in album: "Shigeo Asada / Hawaii."
Military tents (ddr-densho-201-391)
img Military tents (ddr-densho-201-391)
Caption on front: "'Charlie' Co. 1945 July, R&R Lecco Italy."
Soldiers returning to the United States (ddr-densho-201-769)
img Soldiers returning to the United States (ddr-densho-201-769)
Caption in album: "Entering New York Harbor / on J.W. McAndrew Sept '46."
Soldiers relaxing on the beach (ddr-densho-201-635)
img Soldiers relaxing on the beach (ddr-densho-201-635)
Caption in album: "Pen Beach / Nakano (Seattle), Sak. (Auburn), Ogura (Oklahoma), Tateoka (Ogden Utah)."
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