442nd Regimental Combat Team

The 100th Infantry Battalion began as part of the Hawaii National Guard. On June 5, 1942, 1,432 men left Hawaii for training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, and later at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. The 100th shipped out to North Africa on August 23, 1943, and saw heavy action in Italy. Because of its heavy casualties and many honors, the 100th became known as the "Purple Heart Battalion." The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was initially formed in 1943 from Japanese American volunteers from Hawaii and the mainland. Perhaps not surprisingly, only about 1,250 Japanese Americans volunteered from the concentration camps. In Hawaii, where there was no mass removal, almost 10,000 volunteered. The 442nd arrived in Italy in June 1944 where the battle-tested 100th Infantry Battalion became its 1st Battalion. In seven major campaigns, the 442nd became the most decorated unit for its size and length of service; the unit suffered 9,476 casualties, more than 300 percent of its original strength.

World War II (53)
Military service (564)
442nd Regimental Combat Team (1302)

Related articles from the Densho Encyclopedia :
442nd Regimental Combat Team, Mark W. Clark, Sadamitsu Neil Fujita, Go for Broke! (film), Stanley Hayami, Daniel Inouye, Mike Masaoka, Kazuo Masuda, Rescue of the Lost Battalion

1302 items
Senninbari,
img Senninbari, "thousand-stitch belt" (ddr-densho-105-8)
Minoru "Min" Tsubota's mother made this senninbari in Tule Lake. It is known as a thousand-stitch belt, and was created to protect a soldier going into battle. Each of the thousand knots was sewn by a different woman. On the belt is stitched Min's Buddhist name, the traditional Buddhist chant of "Namu Amida Butsu," and a ...
Nisei couple in a cemetery (ddr-densho-105-17)
img Nisei couple in a cemetery (ddr-densho-105-17)
Minoru "Min" Tsubota and wife at the 442nd Regimental Combat Team's 50th Anniversary of the Liberation of the Battle of Biffontaine, France. This ceremony was held at the Quequement Cemetery.
Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-105-13)
img Nisei soldier (ddr-densho-105-13)
Minoru "Min" Tsubota, Warrant Officer (Junior Grade) with the 442nd Regimental Combat Team.
Nisei soldier's Purple Heart (ddr-densho-105-20)
img Nisei soldier's Purple Heart (ddr-densho-105-20)
Purple Heart awarded Minoru Tsubota, Warrant Officer (Junior Grade), 442nd Regimental Combat Team. Combat wounded in Cerebia, Italy, Aug. 24, 1944.
Nisei couple in front of tour bus (ddr-densho-105-16)
img Nisei couple in front of tour bus (ddr-densho-105-16)
Minoru "Min" Tsubota and wife Cherrie at the 442nd Regimental Combat Team's 50th Anniversary of the Liberation of the Battle of Biffontaine, France.
Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-60)
img Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-60)
Original caption: PREPARATION FOR PARADE OF THE 442ND REGIMENTAL COMBAT TEAM (JAPANESE AMERICAN TROOPS) TO BE HELD IN WASHINGTON D.C. ON THE 15TH JULY 1946. Color bearers polishing metal of staff are left to right: M/Sgt. Mitsuomi Tanaka, Honokaa, Hawaii, T/Sgt. Hiroshi Yamamoto, Brigham, Utah, and 1st /Sgt. Tom Harimoto, 3745 Maunaloa Ave, Honolulu. Fort Belvoir, ...
Armistice Day ceremony (ddr-densho-114-76)
img Armistice Day ceremony (ddr-densho-114-76)
Original caption: A rifle squad of the 442nd Regiment Combat Team fires a salute in memory of their departed comrades, during Armistice Day ceremonies at the front, in France. Standing in the right foreground are (left to right) Lt. Col. James M. Hanley, Regiment Commanding Officer, and Lt. Col. Virgil R. Miller, CO, 2nd Battalion. Seventh ...
Memorial service (ddr-densho-114-82)
img Memorial service (ddr-densho-114-82)
Original caption: U.S. Fifth Army, Cecina Area, Italy. American soldiers of Japanese descent of the 2nd Bn., 442nd Inf. Regt., bow their heads in prayer for their departed comrades who gave their lives in combat with the enemy in the area north of Rome. The memorial services are being held at the Battalion Headquarters area near ...
Nisei soldier writing a letter (ddr-densho-114-39)
img Nisei soldier writing a letter (ddr-densho-114-39)
Original caption: Pfc. Larry Imamura, of Kehaha, Kauai, Hawaii, a Japanese-American with the 442nd Combat Team of the 100th Infantry Bn., in bivouac in the Charmois area of France, writes a letter before meeting the Germans on the front lines for the first time. U.S. Seventh Army. 10/22/44.
Nisei soldiers writing letters (ddr-densho-114-37)
img Nisei soldiers writing letters (ddr-densho-114-37)
Original caption: Charmois Area, France. Americans of Japanese descent of the 442nd Combat Team, 100th Infantry Battalion, in bivouac prepare to go late front lines for their first contact with the Germans in France. Tec 5 Teroo Goma, Honokaa, Hawaii; Pvt. Nolan Miyazake, Wailua, Oahu, Hawaii; and Pvt. Kunio Ogawa, Kahului, Maue, Hawaii, write letters and ...
Nisei captain giving medical aid (ddr-densho-114-91)
img Nisei captain giving medical aid (ddr-densho-114-91)
Original caption: Castrellina Sector, Italy. At an aid station in a wine cellar, Capt. J. Kimura of Berkeley, Calif., lances an infected finger for Pvt. Claude Lunn of Willsville, New York, Right, while Tec 5 George Kobayashi of Honolulu, T.H., holds a flashlight. All are of the 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Division. U.S. Fifth Army. [The ...
Japanese American chaplain (ddr-densho-114-109)
img Japanese American chaplain (ddr-densho-114-109)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American Combat Team. At Camp Shelby, Miss. Americans of Japanese ancestry from California, Hawaii, and other areas are undergoing intensive training as an Army combat team. One group of Japanese-Americans has already gone and seen action in the Mediterranean Theatre. These pictures show some of the phases of the training of ...
442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-108)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team training (ddr-densho-114-108)
Original caption: Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Japanese-American Combat Team. At Camp Shelby, Miss.; Americans of Japanese ancestry from California, Hawaii and other areas are undergoing intensive training as an Army combat team. One group of Japanese-Americans has already gone and seen action in the Mediterranean Theatre. These pictures show some of the phases of the training of ...
442nd Regimental Combat Team band (ddr-densho-114-185)
img 442nd Regimental Combat Team band (ddr-densho-114-185)
Original caption: The 442nd Infantry Regiment band, the only Army musical organization whose members all are Americans of Japanese descent, plays for its regiment at a ceremony in Cecina, Italy. The band leader, M/Sgt. Jun Yamamoto, lives at 1214 Hayes St., Boise, Idaho. 7/30/44.
Award ceremony (ddr-densho-114-22)
img Award ceremony (ddr-densho-114-22)
Original caption: Units of the 2nd and 3rd Bns., 442nd Japanese-American Combat Team pass in review before Lt. Gen. Lucian K. Truscott, Jr., CO, U.S. Fifth Army, after he has awarded them with the Presidential Distinguished Unit Citation at Yankee Stadium, Leghorn, Italy. 9/4/45.
Nisei soldiers moving by truck (ddr-densho-114-126)
img Nisei soldiers moving by truck (ddr-densho-114-126)
Original caption: A line of Army trucks, loaded with 2nd Battalion Japanese-American infantrymen, moves up to a new bivouac area in the Chambois sector, in France. 10/14/44. 2nd Bn, 442nd Combat Team.
Nisei soldiers sorting confiscated goods (ddr-densho-114-23)
img Nisei soldiers sorting confiscated goods (ddr-densho-114-23)
Original caption: Breacia Area, Italy. Confiscated material goes into a trailer which is run down a line of material at the Fifth Army Concentration Area. L to R: Pvt. George Nasuschige, Company C, 100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry Regiment, of Poston Arizona and Pfc. Masao Irana of Company "D", 100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry Regiment of Honolulu, Hawaii. ...
Command post on the front lines (ddr-densho-114-74)
img Command post on the front lines (ddr-densho-114-74)
Original caption: St. Die Area, France. A Japanese-American unit moves into a new command post which was built for them by the U.S. Army Engineers. This unit is holding a strategic front line position. Company "F", 2nd Battalion, 442nd Regiment (Combat Team). 13 Nov 1944.
Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-89)
img Nisei soldiers (ddr-densho-114-89)
Original caption: Three Japanese-American soldiers look down on the French Valley in the Bruyere Sector of France from a hill that was under heavy morter and shell fire. Trees in foreground show the effects of the shelling. 22 Oct 1944.
Nisei soldiers in formation (ddr-densho-114-111)
img Nisei soldiers in formation (ddr-densho-114-111)
Original caption: Co. E. of the 442nd Inf. Regt. comprising Japanese-American lads snapped in formation. Camp Shelby, Mississippi. 5/13/1943.
Switchboard operator (ddr-densho-114-66)
img Switchboard operator (ddr-densho-114-66)
Original caption: T/5 Thomas N. Goto, Paauilo, Hawaii, switching central operator, shown at a forward C.P., is ready to go on duty while other operators catch up on their sleep. American-born Japanese composing the 442nd Inf. Regt., 34th Div., have established an outstanding fighting record with the International Fifth Army - educated in West Coast schools, ...
Nisei soldier on the front lines (ddr-densho-114-36)
img Nisei soldier on the front lines (ddr-densho-114-36)
Original caption: Japanese-American soldier armed with a bazooka, stands guard in the woods near the front lines, he is being relieved by a member of the 442nd Infantry Regiment, Combat Team, 2nd Battalion, H Co., St. Die Area, France. 17 Nov 1944.
Basic training (ddr-densho-114-169)
img Basic training (ddr-densho-114-169)
Basic training at Camp Shelby. Nisei soldiers throwing fragmentation grenades.
API